Texas World Speedway
|Location||College Station, Texas, United States|
|Length||2 mi (3.2 km)|
|Length||2.9 mi (4.67 km)|
Texas World Speedway, was built in 1969 and is one of only seven superspeedways of two miles (3 km) or greater in the United States used for racing, the others being Indianapolis, Daytona, Pocono, Talladega, Auto Club, and Michigan (there are several tracks of similar size used for vehicle testing). TWS is located on approximately 600 acres (2.4 km²) on State Highway 6 in College Station, Texas. There is a 2-mile (3 km) oval, and several road course configurations. The full oval configuration is closely related to that of Michigan and is often considered the latter's sister track, featuring steeper banking, at 22 degrees in the turns, 12 degrees at the start/finish line, and only 2 degrees along the backstretch, compared to Michigan's respective 18, 12, and 5 degrees. The last major race occurred at the track in 1981. The track is still used by amateur racing clubs such as the SCCA, NASA, Porsche Club of America, Corinthian Vintage Auto Racing, CMRA, driving schools and car clubs, as well as hosting music concerts and the like.
During the 1980s the track fell into a state of disrepair, and both NASCAR and the Indy cars chose to drop it from their respective schedules. It continued to operate in a limited role for amateur racing. In 1991 Ishin Speed Sport, Inc. purchased the facility and repaved and modestly refurbished it. It hosted races for ARCA, but after 1993 the company withdrew. The facility has since served as a venue for amateur and club racing, along with private testing. NASCAR teams have used the oval for testing (as it mimics Michigan and Fontana), as a way of skirting the tight restrictions prohibiting testing on active tracks on the schedule.
During a January 2009 test, Greg Biffle managed to reach a top speed of 218 mph (351 km/h) in a test for Roush Fenway Racing as part of evading NASCAR's testing ban. This became the fastest speed ever achieved on this track by a stock car (amateur or professional). The average speed for the full lap was 195 mph (314 km/h).
On February 3, 1993, Jeff Andretti set the (then) unofficial closed-course speed record for IndyCars of 234.5 MPH, the fastest speed ever recorded at Texas World Speedway, while testing for the 1993 Indianapolis 500. This marked his first time back in an IndyCar since the 1992 Indianapolis 500 when he lost a wheel and crashed head-on into the wall, smashing both his legs. Andretti's fast run came at the conclusion of two days of testing where he consistently posted laps in the 230 MPH range. Andretti's Buick-powered Lola was prepared by Pagan Racing of Corpus Christi, Texas.
Texas World Speedway was also the site of the 1974 Willie Nelson's Fourth of July Picnic with Willie Nelson and his guests Jimmy Buffett, Townes Van Zandt, and Kinky Friedman performing as well. It was also known for a fire that destroyed several cars including one owned by Robert Earl Keen. The cover of Robert's album, Picnic, shows a picture of his car on fire at the picnic.
|Season||Race Name||Winning Driver||Chassis||Engine||Tires||Team|
|1973||Texas 200||Al Unser||Parnelli||Offenhauser||Firestone||Vels Parnelli Jones|
|1976||Texas 150||A. J. Foyt||Coyote||Foyt||Goodyear||Gilmore Racing|
|Benihana World Series of Auto Racing||Johnny Rutherford||McLaren||Offenhauser||Goodyear||Team McLaren|
|1977||Texas Grand Prix||Tom Sneva||McLaren||Cosworth||Goodyear||Team Penske|
|American Parts 200||Johnny Rutherford||McLaren||Cosworth||Goodyear||Team McLaren|
|1978||Coors 200||Danny Ongais||Parnelli||Cosworth||Goodyear||Interscope Racing|
|Texas Grand Prix||A. J. Foyt||Coyote||Foyt||Goodyear||Gilmore Racing|
|1979||Coors 200||A. J. Foyt||Coyote||Foyt||Goodyear||Gilmore Racing|
|Lubriloln Grand Prix||A. J. Foyt||Parnelli||Cosworth||Goodyear||Gilmore Racing|
|1980||Texas 200||Race cancelled|
NASCAR race winners
|1969 Texas 500||Bobby Isaac||Dodge|
|1971 Texas 500||Richard Petty||Plymouth|
|1972 Texas 500||Richard Petty||Dodge|
|1972 Lone Star 500||Buddy Baker||Dodge|
|1973 Alamo 500||Richard Petty||Dodge|
|1979 Texas 400||Darrell Waltrip||Chevrolet|
|1980 Budweiser 400||Cale Yarborough||Chevrolet|
|1981 Budweiser 400||Benny Parsons||Ford|
- Bobby Isaac's 1969 win was his first in a long-distance superspeedway race.
- Richard Petty's 1972 win was his first in a Dodge. His 1971 win was the only time he won the season finale in his illustrious career which saw 200 wins(most of all-time) and 7 Championships(tied for most all-time with Dale Earnhardt and Jimmie Johnson).
- The 1979 400 was NASCAR's first race at Texas after it shut down for the 1974-5 seasons; USAC stock cars and Indycars returned to Texas in 1976.
USAC Stock Cars
- 1973 (April 7) Gordon Johncock
- 1973 (October 6) Roger McCluskey
- 1976 (June 6) A. J. Foyt
- 1976 (August 1) A. J. Foyt
- 1976 (October 31) Bobby Allison
- 1977 (June 5) Bay Darnell
- 1978 (March 12) A. J. Foyt
- 1978 (June 4) Keith Davis
- 1978 (November 12) A. J. Foyt
- 1979 (March 11) A. J. Foyt
- 1979 (November 11) Bobby Allison
- 1980 (March 9) Terry Ryan
SCCA Can-Am winners
|1969||Bruce McLaren||McLaren M8B||Chevrolet|
|1972|| Juan Izquierdo
|1995||Wayne Taylor||Ferrari 333SP|
|1996|| Wayne Taylor
|Riley & Scott Mk III-Oldsmobile|
- "1978 USAC Texas Grand Prix telecast".
- "Notebook: Biffle hits 218 mph in test at Texas World". Nascar.com. January 22, 2009. Retrieved 3 December 2010.