Capitol Building, Singapore
Capitol Building, Singapore
Namazie Mansions |
|Address||15 Stamford Road, Singapore 178906|
|Named for||Capitol Theatre|
|Construction started||November 1929|
|Landlord||Urban Redevelopment Authority|
|Design and construction|
|Architecture firm||Keys & Dowdeswell|
|Structural engineer||Messrs Brossard and Mopin|
|Main contractor||Messrs Brossard and Mopin|
|Architect||Richard Meier & Partners Architects|
|Renovating firm||Shimizu Corporation|
Namazie Mansions was built by the architecture firm Keys & Dowdeswell on the existing structure of the Capitol Theatre, which was built earlier in 1929, and was completed in 1930. It was named after the owner, Mirza Mohamed Ali Namazie.
The style of the building is eclectic neoclassical, characterised by somewhat ponderous detailing. Its theatre was one of the very few air-conditioned theatres when it was built by the Namazies, a prominent Persian family to host live shows. By the mid-1930s, there were 10 cinemas, of which the Capitol was the largest and the newest. It opened in 1930 and was followed by the Alhambra, Marlborough, Pavilion, Roxy, Wembley, Tivoli, Empire, Jubilee and Gaiety.
As the Mansions fronted the theatre, the large movie billboards announcing the latest films were placed on its frontage, resulted the two buildings so closely associated that one was often mistaken for the other. The Namazie Mansions was sometimes erroneously referred to as the “Capitol Theatre building”.
During the Japanese Occupation, the Mansions' adjoined theatre operated under the name Kyo-Ei Gekijo, the theatre's English-language movies were later forbidden by the Japanese after a few months and replaced them with their own films and orchestras. The theatre operated until 1944, when a bomb planted by the anti-Japanese resistance damaged it and the Mansions itself.
After 1946, the Namazie Mansions was purchased by Shaw Organisation and rebuilt in 1948 partly to restore its damaged parts, and renamed as Shaws Building. Its adjoined Capitol Theatre became the organisation's flagship theatre with 1,686 seats. The patrons had "the choice of gallery, stalls and circle seats which were priced at S$1, S$2 and S$3 respectively from the early post-World War II years until the 1970s. The Building was also a location where Magnolia opened its first Singapore snack bar at the building in 1946, which was a favourite haunt for school students, young couples and tourists. It had since closed on 12 July 1988 at 9 pm.
In 1978, Shaw Organisation put up Shaws Building and Capitol Theatre for sale, however no deal had been reached. Shaw Organisation later revealed plans to acquire the land of the nearby Capitol Shopping Centre and to demolish Capitol Theatre and Shaws Building and redevelop the site into a shopping complex and a multiscreen cinema with commercial and residential apartments. However, under the Control of Rent Act 1953 in Singapore law, the Shaw Organisation had to provide compensation to its current tenants which proved a challenge to them.
In August 1983, the Shaws Building and Capitol Theatre were gazetted for preservation by the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) and later acquired them in 1984 with Shaw Organisation served as the lessee so that both of the buildings would be preserved as part of a future development. The Shaws Building underwent renovations in 1989 and was relaunched on 30 April 1992 as the Capitol Building.
On 29 December 1998, the Capitol Theatre screened its last film Soldier, and was officially closed on the following day. In 2000, the Singapore Tourism Board took over the two buildings to explore alternative uses for it, but plans to turn it into a home for an arts group was languished and the cost of refurbishment was exorbitant.
On April 3, 2008, it was reported by The Straits Times that the Capitol Building will be redeveloped along with its stretch of adjoining buildings - Capitol Theatre, Capitol Centre and Stamford House in 2009. The 4 adjoining buildings currently rest on an area of about 1.45 hectares with a total of 250 tenants, including offices and retail outlets. Tenancy with retailers along the Capitol stretch will end by May 2009, and to have their businesses relocated elsewhere. A spokesman for the Singapore Land Authority said the Authority will finalise the eviction notice once the timing and details for the development of the site are finalised. While development plans are being made, three of the buildings except for Capitol Centre have been gazetted for conservation, meaning that the buildings' facades and other architectural features must be maintained to ensure the buildings' historical integrity. It is believed by property analysts that the development area will attract major property developers to bid and develop the site.
Grant Associates worked closely with the project's lead architect, Richard Meir and Partners Architects, the project consist of Singapore's largest cinema cum theatre complex, 6 stars luxury hotel & retail shops, with a total size of 21,000 m. In November 2011, Shimizu Corporation was awarded the redevelopment project to develop into a large scale mixed use complex called "Capitol Development". This project consist of Singapore's largest cinema cum theatre complex, 6 stars luxury hotel & retail shops, with a total size of 21,000 m2. There was a shopping component named Capitol Piazza and also a residential component, named Eden Residences Capitol. In April 2013, 12 residential units were sold at average price of S$3000 psf.
The redevelopment of the complex had since completed, its topping out ceremony held in 3 April 2014, its adjoined Capitol Theatre officially reopened in 19 May 2015 after the 17 years hiatus with the world premiere of Singapura: The Musical.. In 2015, Capitol Building and Stamford House were refurbished and scheduled to reopen as a six-star hotel known as The Patina, Capitol Singapore by the end of 2015, however was delayed due to dispute among its owners.
- Xinyi, Honcg (3 April 2008). "Capitol Theatre slated for redevelopment". Singapore: Straits Times.
- "Untitled". Retrieved 2018-03-29.
- "Record Details - Oral History Interviews". www.nas.gov.sg. Retrieved 2018-03-29.
- "Capitol Building and Shaw Tower to he sold". Retrieved 2018-03-29.
- "Capitol row hearings start in July". Retrieved 2018-03-29.
- "Goodbye, Capitol". Retrieved 2018-03-29.
- "CAPITOL DOWNHILL". Retrieved 2018-04-02.
- "Large Scale Redevelopment Project Commenced in Singapore/News & Info - Shimizu Corporation". www.shimz.co.jp. Retrieved 2018-03-29.
- migration (2015-02-11). "Singapura: The Musical to open at newly-refurbished Capitol Theatre in May". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2018-03-29.