Icelandic Coast Guard

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Icelandic Coast Guard
Landhelgisgæsla Íslands
Icelandic Coast Guard insignia
Icelandic Coast Guard insignia
Racing stripe
Naval ensign
Naval ensign
Common nameGæslan (The Guard)
AbbreviationLHG
MottoVið erum til taks
Always Prepared
Agency overview
FormedJuly 1, 1926
Employees200 officers
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionIceland
Constituting instrument
  • Icelandic Coast Guard Act[1]
Specialist jurisdiction
  • Coastal patrol, marine border protection, marine search and rescue.
Operational structure
Agency executives
  • RADM Georg Kr. Lárusson, General Director
  • CDRE Ásgrímur L. Ásgrímsson, Chief of Operations
  • CAPT Auðunn F Kristinsson, Chief of Maritime Division
  • CDR sg Sindri Steingrímsson, Chief of Aeronautical Division
  • CAPT Jón B Guðnason, Chief of Defence Division
Facilities
Boats3 x Patrol vessels
2 x Patrol/survey boat
Patrol aircraft1 Bombardier DHC-8-Q314
Transport aircraft3 AS-332L1 Super Pumas
Notables
Significant operation
Website
www.lhg.is/english/

The Icelandic Coast Guard (Icelandic: Landhelgisgæsla Íslands, Landhelgisgæslan or simply Gæslan) is the service responsible for search and rescue, maritime safety and security surveillance, and law enforcement in the seas surrounding Iceland.[2] The Coast Guard maintains the Iceland Air Defence System which conducts ground surveillance of Iceland's air space and operate Keflavik airbase.[3][4] It is also responsible for hydrographic surveying and nautical charting.[5]

History[edit]

Its origins can be traced to 1859, when the corvette Ørnen started patrolling Icelandic waters. In 1906, Iceland's first purposely built guard-ship, Islands Falk, began operation. Iceland's own defense of its territorial waters began around 1920 and the Icelandic Coast Guard was formally founded on 1 July 1926.[6] The first cannon was put on the trawler Þór in 1924 and on 23 June 1926 the first ship built for the Coast Guard, named Óðinn, arrived in Iceland. Three years later, on 14 July 1929 the coastal defence ship Ægir was added to the Coast Guard fleet.

Cod Wars[edit]

The Icelandic Coast Guard played its largest role during the fishing rights dispute known as the Cod Wars, between 1972 and 1976, when the Coast Guard ships would cut the trawl wires of British and West German trawlers, resulting in confrontations with Royal Navy warships and tugs from the British Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF). The Icelandic Coast Guard goal was to enforce a disputed expansion of Iceland's exclusive economic zone. Engagements between Icelandic gunboats and British warships involving ramming became the tactic of choice during this conflict.[7] At least 15 British frigates, five Icelandic patrol boats and one British supply ship were damaged by ramming between 1975 and 1976.[8] In the end, Iceland achieved its overall ambition of expanding its exclusive fishery zone to 200 nautical miles (370 km) by June 1976.[9]

Operations[edit]

From left to right: Captain of Þór Cdr. s.g. Sigurður Steinar Ketilsson, Director of the Icelandic Coast Guard R.Adm. Georg Kr. Lárusson, President of Iceland Mr. Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, and former Minister of the Interior Ögmundur Jónasson (2011)

The Icelandic Coast Guard's (ICG) primary mission as stipulated in Section 1 of Act on Icelandic Coast Guard is conduct search and rescue, maritime safety and security surveillance, and law enforcement inside the 200-nautical-mile (370 km; 230 mi)-wide economic zone.[1] The Coast Guard operates Joint Rescue and Coordination Centre (JRCC) Iceland which is responsible for search and rescue of vessels and aircraft in Iceland's search and rescue region (SRR) according to International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual.[10] Additionally the ICG is in the charge of defusing naval mines, most of which were laid during the Second World War,[11] and monitoring fisheries in international waters outside of the Icelandic economic zone in order to blacklist any vessel partaking in unregulated fishing and thus bar them from receiving services from any member of the North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission[12] in order to make unregulated fishing unprofitable. The Icelandic Coast Guard also occasionally operates within Greenlandic and Faeroese waters, following a bilateral agreement with Denmark regarding mutual aid in security, rescue and defence matters.

The Coast Guard accomplishes these tasks with the use of offshore patrol vessels (OPV), helicopters, surveillance aircraft, satellites and a network of land based surface scanning radar.

The Icelandic Coast Guard is also in charge of the Iceland Air Defence System, which operates four ground-based AN-FPS(V)5 air surveillance radars and a control and command centre.

In the 1990s the Coast Guard started hosting exercises such as "Northern Challenge" which had military units from Norway, Denmark, Sweden and the United Kingdom, among others, participating along with the Icelandic Coast Guard. The Coast Guard has also taken part in peacekeeping operations on behalf of the Icelandic Crisis Response Unit, although while usually using their own rank insignia, uniforms and weapons.

The fleet also takes part in Frontex operations, and in that role ICGV Týr played a major part in the rescue of over 300 Syrian refugees in the eastern Mediterranean Sea in January 2015.[13]

Fleet[edit]

As of 2021, the Icelandic Coast Guard fleet consists of three OPVs, one coastal hydrographic and patrol vessel and an independent fast rigid-hulled inflatable boat (RHIB), as well as numerous smaller boats assigned to the larger units. In 2011 the Coast Guard received ICGV Þór, built by the Asmar shipyard in Talcahuano, Chile.[14][15]

ICGV Týr, an Ægir-class offshore patrol vessel, the second youngest, built by Århus Flydedok a/s and launched in 1975. ICGV Ægir, lead ship of the Ægir class, is ICGV Týr's sister ship, built by Ålborg Værft a/s and launched in 1968. Each ship is equipped with two or more RHIBs of various sizes and armed with a 40 mm Bofors cannon. Various kinds of small arms as well as other man-portable weapons are also carried on board each of the ships. Týr and Þór are also equipped with sonar systems and the Ægir-class vessels have flight decks and a hangar for a small helicopter. While the Coast Guard doesn't operate small enough helicopters to use the hangars, the flight decks are often used by the helicopters of the Aeronautical Division on various missions.[citation needed]

The coastguard has as well a 73-ton patrol and hydrographic survey vessel, named Baldur, built by Vélsmiðja Seyðisfjarðar shipyard in 1991. This vessel has no mounted weaponry but it has nonetheless been used for port security and fishery inspection.[citation needed]

The newest ship of the fleet, ICGV Freyja, was bought in September 2021[16][17] to replace the 46-year old ICGV Týr.[18] It arrived for retrofit at Damen Shiprepair Rotterdam in Schiedam on 11 October and was formally delivered to the Coast Guard on 1 November 2021. She departed for Siglufjordur on 2 November. [19]

Aeronautical division[edit]

The Coast Guard's Aeronautical Division was founded on 10 December 1955 when a Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina flying boat was acquired. It was originally from the Iceland Defense Force but was damaged near Langanes in 1954. It was registered as TF-RAN and nicknamed Rán.[20]

Until 2019, the Icelandic Coast Guard operated three Aerospatiale AS-332L1 Super Puma helicopters, which were registered as TF-LIF, TF-SYN and TF-GNA. As a response to the withdrawal of the Iceland Defense Force in 2006, the Coast Guard operated four helicopters, including a leased Aérospatiale SA-365N-1 Dauphin 2 TF-EIR, but this number was reduced to the three Super Pumas as of 2015. In 2021 the Icelandic Coast Guard have received three Airbus Helicopters H225 helicopters, leased from Norwegian company Knut Axel Ugland Holding AS, to replace the three AS332L1 Super Pumas.[21]

The Coast Guard also operates a single Bombardier DHC-8-Q314, registered as TF-SIF, modified for maritime surveillance and reconnaissance. This plane has been extensively modified by FIELD to carry a modern Mission Management System and suite of surveillance sensors, air operable door and communications/navigation equipment.[22] It is occasionally also used for surveillance of volcanic eruptions, such as the 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull.

Unlike the fleet, aircraft of the Icelandic Coast Guard have standard Icelandic civilian registers, as the Althing (parliament) has never agreed on laws for military or government aircraft. Over the time since the division was formed the regulations for standard civilian aircraft have become more restrictive. As a result, the Coast Guard can no longer operate military aircraft like it did in the past. Nevertheless, Icelandic Coast Guard helicopters are outfitted with the latest generation U.S. night vision equipment, reserved for U.S. armed forces and the armies of their allies and thus the only civilian registered aircraft in the world, so equipped.[citation needed]

Ships and aircraft[edit]

All major vehicles of the Icelandic Coast Guard are named after beings from Norse mythology.

Currently operated vessels[edit]

Ship name Type Class Note Photo
ICGV Freyja Offshore patrol vessel South Korean-built offshore patrol vessel commissioned in late 2021. Named after the goddess Freyja.
ICGV Þór Offshore patrol vessel UT 512L Type Chilean-built UT 512L Type (enlarged UT 512 Type) offshore patrol vessel commissioned in late 2011 and the flagship of the service. Named after Thor, the god of thunder, lightning and troll slaying. 2 Arrival of Thor - Icelandic Coast Guard 2011-10-27 Reykjavik.jpg
ICGV Týr Offshore patrol vessel Ægir class Danish-built Ægir-class offshore patrol vessel named after Týr, the god of combat and heroism. Iceland Coast Guard vessel types.jpg
ICGV Baldur Hydrographic survey and patrol vessel Baldur class Icelandic-built Baldur-class hydrographic survey and patrol vessel named after Baldur, god of beauty and more. Icelandic coast guard ships in harbour (cropped).jpg
ICGV Óðinn Special operation vessel Icelandic-built special operation vessel named after Óðinn, the all-seeing father of the gods. It is attached to the Coast Guard's bomb disposal and special operations unit.[23]

Decommissioned vessels[edit]

Name Type From To Notes
ICGV Þór (I) Armed trawler 1926 1929 The first ship own by the Icelandic Coast Guard. Originally a Danish trawler, it was bought by Björgunarfélag Vestmannaeyja in 1920 to be used as a rescue ship. In 1926, the Icelandic government bought the ship for the Coast Guard. It stranded in Húnaflói in 1929.[24]
ICGV Óðinn (I) 1926 1936 Arrived in 1926[25] and served until it was sold to Sweden in 1936.[26]
ICGV Gautur Originally named Óðinn (II) but renamed when a new Óðinn (III) arrived, Gautur is one of Óðinn's pseudonyms.
ICGV Óðinn (III) 1960 2006 An offshore Patrol Vessel named after Óðinn the all-seeing father of the gods. Decommissioned in 2006 and turned into a museum ship.
ICGV Baldur (I) Fast patrol boat 1946 1947 A fast patrol boat originally built for the Turkish Navy in 1943 but expropriated by the United Kingdom. Bought early in 1946 but used for less than a year and returned because of bad characteristics in rough seas.[27]
ICGV Njörður Fast patrol boat 1946 1947 Named after Njörðr the god of wind, fertile land along the seacoast, as well as seamanship, sailing and fishing. A fast patrol boat originally built for the Turkish Navy in 1943 but expropriated by the United Kingdom. Bought early in 1946 but used for less than a year and returned because of bad characteristics in rough seas.[27]
ICGV Bragi Fast patrol boat 1946 1947 Named after Bragi the god of poetry. A fast patrol boat originally built for the Turkish Navy in 1943 but expropriated by the United Kingdom. Bought early in 1946 but used for less than a year and returned because of bad characteristics in rough seas.[27]
ICGV Baldur (II) Armed trawler
ICGV Týr Armed whaler Armed whaler (Hvalur 9) borrowed during the second Cod War[28] It was nicknamed Hval-Týr by the Icelanders and Moby Dick by the British.[29]
ICGV Þór (II) 1946 Bought after Þór (I) stranded. It was sold in 1946.[24]
ICGV Þór (III) Offshore patrol vessel 1951 1982 Built in 1951 for the Coast Guard. It was sold in 1982.[24]
ICGV Ægir (I)
ICGV Albert Patrol and rescue vessel Joint ownership by the ICG and the National Life-saving Association of Iceland, now ICE-SAR. Operated by the ICG. Decommissioned in the mid 1970s.
ICGV Árvakur A lighthouse tender and patrol ship decommissioned in the 1980s.
ICGV María Júlía Patrol and rescue vessel Named after one of those who financed her construction. Joint ownership by the ICG and the National Life-saving Association of Iceland. Operated by the ICG. Decommissioned in the late 1960s.
ICGV Sæbjörg Patrol and rescue ship Owned by the National Life-saving Association of Iceland but operated by the ICG. Decommissioned in the mid 1960s.
ICGV Ver Armed trawler Operated by the ICG in the last Cod War in 1975–1976.
ICGV Ægir (II) Ægir class 1968 2020 Danish-built Ægir-class offshore patrol vessel named after Ægir, the king of the sea. It was the flagship of the ICG during the last two Cod Wars. It was decommissioned in 2020 and put up for sale.[30]

In addition the Coast Guard has rented or borrowed a number of civilian vessels and aircraft for shorter periods, which are not listed.

Aircraft history[edit]

Callsign Name Type From To Notes
TF-RAN (I) Rán Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina 1955 1966 First aircraft owned by the ICG. Not in use after 1963. Damaged beyond repair after flipping over during a major storm while parked and sold for scrap in 1966.[31][20]
TF-SIF (I) Sif Douglas C-54 Skymaster 1962 1971 Bought used from a Portuguese airline in 1962.[32]
TF-EIR (I) Eir Bell 47J 1965 1971 Joint ownership by the ICG and the National Life-saving Association of Iceland.[33] Crashed in October 1971.[34]
TF-SYR (I) Sýr Fokker F27 Friendship 200 1972 1980 Bought used from All Nippon Airways and replaced TF-SIF (I). Used for search and maritime surveillance. Saw extensive use during the second and third Cod wars.[33] Sold to Flugleiðir in December 1980.[35]
TF-GNA (I) Gná Sikorsky S-62 1972 1975 Joint ownership by the ICG and the National Life-saving Association of Iceland.[33] Crashed in Skálafell in 1975 after a shaft in the tail propeller had broken.[36]
TF-HUG Huginn Bell 47G 1973 1980 Bought used from the Icelandic Defence Force. Suffered from frequent breakdowns.[37] Damaged after a hard landing on ICGV Ægir in 1975. Out of service by 1978 and sold around 1980.[38][39]
TF-MUN Muninn Bell 47G 1973 1980 Bought used from the Icelandic Defence Force. Suffered from frequent breakdowns.[37] Out of service by 1978 and sold around 1980.[38][39]
TF-GRO (I) Gróa Hughes 500C Defender 1976 1980 Crashed in November 1980 after collinding with a power line at Búrfell.[40][41]
TF-SYN (I) Sýn Fokker F27 Friendship 200 1976 2009 Bought new in 1976 and used until 2009 for search and maritime surveillance. As of 2021, it is preserved at the Icelandic Aviation Museum.[42]
TF-RAN (II) Rán Sikorsky S-76 Spirit 1980 1983 Crashed in Jökulfirðir in November 1983, killing its four man crew.[43]
TF-GRO (II) Gróa Hughes 500C Defender 1981 1986 Arrived in October 1981. Bought as a replacement for TF-GRO (I).[44] In August 1985, its engine was damage after a drunken man had broken in to hangar where it was stored and tried to start it.[45] Sold in 1986 to finance TF-GRO (III).[46]
TF-SIF (II) Sif Aérospatiale SA 365N Dauphin II 1984 1985 Leased from Aérospatiale and operated from 1984 to 1985.[47]
TF-SIF (III) Sif Aérospatiale SA 365N Dauphin II 1985 2007 Bought new in 1985 and was involved in several high profile rescue missions during its 22-year career. It was damaged beyond repair after an emergency sea landing in 2007 and later donated to the Icelandic Aviation Museum.[48]
TF-GRO (III) Gróa Eurocopter AS 350B Ecureuil 1986 1999 Bought in January 1986[46] and arrived in April the same year.[49]
TF-LÍF (I) Líf Aérospatiale AS-332L1 Super Puma 1995 Present Used for maritime surveillance and search and rescue operations.[50] Scheduled for sale as of 2020.[51]
TF-EIR (II) Eir Aérospatiale SA 365N Dauphin II 2007 2010 Leased from 2007 to 2010 from CHC Helikopter Service. Suffered from frequent breakdowns.[52]
TF-GNA (II) Gná Aérospatiale AS-332L1 Super Puma 2007 2019 Leased from 2007 until early 2019.[53][54]
TF-SIF (IV) Sif Bombardier DHC-8-Q314 2009 Present Ordered in May 2007 and arrived in July 2009. Used for maritime surveillance and replaced TF-SYN (I).[55]
TF-EIR (III) Eir Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma 2019 Present On long-term lease from Knut Axel Ugland Holding of Norway. Arrived in March 2019.[56]
TF-GRO (IV) Gróa Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma 2019 Present On long-term lease from Knut Axel Ugland Holding of Norway. Arrived in July 2019.[57]
TF-GNA (III) Gná Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma 2021 Present On long-term lease from Knut Axel Ugland Holding of Norway. Arrived in May 2021.[58][59]

Radars[edit]

Iceland Air Defense System radar stations
Orange pog.svg Radar station with AN/FPS-117(V)5
Lightgreen pog.svg Control and Reporting Centre

The Iceland Air Defense System monitors Iceland's airspace. Air Defense is provided by fighter jets from NATO allies, which rotate units for the Icelandic Air Policing mission to Keflavik Air Base. The Iceland Air Defense System's Control and Reporting Centre is at Keflavik Air Base and reports to NATO's Integrated Air Defense System CAOC Uedem in Germany.[4]

Weaponry[edit]

The Icelandic Coast Guard possesses 207 firearms, 111 of which are in storage.[61][62][63]

Currently in use[edit]

Model Image Calibre Type Origin Quantity Details
Bofors 40 mm L/70 Bofors 40mm L70 gun aboard the Frigate ROCN Si Ning (PFG-1203) 20150316b.jpg 40mm Autocannon  Sweden 4 Purchased from Norway and refurbished.
Bofors 40 mm L/60 40mm-twin-naval.jpg 40mm Autocannon  Sweden 4 Model year 1936. Gift from Denmark.
Glock 17 Glock 17 MOD 45154998.jpg 9mm Pistol  Austria 20 Model years 1990, 2006 and 2012. Bought from a dealership in Reykjavík.
H&K MP5A2N MP5.jpg 9mm Submachine gun  West Germany
 Norway
50 Model year 1990. Gift from Norway 2011.
Rheinmetall MG 3 BundeswehrMG3.jpg 7.62mm General-purpose machine gun  West Germany
 Norway
10 Model year 1990. Gift from Norway 2013.
Steyr SSG 69 Steyr SSG 69.jpg 7.62mm Sniper rifle  Austria 8 Model year 1989. Bought from a dealership in Reykjavík.

Currently in storage[edit]

Model Image Calibre Type Origin Quantity Details
Browning M2 M2 Browning, Musée de l'Armée.jpg .50 BMG Heavy machine gun  United States 3 Model year 1939. Came with a seaplane which the ICG had in operation.
H&K G3 DCB Shooting G3 pictures.jpg 7.62mm Battle rifle  West Germany 20 Model year 1959. Gift from Denmark 2006.
Cannon 37 mm N/A 37mm Cannon N/A 3 Model year 1898. Gift from Denmark.
Cannon 47 mm N/A 47mm Cannon N/A 3 Model year 1909. Gift from Denmark.
Cannon 57 mm N/A 57mm Cannon N/A 5 Model year 1892. Gift from Denmark.
M1 carbine M1 Carbine Mk I - USA - Armémuseum.jpg 7.62mm Carbine  United States 30 Model year 1940. Lent to the Reykjavík Police 1986.
M2 carbine M2 Carbine SPAR1288 FEB. 17. 2005.jpg 7.62mm Carbine  United States 20 Model year 1940. Lent to the Reykjavík Police 1986.
QF 3-pounder Hotchkiss Flickr - El coleccionista de instantes - Fotos La Fragata A.R.A. "Libertad" de la armada argentina en Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (28).jpg 47mm Cannon  France 1 Model year 1912. At a museum in Ísafjörður.
Remington Model 870 Remington 870 Wmaster.jpg 12-gauge Shotgun  United States 4 Model year 2000. Bought from a dealership in Reykjavík.
SMLE Lee-Enfield Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk 1 (1903) - UK - cal 303 British - Armémuseum.jpg .303 Bolt-action Repeating rifle  United Kingdom 10 Model year 1910. Unknown origin.
S&W .38 Police Special Smith and Wesson Regulation Police .38 S&W.jpg .38 Special Pistol  United States 12 Model year 1940. Marshall aid.

Ranks[edit]

Officers[edit]

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Icelandic Coast Guard[64]
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Generic-Navy-O7.svg Generic-Navy-O6.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O4.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O2.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg
Forstjóri Landhelgisgæslunnar Yfirmaður Framkvæmda Landhelgisgæslu Skipherra/ Yfir Flugstjóri Skipherra/ Yfirvélstjórar/ Deildarstjórar Yfir Stýrimaður/ Næstráðandi/ Flugmaður/ Fyrsti Vélstjóri Fyrsti Stýrimaður/ Flugmaður Annar Stýrimaður/ Annar Vélstjóri/ Flugmaður Byrjandi í yfirmannastöðu

Enlisted[edit]

NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Icelandic Coast Guard[64]
Iceland-Navy-OR-9.svg Iceland-Navy-OR-7.svg Iceland-Navy-OR-5.svg Iceland-Navy-OR-3.svg Iceland-Navy-OR-2b.svg Iceland-Navy-OR-2a.svg Iceland-Navy-OR-1.svg
Yfir Bátsmaður MS-3 Bátsmaður MS-2 Bátsmaður MS-1 AS-4 AS-3 Háseti AS-2 AS-1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Lög um Landhelgisgæslu Íslands" [Act on Icelandic Coast Guard].  No. 52 of 14 June 2006. Legislative Assembly.
  2. ^ "Welcome to the Icelandic Coast Guard". Icelandic Coast Guard. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  3. ^ "Security and Defence". Icelandic Coast Guard. Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  4. ^ a b HQ AIRCOM Public Affairs. "Iceland's Role In Nato Integrated Air And Missile Defence System". Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  5. ^ "Hydrographic surveying and nautical charting". Icelandic Coast Guard. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  6. ^ "The Icelandic Coast Guard "Always Prepared"" (PDF). Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  7. ^ Evans, Andrew (2008). Iceland: The Bradt Travel Guide. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 25. ISBN 9781841622156.
  8. ^ Jones, Robert (2009). Safeguarding the Nation: The Story of the Modern Royal Navy. Seaforth Publishing. p. 119. ISBN 1848320434.
  9. ^ Bakaki, Zorzeta (1 January 2016). "Deconstructing Mediation: A Case Study of the Cod Wars". Negotiation Journal. 32 (1): 63–78. doi:10.1111/nejo.12147. ISSN 1571-9979.
  10. ^ "RCC Iceland- Rescue Centre for mariners and aircrafts [sic]". Icelandic Coast Guard. Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  11. ^ O'Donnell, Sam (5 June 2020). "Coast Guard Unearths World War 2 Era Explosive". The Reykjavík Grapevine. Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  12. ^ "North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission". Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  13. ^ USA Today-Arizona RepublicJan 4, 2015, Section B page2
  14. ^ "Til hamingju með daginn! Þór kominn til Íslands". Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  15. ^ "Nýtt varðskip Þór". Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  16. ^ "Varðskipið Freyja verður gert út frá Siglufirði". Icelandic Coast Guard (in Icelandic). 21 September 2021. Retrieved 29 October 2021.
  17. ^ Samúel Karl Ólason (21 September 2021). "Gera Freyju út frá Siglufirði". Vísir.is (in Icelandic). Retrieved 29 October 2021.
  18. ^ Kristín Sigurðardóttir (5 March 2021). "Nýtt varðskip verði fyrst til að bera nafn ásynju". RÚV (in Icelandic). Retrieved 29 October 2021.
  19. ^ Samúel Karl Ólason (30 October 2021). "Undirbúa heimsiglinguna frá Rotterdam". Vísir.is (in Icelandic). Retrieved 30 October 2021.
  20. ^ a b "Catalina". Æskan (in Icelandic). 1 February 1972. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  21. ^ Hafstað, Vala (6 May 2021). "Icelandic Coast Guard Receives Third Helicopter". Iceland Monitor.
  22. ^ "Icelandic Coast Guard to the Rescue in the Gulf of Mexico". Field Aviation. 15 July 2010. Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  23. ^ "Óðinn". lhg.is (in Icelandic). Icelandic Coast Guard. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  24. ^ a b c "Þór kominn til Vestmannaeyja". Morgunblaðið (in Icelandic). 26 October 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  25. ^ "Nýja varðskipið". Dagblaðið (in Icelandic). 27 June 1926. p. 4. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  26. ^ "Undir erlendum fána". Morgunblaðið (in Icelandic). 27 February 1936. p. 2. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  27. ^ a b c Ingólfur Viktorsson (December 2001). "Hraðbátum Gæslunnar skilað" (PDF). Gæslutíðindi (in Icelandic). p. 8. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  28. ^ "Týr skal hann heita". Morgunblaðið (in Icelandic). 12 October 1972. p. 32. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  29. ^ "Stríðshetjan í helgan stein". Morgunblaðið (in Icelandic). 3 January 1999. pp. 12B. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  30. ^ Ævar Örn Jósepsson (3 November 2020). "Varðskipið Ægir auglýst til sölu". RÚV (in Icelandic). Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  31. ^ "Catalina flugbátar á íslandi". Morgunblaðið (in Icelandic). 14 May 1995. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  32. ^ "Skymaster-vél og fullkomnari tæki". Vísir (in Icelandic). 16 August 1962. pp. 16, 5. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  33. ^ a b c "Landhelgisgæslan á flugi" (in Icelandic). Icelandic Coast Guard. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  34. ^ "Fyrsta þyrlan keypt til landsins 1965". Vísir (in Icelandic). 19 November 1980. p. 15. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  35. ^ "Flugleiðir kaupa Gæslu-Fokkerinn TF-SYR á 675 millj. kr". Morgunblaðið (in Icelandic). 10 December 1980. p. 32. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  36. ^ "Sikorsky entist í 3 ár". Vísir (in Icelandic). 19 November 1980. p. 15. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  37. ^ a b "Þessar þyrlur hafa reynzt afleitlega". Tíminn (in Icelandic). 15 February 1977. p. 20. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  38. ^ a b "Litlu þyrlurnar". Vísir (in Icelandic). 19 November 1980. p. 15. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  39. ^ a b "Tvær af þremur þyrlum ónýtar". Vísir (in Icelandic). 16 August 1978. p. 24. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  40. ^ "Litla þyrlan ónýt". Þjóðviljinn (in Icelandic). 18 November 1980. p. 1. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  41. ^ "TF Gró lifði í 4 ár". Vísir (in Icelandic). 19 November 1980. p. 14. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  42. ^ "TF-SYN Fokker F-27-200 Friendship" (in Icelandic). Icelandic Aviation Museum. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  43. ^ "Minnast áhafnar þyrlunnar TF-RAN sem fórst fyrir þrjátíu árum". Landhelgisgæsla Íslands (in Icelandic). 8 November 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  44. ^ "Ný þyrla komin til Landhelgisgæzlunnar". Morgunblaðið (in Icelandic). 16 October 1981. p. 2.
  45. ^ "Skemmdir unnar á þyrlu Gæzlunnar". Morgunblaðið (in Icelandic). 27 August 1985. p. 52. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  46. ^ a b "Kaupir nýja þyrlu af gerðinni Ecureuil". Morgunblaðið (in Icelandic). 11 January 1986. p. 4. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  47. ^ "Þyrlunni skilað til Frakklands". Morgunblaðið (in Icelandic). 28 July 1985. p. 56. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
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