Chamber of Deputies (Mexico)
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|Chamber of Deputies
Cámara de Diputados
|Founded||September 28, 1821|
|200 seats elected by Proportional representation|
|June 7, 2015|
|Chamber of Deputies
San Lázaro Legislative Palace
|Official Website of the Chamber of Deputies|
The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of the Congress of the Union, the bicameral legislature of Mexico. The other chamber is the Senate. The structure and responsibilities of both chambers of Congress are defined in Articles 50 to 70 of the current constitution.
The Chamber of Deputies is composed of one federal representative (in Spanish: diputado federal) for every 200,000 citizens. The Chamber has 500 members, elected using the mixed-member proportional representation electoral system.
Of these, 300 "majority deputies" are directly elected by plurality from single-member districts, the federal electoral districts. The remaining 200 "party deputies" are assigned through rules of proportional representation. These seats are not tied to districts; rather, they are allocated to parties based on each party's share of the national vote. The 200 party deputies are intended to counterbalance the sectional interests of the district-based representatives. Substitutes are elected at the same time as each deputy, so special elections are rare.
From 1917 to 2015, deputies were barred from serving consecutive terms in accordance with the Constitution's ban on immediate re-election to the legislature. Thus, the Chamber of Deputies was one of the few legislative bodies in the world that was completely renewed at an election. However, this will change at the 2018 elections; deputies are now permitted to run for re-election. Congressional elections held halfway into the president's six year mandate are known as mid-term elections.
The current composition of the Chamber of Deputies is:
|Institutional Revolutionary Party||11,604,665||34.24||156||11,638,556||29.18||47||203||9|
|National Action Party||8,346,846||22.06||55||8,379,270||21.01||53||108||6|
|Party of the Democratic Revolution||1,941,105||5.13||28||4,335,731||10.87||28||56||48|
|National Regeneration Movement||3,327,793||8.80||14||3,346,303||8.39||21||35||35|
|Ecologist Green Party||385,433||1.02||29||2,758,138||6.91||18||47||18|
|New Alliance Party||1,480,090||3.91||1||1,486,935||3.72||9||10||0|
|Social Encounter Party||1,319,203||3.49||0||1,325,335||3.32||8||8||8|
After being drafted, one copy of the Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire was given to the Provisional Governmental Board, which was later put on display in the Chamber of Deputies until 1909, when fire destroyed the location.
- President of the Chamber of Deputies Directive Board
- Congress of Mexico
- Senate of Mexico
- Politics of Mexico
- "Cámara de Diputados". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- "Celebra SEGOB los 187 años de la firma del acta de Independencia". Presidencia de la Republica. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
- Official website (in Spanish)