Buena, New Jersey

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Buena, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Buena
St. Padre Pio Shrine
Motto(s): "A Small Town with a Big Heart"
Map of Buena in Atlantic County
Map of Buena in Atlantic County
Census Bureau map of Buena, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Buena, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°31′45″N 74°56′43″W / 39.52917°N 74.945205°W / 39.52917; -74.945205Coordinates: 39°31′45″N 74°56′43″W / 39.52917°N 74.945205°W / 39.52917; -74.945205[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Atlantic
Incorporated September 1, 1948
Named for Buena Vista Township / Battle of Buena Vista
Government[6]
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
 • Mayor G. David Zappariello (R, term ends December 31, 2019)[3][4]
 • Municipal clerk Maryann Coraluzzo[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 7.579 sq mi (19.630 km2)
 • Land 7.578 sq mi (19.626 km2)
 • Water 0.001 sq mi (0.003 km2)  0.02%
Area rank 235th of 566 in state
15th of 23 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 121 ft (37 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 4,603
 • Estimate (2016)[11] 4,456
 • Rank 391st of 566 in state
16th of 23 in county[12]
 • Density 607.4/sq mi (234.5/km2)
 • Density rank 425th of 566 in state
12th of 23 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP Code 08310 - Buena[13]
08326 - Landisville[14]
08341 - Minotola[15][16]
Area code(s) 609 exchange: 704
856 exchanges: 563, 697[17]
FIPS code 3400108680[1][18][19]
GNIS feature ID 0885173[1][20]
Website www.buenaboro.org

Buena (/ˈbjnə/ BEW-nə)[21][22][23] is a borough in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 4,603,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 730 (+18.8%) from the 3,873 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 568 (-12.8%) from the 4,441 counted in the 1990 Census.[24]

History[edit]

Charles K. Landis was a land developer who was the driving force behind the creation of Hammonton and Vineland. Landis also had a hand in establishing other small communities, including Landisville, in Buena Borough. He planned to make it county seat of a new county called Landis County, which would incorporate land from the surrounding counties. However, the locals were against this, and began calling him "King Landis".[25]

Buena was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on September 1, 1948, from portions of Buena Vista Township. The borough was reincorporated on May 18, 1949.[26] The borough derives its named from Buena Vista Township, which in turn was named for the 1847 Battle of Buena Vista during the Mexican–American War.[27]

In 1979, local resident Madeline Barrale authored a 115-page book illustrating the Borough's history. Buena Borough celebrated its 50th Anniversary in 1999 with the 1st Annual "Buena Day" at Bruno Melini Park. In 2002, the St. Padre Pio Shrine was erected by Italian-American farmers in the Landisville section of Buena and has attracted what was described by The New York Times as a "steady stream of Catholics" who come to pray at the site.[28]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 7.579 square miles (19.630 km2), including 7.578 square miles (19.626 km2) of land and 0.001 square mile (0.003 km2) of water (0.02%).[1][2]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Landisville and Minotola, each of which had postal facilities established with those names in 1871 and 1897, respectively.[29][30]

The borough borders Vineland, and the townships of Franklin and Buena Vista.

The borough is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve.[31] Part of the borough is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Atlantic County, along with areas in Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.[32]

Unexpected Road was named the seventh wackiest street name according to a 2006 poll by Car Connection website.[33]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19502,640
19603,24322.8%
19703,2831.2%
19803,64210.9%
19904,44121.9%
20003,873−12.8%
20104,60318.8%
Est. 20164,456[11][34]−3.2%
Population sources:
1950-2000[35] 1950-1990[36]
2000[37][38] 2010[8][9][10]

2010 Census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,603 people, 1,723 households, and 1,160 families residing in the borough. The population density was 607.4 per square mile (234.5/km2). There were 1,855 housing units at an average density of 244.8 per square mile (94.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 73.50% (3,383) White, 9.43% (434) Black or African American, 0.74% (34) Native American, 1.78% (82) Asian, 0.07% (3) Pacific Islander, 11.62% (535) from other races, and 2.87% (132) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 29.42% (1,354) of the population.[8]

There were 1,723 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.23.[8]

In the borough, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.4 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 88.3 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $53,060 (with a margin of error of +/- $14,830) and the median family income was $60,398 (+/- $6,199). Males had a median income of $47,439 (+/- $6,193) versus $35,700 (+/- $8,353) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,044 (+/- $2,700). About 8.2% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.[39]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[18] there were 3,873 people, 1,454 households, and 978 families residing in the borough. The population density was 509.1 people per square mile (196.5/km2). There were 1,553 housing units at an average density of 204.1 per square mile (78.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 77.28% White, 7.64% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 10.53% from other races, and 3.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.65% of the population.[37][38]

As of the 2000 Census, 33.5% of Buena residents were of Italian ancestry, the 22nd-highest percentage of any municipality in the United States, and ninth-highest in New Jersey, among all places with more than 1,000 residents identifying their ancestry.[40]

There were 1,454 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.23.[37][38]

In the borough the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.[37][38]

The median income for a household in the borough was $35,679, and the median income for a family was $44,352. Males had a median income of $37,985 versus $23,788 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $16,717. About 11.8% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.1% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.[37][38]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Buena Borough is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[6] The Borough form of government used by Buena, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[41][42]

As of 2017, the Mayor of Buena Borough is Republican G. David Zappariello, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Members of the Buena Borough Council are Council President Rosalie M. Baker (R, 2018), Jorge Alvarez (R, 2017; appointed to serve an unexpired term), Joseph Mancuso Jr. (R, 2018), Jeffrey Marolda (R, 2019), Gregory McAvaddy (R, 2017) and Matthew Walker Sr. (R, 2019).[3][43][44][45][46][47]

In October 2016, Jorge Alvarez become Buena's first Hispanic councilmember when he was chosen from three candidates nominated by the Republican municipal committee to fill the seat expiring in December 2017 that had been held by Robert L. James Jr. until his resignation.[48]

In February 2016, the borough council selected Matthew Walker Sr. from a list of three candidates nominated by the Republican municipal committee to fill the seat expiring in December 2016 that had been held by Edward Cugini until his resignation; Walker became the first African-American to serve on the Borough Council.[49]

After Council President Joseph Santagata resigned from office in July 2014, the Borough Council selected Robert L. James to fill Santagata's vacant council seat, while Rosalie M. Baker was chosen to succeed Santagata as Council President.[50]

Gregory McAvaddy was sworn into office in August 2013 to fill the vacant seat of Frank DeStefano, who had resigned earlier that month to devote more time to his business.[51] In the 2013 general election, Republican incumbents Edward S. Cugini and Jeffrey Marolda won re-election and McAvaddy won the balance of the unexpired term of office.[52]

In 2018, The Buena Borough Police Department was closed. The borough entered into a shared service agreement with the Franklin Township Police Department, whose Chief of Police is Brian Zimmer. With the dissolution of Buena's police force, the borough's officers were being given an opportunity for consideration to be hired by Franklin Township.[53]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Buena is located in the 2nd Congressional District[54] and is part of New Jersey's 2nd state legislative district.[9][55][56] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Buena had been in the 1st state legislative district.[57]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[58] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[59] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, 2019).[60][61]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 2nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Chris A. Brown (R, Ventnor City) and in the General Assembly by Vince Mazzeo (D, Northfield) and John Armato (D, Buena Vista Township).[62][63] The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township).[64] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).[65]

Atlantic County is governed by a directly elected county executive and a nine-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, responsible for legislation. The executive serves a four-year term and the freeholders are elected to staggered three-year terms, of which four are elected from the county on an at-large basis and five of the freeholders represent equally populated districts.[66][67] As of 2018, Atlantic County's Executive is Republican Dennis Levinson, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019.[68] Members of the Board of Chosen Freeholders are Chairman Frank D. Formica, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2018, Margate City)[69] Vice Chairwoman Maureen Kern, Freeholder District 2, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part), Linwood, Longport, Margate City, Northfield, Somers Point and Ventnor City (R, 2018, Somers Point),[70] Ashley R. Bennett, Freeholder District 3, including Egg Harbor Township (part) and Hamilton Township (part) (D, 2020, Egg Harbor Township),[71] James A. Bertino, Freeholder District 5, including Buena, Buena Vista Township, Corbin City, Egg Harbor City, Estell Manor, Folsom, Hamilton Township (part), Hammonton, Mullica Township and Weymouth Township (R, 2018, Hammonton),[72] Ernest D. Coursey, Freeholder District 1, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part) and Pleasantville (D, 2019, Atlantic City),[73] Richard R. Dase, Freeholder District 4, including Absecon, Brigantine, Galloway Township and Port Republic (R, 2019, Galloway Township),[74] Caren L. Fitzpatrick, Freeholder At-Large (D, 2020, Linwood),[75] Amy L. Gatto, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2019, Mays Landing in Hamilton Township)[76] and John W. Risley, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2020, Egg Harbor Township)[77][66][78] Atlantic County's constitutional officers are County Clerk Edward P. McGettigan (D, 2021; Linwood),[79] [80] Sheriff Eric Scheffler (D, 2021, Northfield)[81][82] and Surrogate James Curcio (D, 2020, Hammonton).[83][84][85]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,771 registered voters in Buena, of which 593 (21.4% vs. 30.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 764 (27.6% vs. 25.2%) were registered as Republicans and 1,414 (51.0% vs. 44.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[86] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 60.2% (vs. 58.8% in Atlantic County) were registered to vote, including 80.2% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 76.6% countywide).[86][87]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 1,011 votes (53.2% vs. 57.9% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 847 votes (44.6% vs. 41.1%) and other candidates with 18 votes (0.9% vs. 0.9%), among the 1,899 ballots cast by the borough's 2,919 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.1% (vs. 65.8% in Atlantic County).[88][89] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 1,048 votes (53.0% vs. 56.5% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 877 votes (44.3% vs. 41.6%) and other candidates with 31 votes (1.6% vs. 1.1%), among the 1,979 ballots cast by the borough's 2,932 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.5% (vs. 68.1% in Atlantic County).[90] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 927 votes (49.7% vs. 52.0% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 894 votes (47.9% vs. 46.2%) and other candidates with 14 votes (0.7% vs. 0.8%), among the 1,867 ballots cast by the borough's 2,749 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.9% (vs. 69.8% in the whole county).[91]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 707 votes (66.0% vs. 60.0% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 326 votes (30.4% vs. 34.9%) and other candidates with 10 votes (0.9% vs. 1.3%), among the 1,072 ballots cast by the borough's 2,977 registered voters, yielding a 36.0% turnout (vs. 41.5% in the county).[92][93] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 692 votes (50.4% vs. 47.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 547 votes (39.8% vs. 44.5%), Independent Chris Daggett with 56 votes (4.1% vs. 4.8%) and other candidates with 29 votes (2.1% vs. 1.2%), among the 1,373 ballots cast by the borough's 2,819 registered voters, yielding a 48.7% turnout (vs. 44.9% in the county).[94]

Education[edit]

Students in public school for pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade from Buena Borough attend the Buena Regional School District, together with students from Buena Vista Township. Students are sent to the district's high school for grades 9 - 12 from both Estell Manor City and Weymouth Township as part of sending/receiving relationships with the respective school districts.[95][96]

As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its five schools had an enrollment of 1,855 students and 167.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.1:1.[97] Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[98]) are Collings Lakes Elementary School[99] (175 students in grades K-3), John C. Milanesi Elementary School[100] (277; PreK-3), Dr. J.P. Cleary Elementary School[101] (4-5; 268), Buena Regional Middle School[102] (6-8; 432) and Buena Regional High School[103] (9-12; 678).[104]

Borough public school students are also eligible to attend the Atlantic County Institute of Technology in the Mays Landing section of Hamilton Township[105] or the Charter-Tech High School for the Performing Arts, located in Somers Point.[106]

Transportation[edit]

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 39.28 miles (63.22 km) of roadways, of which 24.69 miles (39.73 km) were maintained by the municipality, 11.62 miles (18.70 km) by Atlantic County and 2.97 miles (4.78 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[107]

U.S. Route 40 (with County Route 557 running concurrent) pass through the heart of the town. Route 54 passes through along the eastern border.

The closest limited access road is Route 55 in Vineland and Franklin. The Atlantic City Expressway can be reached by Route 54.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Buena include:

Attractions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Borough Council, Borough of Buena. Accessed May 18, 2017.
  4. ^ 2018 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed March 15, 2018.
  5. ^ Clerk's Office, Borough of Buena. Accessed March 20, 2018.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 8.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Buena, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Buena borough, Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Buena borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 11, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Buena, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Landisville, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  15. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Minotola, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  16. ^ ZIP Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 2, 2013.
  17. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Buena, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 2, 2013.
  18. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed November 26, 2012.
  20. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  21. ^ Capuzzo, Jill P. "Driving Mower, Bus or Car, 9-Year-Old Has Town Jumpy", The New York Times, July 25, 2003. Accessed July 1, 2011. "Here in Buena (pronounced BYOO-na), a typical day for the nine-member police force used to mean responding to a few traffic violations, a complaint about someone trying to pass a bad check or some disturbances at the local bar."
  22. ^ Staff. "Answer Guy", The Press of Atlantic City, November 30, 2008. Accessed July 1, 2011. "My husband and I moved to New Jersey from North Carolina a few years ago. I assumed that Buena was pronounced 'bwayna,' but we learned that people here pronounce it 'byoona.' Why is that?"
  23. ^ Unusual Buena Vista, Buena Vista Township. Accessed February 12, 2015.
  24. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  25. ^ Friends of Historic Vineland Archived 2007-06-22 at the Wayback Machine.. Frank De Maio, M.D. Accessed August 29, 2007.
  26. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 67. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  27. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 28, 2015.
  28. ^ Coyne, Kevin. "At a Shrine, Inspiration and Memories", The New York Times, September 16, 2006. Accessed July 21, 2011. "Since it opened four years ago, the St. Padre Pio Shrine has drawn a steady stream of Catholics who stop to pray before a six-foot bronze statue of a mystical, wildly popular Capuchin friar who was treated skeptically at first by the church, then ultimately made a saint."
  29. ^ History, Borough of Buena. Accessed September 2, 2013.
  30. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  31. ^ The Pinelands National Reserve, New Jersey Pinelands Commission. Accessed November 18, 2013.
  32. ^ Pinelands Municipalities, New Jersey Pinelands Commission, April 2003. Accessed November 18, 2013.
  33. ^ See the entry for September 19 on Ben Scott, Schott's Miscellany Calendar 2009 (New York: Workman Publishing Company, 2008).
  34. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
  35. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Atlantic County Municipalities, 1840 - 2000, West Jersey and South Jersey Heritage, December 6, 2010. Accessed November 16, 2013.
  36. ^ Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 9, 2016.
  37. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Buena borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  38. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Buena borough, Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  39. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Buena borough, Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  40. ^ Italian Communities, EPodunk. Accessed July 1, 2011.
  41. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed November 30, 2014.
  42. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 6. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
  43. ^ 2016 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of Buena. Accessed May 18, 2017.
  44. ^ Municipal Government, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed May 18, 2017.
  45. ^ General Election Results - November 8, 2016, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 30, 2017.
  46. ^ General Election November 3, 2015 Official Results, Atlantic County, New Jersey Clerk. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  47. ^ General Election Results - November 4, 2014 Official Results, Atlantic County, New Jersey Clerk. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  48. ^ Smith, Joseph P. "Alvarez appointed to vacant Buena Borough Council seat", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), October 12, 2016. Accessed May 18, 2017. "The Borough Council has quickly filled a vacancy created with the recent unexpected resignation of Councilman Robert L. James. The council voted at its regular meeting on Tuesday night to accept the nomination of Jorge Alvarez to replace James. The Melini Avenue resident is the first Hispanic to join the all-Republican council."
  49. ^ Smith, Joseph P. "Buena makes historic pick for council", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), February 9, 2016. Accessed June 14, 2016. "The Borough Council chose school board member Matthew Walker Sr. on Monday night to join the six-seat governing body as a replacement for the recently retired Councilman Edward Cugini Sr."
  50. ^ Smith, Joseph P. "Baker takes over as council president in Buena", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), August 11, 2014. Accessed November 27, 2014. "The Borough Council on Monday night appointed its first woman president, picking 21-year council member Rosalie M. Baker on a unanimous vote. Baker takes over as president from Joseph Santagata, who in July resigned his seat to take a position with the Municipal Utility Authority's board.... The council's other membership issue at the meeting was confirming the nomination of Robert L. James to join council and complete Santagata's term."
  51. ^ Turner, Matthew M. "Buena swears-in new Borough Council member" The Daily Journal (New Jersey), August 24, 2013. Accessed November 16, 2013. "Gregory McAvaddy was sworn in Thursday night to the Borough Council, replacing Councilman Frank DeStefano, a fellow Republican, who resigned."
  52. ^ General Election November 5, 2013 Official Results, Atlantic County, New Jersey Clerk. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  53. ^ Smith, Joseph P. "Buena picks Franklin Township for police coverage", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), June 28, 2017. Accessed March 20, 2018. "The Borough Council voted 4-1 Wednesday afternoon to hire Franklin Township instead of the city of Vineland to assume responsibility for providing police services here.... The council decision means the end is in sight for the borough police force, which will be dissolved. Franklin will give borough officers hiring preference for current openings in its department but not a guarantee of employment."
  54. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  55. ^ 2017 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 55, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 18, 2017.
  56. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  58. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  59. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  60. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  61. ^ Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
  62. ^ Legislative Roster 2018-2019 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 21, 2018.
  63. ^ District 2 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018.
  64. ^ Governor Phil Murphy, State of New Jersey. Accessed January 16, 2018.
  65. ^ Lieutenant Governor Oliver, State of New Jersey. Accessed January 16, 2018. "Assemblywoman Oliver has resided in the City of East Orange for over 40 years."
  66. ^ a b Atlantic County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
  67. ^ District Map, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
  68. ^ County Executive, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
  69. ^ Frank D. Formica, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
  70. ^ Maureen Kern, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
  71. ^ Ashley R. Bennett, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
  72. ^ James A. Bertino, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
  73. ^ Ernest D. Coursey, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
  74. ^ Richard R. Dase, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
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