Boyton, Wiltshire

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Boyton Manor, Wiltshire.jpg
Boyton Manor, c. 1910, briefly the country house of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
Boyton is located in Wiltshire
 Boyton shown within Wiltshire
Population 178 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST952396
Civil parish Boyton
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Warminster
Postcode district BA12
Dialling code 01985
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South West Wiltshire
List of places

Coordinates: 51°09′22″N 2°04′12″W / 51.156°N 2.070°W / 51.156; -2.070

Boyton is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England. It lies in the Wylye Valley within Salisbury Plain, about 6 miles (10 km) southeast of Warminster and 13 miles (21 km) northwest of Salisbury. The parish includes the village of Corton.

The A36 Salisbury-Warminster road passes 0.6 miles (1 km) north of the villages. The Great Ridge Wood, which lies mostly within Boyton, covers about a quarter of the parish.


Prehistoric sites in the parish include Corton Long Barrow.[2] The 1086 Domesday Book recorded 17 households at Boyton[3] and six at Corton.[4]

In the thirteenth century, there was a castle in the village. An occupant of the castle was Hugh Giffard and his wife Sibyl, who was the daughter and co-heiress of Walter de Cormeilles. Hugh was father of the Walter Giffard who became Archbishop of York and Chancellor of England. Another son was Godfrey Giffard, Bishop of Worcester and himself also Chancellor of England.

Cortington Manor, near Corton on the Boyton road, is from the late 17th century.[5]

The 1841 census recorded a population of 305 at Corton and 55 at Boyton;[6] after peaking at 410 in 1860, the population of the parish declined considerably.[1]

The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) described Boyton as follows:

BOYTON, a parish in the hundred of Heytesbury, in the county of Wilts, 3 miles to the S.E. of Heytesbury, its post town, and 7 from Warminster. The Salisbury branch of the Great Western railway passes near it. The parish is situated on the south side of the river Willy, a branch of the Nadder, and contains the hamlet of Corton. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Salisbury, of the value of £549, in the patronage of the President and Fellows of Magdalen College, Oxford. The church, which is dedicated to St Mary, is a good specimen of early English architecture, and has been recently restored. It was erected in 1301, and contains a fine circular window and an ancient font. There are some small charitable endowments. Boyton House, the old seat of the Lamberts, was built in 1618. CORTON, (or Cortington), a township in the parish of Boyton, hundred of Heytesbury, in the county of Wilts, 1 mile S. of Heytesbury, and 1 N.W. of Boyton. It belongs to the Lambert family.[7]

The Salisbury branch line was built through the Wyle valley, opening in 1856. Codford station was a short distance north of Boyton village; it closed to passengers in 1955 when local services were withdrawn, although the line continues in use as part of the Wessex Main Line.

Religious sites[edit]

Church of St. Mary, Boyton - - 1751156.jpg

The Church of England parish church of St Mary the Virgin has 12th-century origins but is mainly from the 13th and 14th centuries, with major restoration by T.H. Wyatt in 1860.[8] The south chapel was founded circa 1280 by the Giffard family and has a large circular west window; it houses Giffard effigies and memorials. The church is Grade I listed.[9]

Corton had a chapel of ease from the 13th to 16th centuries but its exact site is not known.[10] Around 1877 a church named All Saints was built but it was not consecrated until 1937 as ownership of the site was uncertain. At the consecration service the church was renamed 'The Holy Angels'. The church was declared redundant in 1980 and became a private house.[11]

A baptist chapel was built at Corton in 1828, and enlarged in 1854 and 1914. It closed in 1965 and is now a private house.[12]

Boyton Manor[edit]

A country house was built next to the church in 1618 for Thomas Lambert, a politician. Pevsner describes it as "a fine square house, three by three gables".[13] Ownership continued in the Lambert family until 1935.[14]

From 1876 to 1882, the house was let to Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, the youngest son of Queen Victoria.[15] When he married, he moved his establishment to Claremont, a house in Surrey, but he is commemorated locally in the name of the Prince Leopold Inn in the neighbouring village of Upton Lovell.

In the 1950s the house was bought by Henry Pelham-Clinton-Hope, 9th Duke of Newcastle and became the family seat, his estate at Clumber Park, Nottinghamshire, having been sold in 1946. However, the dukedom became extinct soon after the 9th Duke's death in 1988.

The house was designated as Grade I listed in 1968.[16]

Local government[edit]

Local government services are provided by Wiltshire Council, based in Trowbridge some fifteen miles to the north. Boyton (with Corton) has its own elected parish council of five members.

The village is represented in Parliament by the MP for South West Wiltshire, Andrew Murrison, and its representative in Wiltshire Council is Christopher Newbury.


There is no school in the parish; the nearest primary school is at Codford. A National School was built in 1874 and closed in 1932.[17]

There is a pub at Corton, the Dove Inn.


The Herbert Baronetcy, of Boyton, was created in 1936 for Sir Sidney Herbert, a politician. It became extinct on his death in 1939.


  1. ^ a b "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 
  2. ^ Historic England. "Corton long barrow (1010518)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  3. ^ Boyton in the Domesday Book
  4. ^ Corton in the Domesday Book
  5. ^ Historic England. "Cortington Manor and Cortington Manor Cottage (1284194)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  6. ^ "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 4 pp315-361 - Table of population, 1801-1951". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  7. ^ Boyton,
  8. ^ "Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Boyton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  9. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary, Boyton (1284200)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  10. ^ "Corton Chapel of Ease, Boyton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  11. ^ "The Holy Angels Church, Corton, Boyton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  12. ^ "Corton Baptist Chapel, Boyton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  13. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) [1963]. Wiltshire. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 127. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4. 
  14. ^ "Boyton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  15. ^ Zeepvat, Charlotte (24 August 2013). Queen Victoria's Youngest Son. Thistle Publishing. ISBN 978-1909609945. 
  16. ^ Historic England. "Boyton Manor (1036346)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  17. ^ "National School, Boyton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Boyton, Wiltshire at Wikimedia Commons