The Munich Olympiastadion
|Owner||German State Government|
|Operator||Olympiapark Munich GmbH|
|Surface||Asphalt concrete and artificial grass|
|Opened||26 May 1972|
|FC Bayern Munich (1972–2005)
TSV 1860 Munich (1972–2005)
Olympiastadion (German pronunciation: [ʔoˈlʏmpi̯aːˌʃtaːdi̯ɔn] ( listen)) is a stadium located in Munich, Germany. Situated at the heart of the Olympiapark München in northern Munich, the stadium was built as the main venue for the 1972 Summer Olympics.
With an original capacity of 80,000, the stadium also hosted many major football matches including the 1974 World Cup Final and the Euro '88 Final. It hosted the European Cup Finals of 1979, 1993 and 1997. Its current capacity is 69,250.
Designed by the German architect Günther Behnisch and the engineer Frei Otto, with the assistance of John Argyris, the lightweight tent construction of the Olympiastadion was considered revolutionary for its time. This included large sweeping canopies of acrylic glass stabilized by steel cables that were used for the first time on a large scale. The idea was to imitate the Alps and to set a counterpart to the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, held during the Nazi regime. The sweeping and transparent canopy was to symbolize the new, democratic and optimistic Germany. This is reflected in the official motto: "The cheerful Games" ("Die Heiteren Spiele").
Post Olympic legacy
Following the Olympics, the stadium became the home of FC Bayern Munich. In 1979 the ground played host to the 1979 European Cup Final in which Nottingham Forest won the first of their consecutive European Cups under Brian Clough.
Since 2005, it is the host of the yearly air and style snowboard event.
On 31 December 2006, the stadium made history as being the first venue to host the Tour de Ski cross-country skiing competition. The individual sprint events, held at 1100 m, were won by Norway's Marit Bjørgen (women) and Switzerland's Christoph Eigenmann (men). The snow was made in the stadium by combining the hot air with the cold refrigerated water that causes the snow to act like the icy type you would see in the Alps.
It went unused in the 2006 FIFA World Cup due to the Allianz Arena being the host stadium in Munich.
On 23 to 24 June 2007, the stadium played host to the Spar European Cup 2007, a yearly athletics event featuring the top 8 countries from around Europe.
The DTM touring car series held its first stadium event there in 2011: a Race of Champions-style event which took part over a two-day period, although it was not a championship scoring round. Edoardo Mortara won the first day, and Bruno Spengler the second. The event was repeated in 2012, but the stadium withdrew in 2013 because it proved impossible to turn it into a points-scoring event.
On 17 May 2012, the ground played host to the 2012 UEFA Women's Champions League Final in which Olympique Lyonnais won their second consecutive trophy. The attendance of that game was a record for a UEFA Women's Champions League Final. On 19 May 2012 it hosted the "Public Viewing" of the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final which took place at Allianz Arena in Munich.
1974 FIFA World Cup
The stadium was one of the venues for the 1974 FIFA World Cup.
The following games were played at the stadium during the World Cup of 1974:
|Date||Time (CEST)||Team #1||Res.||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|15 June 1974||18.00||Italy||3–1||Haiti||Group 4||51,100|
|19 June 1974||19.30||Haiti||0–7||Poland||Group 4||23,400|
|23 June 1974||16.00||Argentina||4–1||Haiti||Group 4||24,000|
|6 July 1974||16.00||Brazil||0–1||Poland||Third place match||74,100|
|7 July 1974||16.00||Netherlands||1–2||West Germany||Final||74,100|
UEFA Euro 1988
The stadium was one of the venues for the UEFA Euro 1988.
The following games were played at the stadium during the Euro 1988:
|Date||Time (CEST)||Team #1||Res.||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|17 June 1988||20.15||West Germany||2–0||Spain||Group A||72,308|
|25 June 1988||15.30||Soviet Union||0–2||Netherlands||Final||72,308|
German and West German national football team matches held at the stadium
- 26 May 1972 West Germany – USSR 4–1 (Friendly, stadium opener)
- 9 May 1973 West Germany – Yugoslavia 0–1 (Friendly)
- 7 July 1974 West Germany – Netherlands 2–1 (1974 World Cup Final)
- 22 May 1976 West Germany – Spain 2–0 (Euro 1976 Qualifier)
- 22 February 1978 West Germany – England 2–1 (Friendly)
- 2 April 1980 West Germany – Austria 1–0 Friendly)
- 22 September 1982 West Germany – Belgium 0–0 (Friendly)
- 17 November 1985 West Germany – Czechoslovakia 2–2 (1986 World Cup qualifier)
- 17 June 1988 West Germany – Spain 2–0 (Euro 1988 Group match)
- 19 October 1988 West Germany – Netherlands 0–0 (1990 World Cup qualifier)
- 26 March 1996 Germany – Denmark 2–0 (Friendly)
- 9 October 1999 Germany – Turkey 0–0 (Euro 2000 qualifier)
- 1 September 2001 Germany – England 1–5 (2002 World Cup qualifier)
In addition to being a sports venue, the stadium has hosted many open-air concerts.
Michael Jackson performed at the stadium five times, all sold out with maximum capacity of the stadium for musical acts. The first concert was on 8 July 1988 during his Bad concerts, with more than 72,000 fans present. The second sell out concert, on 27 June 1992 kicked off his Dangerous World Tour, to another 72,000 fans. The next two were on 4 & 6 July 1997 during his HIStory World Tour for a total audience of 145,000 people. Those two concerts were filmed & mixed and have since been aired countless times on television all over the world. The fifth and last concert, on 27 June 1999 was for the second MJ & Friends concert, in which the star joined several other artists to raise funds to help needy and underprivileged children around the world.
Bon Jovi performed at the stadium six times: the first one was on 30 June 2001, during the One Wild Night Tour. The second one was on 13 June 2003, during the Bounce Tour. The third one was on 28 May 2006 during the Have A Nice Day Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 71,467 people. The fourth one was on 24 May 2008 during the Lost Highway Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 70,473 people. The fifth was on 12 June 2011 during the Live 2011 in front of a sold out crowd of 68,025 people. The sixth one was on 18 May 2013 during their Because We Can, in front of a sold out crowd of 64,284 people.
Bruce Springsteen has performed five times at the stadium. The first time was on 18 June 1985 during the Born in the U.S.A. Tour. The second time was 18 years later on 10 June 2003, during the Rising Tour. The third time was on 2 July 2009 during the Working on a Dream Tour. On 26 May 2013, Springsteen and the band perform again at the venue in front of a sold out crowd of over 41,500 people amidst torrential rain and cold as part of the Wrecking Ball Tour.They performed again on 17 June 2016 during the The River Tour 2016 in front of a sold out crowd of 54,169 people.
U2 performed at the stadium three times: the first one was on 4 June 1993 during their Zoo TV Tour, in front of a crowd of 56,000 people. The second one was on 3 August 2005 during their Vertigo Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 77,435 people. The third one was on 15 September 2010 during their U2 360° Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 76,150 people.
Depeche Mode performed at the stadium two times: the first one was on 13 June 2009 during their Tour of the Universe, in front of a sold out crowd of 60,293 people. The second one was on 1 June 2013 during their Delta Machine Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 62,976 people. The 2009 show was recorded for the group's live albums project Recording the Universe.
AC/DC performed at the stadium four times: the first on 14 June 2001 in front of 80,000 people as part of their Stiff Upper Lip World Tour,the second on 15 May 2009 in front of 66,023 people as part of their Black Ice World Tour, the third and the fourth on 19 and 21 May 2015 in front of a total crowd of 140,000 people as part of their Rock or Bust World Tour.
The Rolling Stones performed at the stadium six times: on 10 and 11 June 1982 during their The Rolling Stones European Tour 1982, on 2 and 3 June 1990 during their Steel Wheels/Urban Jungle Tour, on 3 August 1995 during their Voodoo Lounge Tour in front of 67,509 people, on 13 July 1998 during their Bridges to Babylon Tour in front of 74,588 people, on 6 June 2003 during their Licks Tour, and on 16 July 2006 during their A Bigger Bang Tour in front of 53,501 people.
Other artists and bands that have played concerts here include Rihanna, Coldplay, Nickelback, Take That, Madonna, Celine Dion, The Police, Genesis, Phil Collins, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Robbie Williams, Metallica, Simon & Garfunkel, Tina Turner, Elton John, Sting and the Dave Matthews Band.
Parts of the 1975 film Rollerball were shot on the (then) futuristic site surrounding the stadium.
The Olympic Stadium also hosted Motorcycle speedway when it held the 1989 World Final on 2 September 1989. Denmark's Hans Nielsen won his third World Championship with a 15-point maximum from his five rides. The late Simon Wigg of England finished in second place after defeating countryman Jeremy Doncaster in a run-off to decide the final podium places after both had finished with 12 points from their five rides. Three time champion Erik Gundersen of Denmark finished in fourth place with 11 points. Gundersen, the defending World Champion, missed finishing outright second when his bike's engine expired while he was leading Heat 9 of the World Final.
- Olympiastadion: Abschied vom echten Grün http://www.merkur-online.de/lokales/muenchen/stadt-muenchen/olympiastadion-abschied-echten-gruen-2248996.html
- Uhrig, Klaus (March 20, 2014). "Die gebaute Utopie: Das Münchner Olympiastadion". http://www.br.de/. Archived from the original on 13 February 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2015. External link in
- Digitized version of the Official Report of the Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXth Olympiad Munich 1972 (Volume 2) (PDF). proSport GmbH & Co. KG. München Ed. Herbert Kunze. 1972. p. 22.
… the theme of the "cheerful Games"…
- "Ein Geschenk der Deutschen an sich selbst". DER SPIEGEL 35/1972. August 21, 1972.
… für die versprochene Heiterkeit der Spiele, die den Berliner Monumentalismus von 1936 vergessen machen und dem Image der Bundesrepublik in aller Welt aufhelfen sollen
- Bilfinger Berger Corporate history animation
- 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 180–2.
- Freeman, Glenn (3 July 2010). "DTM to add stadium event in 2011". Autosport. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
- "Edoardo Mortara wins first day of DTM Show Event in Munich". Autosport. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
- O'Leary, Jamie (17 July 2011). "Bruno Spengler takes victory on second day of DTM Show Event in Munich". Autosport. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
- Cataldo, Filippo (23 October 2012). "DTM: Moskau statt München" (in German). Abendzeitung. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
- Alle spiele der nationalmanshaft im Olympiastadion
- "Notes from the road: Munich". www.brucespringsteen.com (Official Site). Retrieved 20 June 2012.
- Vertigo Tour
- U2 360° Tour
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