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Court Square–23rd Street (New York City Subway)

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 Court Square–23 Street
 "7" train "7" express train​​ "E" train"G" train"M" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station complex
CourtSq23StTransfer.jpg
Transfer passageway between the Flushing Line and the rest of the station complex as seen from outside on opening day.
Station statistics
Addressthe immediate vicinity of One Court Square
Queens, NY 11101
BoroughQueens
LocaleLong Island City
Coordinates40°44′51″N 73°56′42″W / 40.7476°N 73.9451°W / 40.7476; -73.9451Coordinates: 40°44′51″N 73°56′42″W / 40.7476°N 73.9451°W / 40.7476; -73.9451
DivisionA (IRT), B (IND)
Line      IND Crosstown Line
      IRT Flushing Line
IND Queens Boulevard Line
Services      7 all times (all times) <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction)​​
      E all times (all times)
      G all times (all times)​
      M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: B32, B62
Bus transport MTA Bus: Q39, Q67, Q69
Levels3
Other information
Opened1990 (Queens Boulevard & Crosstown lines)
June 3, 2011; 7 years ago (2011-06-03) (Flushing line)
Station code606[1]
AccessibleThis station is partially compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 Partially ADA-accessible (IRT Flushing Line platforms only)
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2017)7,003,218 (station complex)[3]Increase 2.8%
Rank59 out of 425

Court Square–23rd Street is a New York City Subway station complex on the IND Crosstown Line, the IRT Flushing Line and the IND Queens Boulevard Line. The complex is located in the vicinity of One Court Square in Long Island City, Queens, and is served by the 7, E, and G trains at all times; the M train on weekdays; and the <7> express train during weekdays in the peak direction.

The complex comprises three separate stations, formerly known as 23rd Street–Ely Avenue (Queens Boulevard Line), Long Island City–Court Square (Crosstown Line), and 45th Road–Court House Square (Flushing Line). The Flushing Line station was the first to open, in 1916. The Crosstown Line station opened in 1933, followed by the Queens Boulevard Line station in 1939. They were all originally separate stations.

Two passageways were built to connect the three stations. The first was built in 1990, following the opening of the Citigroup office tower at One Court Square. In December 2001, this passageway came into greater use when G trains started to terminate at Court Square. A second passageway was completed between the Crosstown and Flushing Line stations in 2011. The Crosstown and Flushing Line stations were renamed "Court Square" with the latter being made fully ADA-accessible. The Queens Boulevard Line station, which is not ADA-compliant, was renamed "Court Square–23rd Street".

History[edit]

NYCT president Thomas Prendergast at the complex's opening in 2011
Escalators to the Flushing Line platform

The station complex is located in Long Island City, in western Queens.[4] The first station to open was 45th Road–Court House Square on November 5, 1916, built as part of a two-stop extension of the future IRT Flushing Line from Hunters Point Avenue to Queensboro Plaza.[5][6] This part of the Flushing Line, in turn, was built under the Dual Contracts, under which the Interborough Rapid Transit Company and Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company would construct and operate lines as part of a unified subway system.[7]

In the late 1920s and early 1930s, the city-owned Independent Subway System (IND) constructed the first sections of the Crosstown and Queens Boulevard Lines; the Court Square Crosstown Line station was the first Queens station of either line to be built, with its structure having been completed in July 1930 and the tilework and equipment installed afterward.[8][9] On August 19, 1933, the IND opened the Court Square station as part of the first leg of the IND Crosstown Line. The IND Queens Boulevard Line between Manhattan and Roosevelt Avenue opened that same day, with GG trains (predecessor to today's G service) operating between Queens Plaza and Nassau Avenue in Brooklyn.[10][11] The 23rd Street–Ely Avenue station had been partially built in the early 1930s,[8][9][12] but was not completed until August 28, 1939, with E trains serving the station.[13][14]

Connections created[edit]

The 1990s-era entrance to the station, built under a renovation funded by Citicorp

In 1984, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) planned to construct a transfer passageway between the Queens Boulevard and Crosstown Line stations as part of a planned connector between the Queens Boulevard Line and the IND 63rd Street Line.[15][16] Around 1986, Citigroup (then Citicorp) agreed to fund the passageway, at a cost of $8.5 million, as part of a zoning requirement for the construction of the adjacent One Court Square tower, which was being built to allow Citicorp to split its operations between several different buildings.[17]:9[18][19][20] Two of these buildings, Citigroup Center and 399 Park Avenue, were located near the Lexington Avenue–53rd Street station, the next stop southbound on the Queens Boulevard Line. However, that stop was located in Manhattan, across the East River from Queens. The company selected the Court Square site due to its proximity to the Queens Boulevard subway.[21]

The building opened in 1989, with the passageway completed later on.[20] In 2000, the MTA began designing a second in-system passageway between the Flushing and Crosstown line stations.[22][23] On December 16, 2001, the 63rd Street Line connector was opened and service on the Queens Boulevard Line was increased, requiring G trains to terminate at Court Square on weekdays. To compensate Crosstown riders going into Queens, a free out-of-system transfer to the Flushing Line station was created.[24][25]

In October 2005, Citigroup announced they would be funding the passageway between the Flushing and Crosstown line stations, as a zoning requirement for the construction of the Court Square Two building.[26][27] On March 17, 2011, the Queens Boulevard station was renamed to "Court Square–23rd Street".[28] On June 3, 2011, the $47 million ADA-accessible connection between the Crosstown Line and Flushing Line stations was opened and the two stations were renamed "Court Square".[29][30][31] Most of the project was funded by Citigroup, but $13.9 million was covered by the MTA.[26][32] The Flushing Line station was closed from January 21, 2012 to April 2, 2012 to complete further renovations, including platform upgrades and alterations to the station's mezzanine to make the station fully ADA-compliant.[33][34]

Station layout[edit]

2F
Flushing Line platforms
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound "7" train ("7" express train AM rush hours) toward 34th Street–Hudson Yards (Hunters Point Avenue)
Northbound "7" train ("7" express train PM rush hours) toward Flushing–Main Street (Queensboro Plaza)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
1F Fare control, to entrances/exits, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator at NE corner of 23rd Street and Jackson Avenue for "7" train "7" express train​ trains; transfers to other services not accessible)
G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
B1 Fare control, to entrances/exits, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
Moving walkway and passageways between IRT Flushing Line platforms, IND Crosstown Line platforms, and IND Queens Boulevard Line platforms
B2
Queens Blvd. Line platforms
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Southbound "E" train toward World Trade Center (Lexington Avenue–53rd Street)
"M" train toward Middle Village–Metropolitan Avenue (Lexington Avenue–53rd Street)
Northbound "E" train toward Jamaica Center (Queens Plaza)
"M" train toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue (Queens Plaza)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
B2
Crosstown Line platforms
Southbound "G" train toward Church Avenue (21st Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Southbound "G" train toward Church Avenue (21st Street)
 (No regular service: Queens Plaza)

The station complex consists of three formerly separate stations along the IND Queens Boulevard Line, IND Crosstown Line, and IRT Flushing Line. There are several entrances to the complex, with two passageways within fare control connecting the stations.[15][35]

Crosstown–Queens Boulevard Lines transfer passageway[edit]

The northernmost passageway, which is 360 feet (110 m) long, connects the eastern end of the Queens Boulevard Line station, at 44th Drive east of 23rd Street, with the north end of the Crosstown Line station at Jackson Avenue and 45th Avenue.[15][35] This passageway was originally planned in the 1980s to compensate for the planned reroute of the G service away from the Queens Boulevard line when the track connection from the Queens Boulevard Line to the 63rd Street Line was completed[15][16] (which ultimately occurred in 2001).[24][25] It was constructed in the 1990s after Citigroup opened its 658-foot (201 m) office tower at One Court Square.[17]:9[18][20]

The main fare control area has a skylight and the passageway formerly contained the only moving walkway (horizontal escalators) in the subway system, which moved passengers from the Crosstown and Flushing Lines' platforms to the Queens Boulevard Line's platforms. These were installed in December 2001 when the G began terminating at this station complex on weekdays.[24][25][36] However, the moving walkway was found to have limited benefits: it saved commuters an average of 9 seconds; was often out of service; and could only operate in one direction toward the Queens Boulevard Line platforms.[37][38] As a result, in 2016, it was announced the moving walkway would be removed in summer 2018 to provide additional capacity in the passageway. This was in anticipation of the Canarsie Tunnel shutdown in 2019, which would displace many passengers who usually travel across the East River via the BMT Canarsie Line (L train), since the section of the tunnel under the East River would be closed for renovations.[37][39] The walkways were removed starting in June 2018.[40]

The passageway is split into two sections, and between these two sections is the full-time fare control area for the complex that has a turnstile bank, token booth, and two staircases. One has two escalators and goes up to south side of 44th Drive inside a Citibank location next to the tower, and the other is open weekdays only and leads to the entrance plaza of One Court Square.[17][35] A set of escalators opposite the street stairs lead to the building's lobby.[25]

The station's main fare control area leading from One Court Square (left), and the former moving sidewalk (removed in summer 2018) as seen from the same position, facing the opposite direction (right)

Flushing–Crosstown Lines transfer passageway[edit]

The second passageway, opened in June 2011, consists of two escalators, one elevator, and one staircase within a glass-enclosed structure that connects the underground Crosstown Line station and the elevated Flushing Line station at 45th Road.[24][26][32] Between 2001 and 2011, this was a free out-of-system transfer that could be made using MetroCards.[24] While the elevators make both passageways ADA-accessible, only the IRT Flushing Line platforms are fully ADA-accessible with elevators to platform level. At the conclusion of the 14th Street Tunnel shutdown in 2020, one of the stairs to the IND Crosstown Line platform will be demolished and replaced with an elevator.[41] In addition, there is no direct connection between the Flushing and Queens Boulevard platforms.[35]

IRT Flushing Line platforms[edit]

 Court Square
 "7" train "7" express train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway rapid transit station
Court Square Flushing Platform.JPG
The north end of the station with the Manhattan skyline in the background.
Station statistics
Address45th Road & 23rd Street
DivisionA (IRT)
Line      IRT Flushing Line
Services      7 all times (all times) <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction)​
StructureElevated
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedNovember 5, 1916; 102 years ago (1916-11-05) (first station)[5]
June 3, 2011; 7 years ago (2011-06-03) (second station)
Station code462[1]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Former/other names45th Road–Court House Square
Station succession
Next northQueensboro Plaza: 7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction
Next southHunters Point Avenue: 7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north61st Street–Woodside: 7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 southGrand Central–42nd Street: 7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction

45th Road – Court House Square (Dual System IRT)
MPSNew York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference #05000229[42]
Added to NRHPMarch 3, 2005
Track layout

Court Square is an elevated station on the IRT Flushing Line of the New York City Subway. There are two side platforms and two tracks at the station.[43]

The station opened on November 5, 1916 as 45th Road–Court House Square as part of an extension of the Flushing Line two stops to the west to Queensboro Plaza.[5][6] The platforms at 45th Road were extended in 1955–1956 to accommodate 11-car trains.[44] In 2005, this station was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[45][46]:L6

The current platforms were installed in the 2012 renovations. They are composed of numerous panels of composite fiberglass resin, lighter than conventional concrete and designed to resist corrosion and thermal expansion. The platform edges are equipped with ADA-compliant tactile strips.[33][34] Both platforms have beige windscreens that run along their entire lengths and brown canopies with green frames and support columns except for a small section at their north ends.[33] Small sections of the windscreens are mesh, allowing a view into the local area.[34]

Exits[edit]

This station has an elevated station house beneath the tracks at the extreme south end. A single staircase from each platform goes down to a combined waiting area and crossunder, where a turnstile bank provides entrance and exit from the station. Near these staircases, one elevator leads from each platform to the mezzanine.[35] Outside fare control, there is a token booth; an elevator and two staircases go down to the northwestern corner of 45th Road and 23rd Street.[46]:K2 Two escalators and a staircase, located within an enclosed structure, lead directly to the complex's underground mezzanine area via a new transfer passageway.[33][35] The northbound platform's elevator also leads to the underground mezzanine within fare control, stopping at the station house level but bypassing the street along the way.[35] The southbound platform's elevator only connects that platform to the station house. A single staircase also leads to the southwestern corner of 45th Road and 23rd Street.[46]:K2 It is signposted as serving only the Flushing Line station, as opposed to all three stations of the complex.[33][35]

The station house formerly had two more staircases leading to either eastern corner, as well as another staircase to the northwestern corner.[17] In June 2011, they were replaced by the in-system transfer to the underground platforms, which added a new staircase to the former southeast corner of the intersection.[30][35] As part of the project, a short strip of 45th Road between 23rd Street and Jackson Avenue was de-mapped, while the adjacent Albert Short Triangle was renovated.[46]:G3, G5

In the early 20th century, there were requests for an additional entrance from 23rd Street at the north end of the station, but this was never constructed.[47]

Gallery[edit]

IND Queens Boulevard Line platforms[edit]

 Court Square–23 Street
 "E" train"M" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway rapid transit station
Court Sq - 23rd Street Platform.JPG
The Forest Hills and Jamaica-bound platform in August 2013
Station statistics
Address23rd Street & 44th Drive
DivisionB (IND)
LineIND Queens Boulevard Line
Services      E all times (all times)
      M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedAugust 28, 1939; 79 years ago (1939-08-28)[48]
Station code274[1]
AccessibleThe mezzanine is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, but the platforms are not compliant ADA-accessible to mezzanine only; platforms are not ADA-accessible
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Former/other names23rd Street–Ely Avenue
Station succession
Next northQueens Plaza: E all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Next southLexington Avenue–53rd Street: E all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Track layout

Court Square–23rd Street on the IND Queens Boulevard Line is an underground station with two tracks and two side platforms.[43] It is located along 44th Drive between 21st and 23rd Streets and is the westernmost station on the line in Queens. Going by railroad directions, Court Square–23rd Street is the Queens Boulevard Line's southernmost station in Queens.[28][35]

Each platform has a scarlet lake trim line with a black border and name tablets reading "23RD ST. – ELY AVE." in white sans serif letting on a black and brown background and matching scarlet lake border.[49] Below the trim line and name tablets are small directional signs and station signs alternating between "23RD" and "ELY" in white lettering on a black border.[50][51] Red I-beam columns run along both platforms at regular intervals with alternating ones having the standard black station name plate in white lettering.[52]

The station, provisionally called "21st Street/Van Alst Avenue,"[9][53] was constructed between 1931 and 1933 along with the original section of the line east to Roosevelt Avenue.[54] Although the station had been completed,[53][54] it was not opened alongside the rest of the line due to lack of demand perceived by the city Board of Transportation, which called the station a "dead" station.[9][13][14][12] This was in spite of protests from local civic and industry leaders, due to the numerous factories in the surrounding area.[8][9][53][55] By December 1933, the station was referred to as "Ely Avenue", likely to avoid confusion with the nearby station on the Crosstown Line.[54] In September 1936, it was decided to complete the station as an in-fill station due to expanding commercial and industrial operations in the area, with tilework, staircases, and other equipment installed.[12][13][14][56] The station was finished by 1938, but its opening was delayed once again due to alleged lack of demand, with calls to open the station to serve the Long Island City Courthouse, St. John's Hospital (now the site of One Court Square), and the newly opened Queensbridge Houses.[57][58]

The station finally opened as 23rd Street–Ely Avenue on August 28, 1939, six years after the first section of the Queens Boulevard Line and the opening of Court Square station on the Crosstown line.[13][14] Ely Avenue was the former name of 23rd Street[14][54][59] until many named streets in the borough were given numbers by the Queens Topographical Bureau in 1915.[28] Similarly, Van Alst Avenue is now 21st Street,[8][14][60] while the former Nott Avenue is the present-day 44th Drive.[53]

Exits[edit]

This station has three entrances and exits; the full-time one is at the extreme geographical east end. A single staircase from each platform leads up to a crossover, where on the Manhattan-bound side, one exit-only turnstile and one full-height turnstile leads to a single staircase that goes up to the northeast corner of 44th Drive and 23rd Street.[35][54][61]:11 The long passageway to the IND Crosstown Line platform extends to the south, past the crossover.[24][35] Prior to the construction of the passageway, this exit contained a full-time token booth and staircases to both sides of 44th Drive.[14][15]

This station's second fare control area is at the station's extreme western end. A single staircase from each platform goes up to a raised crossover split in two by a steel fence.[14][54] The Manhattan-bound side has a turnstile bank, token booth, and one staircase going up to the northeast corner of 21st Street and 44th Drive while the Queens-bound side has two exit-only turnstiles and one staircase going up to the southeast corner of that same intersection.[35][61]:7 All fare control areas have their original IND-style directional mosaics.[62]

There are two sets of artwork at this station. One was made in 1992 by Frank Olt and is called Temple Quad Reliefs, consisting of glass mosaic and ceramic tiles on the platform walls. The other was made in 2001 by Elizabeth Murray and is called Streams, consisting of glass mosaics on the transfer passageway walls.[63]

Gallery[edit]

IND Crosstown Line platform[edit]

 Court Square
 "G" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway rapid transit station
Court Square - Crosstown Platform.jpg
IND Crosstown Line station platform
Station statistics
Address45th Avenue & Jackson Avenue
DivisionB (IND)
Line      IND Crosstown Line
Services      G all times (all times)
StructureUnderground
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedAugust 19, 1933; 85 years ago (1933-08-19)[10]
Station code281[1]
AccessibleThe mezzanine is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, but the platforms are not compliant ADA-accessible to mezzanine only; accessibilty to platforms planned
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Former/other namesLong Island City–Court Square[28]
Station succession
Next northQueens Plaza: no regular service
(Terminal): G all times
Next south21st Street: G all times
Track layout
Tracks not used
in regular service

Court Square, previously called Long Island City−Court Square,[28] is the northernmost station on the IND Crosstown Line and the northern terminal for G trains at all times.[64] Although G service terminates here, the tracks themselves continue north and feed into the Queens Boulevard main line just south of Queens Plaza. This section of track is not used in regular service, though until April 19, 2010, trains traveled over this connection to continue to Forest Hills–71st Avenue at various times of the day. Just south of the station, the two tracks split into three, then merge again into two tracks. The third track is used to switch between track directions.[43][65]:D1

This underground station, opened on August 19, 1933,[10] has one island platform between two tracks.[8][43] Each track wall has a green trim line with a black border and small "COURT SQ" signs below it in white lettering on black background. Green I-beam columns run along both sides of the platform at regular intervals.[66]

Two staircases between the platform and the mezzanine are being widened and two new staircases are being added to provide additional capacity. After July 2020, when the Canarsie shutdown is completed, one of the new staircases will be replaced by an elevator, which would make the platform ADA-accessible.[39] The project is funded as part of the 2015–2019 Capital Program.[67][68][69] The elevator project was originally expected to begin in 2018.[70]

Exits[edit]

Three staircases from the platform go up to the full length mezzanine above and a passageway within fare control connects the station to the Queens Boulevard platform. All fare control areas are unstaffed, containing just full height turnstiles. The main fare control area has a single staircase that goes up to the southwest corner of Jackson Avenue and Court Square West, and a staircase to the north side of Jackson Avenue at Thompson Avenue in front of One Court Square.[17][35] There was previously a street stair to the southeast corner of Jackson Avenue and Court Square West.[17]

After the IND 63rd Street Line was connected to the Queens Boulevard Line in December 2001, during a project known as the "63rd Street Connector",[25] another unstaffed entrance was added to the south end of the mezzanine at 45th Road. This was done to allow an out-of-system transfer to the IRT Flushing Line.[24] From this fare control area, a single staircase goes up to the north side of Jackson Avenue at Pearson Street directly outside the staircases to the IRT station.[17][35] A second staircase to the southwest corner of the intersection no longer exists.[17] In June 2011, this transfer was replaced by an enclosed in-system transfer that consists of two escalators, one elevator, and one staircase connecting both stations.[30][35]

Gallery[edit]

Nearby points of interest[edit]

The P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center (MoMA PS1) is nearby at 46th and Jackson Avenues. The One Court Square building, owned by Citicorp, sits right above the station as well. Queens County Criminal Court is directly on Court Square, just east of Jackson Avenue.[35]

The site of the 5 Pointz building at Jackson Avenue and Davis Street,[35] which was famously covered in graffiti until its demolition in 2014,[71] is visible just south of the Flushing Line station and can be seen by passing 7 and <7>​ trains.[72]

In addition, the station sits in the center of the Hunters Point Historic District, and as a result, many historic buildings can be found near the stations.[35] However, the area right around the station is also seeing a revitalization, with high-rise condominiums and rental buildings being built in the area, and upscale restaurants being built near the train station. In addition, there is a bourgeoning art community due to the presence of MoMA PS1 and 5 Pointz. There is also a 15,000-square-foot (1,400 m2) supermarket proposed for the area.[73]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

nyc_subway.org

The Subway Nut

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