|Location||Scarperia e San Piero, Tuscany, Italy|
Italian motorcycle Grand Prix
Tuscan Grand Prix (2020)
Formula Regional European Championship
DTM, World SBK
|Closed course (1974–present)|
|Length||5.245 km (3.259 mi)|
|Race lap record||1:18.833 ( Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes, 2020, Formula One)|
|Road course (1919–1970)|
|Length||66.2 km (41.3 mi)|
|Race lap record||29:51.100 ( Arturo Merzario, Abarth Corse, Abarth 2000 SP, 1970)|
Mugello Circuit (Autodromo Internazionale del Mugello) is a race track in Scarperia e San Piero, Tuscany, Italy. The circuit length is 5.245 km (3.259 mi). It has 15 turns and a 1.141 km (0.709 mi) long straight. The circuit stadium stands have a capacity of 50,000.
Grand Prix motorcycle racing host an annual event at the circuit (for MotoGP and smaller classes). In 2007 and 2008 the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters held an annual event. The track is owned by Scuderia Ferrari, which uses it for Formula One testing. The first race of the A1GP 2008–09 season was originally planned to be held at the Mugello circuit on 21 September 2008. However, the race had to be cancelled due to the delay in building the new chassis for the new race cars.
The circuit hosted its first ever Formula One race on 13 September 2020, named the Tuscan Grand Prix, as part of the season being restructured due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This Grand Prix was the 1000th Grand Prix for Scuderia Ferrari.
Road race (1920–1970)
Road races were held on public streets around Mugello from the 1920s. The start was in the village of Scarperia e San Piero, less than half a kilometer from the current permanent circuit. The circuit went north up the SP503, twisting and turning through mountains through multiple villages, up to the town of Firuenzola. The circuit then went west from Firuenzola, continuing on the SP503 towards the village of Pagliana. The circuit then made a left on the SR65, heading south through the villages of Covigliaio, Selva and Traversa, where the circuit got a bit faster. The circuit then went past a German military cemetery (from 1946 onwards) and entered the famous Futa Pass, which was used for the prestigious Mille Miglia. After this twisty section, the course stayed on the SR65 and went down multiple short straights and fast curves before getting to the villages of Le Maschere and Colle Barucci. The circuit then crossed a bridge going over a narrow section of the Bilancino Lake, going through an ultra fast left hand curve and 2 long straights before turning left onto the SP129, heading towards the town of San Piero e Sieve. The circuit then went north back onto the SP503, heading back to Scarperia to end the lap.
Giuseppe Campari won at Mugello in 1920 and 1921, and Emilio Materassi took victories in 1925, 1926 and 1928. The Mugello GP was revived in 1955 and from the 1964 to 1969 as a Targa Florio-like road race consisting of eight laps of 66.2 km each, including the Passo della Futa. The anticlockwise track passed the towns of San Piero a Sieve, Scarperia, Violla, Firenzuola, Selva, San Lucia. It counted towards the 1965, 1966 and 1967 World Sportscar Championship season. The last WC race was won by Udo Schütz and Gerhard Mitter in a Porsche 910. After two Porsche wins, 1968 saw the Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 of Luciano Bianchi, Nanni Galli and Nino Vaccarella prevail over the Porsche driven by Rico Steinemann and Jo Siffert. In 1969, Arturo Merzario won with an Abarth 2000, and he won again in 1970 with the same car, where Abarth finished 1–2–3 with Leo Kinnunen and Gijs van Lennep finishing second and third respectively.
The 1970 event brought about the end of the 66 km Mugello public road circuit; a seven-month-old baby was killed when local racer Spartaco Dini crashed his Alfa Romeo GTA into a group of people in Firenzuola during a private test there, when the roads were open to the public (the roads were only closed on race day and for qualifying). Four other people, including two young children, were seriously injured. Although there had only been one previous fatality at the original Mugello circuit (that of Günther Klass in 1967), the incident badly damaged the event's reputation, and the 1970 race turned out to be the last one held on the public road circuit, which was won once again by Merzario. After the incident, Dini spent two months in prison, and after his time served he left Italy and did not return for many years.
Permanent circuit (1974–present)
The present-day closed Mugello circuit was constructed in 1973 and opened in 1974, about 5 km east from the easternmost part of the original road circuit. The circuit was used for the in-season test during the 2012 Formula One season, by all teams except HRT. An unofficial track record of 1:21.035 was set by Romain Grosjean during the test. The track was praised by Mark Webber, who stated that he "did 10 dry laps today around Mugello, which is the same as doing 1000 laps around Abu Dhabi track in terms of satisfaction". Four-time Formula One world champion Sebastian Vettel said “unfortunately we don’t have this track on the calendar. It’s an incredible circuit with a lot of high-speed corners”. Vitaly Petrov was however critical of the decision to test at Mugello, claiming the circuit was "unsafe".
Winners of the Mugello Grand Prix
Winners on the closed circuit (5.245 km/3.259 mi)
|2000||Ricardo Sperafico||Lola||Formula 3000||Report|
|1997||Ricardo Zonta||Lola||Formula 3000||Report|
|1991||Alessandro Zanardi||Reynard||Formula 3000||Report|
|1986||Pierluigi Martini||Ralt||Formula 3000||Report|
|1984||Mike Thackwell||Ralt||Formula Two||Report|
Winners on the road circuit (66.2 km/41.3 mi)
|1970||Arturo Merzario||Abarth||Sports car||Report|
|1968|| Lucien Bianchi
|1967|| Gerhard Mitter
|1966|| Gerhard Koch
|1965|| Mario Casoni
|1955||Umberto Maglioli||Ferrari||Sports car||Report|
|1929||Gastone Brilli-Peri||Talbot||Grand Prix||Report|
|1928||Emilio Materassi||Talbot||Formula Libre||Report|
|1926||Emilio Materassi||Itala||Formula Libre||Report|
|1922||Alfieri Maserati||Isotta Fraschini||Report|
|1921||Giuseppe Campari||Alfa Romeo||Report|
|1920||Giuseppe Campari||Alfa Romeo||Report|
- "Mugello Circuit". GPcircuits.
- "A1GP : News". A1gp.com. 21 August 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
- "Formula 1 adds Mugello and Sochi to revised 2020 F1 race calendar". Formula One World Championship Limited. 10 July 2020. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
- "World Championship 1967". Wspr-racing.com. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
- "Mugello day three – Grosjean ends test on a high". formula1.com. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
- "Mark Webber about Mugello circuit". Twitter. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "Sebastian Vettel on Mugello". James Allen on F1. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "Vitaly Petrov claims Mugello is not safe enough for Formula 1 testing". Autosport. 3 May 2012.
- "Formula 1 adds Mugello and Sochi to revised 2020 F1 race calendar". Retrieved 10 July 2020.
- "Grand Prix winners 1919–1933, The golden era of Grand Prix racing". Kolumbus.fi. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
- "Non Championship Races, The World of Sports Prototypes Racing". Wspr-racing.com. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
- "World Sportscar Championship, The World of Sports Prototypes Racing". Wspr-racing.com. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
- "Gran Premio di Mugello, The Racing Line". Theracingline.net. Archived from the original on 7 June 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
- "Mugello Grand Prix 1968". Racing Sports Cars. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
- Etzrodt, Hans. "Materassi wins the Coppa del Marchese Ginori at the Cascine Circuit". The Golden Era of Grand Prix racing. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
- Higham, Peter (1995). The Guinness Guide to International Motor Racing. p. 415. ISBN 0851126421.
- Galloway, James (12 September 2020). "Tuscan GP Qualifying: Lewis Hamilton claims Mugello pole from Valtteri Bottas". Sky Sports. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
- "Lundgaard seals first F2 pole in Mugello, ahead of Ticktum and Ilott". www.fiaformula2.com. 11 September 2020. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
- "1991 F3000 International Championship Mugello Session Facts". Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "2008 Formula 3 Euro Series Mugello Session Facts". Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "ACI Racing Weekend Mugello 01-04 Ottobre 2020 Formula Regional European Championship - Results Race 3" (PDF). Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "FIA GT Championship Mugello 1997".
- "Scheider in pole al Mugello". www.gazzetta.it (in Italian). 3 May 2008. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
- "2016 F4 Italian Championship Mugello Session Facts". Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "7th Hankook 12H MUGELLO 2021 Race Part 2 Final Results" (PDF).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Autodromo Internazionale del Mugello.|
- Website (English/Italian)
- RacingCircuits.info – History of Mugello Circuit
- Trackpedia's guide to Mugello
- Free audio walkthrough of the track, for use with games
- Stadium Journey article