Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela
|Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela|
|Armada Bolivariana de Venezuela|
Coat of Arms of the Navy
|Allegiance||President of Venezuela|
|Branch||National Armed Forces of Venezuela|
|Role||Defense of Venezuela's coastline and maritime and inland waters|
|Size||2 submarines, 3 frigates, 6 OPV, 25 patrol boats,4 landing ship tank, 3 auxiliary ships|
|Part of||Ministry of the Popular Participation for the Defense|
|Patron||Virgen del Valle|
|Motto(s)||Navigare necesse, vivere non necesse (Latin: "Sailing is necessary, but living is not".)|
|March||Marcha Epica de las Fuerzas Navales (English: "Grand March of the National Navy")|
|Anniversaries||July 24, Birthday of Simon Bolivar, Navy Day and Battle of Lake Maracaibo Anniversary|
|Engagements||Venezuelan War of Independence and the Battle of Lake Maracaibo|
|Minister of the People's Power for Defense of the Republic of Venezuela||General-in-Chief Vladimir Padrino López|
|Commanding General, Venezuelan Navy||Admiral Giuseppe Alessandrello Cimadevilla|
|Inspector General, Venezuelan Navy||Vice Admiral Carlos José Vieira Acevedo|
|Chief of Naval Staff, Venezuelan Navy||Vice Admiral Jorge Martín Hernández Salazar|
|José Prudencio Padilla|
Luis Brión
|Naval jack (1930–2006)|
The Venezuelan Navy serves the purpose of defending the naval sovereignty of Venezuela, including inland and fluvial security, and it also serves to prevent illegal activities on Venezuela's borders and collaborates with international organizations to safeguard international waters from criminal activities.
The Venezuelan Navy was born as a coastal defense force during the beginning of the Venezuelan War of Independence. In May 1810, Commander Lino de Clemente, a veteran officer of the Spanish Navy who joined the April 1810 coup against the colonial government, was appointed the first Minister of Defense of the republic and began the long building of the armed forces including the formation of the navy. In April 1811 the Nautical School, with Ensign Vicente Parrado as its first superindentent, was opened by order of the national government in La Guaira to train future naval officers, months before the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, thus the Navy's origins start from this date, with its first vessels being those formerly used by the naval forces of the Captaincy General of Venezuela, and participated in its first actions in the campaigns in Guayana in 1811-12, the baptism of fire for the fledgling naval service. Colonel Antonio Mendoza from the Venezuelan Army was its first commanding general.
For a long time their vessels, even if obsolete, were maintained properly by its sailors. In 1937 the Navy acquired from Italy two gunboats of the Azio class and rechristened them General Soublette and General Urdaneta; these ships were retained in service until 1951 (for other sources in 1948 or 1950) and scrapped later.
In September 2008, the Russian Navy's nuclear-powered missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, accompanied by three other ships of Russia's Northern Fleet, sailed from its base in Severomorsk on a cruise to the Caribbean Sea for a joint exercise with the Venezuelan Navy. This action represented the first major Russian power projection in that region since the end of the Cold War. The fleet of ships, headed by the nuclear-powered Pyotr Velikiy, set off from its base at Severomorsk in the Arctic on 22 September. Russian Navy spokesman Igor Dygalo told the AFP news agency, "It's the nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser Peter the Great, the anti-submarine warship Admiral Chebanenko and other accompanying ships". The other ships included a tug boat and supply ships.
Crisis in Venezuela
During the crisis in Venezuela, the Venezuelan Navy became engaged in the conflict when it began to prevent the entry of humanitarian aid into the country. A ship departing from Puerto Rico attempted to ship aid into the Venezuelan port city of Puerto Cabello. Six vessels of the Venezuelan Navy, including the Mariscal Sucre-class frigate Almirante Brion and patrol boats, were deployed to prevent the entry of the aid shipment. The ship, carrying civilians, returned to Puerto Rico after the Venezuelan Navy threatened to "open fire" on the humanitarian ship. Governor of Puerto Rico Ricardo Rossello, who ordered the return of the ship, stated that the act by the Venezuelan Navy was "unacceptable and shameful" and that Puerto Rico "notified our partners in the U.S. government about this serious incident".
On 30 March 2020, the Venezuelan patrol boat Naiguatá sank following its purposeful ramming of the polar ice class cruise liner RCGS Resolute, while in international waters. According to RCGS Resolute's owner, the Coast Guard ship had fired shots and ordered the cruise ship to follow it to Margarita Island, a Venezuelan harbour. Naiguatá sank following the ramming, with RCGS Resolute informing the international Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre (MRCC) of the incident and offering assistance. After staying in the area for an hour, RCGS Resolute was informed through MRCC that assistance was not required as Naiguatá's crew had been rescued by the Venezuelan Navy.
As of 2016, Admiral Orlando Miguel Maneiro Gaspar is the Commanding General of the National Navy.
The Naval Operations Command is commanded by the Chief of Naval Operations, currently Vice Admiral Antonio Díaz Clemente. This command is aimed towards the defense of the territorial maritime and inland waters and the coastline of the nation, and by extension into its ground and air territories.
The command serves as the air arm of the Venezuelan Navy, with responsibility for air operations and transport for the entire Navy.
Coast Guard Command
|Type 209||Diesel-electric||S-31 Sábalo
|Mariscal Sucre class||Missile frigates||F-21 Mariscal Sucre
F-22 Almirante Brion
F-24 General Soublette
|Offshore patrol vessels (6)|
|Guaiquerí class||Offshore patrol vessels||PC-21 Guaiquerí
|Guaicamacuto class||Offshore patrol vessels||GC-21 Guaicamacuto
|Constitución class||Gunboat||PC-11 Constitución
|United Kingdom||950 tons|
|Patrol boat (19)|
|Petrel class||Patrol boat||PG-31 Petrel
|Gavión class||Patrol boat||PG-401 Gavión
|Págalo class||Patrol boat||PG-51 Págalo
|Fernando Gómez de Saa class||Patrol boat||PG-61 TN Fernando Gómez de Saa||Netherlands|
|Amphibious ship and service ships (11)|
|Capana class||Landing Ship Tank||T-61 Capana
T-64 Los Llanos
|Los Frailes class||Service ship||T-91 Los Frailes
T-92 Los Testigos
T-93 Los Roques
T-94 Los Monjes
|Ciudad Bolívar class||Supply ship||T-81 Ciudad Bolívar||South Korea||?|
|Training sailboat||BE-11 Simón Bolívar||Spain||?|
|Punta Brava class||Oceanographic ship||BO-11 Punta Brava||Spain||?|
Fleet forces and Coast Guard ship organization
- Three Lupo/Mariscal Sucre-class missile frigates class
Offshore patrol vessels
- Four Spanish-made offshore patrol vessels of the Guaiquerí class. One ship, PC-22 Warao is out of service. It was taken to Fortaleza, Brazil following a grounding incident in 2012, and subsequently to Rio de Janeiro.
- Four Spanish-made offshore patrol vessels of the Guaicamacuto class. One ship, GC-23 Naiguatá, was sunk after it collided with a cruise ship in 2020.
- GC-21 Guaicamacuto, in service
- GC-22 Yavire, in service
- GC-24 Tamanaco, in service
Amphibious and service ships
- Four Capana-class LST.
- Four Los Frailes-class LST
- One Ciudad Bolívar-class supply ship.
- One Bricbarc type/Simón Bolívar training sailboat.
- BE-11 Simón Bolívar, in service since 08-6-1980
- One Almirante Francisco de Miranda-class tugboat
- RA-11 Almirante Francisco de Miranda, in service since 28-03-2007
Coast guard ships
- Four USCG Point-class patrol boats, as of 2006[update].
- 16 Gavion-class patrol boats.
- Damen Stan 2606 vessels, built in Venezuela, similar to the United States Coast Guard's Marine Protector class, as of 2008[update]. One already in service, 1 completed, 5 more to be built
as of 2012[update]
|CASA C-212-200 Patrullero||Spain||Maritime Patrol aircraft||C-212-200S43 Patrullero||3|
|CASA C-212-400 Aviocar||Spain||Transport aircraft||C-212-400 Aviocar||4|
|Beechcraft Super King Air||USA||Transport/liaison aircraft||B200
|Turbo Commander||U.S.||Transport aircraft||1|
Note: The Navy has others two or three light aircraft.
as of 2012[update]
|U.S.||Assault/transport helicopter||10 (9)||One Bell 212 was taken out of service following an accident on 31 May 2018, which killed the pilot.|
|Mil Mi-17||Russia||Assault/transport helicopter||Mi-17V-5||6|
|Bell 206||U.S.||Training light helicopter||TH-57A||2|
|Harbin Z-9||China||Anti-submarine warfare||8 on order||First delivery was planned for 2015, as of 2019 no unit has been seen operating the type. |
|Commanders of the Boliviarian Navy of Venezuela|
|Commanding general||Term of office|
|COL ANTONIO MENDOZA||1811 - 1812|
|ADM LUIS BRION DETROX||1816 - 1820|
|VADM LINO DE CLEMENTE Y PALACIOS||1820 - 1822|
|RADM AGUSTIN ARMARIO||1822 - 1827|
|CPT FELIPE SANTIAGO||1827 - 1828|
|RADM RENATO BELUCHE LAPORTE||1828 - 1829|
|CPT FELIPE SANTIAGO||1829 - 1830|
|CDR JOAQUÍN QUINTERO||1860|
|GEN MANUEL E., BRUZUAL||1863 - 1868|
|RADM JOSE RAMON YEPES MOREN||1874 - 1879|
|GEN FROILAN ANZOLA AQUINO||1879|
|GEN AGUSTIN COLL FONT||1879 - 1880|
|BRIG/RADM RAMON GIMENEZ GOMEZ||1880|
|GEN CARLOS T IRWIN||1880 - 1882|
|GEN FRANCISCO VARGUILLAS AQUINO||1886|
|GEN FRANCISCO CARABAÑO||1886 - 1888|
|GEN ANDRES EUSEBIO LEVEL||1888 - 1892|
|GEN JOSE A PEREZ CALVO||1892|
|GEN MARTIN JOSE VELARDE||1892 - 1894|
|GENERAL MANUEL ANTONIO SANCHEZ||1894 - 1895|
|GENERAL MANUEL SALVADOR BRICEÑO||1895 - 1896|
|GENERAL RAMON GORDILS||1896 - 1897|
|COL J M ESPAÑA NUÑEZ||1897 - 1902|
|COMMO MANUEL VICENTE CASTRO ZAVALA||1902 - 1910|
|COMMO ISMAEL PEREIRA ALVAREZ||1910 - 1914|
|GEN DR. NUMA POMPILIO OSUNA||1914 - 1917|
|COL MARIANO HENRIQUE LOPEZ MENDEZ||1917 - 1931|
|COL CARLOS SANCHEZ||1931 - 1936|
|CPT FELIPE LARRAZÀBAL||1936 - 1940|
|CPT ANTONIO PICARDI||1940 - 1945|
|RADM MANUEL ANTONIO VEGA GARCIA||1945 - 1947|
|CDR WOLFGANG LARRAZÀBAL UGUETO||1947 - 1949 (first term)|
|CPT OSCAR EMILIO GHERSY GOMEZ||1949 - 1958|
|RADM WOLFGANG LARRAZABAL UGUETO||1958 (second term, acting)|
|RADM CARLOS LARRAZABAL UGUETO||1958 - 1962|
|RADM RICARDO SOSA RIOS||1962 - 1964|
|RDML JUAN PEDRO TORREALBA MORALES||1964 - 1967|
|RADM JESUS CARBONELL IZQUIERDO||1967 - 1969|
|RDML JOSE CONSTANTINO SEIJAS VILLALOBOS||1969 - 1973|
|RDML ARMANDO PEREZ LEEFMANS||1973 - 1974|
|RDML ALFONSO MENDOZA RAMIREZ||1974 - 1976|
|RADM FELIX JESUS MENDOZA ACOSTA||1976 - 1977|
|RADM MAGIN MOISES LA GRAVE FRY||1977 - 1979|
|RDML ERNESTO JOSE REYES LEAL||1979 - 1980|
|RADM JESUS RAFEL BERTORELLI MORENO||1980 - 1983|
|RADM HAROLDO JOSE RODRIGUEZ FIGUEROA||1983 - 1984|
|RADM JUSTO PASTOR FERNANDEZ MARQUEZ||1984 - 1986|
|RADM DIOFANTE ANTONIO TORREALBA CHAPARRO||1986 - 1987|
|RADM FAUSTINO EDUVIGIS ALVARADO RODRIGUEZ||1987 - 1989|
|RADM HECTOR RICARDO JURADO TORO||1989 - 1990|
|RADM JUAN ARGENIS GARCIA||1990 - 1991|
|RADM IGNACIO PEÑA CIMARRO||1991 - 1993|
|RADM JULIAN ENRIQUE MAUCO QUINTANA||1993 - 1994|
|RADM CARLOS AUGUSTO RAMOS FLORES||1994 - 1995|
|RADM JESUS ENRIQUE BRICEÑO GARCIA||1995 - 1996|
|RADM OSCAR JOSE MORALES MARTINEZ||1996 - 1997|
|RADM JULIO HENRY CHACON HERNANDEZ||1997 - 1999|
|RADM OSWALDO PASCUAL QUINTANA CASTRO||1999 - 2000|
|RADM JORGE M., SIERRAALTA ZAVARCE||2000 - 2002|
|RADM FERNANDO MIGUEL CAMEJO ARENAS||2002 - 2003|
|RADM RAMON ORLANDO MANIGLIA FERREIRA||2003 - 2004|
(Later appointed Minister of Defense)
|RADM ARMANDO JOSE LAGUNA LAGUNA||2004 - 2007|
|RADM BENIGNO REMIGIO CALVO Díaz||2007 - 2008|
|VADM ZAIM QUINTANA CASTRO||2008 - 2009|
|VADM CARLOS ANIASI TURCHIO||2010 - 2011|
|VADM DIEGO MOLERO BELLAVIA||2011 - 2012|
(Later appointed Minister of Defense)
|VADM DIEGO ANTONIO GUERRA BARRETO||2012 - 2013|
|VADM GILBERTO AMILCAR PINTO BLANCO||2013 - 2014|
|VADM JAIRO AVENDAÑO QUINTERO||2014 - 2015|
|VADM FRANKLIN MONTPLAISIER||2015–2016|
|VADM ORLANDO GASPAR||2016–2017|
|VADM EDGLIS EMILIO BALZA||2017-2018|
|VADM GIUSEPPE CIMADEVILLA||2018–present|
Professional and enlisted
|Sargento Supervisor||Sargento Ayudante||Sargento mayor de Primera||Sargento mayor de Segunda||Sargento mayor de Tercera||Sargento Primero||Sargento Segundo||Cabo Primero||Cabo Segundo||Distinguido||Marinero Raso|
|OF-10||OF-9||OF-8||OF-7||OF-6||OF-5||OF-4||OF-3||OF-2||OF-1||OF(D) and student officer|
|Almirante en Jefe||Almirante||Vicealmirante||Contraalmirante||Capitán de Navío||Capitán de Fragata||Capitán de Corbeta||Teniente de Navío||Teniente de Fragata||Alferez de Navío|
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