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NameProto-GermanicOld EnglishOld Norse
"livestock, wealth"
ShapeElder FutharkFuthorcYounger Futhark
Transcriptionfff, v
Position in

The Fehu rune (Old Norse ; Old English feoh) represents the ⟨f⟩ and ⟨v⟩ sound in the Younger Futhark and Futhorc alphabets. Its name means '(mobile) wealth', cognate to English fee with the original meaning of 'sheep' or 'cattle' (Dutch Vee, German Vieh, Latin pecū, Sanskrit páśu). The Proto-Germanic name *fehu has been reconstructed, with the meaning of "money, cattle, wealth".[1]

The corresponding letter of the Gothic alphabet is ⟨𐍆⟩ ⟨f⟩, called faihu. Such correspondence between all rune poems and the Gothic letter name, as well, is uncommon, and gives the reconstructed name of the Old Futhark a high degree of certainty.

The shape of the rune is likely based on Etruscan v ⟨𐌅⟩ ⟨F⟩, like Greek DigammaϜ⟩ and Latin ⟨F⟩ ultimately from Phoenician waww⟩.[citation needed]

Rune poems[edit]

The name is recorded in all three rune poems:[2][full citation needed]

Old Norwegian:

Old Icelandic:


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Page, Raymond I. (2005) Runes. The British Museum Press. p. 15. ISBN 0-7141-8065-3
  2. ^ Original poems and translation from the Rune Poem Page.