Monkton Deverill

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Monkton Deverill
Monkton Deverill se.jpg
Entering the village from the southeast
Monkton Deverill is located in Wiltshire
Monkton Deverill
Monkton Deverill
Location within Wiltshire
OS grid referenceST855373
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWarminster
Postcode districtBA12
Dialling code01985
PoliceWiltshire
FireDorset and Wiltshire
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°08′06″N 2°12′25″W / 51.135°N 2.207°W / 51.135; -2.207Coordinates: 51°08′06″N 2°12′25″W / 51.135°N 2.207°W / 51.135; -2.207

Monkton Deverill (anciently known as East Monkton) is a village and former civil parish in Wiltshire, England, about five miles south of Warminster and four miles northeast of Mere. It stands on the River Wylye and forms part of a group of villages known as the Upper Deverills.

History[edit]

Two Roman roads intersect close to the village.[1] In 1989–1990, archaeologists investigated a 7th-century Anglo-Saxon cemetery in the parish and also made a section through a Roman road.[2]

Before the Dissolution of the Monasteries, Monkton Deverill was a manor of Glastonbury Abbey[3][4] and was formerly known as East Monkton.[5] In the Middle Ages, its church was a chapel of the church at Longbridge Deverill, also a Glastonbury manor.[6]

Coin of Alfred the Great, the saint to whom the parish church was dedicated

For almost forty years, beginning in the late 14th century, the bailiffs of Glastonbury Abbey's manors of Longbridge and Monkton Deverill, which were remote from the Abbey's own logistical systems, kept good accounts of their stewardship.[4] These records survive and provide detailed information on the manors' agricultural and other business. They show that most of the grain produced on the land went to markets within ten miles, except in years when it was selling for higher prices. Most buyers of the manors' wool came from within a radius of twenty miles. However, some items, such as millstones, were brought from much farther away.[7]

After the Dissolution, the manor was sold by the Crown to John Thynne together with Longbridge Deverill and thereafter descended in his family, who much later became Marquesses of Bath. The Thynnes have preserved many of Glastonbury Abbey's records at Longleat up to the present day.[8]

The village has two farmhouses dating from the 17th century: Manor Farmhouse and Burton Farmhouse.[9][10]

A small school was built near the church c. 1870, but had closed by 1895. Historic England describe the building (now a private house) as "a good example of a simple village school with Gothic and vernacular detail".[11] The population of the parish was 204 in 1831,[12] but is now lower.

A detailed parish history is in progress and will be published as part of volume XIX of A History of the County of Wiltshire.[13]

Parish church[edit]

The former Church of England parish church was dedicated to St Alfred the Great.[14][15] Alfred had marched into the valley of the Deverills in 878, on his way to victory at the Battle of Ethandun.[16]

In 1845, most of the church was demolished, leaving only the 14th-century tower standing,[17] and rebuilt under the direction of Thomas Henry Wyatt.[14][18]

The Gentleman's Magazine noted in January 1846:

November 25. [1845] The church of Monkton Deverill was re-opened for divine service, after having been closed for some time. The church was in a state of such extreme dilapidation, that scarcely could the parishioners meet together in safety from the dangerous condition of the aisles and roof. The Trustees of the Marquess of Bath, to whom the larger part of the parish belongs, have contributed 400l towards the repairs; and the occupiers cheerfully passed a church-rate of about 118l which nearly covered the remaining expenses. The old building was levelled to the ground, with the exception of the tower, and rebuilt from the designs of the diocesan architect, Thomas Wyatt, esq. It is built in the plain perpendicular style; the eastern window alone having any peculiar tracery. The roof is of open timber, stained to imitate oak. The sittings are open, with square stall heads. The eastern window is of stained glass, by Millar, and the gift of the rector, the Rev. Lord Charles Thynne.[19]

The new church contained a fine pulpit, believed to be originally from Belgium, also presented in the mid 19th century by the Rev. Lord Charles Thynne, rector of the parish.[15][19]

Monkton Deverill was anciently a chapelry of Longbridge Deverill, but was transferred to Kingston Deverill in 1892.[20]

In 1928, Edward Hutton noted:

Kingston Deverill looks better than it is – Monkton Deverill, not a mile lower down the valley, has, however, even less to show. Of the church only the Perpendicular tower and the Norman font are old, though here again the pulpit panels representing scenes from the Old Testament are interesting.[21]

The church was confirmed redundant in 1971[22] and has since been converted into a private house.[15] The parish registers are now held in the Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre and cover the periods 1695–1961 (baptisms), 1749–1958 (marriages), and 1740–1980 (burials).[12]

Clergy[edit]

  • Rev. Lord Charles Thynne (rector of Longbridge Deverill and Monkton Deverill)
  • 1852–1874: Rev. William David Morrice (vicar of Longbridge Deverill and Monkton Deverill)[23]
  • 1912: Rev. J. W. R. Brocklebank
  • 1939: Rev. Robert Cooper Fugard (Kingston Deverill and Monkton Deverill)[24]

Governance[edit]

John Thynne bought the manor from the Crown

Since 1934, Monkton Deverill has been part of Kingston Deverill parish.[25]

Almost all significant local government services are now provided by Wiltshire Council, a unitary authority created in 2009, which has its main offices in Trowbridge. The village is represented in parliament by Dr Andrew Murrison and in Wiltshire Council by Fleur de Rhé-Philipe, both Conservatives.

Notable people[edit]

Meredith Frampton (1894–1984), painter and portrait artist, retired to a house overlooking Monton Deverill.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine, vol. 88 (1995), p. 37
  2. ^ The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine, vol. 88 (1995), p. 26
  3. ^ Rodney Howard Hilton et al., Rodney Hilton's Middle Ages: an exploration of historical themes (2007), p. 119: "The analysis will include three manors located in Wiltshire, namely Longbridge Deverill, Monkton Deverill and Badbury, all held by the abbot of Glastonbury."
  4. ^ a b Edward Miller, The Agrarian History of England and Wales (1991), p. 363 online
  5. ^ Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, Proceedings, vols. 107–111 (1963), p. 81
  6. ^ E. H. Goddard (ed.), The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine, vol. 58 (1963), p. 351: "Longbridge Deverill church with its chapel of Monkton Deverill..."
  7. ^ D. L. Farmer, 'Two Wiltshire Manors and their Markets', in AHR, vol. XXVII (1989) pp. 1–11 Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine online at bahs.org.uk
  8. ^ Kate Harris & William Smith, Glastonbury Abbey records at Longleat House: a summary list (1991), p. 83
  9. ^ Historic England. "Manor Farmhouse (1036405)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Burton Farmhouse (1036407)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  11. ^ "Monkton Deverill School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  12. ^ a b Monkton Deverill at genuki.org.uk
  13. ^ Work in Progress at victoriacountyhistory.ac.uk accessed 27 November 2008
  14. ^ a b John Martin Robinson, The Wyatts, an architectural dynasty (1979), p. 267: "Monkton Deverill, Wilts., St. Alfred the Great. 1845. Old tower retained."
  15. ^ a b c 'Monkton Deverill – King Alfred', in The Deverill Churches Archived 5 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine at dial.pipex.com
  16. ^ G. N. Garmonsway, translation of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (London: Dent, 1972), p. 76
  17. ^ "Church of St. Alfred the Great". historicengland.org.uk. English Heritage. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  18. ^ Nikolaus Pevsner & Bridget Cherry, Wiltshire (1975), p.352
  19. ^ a b The Gentleman's magazine, vol. 179 (1846), pp. 83–84 online
  20. ^ "No. 26303". The London Gazette. 1 July 1892. pp. 3794–6.
  21. ^ Edward Hutton, Highways and Byways in Wiltshire (1928), p. 235
  22. ^ "No. 45391". The London Gazette. 8 June 1971. p. 6035.
  23. ^ Crockford's clerical directory (1865), p. 460 online
  24. ^ Wiltshire and Swindon Archives: Diocese of Salisbury [D/1/15-D/1/38], catalogue at nationalarchives.gov.uk
  25. ^ "Kingston Deverill". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  26. ^ Sooke, Alastair (20 September 2017). "Meredith Frampton is the forgotten genius of British art". BBC Culture. Retrieved 18 November 2017.

External links[edit]

Media related to Monkton Deverill at Wikimedia Commons