The Munich Olympiastadion
|Owner||German State Government|
|Operator||Olympiapark Munich GmbH|
|Surface||Asphalt concrete and artificial grass|
|Opened||26 May 1972|
The Olympiastadion München (German pronunciation: [ʔoˈlʏmpi̯aːˌʃtaːdi̯ɔn] ( listen); English: Olympic Stadium Munich) is a stadium located in Munich, Germany. Situated at the heart of the Olympiapark München in northern Munich, the stadium was built as the main venue for the 1972 Summer Olympics.
With an original capacity of 80,000, the stadium also hosted many major football matches including the 1974 World Cup Final and the Euro '88 Final. It hosted the European Cup Finals of 1979, 1993 and 1997. Its current capacity is 69,250.
Designed by the German architect Günther Behnisch and the engineer Frei Otto, with the assistance of John Argyris, the lightweight tent construction of the Olympiastadion was considered revolutionary for its time. This included large sweeping canopies of acrylic glass stabilized by steel cables that were used for the first time on a large scale. The idea was to imitate the Alps and to set a counterpart to the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, held during the Nazi regime. The sweeping and transparent canopy was to symbolize the new, democratic and optimistic Germany. This is reflected in the official motto: "The cheerful Games" ("Die Heiteren Spiele").
Post Olympic legacy
Following the Olympics, the stadium became the home of FC Bayern Munich. In 1979 the ground played host to the 1979 European Cup Final in which Nottingham Forest won the first of their consecutive European Cups under Brian Clough.
Since 2005, it is the host of the yearly air and style snowboard event.
On 31 December 2006, the stadium made history as being the first venue to host the Tour de Ski cross-country skiing competition. The individual sprint events, held at 1100 m, were won by Norway's Marit Bjørgen (women) and Switzerland's Christoph Eigenmann (men). The snow was made in the stadium by combining the hot air with the cold refrigerated water that causes the snow to act like the icy type you would see in the Alps.
It went unused in the 2006 FIFA World Cup due to the Allianz Arena being the host stadium in Munich.
On 23 to 24 June 2007, the stadium played host to the Spar European Cup 2007, a yearly athletics event featuring the top 8 countries from around Europe.
The DTM touring car series held its first stadium event there in 2011: a Race of Champions-style event which took part over a two-day period, although it was not a championship scoring round. Edoardo Mortara won the first day, and Bruno Spengler the second. The event was repeated in 2012, but the stadium withdrew in 2013 because it proved impossible to turn it into a points-scoring event.
On 17 May 2012, the ground played host to the 2012 UEFA Women's Champions League Final in which Olympique Lyonnais won their second consecutive trophy. The attendance of that game was a record for a UEFA Women's Champions League Final. On 19 May 2012 it hosted the "Public Viewing" of the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final which took place at Allianz Arena in Munich.
1974 FIFA World Cup
The stadium was one of the venues for the 1974 FIFA World Cup.
The following games were played at the stadium during the World Cup of 1974:
|Date||Time (CEST)||Team #1||Res.||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|15 June 1974||18.00||Italy||3–1||Haiti||Group 4||51,100|
|19 June 1974||19.30||Haiti||0–7||Poland||Group 4||23,400|
|23 June 1974||16.00||Argentina||4–1||Haiti||Group 4||24,000|
|6 July 1974||16.00||Brazil||0–1||Poland||Third place match||74,100|
|7 July 1974||16.00||Netherlands||1–2||West Germany||Final||74,100|
UEFA Euro 1988
The stadium was one of the venues for the UEFA Euro 1988.
The following games were played at the stadium during the Euro 1988:
|Date||Time (CEST)||Team #1||Res.||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|17 June 1988||20.15||West Germany||2–0||Spain||Group A||72,308|
|25 June 1988||15.30||Soviet Union||0–2||Netherlands||Final||72,308|
German and West German national football team matches held at the stadium
- 26 May 1972 West Germany – USSR 4–1 (Friendly, stadium opener)
- 9 May 1973 West Germany – Yugoslavia 0–1 (Friendly)
- 7 July 1974 West Germany – Netherlands 2–1 (1974 World Cup Final)
- 22 May 1976 West Germany – Spain 2–0 (Euro 1976 Qualifier)
- 22 February 1978 West Germany – England 2–1 (Friendly)
- 2 April 1980 West Germany – Austria 1–0 Friendly)
- 22 September 1982 West Germany – Belgium 0–0 (Friendly)
- 17 November 1985 West Germany – Czechoslovakia 2–2 (1986 World Cup qualifier)
- 17 June 1988 West Germany – Spain 2–0 (Euro 1988 Group match)
- 19 October 1988 West Germany – Netherlands 0–0 (1990 World Cup qualifier)
- 26 March 1996 Germany – Denmark 2–0 (Friendly)
- 9 October 1999 Germany – Turkey 0–0 (Euro 2000 qualifier)
- 1 September 2001 Germany – England 1–5 (2002 World Cup qualifier)
|10 June 1982||The Rolling Stones||Peter Maffay||The Rolling Stones European Tour 1982|
|11 June 1982|
|1985||Diana Ross||Swept Away Tour||142,000|
|18 June 1985||Bruce Springsteen||Born in the U.S.A. Tour||40,000|
|21 June 1987||Genesis||Invisible Touch Tour|
|8 July 1988||Michael Jackson||Kim Wilde||Bad||72,000|
|27 May 1990||Tina Turner||Foreign Affair: The Farewell Tour|
|2 June 1990||The Rolling Stones||Steel Wheels/Urban Jungle Tour|
|3 June 1990|
|14 June 1990||Prince||Mavis Staples||Nude Tour|
|27 June 1992||Michael Jackson||Dangerous World Tour||75,000|
|17 July 1992||Genesis||We Can't Dance Tour|
|4 June 1993||U2||Stereo MCs, Die Toten Hosen||Zoo TV Tour||56,000|
|26 June 1993||Guns N' Roses||Use Your Illusion Tour|
|3 August 1995||The Rolling Stones||Voodoo Lounge Tour||67,509|
|25 May 1996||Sting||Mercury Falling 1996/97|
|26 May 1996||Dave Matthews Band||Summer 1996|
|4 July 1997||Michael Jackson||HIStory World Tour||150,000||The two concerts were filmed, and later broadcast on TV.|
|6 July 1997|
|14 June 1998||Elton John & Billy Joel||Face to Face 1998|
|13 July 1998||The Rolling Stones||Hothouse Flowers||Bridges to Babylon Tour||74,588|
|27 June 1999||Michael Jackson and various artists||N/A||MJ & Friends|
|23 July 2000||Tina Turner||Joe Cocker||Twenty Four Seven Tour||73,920|
|14 June 2001||AC/DC||Stiff Upper Lip World Tour||80,000|
|30 June 2001||Bon Jovi||One Wild Night Tour|
|6 June 2003||The Rolling Stones||Licks Tour|
|10 June 2003||Bruce Springsteen||The Rising Tour|
|13 June 2003||Bon Jovi||Bounce Tour|
|6 July 2003||Robbie Williams||2003 Tour|
|6 June 2004||Phil Collins||First Final Farewell Tour|
|13 June 2004||Metallica||Madly in Anger with the World Tour|
|28 July 2004||Simon & Garfunkel||Old Friends|
|3 August 2005||U2||Keane, The Zutons||Vertigo Tour||77,435|
|28 May 2006||Bon Jovi||Nickelback||Have A Nice Day Tour||71,467|
|16 July 2006||The Rolling Stones||A Bigger Bang||53,501|
|1 August 2006||Robbie Williams||Basement Jaxx||Close Encounters Tour|
|2 August 2006|
|3 August 2006|
|29 June 2007||Red Hot Chili Peppers||Stadium Arcadium World Tour|
|10 July 2007||Genesis||Turn It On Again: The Tour|
|22 September 2007||The Police||Fiction Plane||The Police Reunion Tour||44,740|
|24 May 2008||Bon Jovi||Lost Highway Tour||70,473|
|22 June 2008||Celine Dion||Jon Mesek||Taking Chances Tour|
|15 May 2009||AC/DC||Claudia Cane Band||Black Ice World Tour||66,023|
|13 June 2009||Depeche Mode||M83||Tour of the Universe||60,293||The concert was recorded for the group's live albums project Recording the Universe.|
|2 July 2009||Bruce Springsteen||Working on a Dream Tour||39,896|
|18 August 2009||Madonna||Paul Oakenfold||Sticky & Sweet Tour||35,127|
|15 September 2010||U2||OneRepublic||U2 360° Tour||76,150|
|12 June 2011||Bon Jovi||The Breakers||Bon Jovi Live||68,025|
|29 July 2011||Take That||Pet Shop Boys||Progress Live||52,376|
|12 September 2012||Coldplay||Marina and the Diamonds, Charlie XCX||Mylo Xyloto Tour||54,017|
|18 May 2013||Bon Jovi||Because We Can||64,284|
|26 May 2013||Bruce Springsteen||Wrecking Ball World Tour||41,579|
|1 June 2013||Depeche Mode||Trentemøller||Delta Machine Tour||62,976||Part of the performance of "Should Be Higher" from the concert was filmed for the music video of the group's single.|
|7 August 2013||Robbie Williams||Olly Murs||Take the Crown Stadium Tour|
|19 May 2015||AC/DC||Vintage Trouble||Rock or Bust World Tour||140,000|
|21 May 2015|
|17 June 2016||Bruce Springsteen||The River Tour 2016||54,119|
|7 August 2016||Rihanna||Big Sean, Alan Walker, Bibi Bourelly||Anti World Tour|
|6 June 2017||Coldplay||A Head Full of Dreams Tour|
|9 June 2017||Depeche Mode||The Horrors||Global Spirit Tour||60,066|
|13 June 2017||Guns N' Roses||The Kills, Phil Campbell & The Bastard Sons||Not in This Lifetime... Tour|
Parts of the 1975 film Rollerball were shot on the (then) futuristic site surrounding the stadium.
The Olympic Stadium also hosted Motorcycle speedway when it held the 1989 World Final on 2 September 1989. Denmark's Hans Nielsen won his third World Championship with a 15-point maximum from his five rides. The late Simon Wigg of England finished in second place after defeating countryman Jeremy Doncaster in a run-off to decide the final podium places after both had finished with 12 points from their five rides. Three time champion Erik Gundersen of Denmark finished in fourth place with 11 points. Gundersen, the defending World Champion, missed finishing outright second when his bike's engine expired while he was leading Heat 9 of the World Final.
- olympiapark.de - Olympic Stadium Key Facts
- Olympiastadion: Abschied vom echten Grün http://www.merkur-online.de/lokales/muenchen/stadt-muenchen/olympiastadion-abschied-echten-gruen-2248996.html
- Uhrig, Klaus (March 20, 2014). "Die gebaute Utopie: Das Münchner Olympiastadion". http://www.br.de/. Archived from the original on 13 February 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2015. External link in
- Digitized version of the Official Report of the Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXth Olympiad Munich 1972 (Volume 2) (PDF). proSport GmbH & Co. KG. München Ed. Herbert Kunze. 1972. p. 22.
… the theme of the "cheerful Games"…
- "Ein Geschenk der Deutschen an sich selbst". DER SPIEGEL 35/1972. August 21, 1972.
… für die versprochene Heiterkeit der Spiele, die den Berliner Monumentalismus von 1936 vergessen machen und dem Image der Bundesrepublik in aller Welt aufhelfen sollen
- "Bilfinger: Industriedienstleister für die Prozessindustrie - Bilfinger SE". Retrieved 29 April 2017.
- 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 180–2.
- Freeman, Glenn (3 July 2010). "DTM to add stadium event in 2011". Autosport. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
- "Edoardo Mortara wins first day of DTM Show Event in Munich". Autosport. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
- O'Leary, Jamie (17 July 2011). "Bruno Spengler takes victory on second day of DTM Show Event in Munich". Autosport. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
- Cataldo, Filippo (23 October 2012). "DTM: Moskau statt München" (in German). Abendzeitung. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
- Alle spiele der nationalmanshaft im Olympiastadion
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