Córdoba (Congress of Deputies constituency)

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Córdoba
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Córdoba).png
Location of Córdoba within Spain
Province Córdoba
Autonomous community Andalusia
Population 795,611 (2016)
Electorate 651,184 (2016)
Major settlements Córdoba
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 7 (1977–2008)
6 (2008–)
Member(s)

Córdoba is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects six deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Córdoba. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Electoral system[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts in the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, the Constitution requires for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. The only exception was in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in full enjoyment of all political and civil rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3] 348 seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 per 100 of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold over three percent, dependant on the district magnitude.[4] Each provincial constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla are allocated the two remaining seats, which are elected using plurality voting.[2][5][6][7]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure at least the signature of 1 per 100 of the electors entered in electoral register of the constituency for which they are seeking election—0.1 per 100 and, at least, the signature of 500 electors, until 1985—. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions who have not obtained a mandate in either House of Parliament at the preceding election are required to secure at least the signature of 0.1 per 100 of the electors entered in electoral register of the constituency for which they are seeking election. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[5][7]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Córdoba 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 3 3
1st 1979
1 3 3
2nd 1982
5 2
3rd 1986
1 4 2
4th 1989
1 5 1
5th 1993
1 4 2
6th 1996
1 4 2
7th 2000
1 3 3
8th 2004
4 3
9th 2008
4 2
10th 2011
3 3
11th 2015
1 2 1 2
12th 2016
1 2 1 2

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

CórdobaMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Córdoba
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 153,750 34.41 +4.02 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 139,281 31.17 –0.87 2 ±0
United We Can for Andalusia (PodemosIUeQuo)1 85,058 19.04 –3.71 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 55,248 12.36 +0.43 1 ±0
Blank ballots 4,489 1.00 +0.04
Total 446,818 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 446,818 98.85 –0.08
Invalid votes 5,220 1.15 +0.08
Votes cast / turnout 452,038 69.42 –3.11
Abstentions 199,146 30.58 +3.11
Registered voters 651,184
Sources[8]

2015 general election[edit]

CórdobaMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Córdoba
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 149,851 32.04 –4.31 2 –1
People's Party (PP) 142,101 30.39 –14.22 2 –1
We Can (Podemos) 68,740 14.70 New 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 55,812 11.93 New 1 +1
United Left/Greens–Assembly for AndalusiaPopular Unity (IULV–CA–UPeC) 37,650 8.05 –1.78 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,481 0.96 –0.42
Total 467,652 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 467,652 98.93 +0.03
Invalid votes 5,044 1.07 –0.03
Votes cast / turnout 472,696 72.53 –0.14
Abstentions 179,031 27.47 +0.14
Registered voters 651,727
Sources[9]

2011 general election[edit]

CórdobaMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Córdoba
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 209,067 44.61 +7.00 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 170,367 36.35 –14.50 3 –1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia: Plural Left (IULV–CA) 46,066 9.83 +2.79 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 17,998 3.84 +3.26 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA)1 10,453 2.23 +0.59 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,490 1.38 +0.25
Total 468,623 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 468,623 98.90 –0.49
Invalid votes 5,224 1.10 +0.49
Votes cast / turnout 473,847 72.67 –3.14
Abstentions 178,239 27.33 +3.14
Registered voters 652,086
Sources[10]

2008 general election[edit]

CórdobaMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Córdoba
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 246,470 50.85 +0.99 4 ±0
People's Party (PP) 182,307 37.61 +3.87 2 –1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia–Alternative (IULV–CA) 34,131 7.04 –2.66 0 ±0
Andalusian Coalition (CA)1 7,972 1.64 –2.66 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,460 1.13 –0.54
Total 484,711 100.00 6 –1
Valid votes 484,711 99.39 +0.01
Invalid votes 2,970 0.61 –0.01
Votes cast / turnout 487,681 75.81 –2.70
Abstentions 155,632 24.19 +2.70
Registered voters 643,313
Sources[11]

2004 general election[edit]

CórdobaMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Córdoba
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 246,324 49.86 +9.31 4 +1
People's Party (PP) 166,665 33.74 –7.12 3 ±0
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 47,908 9.70 –2.24 0 –1
Andalusian Party (PA) 19,648 3.98 –0.56 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,256 1.67 +0.37
Total 493,991 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 493,991 99.38 +0.10
Invalid votes 3,096 0.62 –0.10
Votes cast / turnout 497,087 78.51 +3.74
Abstentions 136,068 21.49 –3.74
Registered voters 633,155
Sources[12]

2000 general election[edit]

CórdobaMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Córdoba
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 188,636 40.86 +7.85 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 187,195 40.55 –4.09 3 –1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 55,125 11.94 –6.63 1 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 20,963 4.54 +1.87 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,001 1.30 +0.61
Total 461,695 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 461,695 99.28 –0.16
Invalid votes 3,356 0.72 +0.16
Votes cast / turnout 465,051 74.77 –7.54
Abstentions 156,920 25.23 +7.54
Registered voters 621,971
Sources[13]

1996 general election[edit]

CórdobaMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Córdoba
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 220,659 44.64 –4.60 4 ±0
People's Party (PP) 163,155 33.01 +5.44 2 ±0
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 91,773 18.57 +1.25 1 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA)1 13,194 2.67 –0.50 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,415 0.69 +0.20
Total 494,284 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 494,284 99.44 –0.21
Invalid votes 2,796 0.56 +0.21
Votes cast / turnout 497,080 82.31 +1.77
Abstentions 106,799 17.69 –1.77
Registered voters 603,879
Sources[14]

1993 general election[edit]

CórdobaMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Córdoba
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 230,258 49.24 –0.12 4 –1
People's Party (PP) 128,898 27.57 +9.36 2 +1
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 80,977 17.32 –1.02 1 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 12,564 2.69 –3.19 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,301 0.49 +0.12
Total 467,598 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 467,598 99.65 +0.22
Invalid votes 1,625 0.35 –0.22
Votes cast / turnout 469,223 80.54 +5.36
Abstentions 113,401 19.46 –5.36
Registered voters 582,624
Sources[15]

1989 general election[edit]

CórdobaMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Córdoba
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 207,503 49.36 –4.19 5 +1
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 77,106 18.34 +6.13 1 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 76,561 18.21 –3.48 1 –1
Andalusian Party (PA) 24,714 5.88 +2.96 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 21,110 5.02 –1.49 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 4,893 1.16 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,565 0.37 –0.20
Total 420,386 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 420,386 99.43 +0.59
Invalid votes 2,391 0.57 –0.59
Votes cast / turnout 422,777 75.18 –1.18
Abstentions 139,571 24.82 +1.18
Registered voters 562,348
Sources[16]

1986 general election[edit]

CórdobaMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Córdoba
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 223,759 53.55 –3.67 4 –1
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 90,637 21.69 +0.53 2 ±0
United Left (IU)2 51,007 12.21 +3.38 1 +1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 27,211 6.51 +5.25 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 12,211 2.92 +0.74 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,383 0.57 –0.67
Total 417,887 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 417,887 98.84 +0.88
Invalid votes 4,887 1.16 –0.88
Votes cast / turnout 422,774 76.36 –8.21
Abstentions 130,918 23.64 +8.21
Registered voters 553,692
Sources[17]

1982 general election[edit]

CórdobaMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Córdoba
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSA–PSOE) 243,428 57.22 +27.14 5 +2
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 90,023 21.16 +15.51 2 +2
Communist Party of Andalusia (PCA–PCE) 37,555 8.83 –10.25 0 –1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 28,414 6.68 –23.26 0 –3
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 9,270 2.18 –7.78 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 5,358 1.26 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,264 1.24 +1.09
Total 425,397 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 425,397 97.96 –1.03
Invalid votes 8,875 2.04 +1.03
Votes cast / turnout 434,272 84.57 +11.69
Abstentions 79,249 15.43 –11.69
Registered voters 513,521
Sources[18]

1979 general election[edit]

CórdobaMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Córdoba
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 111,237 30.08 –7.40 3 ±0
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 110,734 29.94 –2.54 3 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 70,554 19.08 +2.58 1 ±0
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 36,826 9.96 New 0 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 20,909 5.65 –3.64 0 ±0
National Union (UN)3 7,427 2.01 +1.53 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE)4 4,080 1.10 –0.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 568 0.15 +0.04
Total 369,849 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 369,849 98.99 –0.01
Invalid votes 3,778 1.01 +0.01
Votes cast / turnout 373,627 72.88 –8.12
Abstentions 139,006 27.12 +8.12
Registered voters 512,633
Sources[19]

1977 general election[edit]

CórdobaMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Córdoba
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 122,361 33.83 3
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 117,482 32.48 3
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 59,668 16.50 1
People's Alliance (AP) 33,616 9.29 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 13,195 3.65 0
Democratic Left Front (FDI) 4,056 1.12 0
Blank ballots 405 0.11
Total 361,661 100.00 7
Valid votes 361,661 99.00
Invalid votes 3,647 1.00
Votes cast / turnout 365,308 81.00
Abstentions 85,713 19.00
Registered voters 451,021
Sources[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  4. ^ "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  5. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Constitution" (PDF). congreso.es. Congress of Deputies. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 2016. Córdoba". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  9. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Córdoba". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  10. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Córdoba". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  11. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2008. Córdoba". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  12. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2004. Córdoba". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  13. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2000. Córdoba". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  14. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1996. Córdoba". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  15. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1993. Córdoba". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  16. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1989. Córdoba". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  17. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1986. Córdoba". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  18. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1982. Córdoba". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  19. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1979. Córdoba". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  20. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1977. Córdoba". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 

Coordinates: 38°00′N 4°50′W / 38.000°N 4.833°W / 38.000; -4.833