Sanjit Bunker Roy
30 June 1945
|Alma mater||St. Stephen's College, Delhi|
|Occupation||Social activist & founder of Barefoot College|
Sanjit "Bunker" Roy (born 30 June 1945) is an Indian social activist and educator who founded the Barefoot College. He was selected as one of Time 100's 100 most influential personalities in 2010 for his work in educating illiterate and semi literate rural Indians. Roy was awarded the Padma Shri by Giani Zail Singh in 1986.
He was the Indian National Squash champion in 1965 and also participated in three world squash championships representing India .
Bunker is a founder of what is now called Barefoot College. After conducting a survey of water supplies in 100 drought-prone areas, Roy established the Social Work and Research Centre in 1972. Its mission soon changed from a focus on water and irrigation to empowerment and sustainability. The programs focused on siting water pumps near villages and training the local population to maintain them without dependence on outside mechanics, providing training as paramedics for local medical treatment, and on solar power to decrease dependence and time spent on kerosene lighting.
He was recognized in 2010 in Time for the programs of the college which have trained more than 3 million people in skills including solar engineers, teachers, midwives, weavers, architects, and doctors.
He was married to ex-IAS Aruna Roy in 1970.
Roy was appointed by Rajiv Gandhi to the government's Planning Commission. He recommended that legislation be created that would apply a "code of conduct" for non-governmental organizations. He also proposed that a national council be created that would recommend "legitimate" organizations to the government and monitor their activities. Both of these recommendations were "fiercely" opposed as mechanisms that could be used to promote patronage of favored groups and quell organizations that were not supportive of a particular government or party.
In 1983, he was the plaintiff in Roy v State of Rajasthan in which the Supreme Court struck down an emergency policy which had allowed women famine relief workers to be paid less than male workers.
Awards and recognition
- 1985: "Jamnalal Bajaj Award" for Application of Science and Technology for Rural Development.
- 2003: Won The 2003 "St Andrews Prize for the Environment"
- 2003: One of 20 people to be selected as "Social Entrepreneurs of the Year" by Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship
- 2009: Received a "Robert Hill Award" for his contribution to promotion of photo-voltaics (solar energy)
- Mortenson, Greg. (29 April 2010) Sanjit 'Bunker' Roy The 2010 TIME 100. TIME. Retrieved on 2 June 2012.
- bunker Roy (1 February 2006). Verghese, B. G. (ed.). Tomorrow's India: Another Tryst with Destiny. Penguin Books India. pp. 347–. ISBN 9780670058631. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- John, Mary (2003). Children's Rights and Power: Charging Up for a New Century. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. pp. 232–. ISBN 9781853026584. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- Sumit Ganguly; Larry Diamond; Marc F. Plattner, eds. (13 August 2007). "The Role of Civil Society". The State of India's Democracy. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 157–. ISBN 9780801887918. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- Epp, Charles R. (15 October 1998). The Rights Revolution: Lawyers, Activists, and Supreme Courts in Comparative Perspective. University of Chicago Press. pp. 253–. ISBN 9780226211619. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- TNN (28 October 2012). "Students untapped forces of social change". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- Bunker Roy. "Bunker Roy: Learning from a barefoot movement". TED. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "Mr. Sanjit Bunker Roy". Jamnalal Bajaj Award.
- "The 2003 St Andrews Prize for the Environment". St Andrews Prize for the Environment.
- "Swiss award for Bunker Roy". The Hindu. 22 September 2002.
- "Global honour for barefoot wonder Bunker Roy". The Hindu. 29 September 2009.