Mugello Circuit

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Mugello Circuit
Mugello Racing Circuit track map 15 turns.svg
LocationScarperia e San Piero, Tuscany, Italy
Time zoneGMT+1
Coordinates43°59′51″N 11°22′19″E / 43.99750°N 11.37194°E / 43.99750; 11.37194Coordinates: 43°59′51″N 11°22′19″E / 43.99750°N 11.37194°E / 43.99750; 11.37194
FIA Grade1
Major eventsMotoGP
Italian motorcycle Grand Prix
Formula One
Tuscan Grand Prix (2020)
Formula Regional European Championship
DTM, World SBK
Closed course (1974–present)
SurfaceAsphalt
Length5.245 km (3.259 mi)
Turns15
Race lap record1:18.833 (United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes, 2020, Formula One)
Road course (1919–1970)
SurfaceAsphalt/Concrete
Length66.2 km (41.3 mi)
Turns400+
Race lap record29:51.100 (Italy Arturo Merzario, Abarth Corse, Abarth 2000 SP, 1970)
Websitewww.mugellocircuit.it

Mugello Circuit (Autodromo Internazionale del Mugello) is a race track in Scarperia e San Piero, Tuscany, Italy. The circuit length is 5.245 km (3.259 mi). It has 15 turns and a 1.141 km (0.709 mi) long straight.[1] The circuit stadium stands have a capacity of 50,000.

Grand Prix motorcycle racing host an annual event at the circuit (for MotoGP and smaller classes). In 2007 and 2008 the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters held an annual event. The track is owned by Scuderia Ferrari, which uses it for Formula One testing. The first race of the A1GP 2008–09 season was originally planned to be held at the Mugello circuit on 21 September 2008. However, the race had to be cancelled due to the delay in building the new chassis for the new race cars.[2]

The circuit hosted its first ever Formula One race on 13 September 2020, named the Tuscan Grand Prix, as part of the season being restructured due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[3] This Grand Prix was the 1000th Grand Prix for Scuderia Ferrari.

History[edit]

Road race (1920–1970)[edit]

The start-finish line of historic road circuit (1955).

Road races were held on public streets around Mugello from the 1920s. The start was in the village of Scarperia e San Piero, less than half a kilometer from the current permanent circuit. The circuit went north up the SP503, twisting and turning through mountains through multiple villages, up to the town of Firuenzola. The circuit then went west from Firuenzola, continuing on the SP503 towards the village of Pagliana. The circuit then made a left on the SR65, heading south through the villages of Covigliaio, Selva and Traversa, where the circuit got a bit faster. The circuit then went past a German military cemetery (from 1946 onwards) and entered the famous Futa Pass, which was used for the prestigious Mille Miglia. After this twisty section, the course stayed on the SR65 and went down multiple short straights and fast curves before getting to the villages of Le Maschere and Colle Barucci. The circuit then crossed a bridge going over a narrow section of the Bilancino Lake, going through an ultra fast left hand curve and 2 long straights before turning left onto the SP129, heading towards the town of San Piero e Sieve. The circuit then went north back onto the SP503, heading back to Scarperia to end the lap.

Giuseppe Campari won at Mugello in 1920 and 1921, and Emilio Materassi took victories in 1925, 1926 and 1928. The Mugello GP was revived in 1955 and from the 1964 to 1969 as a Targa Florio-like road race consisting of eight laps of 66.2 km each, including the Passo della Futa. The anticlockwise track passed the towns of San Piero a Sieve, Scarperia, Violla, Firenzuola, Selva, San Lucia. It counted towards the 1965, 1966 and 1967 World Sportscar Championship season. The last WC race was won[4] by Udo Schütz and Gerhard Mitter in a Porsche 910. After two Porsche wins, 1968 saw the Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 of Luciano Bianchi, Nanni Galli and Nino Vaccarella prevail over the Porsche driven by Rico Steinemann and Jo Siffert. In 1969, Arturo Merzario won with an Abarth 2000, and he won again in 1970 with the same car, where Abarth finished 1–2–3 with Leo Kinnunen and Gijs van Lennep finishing second and third respectively.

The 1970 event brought about the end of the 66 km Mugello public road circuit; a seven-month-old baby was killed when local racer Spartaco Dini crashed his Alfa Romeo GTA into a group of people in Firenzuola during a private test there, when the roads were open to the public (the roads were only closed on race day and for qualifying). Four other people, including two young children, were seriously injured. Although there had only been one previous fatality at the original Mugello circuit (that of Günther Klass in 1967), the incident badly damaged the event's reputation, and the 1970 race turned out to be the last one held on the public road circuit, which was won once again by Merzario. After the incident, Dini spent two months in prison, and after his time served he left Italy and did not return for many years.

Permanent circuit (1974–present)[edit]

The main straight of permanent circuit (2011).

The present-day closed Mugello circuit was constructed in 1973 and opened in 1974, about 5 km east from the easternmost part of the original road circuit. The circuit was used for the in-season test during the 2012 Formula One season, by all teams except HRT. An unofficial track record of 1:21.035 was set by Romain Grosjean during the test.[5] The track was praised by Mark Webber, who stated that he "did 10 dry laps today around Mugello, which is the same as doing 1000 laps around Abu Dhabi track in terms of satisfaction".[6] Four-time Formula One world champion Sebastian Vettel said “unfortunately we don’t have this track on the calendar. It’s an incredible circuit with a lot of high-speed corners”.[7] Vitaly Petrov was however critical of the decision to test at Mugello, claiming the circuit was "unsafe".[8]

On 10 July 2020, it was announced that the 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix on the circuit would be the ninth race in the 2020 Formula One calendar, marking the 1000th Grand Prix for Ferrari.[9]

Winners of the Mugello Grand Prix[edit]

The winners of the Mugello Grand Prix for cars (1919–1967: Circuito del Mugello, 1968–present: Gran Premio del Mugello) are:[10][11][12][13][14][15]

Winners on the closed circuit (5.245 km/3.259 mi)[edit]

Year Driver Constructor Class Report
2000 Brazil Ricardo Sperafico Lola Formula 3000 Report
1998–1999 Not held
1997 Brazil Ricardo Zonta Lola Formula 3000 Report
1996 Brazil Ricardo Zonta Lola Report
1992–1995 Not held
1991 Italy Alessandro Zanardi Reynard Formula 3000 Report
1987–1990 Not held
1986 Italy Pierluigi Martini Ralt Formula 3000 Report
1985 Not held
1984 New Zealand Mike Thackwell Ralt Formula Two Report
1983 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer Ralt Report
1982 Italy Corrado Fabi March Report
1981 Italy Corrado Fabi March Report
1980 United Kingdom Brian Henton Toleman Report
1979 United Kingdom Brian Henton March Report
1978 Republic of Ireland Derek Daly Chevron Report
1977 Italy Bruno Giacomelli March Report
1976 France Jean-Pierre Jabouille Elf Report
1975 Italy Maurizio Flammini March Report
1974 France Patrick Depailler March Report

Winners on the road circuit (66.2 km/41.3 mi)[edit]

Note: The 1926 race was held on the Cascine circuit.[16][17]

Year Driver Constructor Class Report
1970 Italy Arturo Merzario Abarth Sports car Report
1969 Italy Arturo Merzario Abarth Report
1968 Belgium Lucien Bianchi
Italy Nino Vaccarella
Italy Nanni Galli
Alfa Romeo Report
1967 Germany Gerhard Mitter
Germany Udo Schütz
Porsche Report
1966 Germany Gerhard Koch
Germany Jochen Neerpasch
Porsche Report
1965 Italy Mario Casoni
Italy Antonio Nicodemi
Ferrari Report
1964 Italy Gianni Bulgari Porsche Report
1956–1963 Not held
1955 Italy Umberto Maglioli Ferrari Sports car Report
1930–1954 Not held
1929 Italy Gastone Brilli-Peri Talbot Grand Prix Report
1928 Italy Emilio Materassi Talbot Formula Libre Report
1927 Not held
1926 Italy Emilio Materassi Itala Formula Libre Report
1925 Italy Emilio Materassi Itala Report
1924 Italy Giuseppe Morandi OM Report
1923 Italy Gastone Brilli-Peri Steyr Report
1922 Italy Alfieri Maserati Isotta Fraschini Report
1921 Italy Giuseppe Campari Alfa Romeo Report
1920 Italy Giuseppe Campari Alfa Romeo Report

Lap records[edit]

Category Time Driver Car/Bike Event Ref.
F1 1:18.833 Lewis Hamilton Mercedes-AMG F1 W11 EQ Performance 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix [18]
FIA F2 1:33.295 Dan Ticktum Dallara F2 2018 2020 Mugello Formula 2 Sprint Race [19]
FIA F3 1:37.127 Lirim Zendeli Dallara F3 2019 2020 Mugello Formula 3 Race 1
F3000 1:38.367 Alessandro Zanardi Reynard 91D 1991 Mugello Grand Prix [20]
F3 Euro Series 1:42.366 Mika Mäki Dallara F308 2008 Mugello F3 Euro Series round [21]
FREC 1:42.535 Gianluca Petecof Tatuus F.3 T-318 2020 Mugello Formula Regional European Championship round [22]
F2 1:43.92 Mike Thackwell Ralt RH6 Honda 1984 Mugello Grand Prix
GT1 1:45.013 Bernd Schneider Mercedes-Benz CLK GTR 1997 FIA GT Mugello 4 Hours [23]
DTM 1:45.273 Jamie Green Mercedes-Benz C-Class 2008 DTM Mugello [24]
Group C 1:45.790 Riccardo Patrese Lancia LC2 1985 1000 km of Mugello
Formula 4 1:47.236 Juan Manuel Correa Tatuus F4-T014 2016 Mugello Italian F4 round [25]
MotoGP 1:47.639 Marc Marquez Honda RC213V 2013 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix
GT3 1:48.324 Alfred Renauer Porsche 911 GT3 R (991 II) 2021 12 Hours of Mugello [26]
Moto2 1:51.881 Álex Márquez Kalex-Triumph 2019 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix
GT2 1:54.563 Philippe Gache Chrysler Viper GTS-R 1997 FIA GT Mugello 4 Hours [23]
Moto3 1:56.628 Fabio Di Giannantonio Honda NSF250RW 2018 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mugello Circuit". GPcircuits.
  2. ^ "A1GP  : News". A1gp.com. 21 August 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
  3. ^ "Formula 1 adds Mugello and Sochi to revised 2020 F1 race calendar". Formula One World Championship Limited. 10 July 2020. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  4. ^ "World Championship 1967". Wspr-racing.com. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
  5. ^ "Mugello day three – Grosjean ends test on a high". formula1.com. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
  6. ^ "Mark Webber about Mugello circuit". Twitter. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  7. ^ "Sebastian Vettel on Mugello". James Allen on F1. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  8. ^ "Vitaly Petrov claims Mugello is not safe enough for Formula 1 testing". Autosport. 3 May 2012.
  9. ^ "Formula 1 adds Mugello and Sochi to revised 2020 F1 race calendar". Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Grand Prix winners 1919–1933, The golden era of Grand Prix racing". Kolumbus.fi. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  11. ^ "Non Championship Races, The World of Sports Prototypes Racing". Wspr-racing.com. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  12. ^ "World Sportscar Championship, The World of Sports Prototypes Racing". Wspr-racing.com. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  13. ^ http://www.formula2.net/index.html
  14. ^ "Gran Premio di Mugello, The Racing Line". Theracingline.net. Archived from the original on 7 June 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  15. ^ "Mugello Grand Prix 1968". Racing Sports Cars. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  16. ^ Etzrodt, Hans. "Materassi wins the Coppa del Marchese Ginori at the Cascine Circuit". The Golden Era of Grand Prix racing. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  17. ^ Higham, Peter (1995). The Guinness Guide to International Motor Racing. p. 415. ISBN 0851126421.
  18. ^ Galloway, James (12 September 2020). "Tuscan GP Qualifying: Lewis Hamilton claims Mugello pole from Valtteri Bottas". Sky Sports. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  19. ^ "Lundgaard seals first F2 pole in Mugello, ahead of Ticktum and Ilott". www.fiaformula2.com. 11 September 2020. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  20. ^ "1991 F3000 International Championship Mugello Session Facts". Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  21. ^ "2008 Formula 3 Euro Series Mugello Session Facts". Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  22. ^ "ACI Racing Weekend Mugello 01-04 Ottobre 2020 Formula Regional European Championship - Results Race 3" (PDF). Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  23. ^ a b "FIA GT Championship Mugello 1997".
  24. ^ "Scheider in pole al Mugello". www.gazzetta.it (in Italian). 3 May 2008. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  25. ^ "2016 F4 Italian Championship Mugello Session Facts". Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  26. ^ "7th Hankook 12H MUGELLO 2021 Race Part 2 Final Results" (PDF).

External links[edit]