|Frilled shark (C. anguineus)|
Chlamydoselachus is a genus of sharks and the sole extant member of the family Chlamydoselachidae, in the order Hexanchiformes. It contains two extant and several extinct species. The most widely known species still surviving is the frilled shark (Chlamydoselachus anguineus). It is known as a living fossil, along with Chlamydoselachus africana, also known as the Southern African frilled shark, which is only found along coastal areas of South Africa. The only two extant species of this genus are deep-sea creatures which are typically weakened in areas closer to the surface.
- Chlamydoselachus africana Ebert & Compagno, 2009 (Southern African frilled shark)
- Chlamydoselachus anguineus Garman, 1884 (frilled shark)
- †Chlamydoselachus bracheri Pfeil, 1983
- †Chlamydoselachus fiedleri Pfeil, 1983
- †Chlamydoselachus garmani Welton, 1983
- †Chlamydoselachus goliath Antunes & Cappetta, 2002
- †Chlamydoselachus gracilis Antunes & Cappetta, 2002
- †Chlamydoselachus keyesi Mannering & Hiller, 2008
- †Chlamydoselachus landinii Carrillo-Briceño, Aguilera & Rodriguez, 2014
- †Chlamydoselachus lawleyi Davis, 1887
- †Chlamydoselachus tatere Consoli, 2008
- †Chlamydoselachus thomsoni Richter & Ward, 1990
- †Chlamydoselachus tobleri Leriche, 1929
- Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera (Chondrichthyes entry)". Bulletins of American Paleontology. 364: 560. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
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It is a prehistoric shark with red frills around its gills(where it gets its name).