Black Creek, Wisconsin
|Black Creek, Wisconsin|
Village gateway sign (Pre-2017)
Nickname(s): "Crossroads to the Northwoods""Birthplace of the First Organized Baseball Team"
Location of Black Creek in Outagamie County, Wisconsin.
|• Type||President – Trustees|
|• President||Steve Rettler|
|• Total||1.04 sq mi (2.69 km2)|
|• Land||1.03 sq mi (2.67 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||804 ft (245 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||1,317|
|• Density||1,277.7/sq mi (493.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1582819|
Black Creek is a village in north-central Outagamie County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 1,316 at the 2010 census. The village is located within the Town of Black Creek. Origins of the community trace back to 1862 when it was settled by American Civil War veteran, Thomas J. Burdick and his son, Abraham. Initially, the village had been referred to as Middleburg, due to its geographical proximity to Green Bay, Shawano, and Appleton. However, the name was later changed to reflect the dark-colored creek along the outskirts of the community following village incorporation in 1904. Today, Black Creek hosts a variety of community events including the annual Family Daze celebration.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Arts and culture
- 6 Recreation
- 7 Government
- 8 Education
- 9 Media
- 10 Infrastructure
- 11 Notable people
- 12 Gallery
- 13 References
- 14 Further reading
- 15 External links
The village of Black Creek was settled by American Civil War veteran, Thomas J. Burdick and his son, Abraham L. Burdick, in 1862. The community had been known as Middleburg, due to its geographical proximity to the larger communities of Green Bay, Shawano, and Appleton. After village incorporation in 1904, the settlement was renamed Black Creek to reflect the dark-colored creek along the northern edge of the community. Black Creek's first village president was, politician and businessman, Charles J. Hagen.
In 1869, the country's first organized baseball team was formed in Black Creek by L.J. Cook. Thus, the village is known as the birthplace of Wisconsin baseball. At the time, the team played at the village's North Park. It was a part of the Dairyland League before the team disbanded in the mid-1990s. Black Creek's major rivalries were with the Navarino Rangers and the Nichols Nitros. To commemorate the village's baseball history, a "Grudge Match" softball game is played annually.
After the arrival of the Green Bay and Lake Pepin Railroad in 1871, the small lumbering settlement soon developed into a trade and shipping center for local farm and dairy products with the establishment of Black Creek Creamery in 1894 and Borden's Condensery in 1917.
The village library was formed in 1901. The following year, 1902, a large fire destroyed part of the community, leading to the construction of the village fire department in 1904. In 1910, telephone service was made available to residents, with electricity making its debut in 1915. A north-south route of the Soo Line Railroad was constructed through the community in 1917.
The Black Creek area was formerly the nation's leader in sauerkraut production. Thus, the village has supported multiple sauerkraut production facilities since the late 1880s until Frank Pure Food Company and Wolf River Kraut ceased operations in the village during the mid-1990s.
Black Creek is located at  in northeastern Wisconsin at the intersection of WIS-47 and WIS-54, about 20 miles (40 km) west of Green Bay and 15 miles (24 km) north of the Fox Cities. It is in the Central Plains and Eastern Ridges and Lowlands regions of Wisconsin.(44.474517, −88.450125).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.04 square miles (2.69 km2), of which, 1.03 square miles (2.67 km2) of it is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.
Black Creek has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb). Like other cities with this type of climate, there are four distinct seasons, often with severe or extreme variation between them in terms of temperature and precipitation. The village experiences warm, humid, frequently hot summers and long, cold and snowy winters. The variance in temperature and precipitation between months is severe and often extreme.
Monthly mean temperatures range from 15 °F (−9.4 °C) in January to 70 °F (21.1 °C) in July. In July, the warmest month, the average high temperature is 81 °F (27.2 °C). There are 8 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs, 163 days where the high remains at or below freezing annually. From December to February, even during thaws, the temperature rarely reaches 50 °F (10 °C). Extremes have ranged from −31 °F (−35 °C) to 99 °F (37 °C).
The wettest month in Black Creek is June when nearly 4 inches (101.6 mm) of precipitation falls, mostly in the form of rainfall from thunderstorms. The driest month in Black Creek is January when the majority of precipitation falls as low moisture-content snow due to cold, dry air. On average, 1 inch (25.4 mm) of precipitation falls in January.
There have been five tornadoes in the Black Creek area, ranging in intensity from F0 to F3. An F3 tornado touched down four miles from the WIS 54/WIS 47 intersection on June 26, 1969 and traveled northeast past Seymour, causing one injury. On December 1, 1970 an F3 tornado touched down in Hortonville, traveled northeast and stopped 2.5 miles from the center of Black Creek. On May 30, 1980, a category 1 tornado touched down 1.5 miles from the center of the village and traveled eastward across the village. A category 2 tornado touched down in Stephensville on May 6, 1982, 10 miles from the center of Black Creek, and traveled northeast, stopping just outside the village limits. The most recent tornado, rated F0, touched down briefly just north of Black Creek on June 13, 2005.
In the summer of 2010, Black Creek experienced two major flooding events. The first occurred on the morning of July 19 when 4 inches (100 mm) of rain fell in 20 minutes and the second during the evening of August 20 when the community received another 6 inches (150 mm). Other flooding events in the past only affected the Canadian National Railway underpass.
|Climate data for Black Creek, Wisconsin|
|Record high °F (°C)||56
|Average high °F (°C)||24
|Daily mean °F (°C)||15
|Average low °F (°C)||9
|Record low °F (°C)||−36
|Average rainfall inches (mm)||1.13
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||12.1
|Average precipitation days||10||8||11||11||11||10||10||10||10||9||9||11||120|
|Average snowy days||9||8||7||2||0||0||0||0||0||0||4||9||39|
|Average relative humidity (%)||72.5||72||72||66.5||65.5||68.5||70.5||74||74||72||74.5||75.5||71.5|
|Percent possible sunshine||44||52||53||58||63||66||66||65||60||61||42||44||56|
|Source #1: My Forecast Historical Almanac|
|Source #2: Weather Channel|
|U.S. Decennial Census |
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,316 people, 513 households, and 354 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,277.7 inhabitants per square mile (493.3/km2). There were 540 housing units at an average density of 524.3 per square mile (202.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 96.0% White, 1.4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.
There were 513 households of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.0% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.03.
The median age in the village was 32.2 years. 29.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.5% were from 25 to 44; 22.2% were from 45 to 64; and 9.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,192 people, 485 households, and 335 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,145.5 people per square mile (442.5/km²). There were 513 housing units at an average density of 493.0 per square mile (190.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.73% White, 1.01% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 1.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 485 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the village, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $42,946, and the median income for a family was $49,896. Males had a median income of $32,128 versus $25,286 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,226. About 5.2% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Saputo - Black Creek Classic Division||100-249|
|2||Ralph's Hardwood Floors Company Inc||20-49|
|3||Sal's Foods Center Inc||20-49|
|4||Brick's Supper Club 47||10-19|
|5||O J Krull & Sons Fur Farm Inc||10-19|
|6||Sam Sommers Concrete||10-19|
|7||Ron’s Service Center Inc||10-19|
|8||Badgerland Buildings Inc||10-19|
|9||RJM Construction, LLC||10-19|
|10||Black Creek Convenience Inc||10-19|
Main Street revitalization efforts
In the summer of 2011, the "Open for Business" Campaign was begun by the village and area business association in an effort to attract new businesses. The goal is to revitalize the community and the downtown area. The campaign is encouraging structural face-lifts and the growth of new specialty shops to help attract tourists traveling through to the Northwoods.
Towards the end of 2013, the Black Creek Business Association partnered with a UW-Madison student to conduct a community needs assessment. A survey of residents showed that what most wanted was a sense of community, with an atmosphere of a small town and an emphasis on "mom & pop shops." Residents expressed an interest in an increase in food choices, the addition of flower planters and trees, making village streets more biker friendly, more parking areas, and slowing traffic on Main Street.
Additionally, a desire from residents to restore and preserve historic buildings is present throughout the study. It was suggested that the community utilize an empty lot adjacent to the state trail for a new community center that would host indoor and outdoor events. In addition to this, a new Veterans park, extended trail systems, and the addition of decorative lighting would be added to the downtown area. Together, with a UW-Extension consultant, the board devised an eight-step plan for recruiting new businesses.
Arts and culture
- Semiannual Village-Wide Rummage Sale
- Annual Family Daze Festival - formerly "Homecoming"
- Antique vehicle show, parade, craft fair, & Softball Grudge Match
- Annual Altrusa Polkafest
- Annual Firemen's Anniversary Picnic
- Annual 3K Bobcat Glow Run
- Annual 5K Run for the Timbers
- Annual Community Christmas Festival
Black Creek also supports a Citizen of the Year Award and banquet in recognition of residents actively involved within the community.
In May 2013, Black Creek Advancement Association and Duhm-Masch American Legion Post 332 announced they would create a veterans memorial in Black Creek. The memorial was officially dedicated August 2017.
National Register of Historic Places
It is in an area of Black Creek where buildings range from 100 to 180 years old.
The historic Hotel Arlington is located just down the street from this residence, located across the street is the Black Creek Founders Memorial next to the Newton Blackmour State Trail.
Also located in this area is the historic Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church (named Evangelische Lutheran Immanuel's Kirche) and the downtown business district.
Three village parks are officially open from April 1 to October 15 (weather permitting).
- Lake (Bartmann) Park is 11 acres (40,468 m²) and includes a swimming hole, playground, pavilions, horseshoe pits, and a disc golf course.
- North Park, six acres (20,234 m²), offers a baseball diamond.
- South (Sebald) Park is nine acres (28,327 m²) and includes two baseball diamonds, batting cage, playground, pavilion, restrooms, water fight barrel, and a seasonal ice skating rink.
Tri-Rivers Nature Area
The community is also within the eastern portion of the Tri-Rivers Nature Area of Outagamie County, a region with a high concentration of public land and nature preserves. Access points for canoe routes are available along the Wolf, Emabarrass, and Shioc rivers. Two environmental nature preserves in the vicinity of Black Creek offer hiking and wildlife viewing opportunities.
- Fallen Timbers Environmental Education Center, a 456-acre (1,845,366 m²) nature lab, preserves woodlands, meadows, ponds, and prairies. There are also 8.5 miles (13.68 km) of hiking and cross-country skiing trails
- Mack State Wildlife Area, 1,350-acres (5,463,256 m²), preserves woodlands, marshlands, meadows, and swampland. It also offers birding opportunities for migrating Canada Geese, Sandhill Cranes, Great Blue Herons, and Tundra Swans.
Newton Blackmour State Trail
The Newton Blackmour State Trail, part of the Rails-to-Trails Conservancy, runs through the community along the former Green Bay & Western railbed. The trail extends 24 miles (38.62 km) from Seymour to New London. It is used for snowmobiles, snowshoeing, and cross-country skiing in winter and hiking, biking and horseback riding during summer. The name, "Newton Blackmour," is derived from the four incorporated communities along the trail.
Black Creek Youth Sports Organization serves as the area's youth baseball league. The organization hosts tee ball (ages 5–6); machine pitch (ages 7–8); Little League (ages 9–12); and softball (ages 9–12). Teams are sponsored by local businesses. Softball and Little League teams play against other area communities, while tee ball and machine pitch teams play against other Black Creek teams.
Snowmobiling is a major winter activity in the Black Creek area when conditions permit. The village is within county snowmobile trail zones one, two, and seven and is crisscrossed by numerous trail routes.
The community is also served by the Black Creek Sportsman's Club. The group hosts trap shooting events Tuesday and Wednesday nights.
The village of Black Creek is governed by a board of six elected representative trustees and a president. The village also has a board made up of a treasurer/clerk, deputy clerk, librarian, police chief, fire chief, custodian, WWTP operator, building inspector, municipal justice, assessor, and an attorney.
The elected board is responsible for establishing the tax rate, approving the budget, setting village policies, and establishing the strategic direction of the village. The president is responsible for making appointments to boards and commissions and for chairing the village board meetings. Committees consist of Finance, Courts and Public Safety, Buildings and Grounds, Insurance and Personnel, Planning Commission, Board of Review, Street, Utility, Ordinance, Board of Health, and a Zoning Board of Appeals Committee.
Law enforcement is provided by the Black Creek Police Department, which has one full-time police chief and six part-time officers. Fire protection and rescue is provided by volunteers of the Black Creek Fire and Rescue Department, which has 46 firefighters, 9 EMTs, and 10 first responders.
Black Creek is in Wisconsin State Senate District 2, represented by Robert Cowles - R, Wisconsin State Assembly District 5, represented by Jim Steineke - R, and U.S. Congressional District 8, represented by Mike Gallagher - R.
The village has one public school, Black Creek Elementary & Middle School, which has been a part of the Seymour Community School District since 1963. The village school serves grades pre-K through 8th.
Black Creek's original schoolhouse was constructed in 1874 and condemned in 1900. A replacement two-story school, built along present-day State Street (WIS 54), was used until 1954. Because of lack of space, the school system also rented the former community auditorium, along Maple Street, for various school functions from 1937 to 1957.
Today's village school was constructed in 1954. After a major building expansion in 1957, the one-room schoolhouses in the surrounding vicinity closed, and the students transferred to the grade school, doubling the enrollment. Kindergarten, art, music, and physical education programs were also added that year. Since then, the school has expanded in 1969, 1987, and 2008.
Seymour Community High School serves as the village and surrounding area high school.
The Black Creek Village Public Library is a member of the Outagamie Waupaca Library System (OWLS).
Early childhood education services are also provided by Grow With Us Child Center at Immanuel Lutheran Church.
Four classroom public school along WIS 54 c.1909
In 1875, Black Creek published its first newspaper, the Black Creek Journal, which was discontinued in 1880. The Black Creek Times Press was first issued in 1904 and discontinued in 1928.
Highways and Rail
Black Creek has an average of 10,100 vehicles passing through daily, and 3.7 million per year. Approximately 8,200 vehicles pass through Black Creek's downtown area on average, and about 6,100 vehicles drive through the Wisconsin Highway 47 / Wisconsin Highway 54 intersection throughout the day. Burdick Street has about 740 vehicles traveling on it daily.
||Wisconsin Highway 47, also marked as Main Street, northbound, intersects Wisconsin Highway 29 in Shawano. Southbound, Highway 47 connects to Interstate 41 in Appleton.|
||Wisconsin Highway 54, also marked State Street, Westward routes to Shiocton and Waupaca. Eastward Highway 54 routes to Seymour and intersects Interstate 41 and Interstate 43 in Green Bay.|
||County Trunk Highway B terminates in the west on the village's south side at Wisconsin Highway 47. Its eastern terminus is County Trunk Highway PP.|
|The Canadian National Railway, going northbound routes to and terminates in Shawano. Going southbound it routes to Appleton and the Chicago area.|
Airports near Black Creek
Major airports near Black Creek include Austin Straubel International Airport in the village of Ashwaubenon and Appleton International Airport, in the town of Greenville. The privately-owned Shiocton Airport is also located nearby.
Water services are provided by the village. Electricity and natural gas lines for the community are maintained by WE Energies. Biweekly recycling pickup is performed by Outagamie County Solid Waste Department while the village provides weekly garbage collection.
ThedaCare Physicians serves Black Creek as the local clinic. Other health resources in the village include a chiropractor, a dentist, and an optometrist. Nearby hospitals include ThedaCare Medical Center-New London, ThedaCare Regional Medical Center-Appleton, and St. Elizabeth Hospital in Appleton.
- John Miller Baer, U.S. Representative for North Dakota
- Charles J. Hagen, Wisconsin State Assemblyman and businessman
- Kenneth E. Priebe, Wisconsin State Assemblyman
- W. C. Zumach, Wisconsin State Senator and American Socialist
Looking north at WIS DOT sign on WIS 47
- Muench, David (December 1993). "Wisconsin Community Slogans: Their Use and Local Impacts" (PDF). University of Wisconsin Extension. Retrieved April 27, 2013.
- Veryle Sievert, Probably More Than you Wanted to Know About the History of Black Creek. 1997.
- "Village Board". Village of Black Creek. Eetrieved 17 March 2018.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "History of Outagamie County" Archived March 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.. Fox Valley Memory. Retrieved March 19, 2014
- "History" Archived September 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Dairyland Baseball. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- A. E. Burdick, Black Creek: History From the Early Days. 1937.
- Gordon A. Bubolz (ed.). Land of the Fox: Saga of Outagamie County. Outagamie County Centennial Committee: 1949.
- "State a leader in Kraut Production". Milwaukee Sentinel. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
- "The Frank Pure Food Company". Wisconsin Library. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- M. Kottek, J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, & F.Rubel, "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated", Meteorologische Zeitschrift, Vol. 15, No. 3, 259-263 (June 2006).
- "Almanac Historical Information for Black Creek, Wisconsin". Custom Weather Incorporated. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- "OUTAGAMIE COUNTY TORNADO GUIDE (1950-2016)" (PDF). NOAA weather.gov. NOAA. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Flooding Hits Black Creek". Advertiser Community News. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- "Black Creek Flooding has Residents Cleaning Up"Fox11 WLUK. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- "Another Storm Another Flood". Advertiser Community News. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- "Flooding in Black Creek Closes Highway 54". American Red Cross. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- "Black Creek, WI". Weather.com. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
- "Census of Population and Housing" Archived 2015-05-12 at WebCite. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
- "Demographic Profile - Village of Black Creek Outagamie Co. Wis.. Village of Black Creek. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
- "Economic Profile - Village of Black Creek Outagamie Co. Wis" (PDF). Village of Black Creek. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
- "Black Creek is Open for Business", Advertiser Community News,. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
- "Black Creek Business Association". Village of Black Creek. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
- "Black Creek Business Association looks for input". Advertiser Community News. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- "February 2015 Planning Commission Meeting". Village of Black Creek. Retrieved April 4, 2015.
- "Black Creek Business Association meets to discuss Main Street Project". Advertiser Community News. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
- "Plan Looks at the Future of Black Creek". Advertiser Community News. Retrieved April 4, 2015.
- "Black Creek’s first ever Fall Village-Wide Rummage Sale". Advertiser Community News. Retrieved 09 March 2018.
- "Black Creek Family Daze". Village of Black Creek. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
- "Altrusa Polkafest". Travel Wisconsin. Retrieved 09 March 2018.
- "Fire Department 100th year". Advertiser Community News. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Bobcat Glow Run/Walk to be Held". Advertiser Community News. Retrieved 09 February 2018.
- "About us". The Friends of Fallen Timbers. Retrieved 09 March 2018.
- "Santa Claus is coming to Black Creek and lighting up the Village". Advertiser Community News. Retrieved 09 March 2018
- "Search for 22nd Black Creek Citizen of the Year". Advertiser Community News. Retrieved February 25, 2018
- "Veterans Memorial planned for Black Creek". Advertiser Community News. Retrieved March 9, 2014
- "Black Creek Memorial Dedicated". Advertiser Community News. Retrieved February 20, 2018
- "Black Creek Recreation". Village of Black Creek. Retrieved February 20, 2018
- "Tri-Rivers Nature Area". Paddling Wisconsin. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
- "Lower Wolf River Bottomlands Natural Resource Area Feasibility Study" (PDF). WisDNR. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
- "Tri-Rivers Area" Archived October 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. GOCEDC. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- "Fallen Timbers Environmental Education Center". CESA 6. Retrieved 09 March 2018.
- "Mack State Wildlife Area". Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 09 March 2018.
- "Newton Blackmour State Trail". Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. WisDNR. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
- "Black Creek Youth Sports". Retrieved 19 August 2011.
- "Outagamie County Snowmobile Trails". Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "Black Creek Sportsman's Club". Shooting.org. Retrieved 09 March 2018.
- "Committees". Village of Black Creek. Retrieved 03 March 2018.
- "Municipal Court". Village of Black Creek. Retrieved 03 March 2018.
- "Police". Village of Black Creek. Retrieved 03 March 2018.
- "District Maps". Wisconsin State Legislature. Retrieved Sept 9, 2013
- "Member Libraries". Outagamie Waupaca Library System. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
- "Grow With Us Child Center". Immanuel Ev. Lutheran Church. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
- "Black Creek, Wisconsin". City Data. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
- "Outagamie County Insets (Black Creek, Hortonville, Seymour, and Shiocton)" Archived March 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- Burdick, A. E. Black Creek: History From the Early Days. 1937.
- Koenigs, Lynn E. (comp.). My Corner of the County. 2012.
- Omni Associates. Black Creek 2025: A Multi-jurisdictional Smart Growth Comprehensive Plan for the Town and Village of Black Creek, Outagamie County, WI. Appleton, WI: Omni, 2005.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Black Creek, Wisconsin.|