Eternal derby (Serbia)

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Eternal derby
RedStarLogo.png FK Partizan - newest logo PNG.png
Other names Derby of Southeast Europa
Locale Belgrade,  Serbia
Teams Red Star & Partizan
First meeting 5 January 1947
Latest meeting Red Star 3–1 Partizan
2015–16 Serbian SuperLiga
(12 September 2015)
Next meeting TBA
Statistics
Meetings total Total: 238
Official: 184
Most player appearances Momčilo Vukotić (25)
All-time series

Official:

Largest victory 7–1 for Partizan
(6 December 1953)[1]

The Eternal derby (Serbian: Вечити дерби / Večiti derbi, French: Derby éternel, German: Das ewige Derby, Spanish: El Derby Eterno, Megaclássico, Italian: Derby Eterno), also called the Derby of Southeast Europe,[2] is the local derby in Belgrade, Serbia, between the most fierce city rivals Red Star Belgrade and Partizan Belgrade, two of the biggest and most popular sports societies in Serbia. The rivalry is present in a number of different sports but the most intense matches are between football, basketball and handball sections of both societies. It started immediately after the creation of the two clubs in 1945 and the two clubs have been dominant in domestic football since then.

According to a 2007 survey, Red Star and Partizan are the most popular clubs in Serbia.[3] They also have many supporters in all other former Yugoslavian republics and in the Serbian diaspora.

In September 2009, British Daily Mail ranked the Eternal Belgrade derby 4th among the 10 greatest football rivalries of all time.[4] The highest attendance for a Red Star–Partizan match was about 108,000 spectators at the Red Star Stadium.

History[edit]

Eternal derby
Red Star
vs
Partizan

Both Red Star and Partizan originate in political institutions of the post-WW2 Communist Yugoslavia. Red Star was formed on 4 March 1945 by "United alliance of anti-fascist Youth", part of the new civil authority in Yugoslavia. A few months later, on 4 October 1945, Partizan was founded as the sports association of the Yugoslav People's Army. The first match between these football sections was played on 5 January 1947. Red Star won 4–3 and an intense rivalry has existed ever since. Partizan got its first win in the next derby. On 27 April 1947 Partizan won 1–0.

The derby replaced the pre-World War II rivalry between BSK Belgrade and SK Jugoslavija.[5] SK Jugoslavija was disbanded in 1945 and most of its property was attributed to the newly formed Red Star. BSK continued existing although changed its name a number of times being known since 1957 as OFK Beograd, and has lost its strength and its place in the derby to Partizan. Although OFK Beograd was successful, both Red Star and Partizan quickly overtook it in popularity.

Over time, from the purely athletic competition for the Yugoslavian Championship became a kind of power struggle between the Interior ministry and the Ministry of Defence.[citation needed] The two clubs were dominant in the post-1945 Yugoslav First League, with Red Star having won 19, and Partizan having won 11 Yugoslav championships. The clashes of these two against Hajduk Split and Dinamo Zagreb, the third and fourth respectively in number of national titles, were similarly intense. The four clubs were known as the big 4. After the break-up of Yugoslavia in 1992, the Belgrade derby further intensified, the two clubs having since then won all national titles except one, with Partizan winning a further 15 and Red Star winning 7 by 2015.

Supporters[edit]

Main articles: Delije and Grobari
Red Star fans traditionally occupy the northern stands of both stadiums
Partizan fans traditionally occupy the southern stands of both stadiums

An important aspect of the Belgrade derby are the fans. Both sides prepare intensely between the matches, make large flags and special messages that are appropriate for that particular occasion, to be usually directed towards the opposing side.

Delije[edit]

Supporters of the various Red Star sports teams are known as Delije (Serbian Cyrillic: Делије, roughly translated to English as Heroes). The word Delije is plural of delija, a word of Turkish origin (deli) that entered the Serbian language during the Ottoman period, meaning brave, strong or handsome young man. The name Delije first began to be used by hardcore Red Star supporters during the late 1980s, with official inauguration taking place on 7 January 1989. Up to that point, the die-hard Red Star fans were scattered amongst 7–8 fan groups that shared the north stand at the Red Star Stadium (known colloquially as Marakana), most prominent of which were Red Devils, Zulu Warriors, and Ultras. As a sign of appreciation the club direction allowed the word Delije in block letters to be written across their stadium's north stand – the gathering point of the club's most loyal and passionate fans. They are also called Cigani (English: Gypsies) by their arch rivals Grobari, fans of Partizan. Although Delije generally consider the name Cigani to be insulting, they occasionally use this name in their own songs and chants. By 2010, Delije-Sever consist of five larger groups: Ultras RSB, Ultra Boys, Belgrade Boys, Heroes, and Brigate among others.

Grobari[edit]

Partizan's supporters, known as Grobari (Serbian Cyrillic: Гробари, Gravediggers or Undertakers), were formed in 1970. The origin of the nickname itself is uncertain, but an accepted theory is that it was given by their biggest rivals, the Red Star fans, referring to club's mostly black colours which were similar to the uniforms of cemetery undertakers. The other theory says that the name arrives from the Partizan's stadium street name, Humska (humka meaning "grave mound"), in actuality named after medieval land of Hum. The first groups of organized Partizan supporters began to visit the JNA stadium in the late 1950s. Partizan's participation in the 1966 European Cup Final attracted much more fans to the stadium and it is considered to be the point when the organized fans moved to the south stand of the stadium, where they gather to this day. During the 1970s the Grobari started bringing fan equipment to the stadiums such as supporting scarves, signs, banners and flares. By the 1980s the Grobari were one of the four main fan groups in SFR Yugoslavia and began touring all Partizan's matches across the country and Europe. Because of their expressed hooliganism toward other clubs' supporters in those times, fans who represented the core of the Grobari firm were often called among themselves "Riot Squad". They were best known for their English style of supporting, which was mainly based on loud and continuous singing. By 2010, the Grobari consisted of three large groups: Grobari 1970, Grobari Beograd and Južni Front.

Stadiums[edit]

Main articles: Red Star Stadium and Partizan Stadium

When Red Star Belgrade is the host, the derby is played at Red Star Stadium. Colloquially known as Marakana after the famous Brazilian stadium, it was opened in 1963. Its capacity is 55,000 spectators[6] (100,000 before UEFA regulations), the highest in the country. Red Star Stadium was the host of UEFA Euro 1976 Final, 1973 European Cup Final and 1979 UEFA Cup Final. The Delije often call it "Mara" for short, while Grobari use the insulting name "Rupa" ("The Hole").

When the host is Partizan, the derby is played at Partizan Stadium, formerly known as JNA Stadium which is still its common name. It was opened in 1949. Its capacity is 32,710 spectators[7] (55,000 before UEFA regulations). Partizan fans call it Fudbalski Hram (English: "Temple of the Football"). The Delije use the insulting name Lavor ("The Washbowl") or "Armijski pašnjak" ("Army's Meadow").

Records[edit]

Attendance Single game Players

  • Youngest player used: 16 years, 9 months and 25 days, Luka Jović for Red Star on 18 October 2014 for the 147 derby.

Clubs

  • Most consecutive league victories: 15, Red Star during 2013–14 season
  • Most consecutive league games without defeat (undefeated run): 30, Partizan during 2009–10 season

Season

Player records[edit]

Players with most goals in Serbian derby
No. Name goals team
1 Marko Valok 13 Partizan
2 Bora Kostić 9 Crvena Zvezda
3 Dragan Džajić 9 Crvena Zvezda
4 Milan Galić 8 Partizan
5 Kosta Tomašević 8 Crvena Zvezda
Players with most appearances in Serbian derby
No. Name appearances team
1 Momčilo Vukotić 25 Partizan
2 Saša Ilić 25 Partizan
3 Bora Kostić 23 Crvena Zvezda
4 Dragan Džajić 21 Crvena Zvezda

Head-to-head ranking in Yugoslav First League (1947–1992)[edit]

P. 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92
1st 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2nd 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
3rd 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
4th 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
5th 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
6th 6 6 6 6 6
7th 7
8th 8
11th 11
13th 13
15th 15

Head-to-head ranking in Serbian SuperLiga and First League of FRY(1992–present)[edit]

P. 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15
1st 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2nd 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
3rd 3 3 3

Statistics[edit]

Head to head results[edit]

Until today 149 derby games were played in the domestic league.

Red Star
wins
Draws Partizan
wins
Goal
difference
at Red Star Stadium
38
21
15
121:81
at Partizan Stadium
23
23
29
95:100
Total
61
41
44
215:181

Last ten matches[edit]

Competition Host Guest Date Result
Serbian Cup Red Star Partizan 21 March 2012
2:0
Serbian Cup Partizan Red Star 11 April 2012
0:2
2011/12. Partizan Red Star 5 May 2012
0:1
2012/13. Red Star Partizan 17 November 2012
3:2
2012/13. Partizan Red Star 18 May 2013
1:0
2013/14. Red Star Partizan 2 November 2013
1:0
2013/14. Partizan Red Star 26 April 2014
2:1
2014/15. Partizan Red Star 18 October 2014
1:0
2014/15. Red Star Partizan 25 April 2015
0:0
2015/16. Red Star Partizan 12 September 2015
3:1

Players who have played for both clubs (senior career)[edit]

Transfers between two clubs (players)[edit]

Transfers between two clubs (coaches)[edit]

Players who played for one club in youth career and for rival club in senior career[edit]

  • Dušan Krajčinović (youth career Red Star, senior career Partizan)
  • Nenad Stavrić (youth career Red Star, senior career Majdanpek, Partizan, Pelister, Radnički Niš, Rad, Radnički Beograd, Olympiakos Nicosia)
  • Nikola Marjanović (youth career Red Star, senior career Galenika, Rijeka, Partizan, Vojvodina, Degerforš)
  • Petar Puača (youth career with both Red Star and Partizan, senior career with Red Star)
  • Miroslav Čermelj (youth career Red Star, senior career Obilić, Partizan, Pumas UNAM, Extremadura, Atlas, Puebla, Beijing Guoan, Čukarički, Rudar Pljevlja)
  • Dragan Stevanović (youth career Partizan, senior career Voždovac, Rad, Wolfsburg, St.Pauli, again Rad, Red Star)
  • Saša Radivojević (youth career Partizan, senior career Radnički Beograd, Zeta, Pegah Gilan, Apollon Kalamarias, Red Star)
  • Goran Adamović (youth career with both Red Star and Partizan, senior career BSK Borča, Red Star, Budućnost)
  • Žarko Lazetić (youth career Red Star, senior career Obilić, Smederevo, Beograd, Bežanija, Partizan)
  • Goran Gavrančić (youth career Red Star, senior career Čukarički, Dynamo Kyiv, PAOK Thessaloniki, Partizan)
  • Jovan Krneta (youth career Partizan, senior career Teleoptik, Sopot, Red Star)
  • Ljubo Nenadić (youth career Partizan, senior career Teleoptik, Grafičar, Radnički Kragujevac, Metalac, again Radnički Kragujevac, Red Star)
  • Aleksandar Pantić (youth career Partizan, senior career Rad, Red Star)
  • Milan Jokić (youth career Partizan, senior career Red Star)
  • Novak Martinović (youth career Partizan, senior career Rad, BSK Borča, OFK Beograd, Smederevo, Panduri, Steaua, Wuhan, Red Star)
  • Filip Kljajić (youth career Red Star, senior career Hajduk Beograd, Šumadija Jagnjilo, Metalac, Rad, Partizan)
  • Nikola Antić (youth career Partizan, senior career Rad, Palić, again Rad, Red Star)
  • Zoran Rendulić (youth career Partizan, senior career Remont Čačak, Borac Čačak, Ried, Grenoble, Javor Ivanjica, Pohang Steelers, Shenyang Shenbei, Čukarički, Red Star)

Played for one club and coached the rival club[edit]

  • Petar Ćosić (senior career Red Star, Izmir as player, Crvenka, Budućnost Valjevo, BASK Beograd, national team of Jordan, young national selection of Yugoslavia, young selection of Partizan, Teleoptik as coach)
  • Ratko Dostanić (youth career Partizan as player, through Obilić, Smederevo, Slavia Sofia, Red Star, again Slavia Sofia, OFK Belgrade, Bežanija, Veria, Dalian, Vardar, Srem, Levski Sofia, again Red Star as coach)

Players who have played for both clubs (youth career)[edit]

Players who have played in Eternal derby for both clubs (league and cup matches)[edit]

Players who have scored in Eternal derby for both clubs (championship and cup matches)[edit]

Coaches who worked at both clubs[edit]

Basketball rivalry[edit]

Eternal Belgrade derby
KK Partizan Logo.PNG, Logo czvezda.jpg
Other names Belgrade derby
Locale Belgrade,  Serbia
Teams Partizan & Red Star
Statistics
Meetings total 246 (201 championship matches (139 + 62 Play-off), 14 cup matches and 31 ABA League matches)

KK Red Star Belgrade was the winner of the European Cup Winner's Cup in 1974 and regional NLB League in 2015. The club has also won 16 national championships and 8 national cups.

KK Partizan was the European champion in 1992. They also won 3 Radivoj Korać Cups and 6 regional NLB League competitions. KK Partizan is the holder of 21 national championship titles. They have also won 13 national basketball cups and 1 triple crown in 1992.

Pionir Hall[edit]

Main article: Pionir Hall

The Pionir Hall is a sports arena in Belgrade located in the Belgrade's municipality of Palilula. The capacity of the arena is 7,800 seats. It is home terrain for both rivals. During derbies Grobari are on the east stand of the hall while Delije are concentrated on the west stand. Recently, because of frequent violent clashes between two groups, the clubs have stopped selling derby match tickets.[citation needed]

Statistics[edit]

Competition Played PARTIZAN D RED STAR
Championship 139 72 5 62
Play-off 62 41 21
Cup 14 5 9
ABA League 31 18 13
Total 246 136 5 105
Played: Played matches
CZ: Red Star wins
PAR: Partizan wins
D: Draw

Players who have played for both clubs (senior career)[edit]

Players who have played for one club in youth career and for rival club in senior career[edit]

Players who have played for both clubs (youth career)[edit]

Played for one club and coached the rival club[edit]

Coaches who worked at both clubs[edit]

Asisstant coaches who worked at both clubs[edit]

Coaches who worked at both clubs (youth career)[edit]

National Trophies in Five Popular Team Sports[edit]

Year Football Basketball Volleyball Handball Water Polo
Championship Cup Championship Cup Championship Cup Championship Cup Championship Cup
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
1946 CZ (1) PAR (1)
1947 PAR (1) PAR (1) CZ (2) PAR (2)
1948 CZ (1) CZ (3)
1949 PAR (2) CZ (2) CZ (4) PAR (3)
1950 CZ (3) CZ (5) PAR (4) PAR (1)
1951 CZ (1) CZ (6) CZ (1)
1952 PAR (2) CZ (7)
1953 CZ (2) CZ (8) PAR (5)
1954 PAR (3) CZ (9) CZ (2)
1955 CZ (10) CZ (1)
1956 CZ (3) CZ (3) CZ (2) CZ (1)
1957 CZ (4) PAR (4) CZ (4)
1958 CZ (4)
1959 CZ (5) CZ (5) PAR (1)
1960 CZ (6) CZ (1)
1961 PAR (3) PAR (2)
1962 PAR (4)
1963 PAR (5) PAR (1)
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
1964 CZ (7) CZ (6) PAR (3) PAR (2)
1965 PAR (6) PAR (3)
1966 PAR (2) PAR (4)
1967 PAR (6)
1968 CZ (8) CZ (7) PAR (5)
1969 CZ (9) CZ (11)
1970 CZ (10) CZ (8) PAR (6)
1971 CZ (9) CZ (1) PAR (4) PAR (3)
1972 CZ (12) CZ (2) CZ (7)
1973 CZ (11) CZ (2) PAR (7) CZ (3) PAR (8) PAR (1)
1974 CZ (5) PAR (5) PAR (9) PAR (2)
1975 CZ (3) CZ (4) PAR (10) PAR (3)
1976 PAR (7) PAR (1) PAR (11) PAR (4)
1977 CZ (12) PAR (12)
1978 PAR (8) PAR (8) PAR (13) PAR (5)
1979 PAR (2) PAR (1) PAR (14) PAR (6)
1980 CZ (13)
1981 CZ (14) PAR (3)
1982 CZ (10) PAR (7)
1983 PAR (9)
1984 CZ (15) PAR (15)
1985 CZ (11) PAR (8)
1986 PAR (10)
1987 PAR (11) PAR (4) PAR (16) PAR (9)
1988 CZ (16) PAR (17) PAR (10)
1989 PAR (5) PAR (2) PAR (6)
1990 CZ (17) CZ (12) PAR (9) PAR (7) PAR (11)
1991 CZ (18) PAR (10) CZ (5) PAR (12)
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
1992 CZ (19) PAR (6) PAR (5) PAR (3) CZ (1) PAR (13)
1993 PAR (12) CZ (13) CZ (13) CZ (6) PAR (1) PAR (4) CZ (2) PAR (14)
1994 PAR (13) PAR (7) CZ (14) PAR (4) PAR (2) PAR (5) PAR (15)
1995 CZ (20) CZ (14) PAR (6) PAR (5) PAR (3) CZ (2) PAR (18) PAR (16)
1996 PAR (14) CZ (15) PAR (7) CZ (3) CZ (3)
1997 PAR (15) CZ (16) PAR (8) CZ (7) CZ (4)
1998 PAR (8) CZ (15) CZ (5) PAR (6)
1999 PAR (16) CZ (17) PAR (6) CZ (8) PAR (4)
2000 CZ (21) CZ (18) PAR (7)
2001 CZ (22) PAR (9) PAR (7)
2002 PAR (17) CZ (19) PAR (9) PAR (8) PAR (5) PAR (19) PAR (17)
2003 PAR (18) PAR (10) CZ (6) PAR (6)
Serbia and Montenegro
2004 CZ (23) CZ (20) PAR (11) CZ (4) CZ (6) CZ (4)
2005 PAR (19) PAR (12)
2006 CZ (24) CZ (21) PAR (13) CZ (5) CZ (7)
Serbia
2007 CZ (25) CZ (22) PAR (14) CZ (8) PAR (8) PAR (20) PAR (18)
2008 PAR (20) PAR (10) PAR (15) PAR (9) CZ (7) CZ (9) PAR (9) PAR (21) PAR (19)
2009 PAR (21) PAR (11) PAR (16) PAR (10) CZ (9) PAR (7) PAR (22) PAR (20)
2010 PAR (22) CZ (23) PAR (17) PAR (11) PAR (23) PAR (21)
2011 PAR (23) PAR (12) PAR (18) PAR (12) PAR (11) CZ (10) PAR (8) PAR (24) PAR (22)
2012 PAR (24) CZ (24) PAR (19) PAR (13) CZ (8) PAR (9) PAR (10) PAR (25) PAR (23)
2013 PAR (25) PAR (20) CZ (6) CZ (9) CZ (11) PAR (11) CZ (3) CZ (1)
2014 CZ (26) PAR (21) CZ (7) CZ (10) CZ (12) CZ (4) CZ (2)
2015 PAR (26) CZ (16) CZ (8) CZ (11) PAR (26)
2016 PAR (24)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Šetnja kroz istoriju prolećnih "večitih derbija"". Blic. 22 April 2011. 
  2. ^ "Da nema Rumuna, Srbi bi bili gospodari regiona" (in Serbian). The Sportal. 14 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Pola Srbije za Crvenu zvezdu!" (in Serbian). Večernje Novosti. 27 February 2008. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  4. ^ THE LIST: The greatest rivalries in club football, Nos 10–1
  5. ^ Bojanic, Zivko (2007). BSK – Jugoslavija the first eternal derby. ISBN 9788685627071. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Stadion at Red Star official website.
  7. ^ Stadion at Partizan official website.

External links[edit]