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Strouse in 2013
|Born||June 7, 1928|
|Origin||New York City, United States|
Life and career
Strouse was born in New York City, to Jewish parents, Ethel (née Newman) and Ira Strouse, who worked in the tobacco business. A graduate of the Eastman School of Music, he studied under Arthur Berger, David Diamond, Aaron Copland and Nadia Boulanger.
Strouse's first Broadway musical was Bye Bye Birdie, with lyrics by Lee Adams, which opened in 1960. Adams became his long-time collaborator. For this show, Strouse won his first Tony Award in the category of best musical.
Strouse's next show was All American (1962), with a book by Mel Brooks and lyrics by Adams; it was not a success, closing after 80 performances, but it produced the standard “Once Upon a Time” (recorded by Perry Como, Eddie Fisher, Al Martino, Tony Bennett, Frank Sinatra, and Bobby Darin, among others).
Following this was Golden Boy (1964, also with Adams), starring Sammy Davis Jr., which ran for 568 performances. The musical It's a Bird, It's a Plane, It's Superman (1966, based on the popular comic strip) closed after 129 performances, but introduced the song "You've Got Possibilities" sung by Linda Lavin.
In 1970, Applause (starring Lauren Bacall, with book by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, and lyrics by Adams) won Strouse his second Tony Award, for Best Musical. In 1977, Strouse adapted another comic strip for the stage, creating the hit Annie, which included the song "Tomorrow," which quickly became a "monstrous song hit," and garnered him his third Tony Award and two Grammy Awards.
Other Strouse musicals include Charlie and Algernon (1979), Dance a Little Closer (1983, with lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner, which closed after one performance), Rags (1986; which closed after four performances and 18 previews), Nick & Nora (1993, which closed after 9 performances), and An American Tragedy (1995, with lyrics by David Shaber, performed at Muhlenberg College).
Strouse also wrote musical revues, many with Adams, and his songs were included in revues. The revues included Shoestring Revue (with Adams and Michael Stewart) (1955 – Off–Broadway), Medium Rare (with Adams) (1960 - Chicago), By Strouse (1978 – Off–Broadway at The Ballroom), Upstairs At O'Neals (1982 – Nightclub Revue), Can't Stop Dancin (1994 – Marymount Theatre), and A Lot Of Living! (1996 – conceived and directed by Barbara Siman at Rainbow and Stars).
Strouse wrote the music and lyrics for the animated special Lyle, Lyle Crocodile which aired on HBO in 1987. His film scores include Bonnie and Clyde (1967), There Was a Crooked Man... (1970, with Henry Fonda and Kirk Douglas), The Night They Raided Minsky's (1968, with Adams) and the popular animated movie All Dogs Go to Heaven (1989). He and Adams also wrote the theme song “Those Were the Days” for the television show All in the Family. Strouse's songs have been heard on the radio throughout his career and have run the gamut from girl-band pop to hip hop. In 1958, his song “Born Too Late” was number seven on the Billboard charts, and in 1999 the quadruple platinum Hard Knock Life (Ghetto Anthem) by artist Jay-Z (which sampled "It's The Hard Knock Life" from Annie) was the winner of a Grammy for Best Rap Album of the year & the Billboard R&B Album of the Year.
Strouse's writing also extends into orchestral works, chamber music, piano concertos and opera. His Concerto America, composed in 2002 to commemorate 9/11 and the spirit of New York City, premiered at The Boston Pops in 2002, and his opera Nightingale (1982), starring Sarah Brightman, had a successful run in London, followed by many subsequent productions. In 1977, Strouse founded the ASCAP Musical Theatre Workshop in New York, through which many young composers and lyricists have found a forum for their work.
A musical stage adaptation of the Paddy Chayefsky film Marty starring John C. Reilly premiered at Boston's Huntington Theatre in October 2002, with lyrics by Lee Adams and Strouse and the book by Rupert Holmes. Real Men, for which Strouse wrote the music and lyrics, premiered in January 2005 at the Coconut Grove Playhouse in Miami, Florida, and his musical Studio, premiered at Theatre Building Chicago in August 2006. The musical Minsky's, with music by Strouse, book by Bob Martin, and lyrics by Susan Birkenhead (loosely based on the movie The Night They Raided Minsky's) premiered in January 2009 at the Ahmanson Theater.
Strouse won Emmy Awards for music in television adaptions of Bye Bye Birdie and Annie. He is also the recipient of the 1999 ASCAP Foundation Richard Rodgers Award and the Oscar Hammerstein Award. He is a member of the American Theater Hall of Fame (in 2001) and the Songwriters Hall of Fame.
Strouse is married to director-choreographer Barbara Siman. They have 4 children: Benjamin, Nicholas, Victoria and William.
Strouse received an Emperor Has No Clothes Award at the Freedom From Religion Foundation's 34th annual national convention on October 8, 2011. The award is "reserved for public figures who make known their dissent from religion".
- A Pound in Your Pocket (1959; Palm Beach, Florida)
- Bye Bye Birdie (1960)
- All American (1962)
- Golden Boy (1964)
- It's a Bird, It's a Plane, It's Superman (1966)
- Applause (1970)
- Six (1971, Off-Broadway)
- I and Albert (1972, London)
- Annie (1977)
- A Broadway Musical (1978)
- Charlie and Algernon (1979, London, as Flowers for Algernon); (1981)
- Bring Back Birdie (1981)
- Nightingale (1982; this work is often described as an opera)
- Dance a Little Closer (1983)
- Mayor (1985, Off-Broadway)
- Rags (1986)
- Lyle, Lyle, Crocodile (1988; Albany, NY)
- Annie 2: Miss Hannigan's Revenge (1989, Washington, DC)
- Charlotte's Web (1989; Wilmington, Delaware)
- Nick & Nora (1991)
- Annie Warbucks (1993, Off-Broadway)
- Bojangles (1993; Richmond, Virginia)
- An American Tragedy (1995, Muhlenberg College, 2010)
- Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day (1998)
- Marty (2002, Boston)
- The Future of the American Musical Theater (2004 opera, Eastman School of Music)
- Real Men (2005, Miami)
- Studio (2006, Chicago)
- Minsky's (2009, Los Angeles)
- Martin: A New American Musical (2011, Miami)
- Bonnie and Clyde (1967)
- The Night They Raided Minsky's (1968)
- There Was a Crooked Man... (1970)
- Just Tell Me What You Want (1980)
- Annie (1982)
- The Worst Witch (1986)
- Ishtar (1987)
- All Dogs Go to Heaven (1989) (songs only)
- Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day (1990)
Awards and nominations
- 1961 Tony Award for Best Musical (Bye Bye Birdie, winner)
- 1965 Tony Award for Best Musical (Golden Boy, nominee)
- 1970 Tony Award for Best Musical (Applause, winner)
- 1977 Tony Award for Best Original Score (Annie, winner)
- 1977 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Music (Annie, nominee)
- 1981 Tony Award for Best Original Score (Charlie and Algernon, nominee)
- 1986 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Music (Mayor, nominee)
- 1987 Tony Award for Best Original Score (Rags, nominee)
- 1987 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Music (Rags, nominee)
- 1992 Tony Award for Best Original Score (Nick & Nora, nominee)
- 2012 Rochester (NY) Music Hall of Fame (Lifetime Body of Work)
- 2013 Five Towns College named Charles Strouse School of Music
- Rothstein, Mervyn. "A Life in the Theatre: Charles Strouse" Playbill, September 1, 2009
- "Charles Strouse" masterworksbroadway.com, retrieved December 11, 2017
- Bye Bye Birdie Playbill, retrieved December 10, 2017
- Strouse, Charles (2008). Put On A Happy Face: A Broadway Memoir. 380 Park Avenue South, New York, NY: Union Square Press. p. 93. ISBN 978-1-4027-5889-8.CS1 maint: location (link)
- All America Playbill, retrieved December 10, 2017
- "It's A Bird, It's A Plane, It's Superman – Original Broadway Cast Recording 1966". Masterworks Broadway. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
- Leydon, Joe. "'It’s a Bird … It’s a Plane … It’s Superman!'", Variety, June 28, 2010.
- " 'Applause' Awards", ibdb.com; retrieved December 11, 2017.
- Suskin, Steven (2010). Show Tunes: The Songs, Shows, and Careers of Broadway's Major Composers (4th ed.). 198 Madison Avenue, New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc. p. 285. ISBN 978-0-19-531407-6.CS1 maint: location (link)
- Shoestring Revue allmusic.com, retrieved December 11, 2017
- Dietz, Dan. Off Broadway Musicals, 1910–2007, McFarland, 2012; ISBN 0786457317, pp. 72, 406.
- Wilson, John S. "Cabaret: Charles Strouse Songs at the Ballroom" The New York Times, February 3, 1978
- Upstairs At O'Neals allmusic.com, retrieved December 11, 2017
- Holden, Stephen. "Pop in Review", The New York Times, March 17, 1996.
- Heffley, Lynn. "Television Reviews : 'Lyle Crocodile' on HBO", The Los Angeles Times, November 18, 1987.
- Tommasini, Anthony. "High Notes; A Composer of Musicals Revives His 'Serious' Side" The New York Times, June 30, 2002
- Hernandez, Ernio. "John C. Reilly Sings in New Musical, 'Marty', Starting Oct. 18 in Boston", Playbill.com, October 18, 2002.
- Jones, Kenneth. "'Real Men', an Intimate New Musical By Charles Strouse, Opens Jan. 7 in Miami", Playbill.com, January 7, 2005.
- Jones, Kenneth. "'Minsky's', Burlesque-Set Musical by Strouse, Birkenhead and Martin, Opens in L.A.", Playbill.com, February 6, 2009.
- McBride, Murdoch. "ASCAP Honors Composers Charles Strouse and Andrew Lippa at Lincoln Center Dec. 9" Playbill, December 8, 1999
- Van Gelder, Lawrence. "Footlights" The New York Times, December 25, 2001
- Kaufman, Joanne. "A Theater Couple's Off Broadway Oasis", The New York Times, September 21, 2008.
- "Convention Speakers". Archived from the original on 2011-10-14.
- "Charles Strouse Broadway", Playbill.com; retrieved December 10, 2017
- "Strouse Broadway Credits", ibdb.com; retrieved December 10, 2017
- Suskin, Steven (2010). Show Tunes: The Songs, Shows, and Careers of Broadway's Major Composers, Oxford University Press
- Barnes, Clive. "Theater: Of Adam and Eve and Songs", The new York Times, April 13, 1971.
- " 'I and Albert' Overview", allmusic.com; retrieved December 11, 2017.
- Suskin, Steven. "Show Tunes: The Songs, Shows, and Careers of Broadway's Major Composers", Oxford University Press (2010).
- Rothstein, Mervyn."Troubled 'Annie 2' Closing Out of Town; Revisions Planned", The New York Times, January 16, 1990.
- Bojangles: A Musical, 1985], WorldCat.org.
- Outwater, Myra Yellin. "Muhlenberg premieres musical version of 'American Tragedy'", mcall.com, March 25, 2010.
- "East And West: China And Broadway Come To Eastman For A Double-Bill Opera Premiere By Alumnus Charles Strouse" esm.rochester.edu, October 13, 2004
- Gans, Andrew "Negro Ensemble Company to Present Charles Strouse-Leslie Lee Musical, Martin", Playbill.com, September 7, 2011.
- " 'Bonnie and Clyde' Soundtrack, Credits" allmusic.com, retrieved December 10, 2017
- The Night They Raided Minsky's tcm.com, retrieved December 11, 2017
- There Was a Crooked Man... tcm.com, retrieved December 11, 2017
- Just Tell Me What You Want tcm.com, retrieved December 11, 2017
- Annie tcm.com, retrieved December 11, 2017
- The Worst Witch tcm.com, retrieved December 11, 2017
- Ishtar tcm.com, retrieved December 11, 2017
- All Dogs Go to Heaven tcm.com, retrieved December 11, 2017
- Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day tcm.com, retrieved December 11, 2017
- " Rags Awards" ibdb.com, retrieved December 11, 2017
- " Nick & Nora Awards" ibdb.com, retrieved December 11, 2017
|How to use archival material|
- Charles Strouse on IMDb
- Charles Strouse at the Internet Broadway Database
- Charles Strouse at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Strouse biography
- Strouse's web site with biography, discography and links to extensive information about Strouse and his work
- Downstage Center interview at American Theatre Wing.org
- BroadwayWorld.com interview with Charles Strouse, June 27, 2008
- Charles Strouse papers, 1890-2000, Music Division, New York Public Library
- Charles Strouse at The Interviews: An Oral History of Television