Bagerhat District

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Bagerhat District
বাগেরহাট জেলা
Sixty Dome Mosque,Bagerhat.jpg
Singara Mosque,Bagerhat - 1.jpg
Ship in Mongla Port.jpg
Wildlife Breeding Center, Karamjal, Sundarban.jpg
Bagerhat Museum in rainy season.jpg
From top: Sixty Dome Mosque, Singar Mosque, Mongla Port, Karamjal point of Sundarbans, Bagerhat Museum
Location of Bagerhat District in Bangladesh
Location of Bagerhat District in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Bagerhat District
Coordinates: 22°40′00″N 89°48′00″E / 22.66667°N 89.80000°E / 22.66667; 89.80000Coordinates: 22°40′00″N 89°48′00″E / 22.66667°N 89.80000°E / 22.66667; 89.80000
Country Bangladesh
DivisionKhulna Division
CapitalBagerhat
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerMd. Mamunur Rashid
Area
 • Total3,959.11 km2 (1,528.62 sq mi)
Elevation
2 m (7 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total1,476,090
 • Density370/km2 (970/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total44.3%
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
9300
HDI (2019)0.649[1]
medium · 4th of 20

Bagerhat District (Bengali: বাগেরহাট, pron: bageɾɦaʈ) is a district in south-western Bangladesh. It is a part of the Khulna Division.[2]

Geography[edit]

Bagerhat district has a total area of 3959.11 square kilometres. It is bounded by Gopalganj District and Narail District on the north, The Bay of Bengal on the south, Gopalganj District, Pirojpur District and Barguna District on the east and Khulna District on the west. Main rivers of the district are Panguchi, Daratana, Madhumati River, Pasur River, Haringhata, Mongla River, Baleshwar, Bangra and Goshairkhali.

History[edit]

Bagerhat city is famous for its mosques. Muslim Saint Khan Jahan Ali founded this town. He was a saint of the 15th century, possibly of Turkic origin. At the time of his reign, Bagerhat was a part of the Sunderbans. He cleared the forest and made it habitable. He named it "Khalifabad". He erected many official buildings to run his administration. He also built many mosques and dug tanks. The buildings erected by him are now all in ruins. The city of Bagerhat has been given the status of a World Heritage Site. This honour was conferred by UNESCO in 1973. Source[3]

Located at the confluence of two historical rivers, the Brahmaputra River and the Ganges, Bagerghat is also known as the Mosque City for the presence of a large number of mosques in the district. The domed structures of the mosques built with bricks in the 15th century is considered an architectural marvel.[4]

Bagerhat was declared a district in 1984.[2] The district today is the fourth largest district in Bangladesh at the basis of area.

Economy[edit]

Port of Mongla, one of the two main ports of Bangladesh, is located in Bagerhat District. Rampal and Fakirhat, two upazilas of Bagerhat is known as Qwait of Bangladesh due to its huge production of shrimp and earning a lot of foreign exchange.(55%)

Points of interest[edit]

  • Port of Mongla
  • Sundarban
  • Ghora Dighi
  • Kodla Math or Ayudha Math
  • Durgapur Shiva Math
  • Sundarban Resort, Barakpur
  • Chandramahol, Ronjitpur
  • Dohajari Shib Bari, Fakirhat

District[edit]

Bagerhat is divided into 9 upazilas, 77 union parishads, 1031 villages, 687 mouzas, 3 municipalities, 27 wards and 56 mahallas. The upazilas are:

Administration[edit]

Administrator of Zila Porishod: Sheikh Kamruzzaman (Tuku) [1]

Deputy Commissioner (DC): Md. Akram Hossain [2]

Transport[edit]

Once upon a time there were train communication between Bagerhat & Khulna. The best way to go to Bagerhat from Dhaka is to take a bus which takes five to eight hours. By air you have to go to Jessore airport then take a bus to the city.[citation needed]

Media[edit]

Print media:

  • The Daily Star (National)
  • Prothom Alo (National)
  • The Daily Kaler kantho (National)
  • The Daily Jugantar (National)
  • The Daily Janakantha (National)
  • Daily Purbanchal (Local)
  • Daily Inkilab (National)

Telecommunication[edit]

Telecommunications:

Demographics[edit]

At the time of the 2011 census Bagerhat district had a population of 1,476,090. This was a decline of 4.7% from 2001, when the population was 1,549,031. Of this population 740,138 were males and 735,952 were females. 86.77% lives in rural areas while 13.23% lives in urban areas. The literacy rate is 58.98%: it is 59.97% for males and 57.99% for females.[5]

Religion[edit]

Religions in Bagerhat district (2011)[5]
Religion Percent
Muslims
81.20%
Hindus
18.35%
Other or not stated
0.45%

The district of Bagerhat consists 7815 mosques, 238 temples, 17 churches and seven tombs. The Sixty Domes Mosque or Shat Gambuj Masjid is famous mosque. Khan Jahan Ali's tomb is the famous tombs. Muslims are the major religion with 81.20% population, while Hindus are 18.35%.

Bagerhat used to have nearly 30% Hindus in 1981, but the Hindu population has declined significantly since then and the proportion has reduced to below 20%. The Hindu population declined much faster over period 2001-2011 than the district population as a whole: 11% compared to 4.7% for the district as a whole.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b Kamal, HM Khaled (2012). "Bagerhat District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. ^ https://www.doschooling.com/2020/06/bagerhat.html
  4. ^ "Mosque City of Bagerhat - A UNESCO World Heritage Site". BANGLADESH.COM. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  5. ^ a b c "Bangladesh Population & Housing Census 2011" (PDF).

External links[edit]