Discoveries in the Judaean Desert

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Discoveries in the Judaean Desert (DJD) is the official 40-volume publication that serves as the editio princeps for the Dead Sea Scrolls.[1] It is published by Oxford University Press.[2]

Publication details[edit]

The international team of scholars, involved in the publishing project, come from North America, Israel, and Europe.[3] Most volumes are written in English; a few volumes are in French. The volumes cover texts from the Qumran findings, as well as analyses of archaeological data and archaeological missions.[3] Volume 39 provides an introduction for, and summaries of, the preceding 38 volumes.

History[edit]

The first wave of publication took place between 1955 and 1982. In this period material from the findings at Qumran was published over seven volumes.[4]. Editor-in-chief of the first five volumes was Roland de Vaux. In the period from 1962 to 1968 the series (spanning vols. 3–4) was, for a limited time, published under the name Discoveries in the Judaean Desert of Jordan. de Vaux was replaced by P. Benoit O.P, who edited volumes 6 and 7. Benoits term as editor ended in 1986. [3] He was replaced by John Strugnell of Harvard Divinity School, who edited volume 8.[4][3][1]

Important editorial work on the biblical scrolls were carried out by Eugene Ulrich, who, for a number of years, assumed special responsibility for this task.[5] From 1985, and onwards, Ulrich functioned as chief editor of all the biblical texts from cave 4.[3]

Towards the end of the 1980s there was some controversy, in the international academic community, surrounding the slow pace of publication. Only eight volumes were published in the period 1955–1990, and it attracted criticism from several commentators. [4][6] [3][1][7] A few explanations for the delay in publication were given. Contributing factors included the lack of funding and scholarly resources.[3]

Soon after this period of controversy, Dr. Emanuel Tov, of Hebrew University in Jerusalem, took over as editor in chief. [2] Under the editorship of Tov, in the early 1990s, the international publishing team was reorganized and enlarged. The reorganization involved support from the Israel Antiquities Authority.[3]During the peak of the publication project, in the 1990s, the international team consisted of ninety-eight scholars.[3] In the ten years leading up to 2001 Dr. Tov and his team issued 28 volumes.[2] Tov resigned as editor-in-chief in 2009.[7]

Reviews and debate[edit]

Marcus[8] reviewed Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, Vol. I: Qumran Cave I. He complimented the authors on their great effort and their contribution to the knowledge of the Qumran findings. On the other hand he pointed out a few inconsistencies in the translation of texts, but only as a fair remark to an otherwise admirable publication.

Knohl [9] reviewed Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, Volume 10: Qumran Cave 4, V. Miqṣat Ma῾ase ha-Torah. He complimented the work of the editors, Strugnell and Qimron, but suggested a different dating for the scroll than the dating stated by the authors.

List of Volumes[edit]

  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 1: D. Barthélemy, O.P. and J. T. Milik (1955). Qumran Cave 1. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (xi + 163 pp. + xxxvii plates)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 2: P. Benoit, O.P., J. T. Milik, and R. de Vaux (1961). Les grottes de Murabba ât. Oxford: Clarendon Press (xv + 314 pp. + cvii plates)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 3: M. Baillet, J. T. Milik, and R. de Vaux (1962). Les ‘petites grottes’ de Qumrân. Oxford: Clarendon Press (xiii + 315 pp. + lxxi plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 4: J. A. Sanders (1965). The Psalms Scroll of Qumrân Cave 11 (11QPsa). Oxford: Clarendon Press (xi + 97 pp. + xvii plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 5: J. M. Allegro with A. A. Anderson (1968). Qumrân Cave 4.I (4Q158–4Q186). Oxford: Clarendon Press ( xii + 111 pp. + xxxi plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 6: R. de Vaux and J. T. Milik (1977). Qumrân grotte 4.II: I. Archéologie, II. Tefillin, Mezuzot et Targums (4Q128–4Q157). Oxford: Clarendon Press (xi + 91 pp. + xxviii plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 7: M. Baillet (1982). Qumrân grotte 4.III (4Q482–4Q520) . Oxford: Clarendon Press (xiv + 339 pp. + lxxx plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 8: E. Tov with the collaboration of R. A. Kraft (1990). The Greek Minor Prophets Scroll from Nah al H ever (8H evXIIgr). Oxford: Clarendon Press (Reprinted with corrections 1995. x + 169 pp. + xx plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 9: P. W. Skehan, E. Ulrich, and J. E. Sanderson (1992). Qumran Cave 4.IV: Palaeo-Hebrew and Greek Biblical Manuscripts. Oxford: Clarendon Press (xiii + 250 pp. + xlvii plates).
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 10: E. Qimron and J. Strugnell (1994). Qumran Cave 4.V: Miqs a t Ma as ´e ha-Torah.Oxford: Clarendon Press. (xiv + 235 pp. + viii plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 11: E. Eshel and others, in consultation with J. VanderKam and M. Brady (1998). Qumran Cave 4.VI: Poetical and Liturgical Texts, Part 1. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (xi + 473 pp. + xxxii plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 12: E. Ulrich, F. M. Cross, and others (1994). Qumran Cave 4.VII: Genesis to Numbers. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (xv + 272 pp. + xlix plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 13: H. Attridge and others, in consultation with J. VanderKam (1994). Qumran Cave 4.VIII: Parabiblical Texts, Part 1. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (x + 470 pp. + xliii plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 14: E. Ulrich, F. M. Cross, and others (1995). Qumran Cave 4.IX: Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Kings. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (xv + 183 pp. + xxxvii plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 15: E. Ulrich and others (1997). Qumran Cave 4.X: The Prophets. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (xv + 325 pp. + lxiv plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 16: E. Ulrich and others (2000). Qumran Cave 4.XI: Psalms to Chronicles. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (xv + 302 pp. + xxxviii plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 17: Frank More Cross, Donald W. Parry, Richard Saley and Eugene Ulrich (Editors) (2005). Qumran Cave 4. XII. 1–2 Samuel. Oxford: Clarendon Press (Pp. xix + 267. 17 Plates)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 18: J. M. Baumgarten (1996). Qumran Cave 4.XIII: The Damascus Document (4Q266–273). Oxford: Clarendon Press. (xix + 236 pp. + xlii plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 19: M. Broshi and others, in consultation with J. VanderKam (1995). Qumran Cave 4.XIV, Parabiblical Texts, Part 2. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (xi + 267 pp. + xxix plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 20: T. Elgvin and others, in consultation with J. A. Fitzmyer, S.J. (1997). Qumran Cave 4.XV: Sapiential Texts, Part 1. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (xi + 246 pp. + xviii plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 21: S. Talmon, J. Ben Dov, and U. Glessmer (2001). Qumran Cave 4.XVI: Calendrical Texts. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (xii + 263 pp. + xiii plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 22: G. Brooke and others, in consultation with J. VanderKam (1996). Qumran Cave 4.XVII: Parabiblical Texts, Part 3. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (xi + 352 pp. + xxix plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 23: F. García Martínez, E. J. C. Tigchelaar, and A. S. van der Woude (1998). Qumran Cave 11.II: 11Q2–18, 11Q20–30. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (xiii + 487 pp. + liv plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 24: M. J. W. Leith (1997). Wadi Daliyeh Seal Impressions. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (xxv + 249 pp. + xxiv plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 25: É. Puech (1998). Qumran Cave 4.XVIII: Textes hébreux (4Q521–4Q528, 4Q576–4Q579). Oxford: Clarendon, Press. (xii + 229 pp. + xv plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 26: P. Alexander and G. Vermes (1998). Qumran Cave 4.XIX: 4QSerekh Ha-Yah ad and Two Related Texts. Oxford: Clarendon, Press. (xvii + 253 pp. + xxiv plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 27: H. M. Cotton and A. Yardeni (1997) Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek Documentary Texts from Nah. al H. ever and Other Sites, with an Appendix Containing Alleged Qumran Texts. (The Seiyâl Collection II). Oxford: Clarendon, Press.(xxvii + 381 pp. + 33 figures + lxi plates.)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 32: Eugene Ulrich and Peter W. Flint, with a contribution by Martin G. Abegg, Jr. (2010). Qumran Cave 1. II: The Isaiah Scrolls. Part 1: Plates and Transcriptions. Part 2: Introductions, Commentary, and Textual Variants. Oxford: Clarendon Press (pp. xxvii + 151; xviii + 260)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 37: Émile Puech (2009). Qumrân Grotte 4. XXVII – Textes araméens, deuxième partie: 4Q550–4Q575a, 4Q580–4Q587 et appendices. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (pp. xxvi + 561 + 26 plates)
  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, volume 40: Hartmut Stegemann with Eileen Schuller (Editors) (2009). Translation of Texts by Carol Newsom. Qumran Cave 1. III. 1QHodayota with Incorporation of 1QHodayotb and 4QHodayot a–f. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (pp. xxi + 402 + 29 plates)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lim, Timothy H. (2005) The Dead Sea Scrolls. A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  2. ^ a b c Wilford, J.N. "Team Is Ready to Publish Full Set of Dead Sea Scrolls". New York Times, November 15, 2001
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Tov, E. The Discoveries in the Judaean Desert Series: History and System of Presentation. Chapter 1 in Emanuel Tov, With Contributions by Martin G. Abegg, Jr, Armin Lange, Ulrike Mittmann-Richert, Stephen J. Pfann, Eibert J. C. Tigchelaar, Eugene Ulrich and Brian Webster. (2002) Discoveries in the Judaean Desert XXXIX: The Texts from The Judaean Desert. Oxford: Clarendon Press
  4. ^ a b c Wilford, J.N. Keepers of Dead Sea Scrolls Accused of Blocking Research. New York Times, June 26, 1989
  5. ^ Williamson, H. G. M. "Qumran Cave 1. II: The Isaiah Scrolls. Part 1: Plates and Transcriptions. Part 2: Introductions, Commentary, and Textual Variants. By Eugene Ulrich and Peter W. Flint, with a contribution by Martin G. Abegg, Jr." The Journal of Theological Studies, Volume 63, Issue 1, 1 April 2012, Pages 230–234, https://doi.org/10.1093/jts/fls004
  6. ^ Grossman, R. Copies Of Dead Sea Scrolls To Go Public – Release Would End Scholars' Dispute. The Seattle Times, Sunday, September 22, 1991
  7. ^ a b Howard, A. (Thu, Oct 31, 2013) Dead Sea Scrolls Scholar To Speak On The Scribes. jhvonline, retrieved 09.28.2018
  8. ^ Marcus, R. Book review: Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, Vol. I: Qumran Cave I. The Journal of Religion, Vol. 36, No. 2 (Apr., 1956), pp. 129–130
  9. ^ Knohl, Israel. Review Essay: "Re-Considering the Dating and Recipient of Miqṣat Ma῾ase ha-Torah". Hebrew Studies, 37 (1996)

External links[edit]