Commemoration of Casimir Pulaski

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General Casimir Pulaski
1931 Commemorative Issue, 2c

Casimir Pulaski ( March 6, 1745 – October 11, 1779) is one of the most honored persons in American history, in terms of places and events named in his honor.

Hundreds of monuments, memorial plaques, streets, parks and similar objects are named after him.[1]

Cities and other locales[edit]

Several cities and counties in U.S. states are named after Pulaski, including the cities of Pulaski, Tennessee and Iowa; counties in Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, and Virginia; as well as villages in Illinois (Mt. Pulaski) and Wisconsin and New York; and many Townships.

Parks[edit]

Pulaski equestrian statue at Pulaski Park in Manchester, New Hampshire
  • "Pulaski Park" sits on Main Street between City Hall and the historic Academy of Music Theater, in the town of Northampton, Massachusetts. Northampton and the surrounding area is home to many Polish-American immigrants and their descendants.
  • "Pulaski Park" in Manchester, New Hampshire, located at the corner of Union and Bridge streets, is home to an equestrian statue of Pulaski.
  • "Casimir Pulaski Memorial Park" is located in Chepachet, Rhode Island, within the 4,000 acres (16 km2) George Washington Management Area. The 100 acres (400,000 m2) park features the 13 acres (53,000 m2) Peck Pond, hiking, and cross-country skiing, and general recreation facilities.
  • In Hammond, Indiana, there is a park named in his honor on the north part of Hammond which is 2 blocks square between Sheffield Avenue and Grover Avenue and between 137th St. and 139th St.
  • "Pulaski Park" sits along 20th Street, between Cleveland and Oklahoma Avenues, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Roadways and bridges[edit]

Pulaski Memorial in Patterson Park, Baltimore, Maryland

Holidays[edit]

  • The United States has long commemorated Pulaski's contributions to the American War of Independence, but Polish immigration in the 20th century heightened the interest. In 1929, Congress passed a resolution recognizing October 11 of each year as "General Pulaski Memorial Day",[2] dedicated to Pulaski's memory and to the heritage of Polish-Americans. Each October Grand Rapids, Michigan, celebrates "Pulaski Days".[3] There is also a statue of Pulaski in Detroit, Michigan, in the intersection of Washington Boulevard and Michigan Avenue.
  • The Commonwealth of Kentucky has by law, since before 1942, recognized General Pulaski's Day. The State of Illinois has since 1977 celebrated Casimir Pulaski Day on the first Monday of March, when all state government buildings are closed. School districts have the option of observing Pulaski Day as a holiday. Wisconsin and Indiana extend similar recognition, and Milwaukee, Wisconsin, also holds an annual parade and school holiday.[citation needed] On this day there is a Pulaski Day parade on Fifth Avenue in New York City.[1]
  • Buffalo, whose population comprises a great percentage of Polish immigrants and their descendants, honors Pulaski with the Casimir Pulaski Memorial Monument at Main and South Division Streets, and an annual parade on Pulaski Day (which does not coincide with either of the other Pulaski Days in March or October, instead being held in mid-July).

Monuments[edit]

Pulaski monument in Savannah, Georgia

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Pulaski statue in Flint, Michigan.

Military[edit]

  • One of the first tributes to Pulaski was paid when George Washington on November 17, 1779, issued a challenge-and-password set for identifying friend and foe when crossing military lines: "Query: Pulaski, response: Poland.[8]
  • A US Navy submarine, USS Casimir Pulaski, has been named for him, as was a 19th-century Revenue Marine (Coast Guard) cutter.[9]

Schools[edit]

Pulaski Academy in Little Rock Arkansas is one of the top college preparatory schools in the United States, educating children from Pre-K 3 through 12th grade.

Miscellaneous[edit]

Statue at the Kazimierz Pułaski Museum in Warka, Poland.
  • Although there are several disputed birth and baptismal records, Pulaski's birth is honored in Warka, Poland, by the Kazimierz Pułaski Museum, which opened in 1967.[10] The museum occupies the manor house which Pulaski's family lived in during the 1760s, and includes rooms dedicated to his activities in Poland and the USA. It also includes rooms dedicated to Polish-American emigration and contributions of Polish émigrés to American culture and history.
  • After a previous attempt failed,[11] the United States Congress passed a joint resolution conferring honorary U.S. citizenship on Pulaski in 2009, sending it to the President for approval.[12] President Obama signed the bill on November 6, 2009, making Pulaski the seventh person so honored.[13]
  • Detroit folk singer Sufjan Stevens released a track called "Casimir Pulaski Day" on his 2005 album "Illinois"
  • Chicago punk band Big Black released a track called "Kasimir S. Pulaski Day" on their 1987 album Songs About Fucking; elsewhere in music, Maryland hard rock band Clutch recorded a track titled "Pulaski Skyway" on their 2005 album Robot Hive/Exodus.
  • America paid a special millennial tribute to Pulaski in the year 2000 involving a large party in Chicago's Grant Park. The party included live DJ Food and a varied dance setlist—including artists such as Two Hours Traffic alongside Snoop Dogg and Moby—followed by a multimedia presentation on Pulaski's life and accomplishments set to orchestral music performed by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and specially composed for the occasion by Yanni.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Wacław Szczygielski (1986). "Pułaski Kazimierz". Polski Słownik Biograficzny, Tom XXIX. Zakład Narodowy Imenia Ossolińskich I Wydawnictwo Polskieh Akademii Nauk. p. 393. ISBN 83-04-00148-9. 
  2. ^ Resolution of 111th [Congress http://thomas.loc.gov]: 1st Session; S. J. RES. 12 Proclaiming Casimir Pulaski to be an honorary citizen of the United States
  3. ^ "Grand Rapids, Michigan". Pulaski Days. 2012-05-24. Retrieved 2012-06-06. 
  4. ^ Wrobleski, Joseph (April 14, 2010). "Pulaski Legion Memorial Little Egg Harbor Massacre". Historical Marker Database. Retrieved 2102-02-28.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  5. ^ Kent, Bill (December 28, 1997), "JERSEYANA; One Soldier's Battle to Preserve the Memory of Others", The New York Times, retrieved 2012-02-28 
  6. ^ "Casimir Pulaski Square in Cleveland Ohio". Clevelandpeople.com. 2006-11-15. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  7. ^ Art Inventories Catalog. Smithsonian American Art Museum. Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)
  8. ^ Alex Storozynski (3 August 2010). The Peasant Prince: Thaddeus Kosciuszko and the Age of Revolution. Macmillan. p. 91. ISBN 978-0-312-62594-8. Retrieved 5 June 2012. 
  9. ^ "Pulaski, 1825; U.S. Coast Guard" (PDF). U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office. Retrieved May 15, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Muzeum imienia Kazimierza Pułaskiego w Warce". Muzeumpulaski.pl. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  11. ^ S.J.Res. 5
  12. ^ H.J.Res. 26
  13. ^ Mann, William C. (2009-11-10). "Revolutionary War hero becomes honorary US citizen". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 

External links[edit]