Classification of non-silicate minerals

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This list gives an overview of the classification of non-silicate minerals and includes mostly IMA recognized minerals and its groupings. This list complements the alphabetical list on List of minerals approved by IMA and List of minerals. Rocks, ores, mineral mixtures, not IMA approved minerals, not named minerals are mostly excluded. Mostly major groups only, or groupings used by New Dana Classification and Mindat.

Classification of minerals[edit]


The grouping of the New Dana Classification and of the is similar only, and so this classification is an overview only. Consistency is missing too on the group name endings (group, subgroup, series) between New Dana Classification and Category, class and supergroup name endings are used as layout tools in the list as well.

  • "*" – Mineral not IMA-approved.
  • "?" – IMA discredited mineral name.
  • "REE" – Rare-earth element (Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu)
  • "PGE" – Platinum-group element (Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt)

Category 01[edit]

Class: Native elements[edit]

Category 02[edit]

  • Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Sulfarsenates, Sulfantimonates, Selenides, Tellurides

Class: Sulfide minerals - including Selenides and Tellurides[edit]

Class: Sulfosalt minerals[edit]

Category 03[edit]

Category 04[edit]

Spinel group[edit]

Nickel-Strunz 04.DH mineral family[edit]

IMA/CMNMC revised the Pyrochlore supergroup 2010.[1]

Class: Hydroxides and oxides containing hydroxyl[edit]

Category 05[edit]

Category 06[edit]

Category 07[edit]

  • Sulfates, Selenates, Chromates, Molybdates, Wolframates, Niobates
    • Barite group
    • Blodite group
    • Alum group, XAl(SO4)2·12H2O
    • Voltaite group
    • Aluminite group
    • Zippeite group
      • Zippeite K4(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)10•4H2O, Natrozippeite Na4(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)10•4H2O, Magnesiozippeite Mg(H2O)3.5(UO2)2(SO4)O2, Nickelzippeite (Ni2+)2(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)10•16H2O, Zinc-zippeite (Zn2+)2(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)10•16H2O, Cobaltzippeite (Co2+)2(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)10•16H2O, Marecottite Mg3(H2O)18[(UO2)4O3(SO4)2]2•10H2O, Pseudojohannite Cu6.5[(UO2)4O4(SO4)2]2(OH)5•25H2O, IMA2009-008 Y2[(UO2)8O6(SO4)4(OH)2]•26H2O
    • Copiapite group
      • Copiapite Fe2+(Fe3+)4(SO4)6(OH)2•20H2O, Magnesiocopiapite Mg(Fe3+)4(SO4)6(OH)2•20H2O, Cuprocopiapite Cu(Fe3+)4(SO4)6(OH)2•20H2O, Ferricopiapite (Fe3+)2/3(Fe3+)4(SO4)6(OH)2•20H2O, Calciocopiapite Ca(Fe3+)4(SO4)6(OH)2•19H2O, Zincocopiapite Zn(Fe3+)4(SO4)6(OH)2•18H2O, Aluminocopiapite Al2/3(Fe3+)4(SO4)6O(OH)2•20H2O
    • Pb, Zn tellurates
    • "Halotrichite" supergroup
    • Hydrated acid and sulfates where A(B)2(XO4)4·xH2O

"Kieserite" supergroup[edit]

Alunite supergroup - Part I[edit]

Category 08[edit]

Class: Anhydrous phosphates[edit]

  • Triphylite group
  • Retzian series
    • Retzian-(Ce) Mn2Ce(AsO4)(OH)4, Retzian-(Nd) Mn2(Nd,Ce,La)(AsO4)(OH)4, Retzian-(La) (Mn,Mg)2(La,Ce,Nd)(AsO4)(OH)4
"Alluaudite-Wyllieite" supergroup[edit]
"Whitlockite" supergroup[edit]
"Monazite" supergroup[edit]
"Adelite" supergroup[edit]
"Olivenite" supergroup[edit]
"Arrojadite" supergroup[edit]
  • Anhydrous phosphates, etc. containing hydroxyl or halogen where (A B)m (XO4)4 Zq
    • Palermoite group
    • Arrojadite group (Arrojadite subgroup) (Al in Al site, OH in W site, Fe in M site)
      • Arrojadite KNa4Ca(Mn2+)4(Fe2+)10Al(PO4)12(OH,F)2, Arrojadite-(KNa) KNa4Ca(Fe,Mn,Mg)13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH,F)2, Arrojadite-(KFe) KNa2CaNa2(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH,F)2, Arrojadite-(NaFe) NaNa2CaNa2(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH,F)2, Arrojadite-(BaNa) BaFe2+Na2Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH,F)2, Arrojadite-(BaFe) (Ba,K,Pb)Na3(Ca,Sr)(Fe2+,Mg,Mn)14Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH,F)2, Arrojadite-(SrFe) SrFe2+Na2Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH,F)2, Arrojadite-(PbFe) PbFe2+Na2Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH,F)2
    • Arrojadite group (Fluorarrojadite subgroup) (Al in Al site, F in W site, Fe in M site)
      • Fluorarrojadite-(KNa) KNa4Ca(Fe,Mn,Mg)13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(F,OH)2, Fluorarrojadite-(BaNa) BaFe2+Na2Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(F,OH)2, Fluorarrojadite-(BaFe) (Ba,K,Pb)Na3(Ca,Sr)(Fe2+,Mg,Mn)14Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(F,OH)2
    • Arrojadite group (Dickinsonite subgroup) (Fe in Al site, OH in W site, Fe in M site)
      • Dickinsonite? KNa4Ca(Mn2+,Fe2+)14Al(PO4)12(OH)2, Dickinsonite-(KMnNa) KNaMnNa3Ca(Mn,Fe,Mg)13Al(PO4)11(PO4)(OH,F)2, Dickinsonite-(KNaNa) KNaNa4Ca(Mn,Fe,Mg)13Al(PO4)11(PO4)(OH,F)2, Dickinsonite-(KNa) KNa4Ca(Mn,Fe,Mg)13Al(PO4)11(PO4)(OH,F)2, Dickinsonite-(NaNa) Na2Na4Ca(Mn,Fe,Mg)13Al(PO4)11(PO4)(OH,F)2
    • Ferri-arrojadite-(BaNa) BaFe2+Na2Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(F,OH)2
    • Lulzacite Sr2Fe2+(Fe2+,Mg)2Al4(PO4)4(OH)10
"Apatite" supergroup[edit]
"Rockbridgeite" supergroup[edit]
  • Anhydrous phosphates, etc. containing hydroxyl or halogen where (A B)5 (XO4)3 Zq
"Lazulite" supergroup[edit]

Class: Hydrated phosphates[edit]

"Brackebushite" supergroup[edit]
"Turquoise" supergroup[edit]
  • Hydrated phosphates, etc., containing hydroxyl or halogen where (A)3 (XO4)2 Zq · xH2O
"Overite" supergroup[edit]
  • Hydrated phosphates, etc., containing hydroxyl or halogen where (AB)4 (XO4)3 Zq · xH2O
    • Overite group
    • Jahnsite group
      • Jahnsite-(CaMnMg) CaMnMg2(Fe3+)2(PO4)4(OH)2•8H2O, Jahnsite-(CaMnFe) CaMn2+(Fe2+)2(Fe3+)2(PO4)4(OH)2•8H2O, Jahnsite-(CaMnMn) CaMn2+(Mn2+)2(Fe3+)2(PO4)4(OH)2•8H2O, Jahnsite-(MnMnMn)* MnMnMn2(Fe3+)2(PO4)4(OH)2•8H2O
    • Whiteite group
      • Whiteite-(CaFeMg) Ca(Fe2+,Mn2+)Mg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2•8H2O, Whiteite-(MnFeMg) (Mn2+,Ca)(Fe2+,Mn2+)Mg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2•8H2O, Whiteite-(CaMnMg) CaMn2+Mg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2•8H2O, Rittmannite Mn2+Mn2+Fe2+Al2(OH)2(PO4)4•8H2O, Jahnsite-(CaFeFe) (Ca,Mn)(Fe2+,Mn2+)(Fe2+)2(Fe3+)2(PO4)4(OH)2•8H2O, Jahnsite-(NaFeMg) NaFe3+Mg2(Fe3+)2(PO4)4(OH)2•8H2O, Jahnsite-(CaMgMg) CaMgMg2(Fe3+)2(PO4)4(OH)2•8H2O, Jahnsite-(NaMnMg) NaMnMg2(Fe3+)2(PO4)4(OH)2•8H2O
    • Leucophosphite group
    • Montgomeryite group
    • Strunzite group
    • Laueite group
    • Gatumbaite group
    • Vanuralite group
    • Vauxite group
    • Bermanite group
    • Arthurite group/ Whitmoreite group
    • Sincosite group
    • Paulkerrite group
    • Keckite Ca(Mn,Zn)2(Fe3+)3(PO4)4(OH)3•2H2O, Minyulite KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F)•4H2O, Giniite Fe2+(Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)2•2H2O, Metavauxite Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2•8H2O, Metavauxite Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2•8H2O, Xanthoxenite Ca4(Fe3+)2(PO4)4(OH)2•3H2O, Beraunite Fe2+(Fe3+)5(PO4)4(OH)5•4H2O, Furongite Al2(UO2)(PO4)3(OH)2•8H2O, Mcauslanite H(Fe2+)3Al2(PO4)4F•18H2O, Vochtenite (Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+[(UO2)(PO4)]4(OH)•(12-13)H2O
Alunite supergroup - Part II[edit]

Class: Non simple phosphates[edit]

Category 10[edit]

Class: Organic minerals[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Atencio, D.; Andrade, M.B.; Christy, A.G.; Gieré, R.; Kartashov, P.M. (2010). "Nomenclature of the pyrochlore supergroup of minerals" (PDF). Canadian Mineralogist. 48: 673–698. doi:10.3749/canmin.48.3.673.
  2. ^ "New minerals recently approved by the IMA-CNMNC (IMA No. 2008-047)".