Detroit Belle Isle Grand Prix
|Location||The Raceway on Belle Isle
|Corporate sponsor||Quicken Loans|
|Distance||164.22 miles (264.286 km)|
|Previous names||Detroit Grand Prix (1982–87)
EniChem Detroit Grand Prix (1988)
Valvoline Detroit Grand Prix (1989–1991)
ITT Automotive Detroit Grand Prix (1992–1998)
Tenneco Automotive Grand Prix of Detroit (1999–2001)
Detroit Indy Grand Prix Presented by Firestone (2007–2008)
Chevrolet Detroit Belle Isle Grand Prix Presented by shopautoweek.com (2012)
Chevrolet Indy Dual In Detroit Presented by Quicken Loans (2013)
|Most wins (driver)||3 drivers tied (2)|
|Most wins (team)||Penske Racing (6)|
|Most wins (manufacturer)||Reynard (6)|
|Length||2.36 mi (3.80 km)|
|Lap record||1:10.3162 (Scott Dixon, Dallara DW12-Honda, 2012, IndyCar)|
The Chevrolet Indy Dual in Detroit presented by Quicken Loans is a weekend of professional auto racing held at the Renaissance Center and later Belle Isle in Detroit, United States. It has been held from 1989–2001 and from 2007–08, restarting in 2012. It has headlined the CART open-wheel series in the first era and the IndyCar Series in the latter, supported by feeders such as the Indy Lights and Formula Atlantic and top-level sports car series such as the Trans-Am Series and the ALMS. It has been held in June, after the Milwakuee and before the Portland.
Open wheel racing in Detroit dates back to the 1920s–1950s, when AAA held the Detroit 100 at the Michigan State Fairgrounds Speedway. AAA also held one five-mile (8 km), non-championship race at Grosse Pointe in 1905.
The current race has its origins dating back to 1982 when it was a Formula One World Championship event held on the Detroit street circuit encompassing the Renaissance Center. The original circuit was 2.493 miles (4.012 km) with seventeen corners, and proved to be even slower than Monaco. The rough, demanding, course even included a railroad track crossing and mimicked Monaco, with a tunnel on the main straight. While officially the Detroit Grand Prix, it also has been referred to as the United States Grand Prix East, because there were multiple Grands Prix in the U.S. at the time. By the time of the 1988 race, FISA, the governing body of Formula One, had declared the street circuit's temporary pits were not up to the required standard and for 1989 the race was planned to be moved to Belle Isle, a city park in the Detroit River, but an agreement could not be established. Instead, in 1989 Formula One left Detroit permanently, and the U.S. Grand Prix moved to Phoenix.
The Detroit Street Circuit does however hold a special place in Formula One history. In 1983, Italian driver Michele Alboreto drove his Tyrrell 011 to victory in the US Grand Prix East in what would prove to be the 155th and last ever F1 win by the legendary Cosworth DFV V8 engine.
For 1989, the race in Detroit was replaced by a CART event. Instead of moving the race, CART utilized a slightly modified version of the street circuit, eliminating the chicane on the main straight (something the F1 drivers had been calling for since the first race in 1982). The race was held on this 2.52-mile (4.06 km) layout for three years. Beginning in 1992, the race was moved to the previously planned temporary course on Belle Isle. The first layout measured 2.1 miles (3.4 km). After a subtle reconfiguration, and due to CART remeasuring all circuits in 1997, the track then measured 2.346 miles (3.776 km).
The event, along with the Michigan 500, provided two CART races in southern Michigan annually.
The 2000 event saw young Brazilian Hélio Castroneves score his first Champ Car victory for Marlboro Team Penske. After his victory lap, he stopped on the frontstretch and climbed the catch fencing in an apparent effort to share his joy with the spectators. Helio became known as "Spider-Man" because of this celebration, which has been repeated in his later victories.
Even though the track was a temporary street course, it is known as The Raceway on Belle Isle. It was widely criticized for its narrowness, poor access, and its overall uncompetitive nature. Participants also disliked the facility because of its lack of paved areas for support activities. Paddock areas were often muddy and unable to accommodate the teams.
After 2001, CART chose to drop the race from the schedule.
In 2006, Roger Penske spearheaded talks to revive the race for 2007 as part of the ALMS and IndyCar Series schedules. Penske had recently experienced tremendous success as head of the Super Bowl XL Detroit Metro Host Committee. On September 29, 2006, it was announced that the Detroit Indy Grand Prix would return as the tenth race of the ALMS's 12-race season and penultimate race of the IndyCar Series' seventeen-race schedule.
To improve access to the track, a park-and-ride system, similar to what was used at Super Bowl XL, was implemented. Further paddock and track work was completed before the race. The 2007 event attracted a strong crowd, and was considered a success. It was held again in 2008.
On December 18, 2008, the scheduled race for 2009 was canceled. The ongoing automotive economic crisis, and its impact on the Detroit-area was the primary reason. Roger Penske did not rule out a return in the future.
On September 20, 2011, race organizers gained approval from Detroit City Council to use the updated track and support area on Belle Isle. On October 11, 2011, it was announced that the race would return starting in 2012. The event returned to its 1998–2001 layout starting with the 2013 race.
Beginning in 2013, the event was expanded to become a "doubleheader" with separate, full points-paying races on both Saturday and Sunday.
|Season||Date||Driver||Team||Chassis||Engine||Race Distance||Race Time||Average Speed
|Grosse Pointe dirt oval|
|1905||August 8||Webb Jay||White||White steam engine|
|AAA Championship Car history (Michigan State Fairgrounds dirt oval)|
|1928||June 10||Ray Keech||Miller||Miller|
|1929||June 9||Cliff Woodbury||Miller||Miller|
|1930||June 9||Wilbur Shaw||Smith||Miller|
|1931||June 14||Louis Meyer||Stevens||Miller|
|1932||June 9||Bob Carey||Stevens||Miller|
|1932||September 10||Mauri Rose||Stevens||Miller|
|1932||June 11||Bill Cummings||Miller||Miller|
|1933–1948: Not held|
|1949||September 11||Tony Bettenhausen||Kurtis Kraft||Offenhauser|
|1950||September 10||Henry Banks||Moore||Offenhauser|
|1951||September 9||Paul Russo||Russo/Nichels||Offenhauser|
|1952||August 30||Bill Vukovich||Kuzma||Offenhauser|
|1953||July 4||Rodger Ward||Kurtis Kraft||Offenhauser|
|USAC Championship Car history (Michigan State Fairgrounds dirt oval)|
|1957||June 23||Jimmy Bryan||Kuzma||Offenhauser||100||100 (160.934)||1:14:47||80.232|
|CART Champ Car history (Renaissance Center)|
|1989||June 18||Emerson Fittipaldi||Patrick Racing||Penske||Ilmor-Chevrolet||62||155 (249.448)||2:02:11||76.112||Report|
|1990||June 17||Michael Andretti||Newman/Haas Racing||Lola||Ilmor-Chevrolet||62||155 (249.448)||1:49:32||84.902||Report|
|1991||June 16||Emerson Fittipaldi||Penske Racing||Penske||Ilmor-Chevrolet||62||156.24 (251.443)||1:57:19||79.455||Report|
|CART Champ Car history (Belle Isle)|
|1992||June 7||Bobby Rahal||Rahal/Hogan Racing||Lola||Ilmor-Chevrolet||77||161.7 (260.23)||1:58:20||81.989||Report|
|1993||June 13||Danny Sullivan||Galles Racing||Lola||Ilmor-Chevrolet||77||161.7 (260.23)||1:56:43||83.116||Report|
|1994||June 12||Paul Tracy||Penske Racing||Penske||Ilmor||77||161.7 (260.23)||1:52:29||86.245||Report|
|1995||June 11||Robby Gordon||Walker Racing||Reynard||Ford||77||161.7 (260.23)||1:56:11||83.499||Report|
|1996||June 9||Michael Andretti||Newman/Haas Racing||Lola||Ford||72*||151.2 (243.332)||2:00:44||75.136||Report|
|1997||June 8||Greg Moore||Forsythe Racing||Reynard||Mercedes||77||161.7 (260.23)||1:52:45||86.047||Report|
|1998||June 7||Alex Zanardi||Chip Ganassi Racing||Reynard||Honda||72||168.912 (271.837)||1:41:17||100.052||Report|
|1999||August 8||Dario Franchitti||Team Green||Reynard||Honda||71||166.566 (268.061)||2:02:24||81.643||Report|
|2000||June 18||Hélio Castroneves||Penske Racing||Reynard||Honda||84||197.064 (317.143)||2:01:23||97.401||Report|
|2001||June 7||Hélio Castroneves||Penske Racing||Reynard||Honda||72||168.912 (271.837)||1:53:51||89.008||Report|
|IndyCar Series history (Belle Isle)|
|2007||September 2||Tony Kanaan||Andretti Green Racing||Dallara||Honda||89*||186.544 (300.213)||2:11:51||83.841||Report|
|2008||August 31||Justin Wilson||Newman/Haas/Lanigan Racing||Dallara||Honda||87*||182.352 (293.467)||2:00:11||89.911||Report|
|2009–2011: Not held|
|2012||June 3||Scott Dixon||Chip Ganassi Racing||Dallara||Honda||60*||124.2 (199.88)||1:27:40||85.012||Report|
|2013||June 1||Mike Conway||Dale Coyne Racing||Dallara||Honda||70||164.22 (264.286)||1:48:45||90.753||Report|
|June 2||Simon Pagenaud||Schmidt Peterson Hamilton HP Motorsports||Dallara||Honda||70||164.22 (264.286)||1:56:15||84.906|
|2014||May 31||Will Power||Team Penske||Dallara||Chevrolet||70||164.22 (264.286)||1:49:30||90.138||Report|
|June 1||Hélio Castroneves||Team Penske||Dallara||Chevrolet||70||164.22 (264.286)||1:45:53||93.211|
|2015||May 30||Carlos Munoz||Andretti Autosport||Dallara||Honda||47*||110.45 (177.752)||1:27:46||75.51||Report|
|May 31||Sebastien Bourdais||KV Racing Technology||Dallara||Chevrolet||68*||159.8 (257.173)||2:00:38||79.476|
- 1996, 2007, & 2008: Race shortened due to time limit.
- 2012: Race shortened due to 2 hour delay for track repair with darkness approaching and concerns over whether the patched track would survive the remaining distance.
- 2015: First race shortened due to rain. Second race shortened due to time limit.
Detroit Sports Car Classic
|American Le Mans Series|
|Year||LMP1 Winning Team||LMP2 Winning Team||GT1 Winning Team||GT2 Winning Team||Results|
|LMP1 Winning Drivers||LMP2 Winning Drivers||GT1 Winning Drivers||GT2 Winning Drivers|
|2007||#2 Audi Sport North America||#7 Penske Racing||#3 Corvette Racing||#62 Risi Competizione||Results|
| Emanuele Pirro
| Timo Bernhard
| Johnny O'Connell
| Mika Salo
|2008||#37 Intersport Racing||#26 Andretti Green Racing||#4 Corvette Racing||#45 Flying Lizard Motorsports||Results|
| John Field
| Franck Montagny
| Olivier Beretta
| Jörg Bergmeister
|Rolex Sports Car Series|
|Year||DP Winning Team||GT Winning Team||Results|
|DP Winning Drivers||GT Winning Drivers|
|2012||#9 Action Express Racing||#88 Autohaus Motorsports||Results|
| João Barbosa
J. C. France
| Paul Edwards
|Year||DP Winning Team||GT Winning Team||GX Winning Team||Results|
|DP Winning Drivers||GT Winning Drivers||GX Winning Drivers|
|2013||#10 Wayne Taylor Racing||#57 Stevenson Motorsports||#00 Speedsource||Results|
| Max Angelelli
| John Edwards
| Joel Miller
|United SportsCar Championship|
|Year||Prototype Winning Team||GT Daytona Winning Team||Results|
|Prototype Winning Drivers||GT Daytona Winning Drivers|
|2014||#10 Wayne Taylor Racing||#63 Scuderia Corsa||Results|
| Jordan Taylor
| Alessandro Balzan
|1983||June 5||Josele Garza|
|1989||June 18||Ted Prappas|
|1990||June 17||Tommy Byrne|
|1991||June 16||Eric Bachelart|
|1992||June 7||Adrián Fernández|
|1993||June 13||Steve Robertson|
|1994||June 12||Steve Robertson|
|1995||June 11||Robbie Buhl|
|1996||June 9||Tony Kanaan|
|1997||June 8||Tony Kanaan|
|1998||June 7||Airton Daré|
|1999||August 8||Derek Higgins|
|2000||June 18||Jonny Kane|
|2001–2011: Not held|
|2012||June 2||Gustavo Yacamán|
Trans-Am Motor City 100 winners
|1984||Tom Gloy||Mercury Capri|
|1985||Elliott Forbes-RobinsonA||Buick Regal|
|1986||Wally Dallenbach, Jr.||Chevrolet Camaro|
|1987||Scott Pruett||Merkur XR4Ti|
|1988||Hurley Haywood||Audi Quattro|
|1989||Greg Pickett||Chevrolet Camaro|
|1992||Tommy Archer||Dodge Daytona|
|1993||Dorsey Schroeder||Ford Mustang|
|1995||Ron Fellows||Chevrolet Camaro|
|1996||Dorsey Schroeder||Ford Mustang|
|1998||Paul Gentilozzi||Chevrolet Camaro|
|1999||Brian Simo||Ford Mustang|
|2000||Paul Gentilozzi||Jaguar XKR|
- Ayrton Senna: Racing in My Blood, Official Video Biography (Kultur Video, 1991)
- "Detroit IndyCar race no-go for 2009". indystar.com. 2008-12-18. Retrieved 2008-12-18.[dead link]
- "INDYCAR: Detroit Cancelled for 2009, Vision Racing Trims Staff". speedtv.com. 2008-12-18. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
- "City Council OKs Detroit Grand Prix request". espn.com. 2011-09-20. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
- Belle Isle will host 2012 Detroit Grand Prix
- Cavin, Curt (2012-06-04). "IndyCar Series | Indianapolis Star". indystar.com. Retrieved 2014-06-28.