Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street station

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 Jackson Heights–
 Roosevelt Avenue/74 Street
 "7" train"E" train"F" train"F" express train"M" train"R" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station complex
Jackson Heights-Roosevelt Avenue Terminal.JPG
The station complex and adjoining bus terminal as seen from Broadway and 75th Street
Station statistics
AddressRoosevelt Avenue, 74th Street & Broadway
Jackson Heights, NY 11372
BoroughQueens
LocaleJackson Heights
Coordinates40°44′48″N 73°53′28″W / 40.74667°N 73.89111°W / 40.74667; -73.89111Coordinates: 40°44′48″N 73°53′28″W / 40.74667°N 73.89111°W / 40.74667; -73.89111
DivisionA (IRT), B (IND)[1]
Line   IRT Flushing Line
IND Queens Boulevard Line
Services   7 all times (all times)​
   E all times (all times)
   F all times (all times) <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction (two rush hour trains, peak direction)
   M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
   R all hours except late nights (all hours except late nights)
TransitBus transport NYCT Bus: Q32
Bus transport MTA Bus: Q33, Airport transportation Q47, Q49, Q53 SBS, Airport transportation Q70 SBS (Q33, Q49, Q70 SBS (to LaGuardia Airport only) at Victor Moore Bus Terminal station)
Levels2
Other information
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Traffic
201917,077,862[2]Increase 0.5%
Rank14 out of 424[2]
Location
Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street station is located in New York City Subway
Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street station
Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street station is located in New York City
Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street station
Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street station is located in New York
Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street station
Street map

Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service)

The Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street station is a New York City Subway station complex served by the IRT Flushing Line and the IND Queens Boulevard Line. Located at the triangle of 74th Street, Broadway, and Roosevelt Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens, it is served by the:

  • 7, E, and F trains at all times
  • R train at all times except late nights
  • M train weekdays except late nights
  • <F> train during rush hours in the reverse peak direction

In 2019, it was the second-busiest subway station in Queens and the 14th busiest subway station in the system.[2]

History[edit]

IRT station[edit]

The eastern end of the IRT Flushing Line station, at 75th Street and Roosevelt Avenue

The 1910 Dual Contracts called for extending the lines of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) and Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) to Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx. Queens did not receive many new IRT and BMT lines compared to Brooklyn and the Bronx, since the city's Public Service Commission (PSC) wanted to alleviate subway crowding in the other two boroughs first before building in Queens, which was relatively undeveloped. The IRT Flushing Line was to be one of two Dual Contracts lines in the borough, along with the Astoria Line; it would connect Flushing and Long Island City, two of Queens' oldest settlements, to Manhattan via the Steinway Tunnel. When the majority of the line was built in the early 1910s, most of the route went through undeveloped land, and Roosevelt Avenue had not been constructed.[3]: 47  Community leaders advocated for more Dual Contracts lines to be built in Queens to allow development there.[4] The 74th Street station opened on April 21, 1917, as part of an extension of the line from Queensboro Plaza to 103rd Street–Corona Plaza.[5][6] At the time, the station was known as Broadway.[6] The IRT agreed to operate the line under the condition that any loss of profits would be repaid by the city.[7]

In 1923, the BMT started operating shuttle services along the Flushing Line, which terminated at Queensboro Plaza.[8] The city government took over the IRT's operations on June 12, 1940.[9][10] The IRT routes were given numbered designations in 1948 with the introduction of "R-type" rolling stock, which contained rollsigns with numbered designations for each service.[11] The route from Times Square to Flushing became known as the 7.[12] On October 17, 1949, the joint BMT/IRT operation of the Flushing Line ended, and the line became the responsibility of the IRT.[13] After the end of BMT/IRT dual service, the New York City Board of Transportation announced that the Flushing Line platforms would be lengthened to 11 IRT car lengths; the platforms were only able to fit nine 51-foot-long IRT cars beforehand.[14][15] The platforms at the 74th Street station were extended in 1955–1956 to accommodate 11-car trains.[16] However, nine-car trains continued to run on the 7 route until 1962, when they were extended to ten cars.[17] With the opening of the 1964 New York World's Fair, trains were lengthened to eleven cars.[18][19]

IND station[edit]

The Queens Boulevard Line was one of the first built by the city-owned Independent Subway System (IND), and was planned to stretch between the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan and 178th Street and Hillside Avenue in Jamaica, Queens, with a stop at Roosevelt Avenue.[20][21] The line was first proposed in 1925.[22] Construction of the line was approved by the New York City Board of Estimate on October 4, 1928.[23] As planned, Roosevelt Avenue was to be one of the Queens Boulevard Line's five express stops, as well as one of 22 total stops on the line between Seventh Avenue in Manhattan and 178th Street in Queens.[24] The line was constructed using the cut-and-cover tunneling method, and to allow pedestrians to cross, temporary bridges were built over the trenches.[25]

The Roosevelt Avenue station opened on August 19, 1933, as the terminus of the first section of the line, which stretched from the connection to the Eighth Avenue Line at 50th Street. Upon the opening of the Queens Boulevard Line station at Roosevelt Avenue, a transfer to and from the Flushing Line station at Broadway was implemented.[26][27][28] The station was the Queens Boulevard Line's terminus from 1933 until an extension east to Union Turnpike opened on December 31, 1936.[29][30][31] An uncompleted upper level station was also built along with the completed lower level station.[32][33][34] The construction of the new Roosevelt Avenue complex led to increased demand for housing in the area.[35] It also inspired plans for a proposed shopping mall nearby, which was ultimately not built.[36]

The Victor Moore Arcade,[37] a streamlined local landmark where passengers could transfer from the new IND subway to buses for distant neighborhoods and for LaGuardia Airport,[38] officially opened on December 11, 1941.[39] The two-story bus terminal and arcade, located at the triangle formed by Broadway, Roosevelt Avenue, and 75th Street,[39] also featured a shopping area.[39] The structure was named after Victor Moore, a notable Broadway actor and Freeport resident[39][40] who had appealed to build a bus terminal in his name along Broadway and near the station.[41] It served as a hub for the operations of Triboro Coach.[42][43]

On May 2, 1970, an out-of-service GG train collided with another GG train in revenue service on the Queens Boulevard Line. The revenue-service train was switching from the southbound express track to the local track (it had been rerouted around the out-of-service train). Two people died and 71 were injured in the worst subway collision since the 1928 Times Square derailment.[44][45][46] Following the 1970 accident, New York Magazine highlighted the state of the subway system in a lengthy exposé, in which it concluded that the subway's condition was getting worse compared to previous years.[44]

Renovation of station complex[edit]

The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) announced in 2000 that it would demolish the Victor Moore Arcade as part of a proposed renovation of the station complex;[47][48] all of the arcade's merchants had moved out by May 2000.[49] Advocacy group Straphangers Campaign had conducted a poll the same year, in which riders ranked Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street station as the dirtiest among the city's 15 busiest stations.[48][50] The MTA began restoring the bus terminal in 2001.[51] The MTA approved a renovation of the station itself in September 2002; at the time, the project was slated to cost $87 million.[52] The project prompted complaints from merchants, who alleged that the construction damaged their stores and drove away customers.[53]

The Flushing Line platforms and the bus terminal were completely rebuilt, and the Queens Boulevard Line platforms were refurbished by construction firm Skanska[54] at a total cost of $132 million.[55][56] Elevators were also added during this project.[57][49] As part of the renovation, the MTA had removed the complex's payphones in April 2005. The agency agreed to restore the payphones after a request from state senator John Sabini, who said a woman had died at the station because the lack of phones made it hard to contact paramedics.[58] The new station building was completed in 2005[59] to a design by Stantec.[60] The Jackson Heights bus terminal opened on July 13, 2005.[59][61]

Station layout[edit]

2F Side platform Disabled access
Southbound local "7" train toward 34th Street–Hudson Yards (69th Street)
Peak-direction express "7" express train AM rush does not stop here
"7" express train PM rush/evenings does not stop here →
Northbound local "7" train toward Flushing–Main Street (82nd Street–Jackson Heights)
Side platform Disabled access
1F Upper mezzanine Connection between entrance/exit and elevated platforms
G Street level Exit/entrance, station house, fare control, bus loops
Disabled access Elevator after fare control in station house between 74th and 75th Streets
B1–2 Lower mezzanines Connection between entrance/exit and underground platforms
B3 Southbound local "M" train toward Middle Village–Metropolitan Avenue weekdays (65th Street)
"R" train toward Bay Ridge–95th Street (65th Street)
"E" train toward World Trade Center late nights (65th Street)
Island platform Disabled access
Southbound express "E" train toward World Trade Center (Queens Plaza)
"F" train"F" express train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (21st Street–Queensbridge)
Northbound express "E" train toward Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer (Forest Hills–71st Avenue)
"F" train"F" express train toward Jamaica–179th Street (Forest Hills–71st Avenue)
Island platform Disabled access
Northbound local "M" train toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue weekdays (Elmhurst Avenue)
"R" train toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue (Elmhurst Avenue)
"E" train toward Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer late nights (Elmhurst Avenue)
Staircases to the platforms from fare control. The IND Queens Boulevard Line staircases are to the left, while the IRT Flushing Line staircases are to the right.

The station complex consists of two separate stations, connected by escalators, stairs, and elevators. The main entrance, a station building bounded by Roosevelt Avenue, 75th Street, Broadway, and 74th Street, includes the Victor A. Moore Bus Terminal.[51] The new station building is one of the first green buildings in the MTA system, which is partially powered by solar panels on the roof of the station building[59][60] and above the IRT platform.[55] The solar panels were added following the success of a similar project at the Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue station.[62] The building is made of recycled material such as concrete consisted of 15% fly ash and steel that was prefabricated; in addition, the builders recycled 86% of the waste materials.[60] The station building also contains some retail space at the corner of 75th Street and Broadway, and also leases a few other spaces between the fare control area and the bus terminal.[56] Four elevators make the entire station complex ADA-accessible.[49]

Two stairs and an elevator from each of the Flushing Line platforms, lead down to an above-ground landing, whereupon a set of stairs leads to the main station house, which also contains the station agent booth.[63] The Flushing-bound platform's elevator leads from the Flushing-bound platform to the aboveground landing, then to the street level fare control, and finally to a landing between the street level and the belowground Queens Boulevard Line mezzanine.[64] The full-time station agent booth, and two banks of turnstiles for fare control, are located in this station house at street level.[63][64] Two escalators also lead directly from the Flushing Line landing to the Queens Boulevard Line mezzanine.[64] From the mezzanine, various stairs lead down to each of the Queens Boulevard Line platforms, and an elevator from the belowground landing leads to the mezzanine and the Manhattan-bound platform. There is another elevator from the Forest Hills- and Jamaica-bound platform to the mezzanine.[64] There are also some stores and an ATM lining the mezzanine within fare control.[64] In total, the station has 8,600 square feet (800 m2) of storefront space.[65]

The 2004 artwork in the station house is called Passage by Tom Patti, and was designed in conjunction with FX+FOWLE Architects. The artwork consisted of trapezoid-shaped laminated glass panels located on the upper part of the building's eastern facade. The glass panels break up light into different colors, depending on the vantage point.[66][67]

Alternate exits[edit]

At 73rd Street and Broadway, on the north side of Roosevelt Avenue, a set of stairs from each of the IRT Flushing Line platforms lead down to a landing below the elevated structure.[64] There is a connection to the Queens Boulevard Line mezzanine via three long, narrow escalators, where there are exits from the below-ground fare control points.[63]

Exits from the underground mezzanine lead to the station building; the northeast corner of 73rd Street, 37th Road, and Broadway; the southwest corner of Broadway and 74th Street; and both eastern corners of Broadway and 75th Street.[68] The only direct exit from the Flushing Line platforms is from the 74th Street mezzanine, which leads to the station building, with an additional side exit to the northeast corner of Roosevelt Avenue and 74th Street.[63][68]

IRT Flushing Line platforms[edit]

 74 Street–Broadway
 "7" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
74 St - Broadway - TImes Sq bound platform.jpg
Manhattan bound platform
Station statistics
DivisionA (IRT)[69]
Line   IRT Flushing Line
Services   7 all times (all times)
StructureElevated
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks3
Other information
OpenedApril 21, 1917; 105 years ago (1917-04-21)[5]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Opposite-
direction
transfer
Yes
Former/other namesBroadway
Services
Preceding station New York City Subway New York City Subway Following station
69th Street NYCS-bull-trans-7-Std.svg
Local
82nd Street–Jackson Heights
"7" express train does not stop here
Track layout

Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times Stops all times
Side entrance at the northeast corner of Roosevelt Avenue and 74th Street

The 74th Street–Broadway station (originally Broadway station) on the IRT Flushing Line is a local station.[63][70] It was originally opened with the rest of the Flushing Line from Queensboro Plaza to 103rd Street–Corona Plaza on April 21, 1917.[5][6]

It has three tracks and two side platforms.[63] The center track is used by the rush hour peak direction <7> express service, but trains do not stop here,[70] although there are track switches at either side to let express trains stop there in case of emergency or to allow transfers when work on a local track forces trains to run express.[71]

The station has two fare control areas at 73rd Street and two at 74th. The 74th Street mezzanine has a wooden floor with windscreens on the stairs, a booth, and a crossunder, with stairs to both the new station building and to the northeast corner of 74th Street and Roosevelt Avenue.[63] The 73rd Street mezzanine contains wooden stair walls, no windows, and no booth (the booth being in the IND entrance at street level). The canopy at the west end is different, having been added later than the original canopy.[63] Both canopies originally measured only 300 feet (91 m) long, but they were extended to cover the entire length of the platforms in the mid-2000s.[55]

IND Queens Boulevard Line platforms[edit]

 Jackson Heights–
 Roosevelt Avenue
 "E" train"F" train"F" express train"M" train"R" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
IND Queens Boulevard Roosevelt Avenue Northbound Platform.jpg
Trains departing northbound platform
Station statistics
DivisionB (IND)[72]
LineIND Queens Boulevard Line
Services   E all times (all times)
   F all times (all times) <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction (two rush hour trains, peak direction)
   M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
   R all hours except late nights (all hours except late nights)
StructureUnderground
Levels2 (upper level unused)
Platforms2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedAugust 19, 1933; 89 years ago (1933-08-19)
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Opposite-
direction
transfer
Yes
Former/other namesRoosevelt Avenue–Jackson Heights
Services
Preceding station New York City Subway New York City Subway Following station
Queens Plaza
E all except late nights
NYCS-bull-trans-E-Std.svg
Express
Forest Hills–71st Avenue
E all except late nightsF all times <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction
eastbound
21st Street–Queensbridge
F all times <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction
NYCS-bull-trans-F-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-Fd-Std.svg
Express
65th Street
E late nightsM weekdays until 11 p.m.R all hours except late nights
NYCS-bull-trans-M-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-R-Std.svg
Local
Elmhurst Avenue
E late nightsM weekdays until 11 p.m.R all hours except late nights
Track layout

Trackways to upper level
Trackway
Track
Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service)
Renovated trim line and tile captions in 2021, beginning to deteriorate
The Winfield Spur bellmouths diverge south between 78th and 79th Streets, underneath O'Connor Playground (pictured)

The Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue station (signed as Roosevelt Avenue–Jackson Heights on overhead signs) is an express station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line that has four tracks and two narrow island platforms.[64] The express tracks are served by the E train at all times except nights, and F trains at all times. The local tracks are served by the M train on weekdays, the R train at all times except late nights, and the E train during late nights.[70]

The outer track walls have a midnight blue trim line with a black border and 2-by-10-tile white-on-black tile captions reading "ROOSEVELT" in Helvetica at regular intervals. These were installed in the renovation, and replace the original Cerulean blue trim line and 1-tile-high captions in the original IND font. The platforms' I-beam columns are painted blue, but some columns are encased in concrete and covered with white tiles.[64] The fare control is in the center of the full-length mezzanine above the platforms and tracks, with unmanned High Entry-Exit Turnstile (HEET) entrances at the southeast end of the mezzanine, and a turnstiled exit with a booth at the northeast end. There is also a HEET entrance in the center of the mezzanine.[64]

West of the station, there are switches between both westbound tracks; the corresponding switches for the eastbound tracks are east of the station. On both sides, there are also switches between both express tracks.[71]

Unused upper level[edit]

Along the ramp leading to the southeastern fare control, there is an unused and uncompleted Roosevelt Avenue terminal station for the IND Second System directly above the Manhattan-bound platform.[32][33][34] This terminal has an island platform with a trackway on each side. There are no rails in the trackbeds, but tiles depicting the station name on the tile walls are present.[33][73][74] The signs hanging over the platform, however, are blank. East of the station lies a long, dark section of a 3-block-long tunnel[33][73][75][76] with provisions for a crossover[73][77] and a ramp down to the Manhattan-bound local track of the active mainline below.[78] The unused tunnel has about 750 feet (230 m) of trackway. Along these trackways, trains from the lower level tracks can be seen.[79] The never-used upper level platform is around 500 feet (150 m), only long enough for eight 60-foot (18 m) cars rather than the IND maximum of 10.[73] The platform itself has been converted to offices and storage.[33][80]

There is a trackway just east of Roosevelt Avenue that diverges away from the Manhattan-bound local track. The trackway ramps up to the same level as the two trackways coming from the never-used Roosevelt Avenue Terminal,[78] making three trackways on the upper level. The ramp flies over the mainline tracks along with the two other trackways. Between 78th and 79th Streets, the three trackways on upper level curve towards the south and ending at the wall at the edge of constructed subway. There is a diverging bellmouth next to the Jamaica-bound local track several hundred feet north of the station just at the location where the three upstairs trackways are crossing over. This bellmouth also curves towards the south and similarly ends on a concrete wall shortly after the start of the bellmouth.[81] At the end of the unused tunnel there is an emergency exit[82] that opens out to the south side of Broadway across the street from Elmhurst Hospital Center. The four-track subway running south was a plan for a line along the Long Island Rail Road right-of-way to Garfield Avenue and 65th Place. The line, called the Winfield Spur, would have turned along 65th Place to Fresh Pond Road and then along Fresh Pond Road to Cypress Hills Street. The line would have merged with the Myrtle–Central Avenues Line to the Rockaways proposed in 1929.[73][83][84][85] All four trackways end at a concrete wall where they begin to diverge from the excavation for the existing line.[33]

East of this station, next to the southbound track, the bellmouth with the ramp ascending to the upper level once had a layup track on it.[85] On the Roosevelt Avenue interlocking machine in the station tower, there are spare levers for the necessary signals and switches. On the southbound local track, there is a homeball signal, "D1-1415", which has the lower portion lenses covered over and now functions as an automatic signal. The interlocking machine still shows evidence of the now-nonexistent interlocking where the Winfield spur was to have turned off from the D1 track and the D2 track.[86]

Victor A. Moore Bus Terminal[edit]

The Victor A. Moore Bus Terminal attached to the station

The Victor A. Moore Bus Terminal,[59] which replaces the earlier building known as the Victor Moore Arcade,[39] is located within the station building at Broadway and 74th Street.[59] It is named after actor Victor Moore,[49] who had funded the construction of the original arcade after winning a wager.[61] The terminal serve six bus routes.[87] Lanes 1 through 3, which serve three of these bus routes, are located inside the terminal. Lanes 2 and 3, which serve the Q49 and northbound Q70 SBS buses respectively, can accommodate one bus each, while Lane 1, which serves the Q33, can accommodate two buses. The Q32, Q47, and southbound Q70 SBS buses stop on Roosevelt Avenue, while the Q53 SBS and southbound Q47 stop on Broadway.[87] All buses from the terminal are operated by MTA Bus, successors to the Triboro Coach routes, except the Q32, which is operated by New York City Bus.[87] To accommodate compressed natural gas buses, the rebuilt terminal has a higher roof than the original arcade.[49]

Lane Route Destination[87]
1 Q33 East Elmhurst
Ditmars Boulevard and 94th Street
2 Q49 East Elmhurst
Astoria Boulevard and 102nd Street
3 Q70
Select Bus Service
Northbound:
LaGuardia Airport, All terminals except Marine Air Terminal
Broadway
at 74th Street
Q47 Southbound:
Glendale
The Shops at Atlas Park
at 81st Street and Cooper Avenue
Roosevelt Avenue
at 74th Street
Q32 Westbound:
Penn Station, Midtown Manhattan
West 32nd Street and 7th Avenue
Eastbound:
Jackson Heights
Northern Boulevard and 81st Street
Q47 Northbound:
LaGuardia Airport, Marine Air Terminal
Roosevelt Avenue
at 75th Street
Q70
Select Bus Service
Southbound:
Woodside
61st Street and Roosevelt Avenue
Broadway at
75th Street
Q53
Select Bus Service
Northbound:
Woodside
61st Street and Roosevelt Avenue
Southbound:
Rockaway Park
Beach 116th Street and Rockaway Beach Boulevard

References[edit]

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  20. ^ See:
  21. ^ "Queens Lauded as Best Boro By Chamber Chief". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 23, 1929. p. 40. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
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External links[edit]

Google Maps Street View
image icon Broadway and 73rd Street entrance
image icon 37th Road entrance
image icon Broadway and 74th Street entrance
image icon Broadway entrance
image icon Roosevelt Avenue entrance
image icon Broadway and 75th Street entrance
image icon Roosevelt Avenue and 75th Street entrance
image icon Mezzanine
image icon Lobby
image icon IND platforms
image icon IRT platforms