Erding Air Base
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (February 2015)|
|Erding Air Base
|IATA: none – ICAO: ETSE|
|Operator||German Air Force|
|Elevation AMSL||1,515 ft / 462 m|
Erding Air Base (German: Fliegerhorst Erding, ICAO: ETSE) is a German Air Force airfield near the town of Erding, about 45 kilometers (28 mi) northeast of central Munich in Bavaria. It is the home of the 5th Air Defense Missile Squadron and the 1st Air Force Maintenance Regiment.
The last public airshow at Erding was held during the summer of 1986.
Prior to and during World War II, Erding was a Luftwaffe pilot training airfield. It was seized by the United States Army in April 1945 and used by the United States Air Force during the early years of the Cold War. Erding was used as an Air Depot, Air Base and an Air Station.
USAF units stationed at Erding were:
- 85th Air Depot Wing, 1 Jun 1945
- Redesignated: European Air Depot, 1 Sep 1945
- Redesignated: Erding Air Depot, 5 Nov 1946
- Redesignated: 7200th Air Force Depot Wing, 1 Jul 1948
- Redesignated: 85th Air Depot Wing, 25 Jul 1949 85 ADW was transferred to Twelfth Air Force on 21 January 1951. On 10 July 1952, 85 ADW and its supporting units were reassigned from Twelfth Air Force to HEADQUARTERS, USAFE.
- Redesignated: 7485th Air Depot Wing, 1 Dec 1953
- Redesignated: 7485th Support Wing (Training), 1 Apr 1956 – 15 May 1958
- 440th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 17 Feb 1956 – 1 Jan 1960
- 52d Tactical Fighter Group, 1 Apr 1971 – 31 Jul 1972
Originally developed as an Air Depot in the early postwar years, the mission of Erding Air Base (later Station) was to provided depot-level maintenance of USAFE and NATO fighters. With the opening of Châteauroux-Déols Air Base, France in 1953, Erding became a satellite depot.
The mission of Erding Air Base was changed in 1956 to training personnel for the newly reconstituted German Air Force. The base was turned over to the German Air Force on 1 April 1957. On 14 December 1957, control of Erding Air Base was returned to the reconstituted German Air Force as a front line facility where it hosted various F-104, Tornado and other fighter squadrons.
With the creation of NATO in response to Cold War tensions in Europe, USAFE wanted its major air bases in West Germany moved west of the Rhine River to provide greater air defense warning time. The establishment of the new bases in the Rhineland-Palatinate diminished the USAF use of Erding. It became an air defense facility in 1956 with the assignment of the F-86D equipped 440th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, a detachment of the 86th Fighter-Interceptor Wing at Landstuhl Air Base until the arrival of the Convair F-102 Delta Dagger in Europe and budget cutbacks in 1960 forced its closure.
In 1966 with France withdrawing from NATO it left a gap in the air defense network of Europe. Operation Creek Ale filled that gap by rotating F-102 interceptors from various squadrons of the 86th Air Division based at Ramstein Air Base. Squadrons from Soesterberg Air Base, Zaragoza Air Base, Hahn Air Base, Bitburg Air Base and Ramstein Air Base rotated to Erding for air defense alert.
With the inactivation of the 86th Air Division in 1970, the 52d Tactical Fighter Group was formed at Erding in 1971 with some of the F-102s on a permanent basis. In 1972 the F-102s were withdrawn from Europe and the 52d TFG was inactivated.
- Henry L. deZeng IV: Luftwaffe Airfields 1935-45 Germany (1937 Borders), pp. 159–160., Retrieved 24 May 2015
- Document detail for IRISNUM=00463016
- Abstract, History of 7485th Support Wing Jan-Jun 1954. Retrieved 10 September 2012
- Endicott, Judy G. (1999) Active Air Force wings as of 1 October 1995; USAF active flying, space, and missile squadrons as of 1 October 1995. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. CD-ROM.
- Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.; Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9; USAAS-USAAC-USAAF-USAF Aircraft Serial Numbers--1908 to Present