Chamber of Deputies (Mexico)

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Chamber of Deputies
Cámara de Diputados
LXIII Legislature
Seal of the Chamber of Deputies
Type
Type
History
Founded September 28, 1821 (1821-09-28)
Leadership
Jorge Carlos Ramírez Marín (PRI)
Since September 1, 2017 (2017-09-01)
Structure
Seats 500
Chamber of Deputies (Mexico) 2017.svg
Political groups
Elections

Parallel voting

300 Seats elected by Plurality voting

200 seats elected by Proportional representation
Last election
June 7, 2015
Meeting place
Mexico Chamber of Deputies backdrop.jpg
Chamber of Deputies
San Lázaro Legislative Palace
Mexico City
Mexico
Website
Official Website of the Chamber of Deputies

The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of the Congress of the Union, the bicameral legislature of Mexico. The other chamber is the Senate. The structure and responsibilities of both chambers of Congress are defined in Articles 50 to 70 of the current constitution.

Composition[edit]

The Chamber of Deputies is composed of one federal representative (in Spanish: diputado federal) for every 200,000 citizens. The Chamber has 500 members, elected using the mixed-member proportional representation electoral system.

Of these, 300 "majority deputies" are directly elected by plurality from single-member districts, the federal electoral districts. The remaining 200 "party deputies" are assigned through rules of proportional representation. These seats are not tied to districts; rather, they are allocated to parties based on each party's share of the national vote. The 200 party deputies are intended to counterbalance the sectional interests of the district-based representatives. Substitutes are elected at the same time as each deputy, so special elections are rare.

From 1917 to 2015, deputies were barred from serving consecutive terms in accordance with the Constitution's ban on immediate re-election to the legislature. Thus, the Chamber of Deputies was one of the few legislative bodies in the world that was completely renewed at an election. However, this will change at the 2018 elections; deputies are now permitted to run for re-election. Congressional elections held halfway into the president's six year mandate are known as mid-term elections.

Current Representatives[edit]

The current composition of the Chamber of Deputies is:

Party Single-member
districts
Proportional
representation
Total
PRI 156 48 204
PAN 55 53 108
PRD 28 27 55
MORENA 24 23 47
PVEM 21 17 38
MC 11 10 21
PANAL 1 11 12
PES 1 9 10
No Party 3 2 5

Last election[edit]

Party District Proportional Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Institutional Revolutionary Party 11,604,665 34.24 156 11,638,556 29.18 47 203 Decrease9
National Action Party 8,346,846 22.06 55 8,379,270 21.01 53 108 Decrease6
Party of the Democratic Revolution 1,941,105 5.13 28 4,335,731 10.87 28 56 Decrease48
National Regeneration Movement 3,327,793 8.80 14 3,346,303 8.39 21 35 Increase35
Ecologist Green Party 385,433 1.02 29 2,758,138 6.91 18 47 Increase18
Citizens' Movement 2,421,164 6.40 10 2,431,908 6.09 16 26 Increase10
New Alliance Party 1,480,090 3.91 1 1,486,935 3.72 9 10 0
Social Encounter Party 1,319,203 3.49 0 1,325,335 3.32 8 8 Increase8
Labor Party 665,597 1.76 0 1,134,439 2.84 0 6 Decrease9
Humanist Party 852,925 2.25 0 856,887 2.14 0 0 0
Independents 225,500 0.60 1 225,500 0.56 0 1 Increase1
Unregistered candidates 51,886 0.14 0 52,384 0.13 0 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 1,892,038 1,900,860
Total 39,722,969 300 39,782,246 200 500 0
Registered voters/turnout
Source: INE

History[edit]

After being drafted, one copy of the Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire was given to the Provisional Governmental Board, which was later put on display in the Chamber of Deputies until 1909, when fire destroyed the location.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cámara de Diputados". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Celebra SEGOB los 187 años de la firma del acta de Independencia". Presidencia de la Republica. Retrieved March 24, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°25′48″N 99°07′04″W / 19.43000°N 99.11778°W / 19.43000; -99.11778