DeBakey High School for Health Professions
- For the school in Qatar see DeBakey High School for Health Professions at Qatar.
|DeBakey High School for Health Professions|
|3100 Shenandoah, Houston, Texas, 77021 United States|
|Type||Public School (US)|
|TEA Rating||Exemplary (2010-2011)|
It has been named the number one public high school in Houston by the Houston Chronicle, the Houston Press, and Children at Risk and number 26 in best high schools in the United States by US News in 2013. DeBakey High School, which serves grades 9 through 12, is a part of the Houston Independent School District and is east of the Texas Medical Center. It is the only HISD magnet high school for health professions. The school was named after Michael E. DeBakey, a famous heart surgeon. DeBakey does not automatically take in students from the surrounding neighborhood; the surrounding neighborhood is zoned to Yates High School. Nearly 1200 students take entrance exams for 200-300 spots each year.
Its intention is to be a high school with a specialized focus in medical courses, and therefore does not offer the range of classes found in a standard comprehensive high school.
With an initial student body of 45, the High School for Health Professions opened in 1972 as part of a partnership between HISD and the Baylor College of Medicine. The curriculum was shaped in its early years as DeBakey was the world's first high school to specialize in medical professions. Perry Weston was the first principal.
In the 1984–1985 school year, of the HISD campuses, DeBakey had the lowest percentage of failing grades. In the fall semester, 7% of grades were failing, while in the spring semester, 6% of grades were failing.
The school was renamed after Michael E. DeBakey in 1996.
Plans for the school to be relocated within the Texas Medical Center were made but soon canceled because the Houston Independent School District decided to renovate instead. Renovations started August 2006 and ended in 2008.
In 2006 the HISD board considered moving the Kay On-Going Education Center, a special school for pregnant girls, to an unused area within DeBakey High School. DeBakey had around 30 unused classrooms, and HISD administrators argued that the Texas Medical Center location would be of use to pregnant students. Jennifer Radcliffe of the Houston Chronicle said that the proposed plan yielded a "mixed" reaction in DeBakey parents and students. Some signed a petition asking the district not to merge Kay On-Going into DeBakey. Ultimately HISD did not go forward with the plan. Instead it moved into Kay On-Going into the Carter Career Center in the Fifth Ward.
The Supreme Education Council of Qatar opened a branch version of DeBakey, DeBakey High School for Health Professions at Qatar, in its country, with Charlesetta Deason, formerly principal of the Houston school, as the head of the Qatar school. Deason began her term as the Houston DeBakey principal in 1989.
In 2012, four DeBakey juniors qualified for the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair, two of them placed second in their respective categories detailing chitosan nanoparticles.
The school uses the Otis-Lennon School Abilities Test to screen applicants. As of 2008 it is the only Houston public high school to use this test, and as of that year its annual applicant count is 1,200. DeBakey also appraises each student's conduct at his/her previous school.
DeBakey offers pre-advanced placement(PAP) classes in foreign languages, mathematics, science, social sciences, and English in 9th and 10th grade, as well as 18 Advanced Placement classes: AP English Literature, AP English Language, AP Spanish Language, AP World History, AP US History, AP Computer Science, AP Calculus AB, AP Calculus BC, AP Macroeconomics, AP US Government and Politics, AP Physics 1, AP Physics 2, AP Statistics, AP Chemistry, AP Biology, AP Environmental Science, AP Psychology, and AP Studio Art, which includes 2-D Design and Drawing.
The school requires students to fulfill these class requirements to graduate as DeBakey scholars:
- 5 years of mathematics (culminating in AP Calculus)
- 5 years of science (culminating in an AP-level course)
- 4 years of health sciences
- 4 years of social studies
- 3 years of a foreign language (same language for all 3 years)
- 1 year of a computer course, Business Information Management or AP Computer Science
- 1 year of fine arts or theater
- 1 year of physical education
- 1 semester of communication applications
- 1 semester of study skills
- 1 semester of SAT preparation
William G. Ouchi, author of Making Schools Work: A Revolutionary Plan to Get Your Children the Education They Need, wrote that the large number of course requirements make it so that "virtually all of the courses are required, and every class is full." Its required coursework, as of 2008, includes four years each of health sciences, English, mathematics, science, and social studies. It also requires students to take word processing, computer processing, and three years in one foreign language.
DeBakey has been widely recognized for its performance in academics,[who?] particularly in math and science. The students score an average of a 3.7/5 on their AP examinations, which is higher than the typical average of 3.03. In 2011, DeBakey was ranked as the number 11 best school for math and science by the USNews Rankings, and it has been recognized each year for black student performance on the AP Calculus AB examination by the College Board.
Academic performance and funding
Typically students score higher than average schools on the SAT and the ACT, scoring an average composite 1829 and 27.1 respectively, and perform exceptionally well on state tests. Almost all students attending DeBakey graduate from high school. As of 2011 DeBakey's per-pupil spending was $8,807 per student, $1,450 over the Greater Houston average, $7,355.
In 2000 $8 million in university scholarship funds, with a per-student average of $47,059, was distributed to 170 students in the DeBakey class of 2000.
As of 2008 98% of its students of each class matriculate to colleges and universities. Typically the University of Houston and Baylor College of Medicine give scholarships covering all tuition expenses to about ten students per class. About 4% of the graduates of DeBakey in the 1975-1988 period attended medical school while the national percentage is 0.6%.
According to the 2014 accountability rating by the Texas Education Agency (TEA)  Debakey high school met the standard, and had academic achievements in: Reading/English Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies. TEA included Michael E. DeBakey High School for Health Professions in the top 25 percent in closing performance gaps.
Each year, students are required to complete a Health Science Technology (HST) class, which serve as the principle magnet program for the school. The course selection includes:
- 9th grade- A full year course on Medical terminology and how to act morally.
- 10th grade- A full year course on anatomy.
- 11th grade- 2 month programs rotating around dentistry, clinical rotations, and medical laboratory, through which students gain hands-on experience with activities such as performing reflex tests, making mouth molds through plaster, and performing urine and blood specimen exams. This class is 2 periods long.
- 12th grade- 2 month program rotating around biomedical-engineering and world health, physiology, and preceptorship. The preceptorship program revolves around 3 sets of 6 day shadowing opportunities around the Texas Medical Center, with programs such as research at Rice University, neurology at the Veteran's Affair Hospital, nutritional research at the Children's Hospital, and a look into the Houston Veterinarian Society. This class is 2 periods long.
Students ultimately interact and are able to learn first-hand from physicians, surgeons and other professionals who work at various institutions of the Texas Medical Center. They frequently witness live surgeries there and attend seminars, making the learning experience quite unlike courses offered at other public schools in HISD.
The DeBakey orchestra is composed of musicians from 9th through 12th grades selected after a rigorous audition process. The orchestra includes strings, woodwinds, brass, percussion and piano. The class is offered as part of the school's fine arts curricula, providing the students with the opportunity to earn fine arts and/or elective credits. Musicians from the DeBakey orchestra are also welcomed to participate in Region and All-State Orchestras as well as in the University Interscholastic League (UIL) competition that takes place every year. The DeBakey orchestra is led by the music director, Carlos Guillermo Jung.
Students in the school are required to wear school uniforms. In 2010, the school announced that its new uniform code will require students to buy shirts from the parent teacher organization. The shirts must have a DeBakey logo. This led to protests from students and parents who were unwilling to spend additional money on school-mandated clothes; DeBakey's student body as of that year was 55% free lunch or reduced lunch.
As of 2010-2011 school year, the school was made up of 58% female and 42% male students. Of these, 23% were African American, 37% were Asian, 30% were Hispanic, <1% were Native American, and 8% were White. 100% of DeBakey students passed the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS), and 100% of the class completed their four years at the school. Nearly half of the class was on free or reduced lunch. 
In 2008 Ouchi characterized the student body as "diverse". Deason stated in 1999 that the student body, smaller than that of comprehensive high schools, "creates a family atmosphere"; that year there were 730 students.
The school offers more than twenty-five clubs. Clubs include the newly added European Club, Writing Club, Health Occupation Students of America, BSU (Black Student Union), VISA (Vietnamese International Student Association), OLA (Organization for Latin Americans), DeBakey Music Club, the Filipino American club (Fil-Am), honor societies including chapters of the BETA club, the National Honor Society, and the Spanish National Honor Society.
Houston ISD provides bus transportation to students who live more than two miles from DeBakey or students with major transportation obstacles. Many students choose to ride the bus, as many live more than eight to twenty miles away from the campus. The average time to reach the school by a school bus is one hour even for students who live relatively close to the school because some buses must make multiple stops; other students choose to carpool or drive themselves to school.
METRO routes that serve DeBakey High School include 60 (South MacGregor/Hardy) and 68 (Brays Bayou Crosstown).
DeBakey's official mascot is the viper, and some important school days that it celebrates include:
- Scientific Symposium - A list of seminars being held at the school in which experienced professionals, mostly physicians and researchers, from the Houston area give information about their work.
- International Festival - A celebration emphasizing the cultures of the school, in which students dress up in their native culture and give cultural performances to the entire school.
- Talent Show - A talent show that the entire school attends.
- Field Day - A full day event in March that has fun activities for students, food, competitions among classes in many sports, and ultimately a class spirit performance.
- Fall Festival- School-wide event in which the grade levels compete with each other for the highest number of points throughout different activities. Students choose representatives to participate in the events.
DeBakey has no feeder patterns since it is a magnet school, so no students are zoned to it. DeBakey accepts children from many Houston ISD middle schools.
Life after high school
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Most DeBakey students choose either the University of Houston or the University of Texas at Austin after graduation. A unique program specifically for DeBakey graduates known as the UH-Baylor program allows around 10 DeBakey students to be guaranteed admission to the Baylor College of Medicine after four years of classes at the University of Houston. A considerable amount attend private Texas schools such as Trinity University, Baylor University, University of St. Thomas, Texas Southern University, and Houston Baptist University, as well as out of state colleges such as Knox College, Loyola University New Orleans, Pace University, Howard University, and Case Western University. DeBakey graduates are also represented in the nation's leading national universities such as Harvard University, Rice University, University of California at Berkeley, Stanford University, Northwestern University, the University of Chicago, University of Notre Dame, Emory University, University of Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as well as in top liberal arts colleges such as Amherst College, Pomona College, and Colgate University.
- Falkenberg, Lisa. (commentary) "Let's thank DeBakey for school, too." Houston Chronicle. Tuesday July 15, 2008. Retrieved on November 20, 2011.
- "Yates High School Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District.
- Ouchi, William G. Making Schools Work: A Revolutionary Plan to Get Your Children the Education They Need. Simon & Schuster, June 24, 2008. ISBN 1439108102, 9781439108109. p. 45.
- "DeBakey principal taking school's premise abroad." Houston Chronicle. May 28, 2008.
- Roberts, Marnie. "Rigor and Vigor: Three Schools Reap Results." Techniques: Connecting Education and Careers, 1999, Vol.74(6), p. 20–23. Cited: p. 22.
- Hunt, Dianna. "Fewer failing grades since start of no-pass rule". Houston Chronicle. Saturday June 29, 1985. Section 1, Page 22. Retrieved on December 8, 2011.
- Blue Ribbon Schools Program, Schools Recognized 1982-1983 Through 1999-2002 (PDF)
- Microsoft Word - list-2003.doc
- Radcliffe, Jennifer. "HISD offers plan to save school for pregnant teens." Houston Chronicle. Tuesday May 9, 2006. Retrieved on December 8, 2011.
- Radcliffe, Jennifer. "COMMUNITIES & NEIGHBORHOODS / School won't relocate to DeBakey High / HISD will move the program for pregnant teens elsewhere after controversy ensues". Houston Chronicle. Saturday, June 24, 2006. B2. Retrieved on December 8, 2011.
- Roberts, Marnie. "Rigor and Vigor: Three Schools Reap Results." Techniques: Connecting Education and Careers, 1999, Vol.74(6), p. 20–23. Cited: p. 21.
- "HISD breaks ground on four new campuses, celebrates first project to ‘go vertical’." Houston Independent School District. December 18, 2014. Retrieved on December 21, 2014.
- "DeBakey HS breaks ground for new school in Texas Medical Center." Houston Independent School District. December 16, 2014. Retrieved on December 21, 2014.
- Mellon, Ericka. "Big spending may not spell school success in Houston." Houston Chronicle. Monday April 18, 2011. Retrieved on December 30, 2011.
- Ouchi, William G. Making Schools Work: A Revolutionary Plan to Get Your Children the Education They Need. Simon & Schuster, June 24, 2008. ISBN 1439108102, 9781439108109. p. 46.
- Ouchi, William G. Making Schools Work: A Revolutionary Plan to Get Your Children the Education They Need. Simon & Schuster, June 24, 2008. ISBN 1439108102, 9781439108109. p. 45-46.
- 2014 Texas Academic Performance Report
- "Standard Dress Code." DeBakey High School for Health Professions. Retrieved on January 17, 2009.
- Downing, Margaret. "DeBakey PTA Takes Over Uniform Sales; Students Cry Excuse Me But Foul!" Houston Press. Monday July 12, 2010. Retrieved on July 23, 2010.
- "Clubs." DeBakey High School for Health Professions.
- "About Us." St. Mark's Episcopal School.
- "Presbyterian School Class of 2004." Presbyterian School.