Ecclesiastical Provinces and Dioceses of the Anglican Church of Canada
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The Anglican Church of Canada is divided into four ecclesiastical provinces, each under the jurisdiction of a provincial synod and a metropolitan archbishop, who is elected from among the bishops of the province. The Primate of All Canada is elected from among all the bishops across the country. The first ecclesiastical province — Canada — was created in 1860, followed by Rupert's Land in 1875, Ontario in 1912 (carved from Canada) and British Columbia in 1914 (carved from Rupert's Land). The latter province became "British Columbia and the Yukon" in 1943, when the latter territory was joined to it from Rupert's Land.
The list of dioceses below indicates in parentheses the Canadian provinces and territories in which the dioceses are located.
The Ecclesiastical Province of Canada was founded of all nine Canadian dioceses in 1860, under the metropolitan authority of the Bishop of Montreal. It was within the Church of England until, in 1863, a decision of the imperial Privy Council granted independence from the English church to all (then-)colonial dioceses.
The province was split in 1875, to create the Rupert's Land province, and then both metropolitans granted the title archbishop in 1893; the province today consists of seven dioceses:
- Central Newfoundland (Newfoundland and Labrador), and
- Eastern Newfoundland and Labrador (Newfoundland and Labrador),
- Fredericton (New Brunswick),
- Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island (Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island),
- Montreal (Quebec),
- Quebec (whose borders are consistent with Lower Canada outside of Montreal), and
- Western Newfoundland (Newfoundland and Labrador).
The metropolitan is Claude W. Miller, Archbishop of Fredericton.
The Ecclesiastical Province of Rupert's Land was formed in 1875 – initially under the metropolitan authority of the Bishop of Rupert's Land; both metropolitans granted the title archbishop in 1893 – and today consists of ten dioceses:
- Athabasca (Alberta),
- The Arctic (Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Nunavik (northern Quebec)),
- Brandon (Manitoba),
- Calgary (Alberta),
- Edmonton (Alberta),
- Keewatin (Manitoba and northwestern Ontario, north of the 49th parallel),
- Qu'Appelle (Saskatchewan; corresponding to the pre-1905 District of Assiniboia in the North-West Territories),
- Rupert's Land (Manitoba),
- Saskatchewan (Saskatchewan), and
- Saskatoon (Saskatchewan).
The metropolitan is David Ashdown, Archbishop of Keewatin.
The Ecclesiastical Province of Ontario was formed out of the province of Canada and the Diocese of Moosonee (which had been in Rupert's Land province) in 1912. Today, it consists of seven dioceses:
- Algoma (Ontario),
- Huron (Ontario),
- Moosonee (Ontario and part of northern Quebec on the coast of James Bay),
- Niagara (Ontario),
- Ontario (Ontario),
- Ottawa (Ontario), and
The metropolitan is Colin Johnson, Archbishop of Toronto.
British Columbia and the Yukon
The Ecclesiastical Province of British Columbia and Yukon was formed in 1914 – as the Ecclesiastical Province of British Columbia – from Rupert's Land ecclesiastical province. It was expanded in 1943 to incorporate the Diocese of Yukon, which was transferred from Rupert's Land. The province today includes five dioceses:
- Caledonia (British Columbia),
- Kootenay (British Columbia),
- New Westminster (British Columbia),
- Territory of the People (British Columbia; this region comprises the parishes of the former Anglican Diocese of Cariboo under the oversight of the Metropolitan, who assigns this responsibility to a suffragan bishop)
- British Columbia (British Columbia), and
- Yukon (Yukon).
The metropolitan is John Privett, Archbishop of Kootenay.