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Example concept map created using the IHMC CmapTools computer program.

CmapTools is concept mapping software developed by the Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition (IHMC).[1] It allows users to easily create graphical nodes representing concepts, and to connect nodes using lines and linking words to form a network of interrelated propositions that represent knowledge of a topic.[2] The software has been used in classrooms and research labs,[3][4] and in corporate training.[5][6]


  1. ^ Cañas, Alberto J.; Hill, Greg; Carff, Roger; Suri, Niranjan; Lott, James; Gómez, Gloria; Eskridge, Thomas C.; Arroyo, Mario; Carvajal, Rodrigo (2004). "CmapTools: a knowledge modeling and sharing environment" (PDF). In Cañas, Alberto J.; Novak, Joseph D.; González García, Fermín María. Concept maps: theory, methodology, technology: proceedings of the first International Conference on Concept Mapping, CMC 2004, Pamplona, Spain, Sept 14–17, 2004. Pamplona: Dirección de Publicaciones de la Universidad Pública de Navarra. ISBN 9788497690669. OCLC 433188714. 
  2. ^ Cañas, Alberto J.; Novak, Joseph D. (2014) [2008]. "Concept mapping using CmapTools to enhance meaningful learning" (PDF). In Okada, Alexandra; Buckingham Shum, Simon J.; Sherborne, Tony. Knowledge cartography: software tools and mapping techniques. Advanced information and knowledge processing (2nd ed.). New York: Springer-Verlag. pp. 23–45. doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-6470-8_2. ISBN 9781447164692. OCLC 890438015. 
  3. ^ Mintzes, Joel J.; Leonard, William H., eds. (2006). Handbook of college science teaching. Arlington, VA: NSTA Press. pp. 124–127. ISBN 0873552601. OCLC 69020959. 
  4. ^ Correia, Paulo Rogério Miranda (January 2012). "The use of concept maps for knowledge management: from classrooms to research labs" (PDF). Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 402 (6): 1979–1986. doi:10.1007/s00216-011-5694-8. 
  5. ^ Desnoyers, Carrie Ann (2011). "Vying for the use of CmapTools in corporate training". In Moon, Brian M.; Hoffman, Robert R.; Novak, Joseph D.; et al. Applied concept mapping: capturing, analyzing, and organizing knowledge. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. pp. 317–326. ISBN 9781439828601. OCLC 441142045. 
  6. ^ Bown, Barbara L. (2008). "Concept mapping: a tool to aid innovation, marketing and business development". In Feinberg, Fred M.; Kinnear, Thomas C.; Taylor, James R. Modern marketing research: concepts, methods, and cases. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning. pp. 34–35. ISBN 0759391718. OCLC 808999465. 

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