Cyclone Bulbul

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Cyclone Bulbul
Very severe cyclonic storm (IMD scale)
Category 2 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Bulbul 2019-11-09 0742Z.jpg
Cyclone Bulbul near peak intensity just before landfall on November 9
FormedNovember 5, 2019
DissipatedNovember 12, 2019
(Remnant low after November 11)
Highest winds3-minute sustained: 140 km/h (85 mph)
1-minute sustained: 155 km/h (100 mph)
Lowest pressure971 hPa (mbar); 28.67 inHg
Fatalities38 total[1][2][3][4]
Damage≥ $3.2 billion (2019 USD)[5]
Areas affectedPhilippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Myanmar, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Eastern India, Bangladesh
Part of the 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Bulbul was a strong tropical cyclone which struck the Indian state of West Bengal as well as Bangladesh in November 2019, causing storm surge, heavy rains, and flash floods across the areas.[6][7][8] After crossing the Indochinese Peninsula, Severe Tropical Storm Matmo's remnants entered the Andaman Sea. It began to organize over the southern Bay of Bengal in the beginning of November, then it slowly intensified into a cyclonic storm as it moved north. It is only the fourth tropical cyclone ever recorded to regenerate over the Andaman Sea, having crossed Southeast Asia overland (thus sharing with the name Matmo in operational JTWC advisories). In addition, it is only the second to make it to hurricane strength, the first being in 1960.[9]

Meteorological history[edit]

Map plotting the track and the intensity of the storm, according to the Saffir–Simpson scale

On 28 October, a tropical depression formed near Palau, being named Matmo by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) on 30 October. On the same day, it made landfall in Vietnam, bringing lots of heavy rain, causing flooding.[10] It slowly degenerated and slowed as it crossed over the Indochinese Peninsula for the next several days, becoming no more than a low pressure system.

On 2 November, the remnants of Matmo emerged into the northern Andaman Sea.[11] Meteorological agencies began to show interest in the system as it slowly began to reorganize and develop. It then fully reformed into a depression on November 5. Upon strengthening into a cyclonic storm, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) assigned the name Bulbul. It continued intensifying and increasing in speed for the next three days, however still slowly moving north and prompting the IMD to issue coastal warnings for Bangladesh and West Bengal of India and prohibit all fishermen activity, beach activity, and boating in and around the Bay of Bengal. About a day later, Bulbul made landfall near Sagar Island in West Bengal around 18:30 GMT on 9 November, killing at least two people and weakening back to a Severe Cyclonic Storm as it interacted with land and unleashed a high storm surge.[12] Not too long after this land interaction, Bulbul rapidly weakened into a deep depression the next day as it began to move over Bangladesh, however still causing very heavy rains.[13]

Preparations[edit]

Over 1.8 million people in the vulnerable Bangladeshi coastal districts were evacuated to 4,071 cyclone shelters.[14] Health department officials in these districts formed 1,599 teams to attend to those affected by the cyclone.[14] Around 56,000 volunteers were deployed to conduct rescue and relief efforts while the military bases at the coastal districts remain on alert.[14] All coastal infantries of the Bangladesh Army prepared to take immediate action to provide assistance during and post cyclonic destruction.[15] The Bangladesh Navy and the Bangladesh Coast Guard prepared to undertake emergency rescue and relief operations with warships and vessels.[16]

Impact and aftermath[edit]

India[edit]

Odisha[edit]

Although impacts to Odisha were relatively minimal, the cyclone's outer bands produced heavy rain and squalls across the Indian state, causing agricultural damage, uprooting trees, and knocking down power lines across Odisha. However, no fatalities have been reported there.[17] Although, as part of rescue, around 350 local villagers in the district of Balesore were taken to cyclone shelters as the storm neared and their current condition is unknown.[18]

West Bengal[edit]

Bulbul's landfall in West Bengal around the Sunderban Dhanchi forest brought extremely heavy rain and winds up to 135 km/h (85 mph) across much of the southern portion of the state. Ten deaths have since been reported there,[1] four of them due to uprooted trees. A 59-year-old man was killed after being electrocuted by a lamp post, and another was killed due to a collapsed wall. Before the cyclone even made landfall, however, a man was killed after a cedar tree branch fell on top of him.[19] Fallen trees have caused road blockages across the city of Kolkata as well, and members of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC)Including aryan malik have been removing these blockages. Adding on, operations at Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata were suspended for 12 hours.[20]

Bangladesh[edit]

Rajrajeshwar Char of Chandpur, Bangladesh affected by cyclone Bulbul

At least 22 people in seven coastal districts have been reported dead from a combination of falling trees, collapsed houses, boat capsize and illness, while many others were injured after the cyclone ripped through coastal areas of Bangladesh.[2][3] Due to the cyclone, all the JSC–JDC examinations of 9, 11 and 12 November and National University examination of 9 November were suspended.[21][22][23] Bangladesh Inland Water Transport Authority suspended all sorts of activities at three maritime ports and riverine transport services during the cyclone.[24] All flights to and from Shah Amanat International Airport in Chittagong and Cox's Bazar, Barisal, Jashore domestic airports were cancelled for 14 hours owing to the inclement weather under the influence of the cyclone.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cyclone Bulbul kills 10 in West Bengal, 2.73 lakh families affected in the state". Times of India. November 10, 2019. Archived from the original on November 10, 2019. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Pacific ocean name severe tropical storm matmo North Indian ocean name=Very Severe Cyclonic storm Bulbul claims 13 lives, leaves a trail of destruction in Bangladesh". bdnews24.com. November 10, 2019. Archived from the original on November 10, 2019. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Cyclone Bulbul: Bodies of missing nine fishermen recovered from Meghna river". The Daily Star. 11 November 2019. Archived from the original on 11 November 2019. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Cyclone Bulbul: Bodies Of 4 Missing Fishermen Found Off Bengal Coast". NDTV. November 11, 2019. Archived from the original on November 11, 2019. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
  5. ^ "Initial Estimates Suggest Damages Worth ₹19,000 Crore Due to Cyclone Bulbul in West Bengal". The Weather Channel. 13 November 2019. Archived from the original on 13 November 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  6. ^ "Cyclone Bulbul Live: Bulbul Cyclone crosses West Bengal coast". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 2019-11-10. Retrieved 2019-11-10.
  7. ^ Erdman, Jonathan (2019). "Tropical Cyclone Bulbul Targets Eastern India, Bangladesh With Flooding Rain, Storm Surge, Winds". TWC India. TWC India. Archived from the original on 8 November 2019. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  8. ^ "Cyclone Bulbul: 5 to 7 feet high storm surge may hit coastal areas". The Daily Star. 8 November 2019. Archived from the original on 9 November 2019. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  9. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Nikki is reborn as Bulbul". Aljazeera. 8 November 2019. Archived from the original on 8 November 2019. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Weather Warning "Tropical Storm MATMO, category 3" - No. 7 Time Issued : October 30, 2019 - Thailand". ReliefWeb. Archived from the original on November 13, 2019. Retrieved 2019-11-13.
  11. ^ "NASA tracking remnants of Tropical Cyclone Matmo". EukerAlert. November 5, 2019. Archived from the original on November 5, 2019. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  12. ^ "Cyclone Bulbul makes landfall amid India and Bangladesh evacuations". BBC News. November 9, 2019. Archived from the original on November 10, 2019. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  13. ^ "Deadly Cyclone Bulbul weakens over Bangladesh". Aljazeera. Archived from the original on 2019-11-10. Retrieved 2019-11-10.
  14. ^ a b c "Cyclone Bulbul to hit Bangladesh coast Saturday night". bdnews24.com. November 9, 2019. Archived from the original on November 9, 2019. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  15. ^ "Cyclone Bulbul: Army deploys teams in Satkhira". Dhaka Tribune. November 9, 2019. Archived from the original on November 9, 2019. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  16. ^ "Cyclone Bulbul: Naval ships ready for emergency rescue, relief efforts". bdnews24.com. November 9, 2019. Archived from the original on November 9, 2019. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  17. ^ "Cyclone Bulbul kills man in Kolkata, brings heavy rain to Odisha". Times of India. November 9, 2019. Archived from the original on November 10, 2019. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  18. ^ "Cyclone 'Bulbul': Around 350 people take shelter at Baleswar district in Odisha". Deccan Chronicle. November 10, 2019. Archived from the original on November 10, 2019. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  19. ^ "Cyclone Bulbul: 7 killed, normal life disrupted in West Bengal". liveMint. November 10, 2019. Archived from the original on November 10, 2019. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  20. ^ "Cyclone 'Bulbul': Operations at Kolkata airport suspended for 12 hrs". The Daily Star. November 9, 2019. Archived from the original on November 9, 2019. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  21. ^ "Cyclone Bulbul forces rescheduling of Saturday's JSC, JDC, National University exams". bdnews24.com. November 8, 2019. Archived from the original on November 8, 2019. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  22. ^ "JSC, JDC exams on Nov 11 rescheduled due to cyclone Bulbul". Dhaka Tribune. November 9, 2019. Archived from the original on November 9, 2019. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  23. ^ "Cyclone Bulbul: Tuesday's JSC, JDC exams rescheduled". Dhaka Tribune. November 10, 2019. Archived from the original on November 11, 2019. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
  24. ^ "Bangladesh suspends maritime port operations, water transport as cyclone nears". bdnews24.com. November 9, 2019. Archived from the original on November 8, 2019. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  25. ^ "Flights to and from Cox's, Ctg, Barisal, Jashore cancelled for 14hrs for 'Bulbul'". The Daily Star. November 9, 2019. Archived from the original on November 9, 2019. Retrieved November 9, 2019.

External links[edit]