Daugavgrīva castle

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Daugavgrīva Castle
Near Riga in Latvia
Daugavils pirms 1577.jpg
Daugavgrīva Castle in 1577.
Daugavgrīva castle is located in Latvia
Daugavgrīva castle
Daugavgrīva castle
Location of Daugavgrīva castle ruins
Coordinates 57°03′17″N 24°05′34″E / 57.05480°N 24.09272°E / 57.05480; 24.09272
Type Castle
Site information
Open to
the public
yes
Condition ruins
Site history
Built 1305
Built by Livonian Branch of the Teutonic Knights
Materials dolostone
Demolished by 1653

Daugavgrīva Castle (German: Dünamünde; Polish: Dynemunt; Russian: Усть-Двинск or Ust`-Dvinsk) is a former monastery converted into a castle, located at Vecdaugava oxbow on right bank of Daugava, in the northern part of Riga city, Latvia. Nowadays here are seen only earthen ramparts.

Ruins of Daugavgrīva Medieval castle (2004)
Daugavgriva Castle engraved by Giacomo Lauro in 1601.

History[edit]

The first settlement, Daugavgrīva Abbey, was established on the right bank of the Daugava river, 13 miles from Bishop Albert of Riga's residence in Riga, by Cistercian monks from Pforta in 1205. Theoderich von Treyden was an early abbot, while during the 1210s Count Bernhard II of Lippe was its abbot. During a raid of tribal Curonians in 1228,[1] the monastery and its tombs were destroyed, although the monks rebuilt the abbey after fighting died down. They also had to endure abuse by the undisciplined crusaders of the Livonian Order. Those knights were defeated at the Battle of Saule, however, and their remnants were incorporated into the Teutonic Knights in 1237. Until 1452 the territory of Siggelkow in Mecklenburg was owned by the monastery. In 1305, the local abbot sold the monastery to the Livonian Branch of the Teutonic Knights, who began construction of the fortress of Dünamünde.

In 1329, the knights' castle was taken by the burghers of Riga, who were forced to return it to the knights in 1435. In 1481, the knights closed the Daugava to navigation by stretching an iron chain from Dünamünde to the opposite riverbank, thus hoping to ruin Riga's trade. In retaliation the citizens of Riga captured Dünamünde and destroyed it. The knights returned to rebuild the stronghold eight years later. Because Riga itself was controlled by the Archbishops, the local administrative seat (Komturei) of the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights was located in Dünamünde.

In 1561 during the Livonian War, Dünamünde became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and afterwards of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

The Siege of Daugavgrīva Castle during the Polish-Swedish War in 1601. Engraving of Džakomo Lauro.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See the Livonian Chronicle by Hermann de Wartberge, as cited here.

Sources[edit]

  • Zarāns, Alberts (2006). Latvijas pilis un muižas. Castles and manors of Latvia (in Latvian and English). Riga. ISBN 9984-785-05-X. OCLC 72358861. 

External links[edit]