Diocese of Salisbury
Diocese of Salisbury
|Archdeaconries||Dorset, Sarum, Sherborne, Wilts|
|Bishop||Nick Holtam, Bishop of Salisbury|
|Suffragans||Karen Gorham, Bishop of Sherborne|
Andrew Rumsey, Bishop-designate of Ramsbury
|Archdeacons||Alan Jeans, Archdeacon of Sarum|
Antony MacRow-Wood, Archdeacon of Dorset
Sue Groom, Archdeacon of Wilts
Penny Sayer, Archdeacon of Sherborne
The Diocese of Salisbury is a Church of England diocese in the south of England, within the ecclesiastical Province of Canterbury. The diocese covers most of Dorset (excepting the deaneries of Bournemouth and Christchurch, which fall within the Diocese of Winchester), and most of Wiltshire (excepting a part in the north and Swindon). The diocese is led by the Bishop of Salisbury (Nick Holtam) and the diocesan synod. The bishop's seat is at Salisbury Cathedral.
The Diocese of Sherborne (founded c. ad 705) was the origin of the present diocese; St Aldhelm was its first Bishop of Sherborne. The Diocese of Ramsbury was created from the northwestern territory of the Bishop of Winchester in 909.
Herman of Wilton, bishop of both Ramsbury and then Sherborne, obtained approval from Edward the Confessor to transfer his seat to Malmesbury, but this plan was blocked by the monks of Malmesbury Abbey and Earl Godwin. Instead, following the Norman conquest, the 1075 Council of London named him Bishop of Sarisberie (Latin: Seriberiensis episcopus), which had been made a royal stronghold by William I. This was at Old Sarum. Disputes between the bishops Herbert and Richard Poore and the sheriffs of Wiltshire led to the removal of the see in the 1220s to a new site on Salisbury Plain. This was chartered as the city of New Sarum by King Henry III in 1227, but it was not until the 14th century that the office was described (by Robert Wyvil) as the Bishop of Sarum (episcopus Sarum). The diocese, like the city it administers, is now known as Salisbury. The archdeaconry around Salisbury, however, retains the name of Sarum.
In 1925 and 1974, new suffragan bishops were appointed to assist the Bishop of Salisbury; the new offices were titled the bishops of Sherborne and Ramsbury, respectively. Until 2009 the bishops operated under an episcopal area scheme established in 1981, with each suffragan bishop having a formal geographical area of responsibility, and being known as "area bishops". The Bishop of Ramsbury had oversight of the diocese's parishes in Wiltshire, while the Bishop of Sherborne had oversight of the diocese's parishes in Dorset. This scheme was replaced to reflect the increased working across the whole diocese by all three bishops. The two suffragans may now legally function anywhere in the diocese, and the Bishop of Salisbury may delegate any of his functions to them.
The diocesan Bishop of Salisbury is assisted across the diocese by two suffragans – the Bishop of Sherborne and the Bishop of Ramsbury. The provincial episcopal visitor (since 2013, for traditional Anglo Catholic parishes in this diocese, who have petitioned for alternative episcopal oversight) is Jonathan Goodall, Bishop suffragan of Ebbsfleet. Salisbury is one of the few dioceses not to license the PEV as an honorary assistant bishop.
There are several former bishops licensed as honorary assistant bishops in the diocese:
- 1988–present: John Cavell, retired Bishop suffragan of Southampton and Bishop to Prisons, lives in Salisbury.
- 2001–present: John Kirkham, retired suffragan (later area) Bishop of Sherborne and Bishop to the Forces, lives in Bishopstone.
- 2011–present: David Hallatt, retired area Bishop of Shrewsbury, lives in Salisbury.
- Additionally, Peter Price, Bishop of Bath and Wells retired to Gillingham, Dorset in 2013; and Bill Ind, retired Bishop of Truro and Bishop suffragan of Grantham, lives in Melksham; there has been no announcement that either has been made an honorary assistant bishop.
Archdeaconries and deaneries
- Archdeaconry of Wilts
- Archdeaconry of Sarum
- Archdeaconry of Dorset
- Archdeaconry of Sherborne
The Sarum Rite (more properly called Sarum Use) was a variant of the Roman Rite widely used for the ordering of Christian public worship, including the Mass and the Divine Office. It was established by Saint Osmund, Bishop of Salisbury in the 11th century and was originally the local form used in the Cathedral and Diocese of Salisbury; it later became prevalent throughout southern England and came to be used throughout most of England, Wales, Ireland and later Scotland until the reign of Queen Mary. Although abandoned after the 16th century, it was also a notable influence on the pattern of Anglican liturgy represented in the Book of Common Prayer. Occasional interest in and attempts at restoration of the liturgy by Anglicans and Roman Catholics have not produced a general revival, however.
- The Diocese of Salisbury. "The History of the Diocese". Church of England (Salisbury), 2015. Accessed 3 Jan 2015.
- Dolan, John Gilbert. "Malmesbury" in the Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol. IX. Encyclopedia Press (New York), 1913.
- Palmer, J.J.N. & al. "Place: Salisbury" at Open Domesday. Archived 2014-12-28 at the Wayback Machine
- British History Online. Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300, Vol. IV, "Salisbury: Bishops". Institute of Historical Research (London), 1991.
- Easton, James. A Chronology of Remarkable Events Relative to the City of New Sarum, with the Year, and the Name of the Mayor in whose Time they occurred: Chiefly collected from the authentic Sources of the City Records, and Manuscripts of Citizens, From a.d. 1227 to 1823, a Period of 596 Years, Including the Prices of Wheat and Barley from an Early Æra: To which are added, Their annual Average Prices for 28 Years, Being from 1796 to 1823, 5th ed., p. 1. J. Easton (Salisbury), 1824.
- Victoria History of Wiltshire, Vol. VI, pp. 93–94.
- Salisbury Diocesan Synod minutes – 99th session, 7 November 2009 p. 3 (Accessed 23 April 2014)
- Cavell, John Kingsmill. ukwhoswho.com. Who's Who. 2014 (December 2013 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- Kirkham, John Dudley Galtrey. ukwhoswho.com. Who's Who. 2014 (December 2013 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- Hallatt, David Marrison. ukwhoswho.com. Who's Who. 2014 (December 2013 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- Price, Peter Bryan. ukwhoswho.com. Who's Who. 2014 (December 2013 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- Ind, William. ukwhoswho.com. Who's Who. 2014 (December 2013 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- "Map of Salisbury Diocese". The Diocese of Salisbury. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- "Deaneries". The Diocese of Salisbury. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- "Catholic Encyclopedia: Sarum Rite". Newadvent.org. 1912-02-01. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "Photostats of Bologna, Biblioteca Universitaria 2565, Sarum Missal". Bodley.ox.ac.uk. 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2010-04-02.