Flag of Bashkortostan
|Adopted||25 February 1992|
12 February 2003 (proportion changed)
|Design||A horizontal tricolor of blue, white and green with a yellow circle bearing the kurai flower.|
|Designed by||O. Y. Asabina and U. T. Masalimov|
Flag of the Bashkir ASSR
|Design||The flag of the Bashkir ASSR is a variant of the flag of the Russian SFSR with the "Башкирская АССР" and "Башҡорт АССР-ы" inscription below the hammer and sickle.|
|Designed by||Valentin Petrovich Viktorov|
Flag of Bashkurdistan
|Adopted||20 August 1918|
|Design||A horizontal tricolor of blue, green and white.|
|Designed by||Akhmetzaki Akhmetshahovich Validov|
The flag of the Republic of Bashkortostan (Bashkir: Башҡортостан Республикаһы флагы, Başqortostan Respublikahy flagy; Russian: Флаг Республики Башкортостан, Flag Respubliki Bashkortostan), in the Russian Federation, is one of the official symbols of the Republic of Bashkortostan, alongside the coat of arms and the national anthem of Bashkortostan. The flag has three horizontal stripes. From top to bottom, the stripes are green, white, and blue. The flag has been used officially as the flag of the Republic of Bashkortostan since 25 February 1992. The white stripe of the flag is charged with a Kurai flower in the center.
The first national entity that represents the Bashkir people was the state of Bashkurdistan. The state uses a flag similar to the current flag of Bashkortostan. The flag was a tricolor consisted of blue, green and white. After the assimilation of Bashkurdistan to the Soviet Union in 1919, Bashkurdistan was absorbed to the USSR as an autonomous republic, the Bashkir ASSR. The Bashkir ASSR uses a flag similar to all of the autonomous republics: a red flag with the inscription of the nation's name. The flag of Bashkir ASSR is also identical with the flag of the Russian SFSR at the corresponding time.
The Kurai flower represents friendship, and its seven petals represent the seven tribes who bring unity, and consolidation to Bashkortostan. The blue represents the integrity, and the excellence of the thoughts of the Bashkir people, and the white stands for their peacefulness, and their willingness to cooperate, and the green for freedom, and eternal life.
The first national flag of Bashkortostan was designed by a Bashkir statesman, Akhmetzaki Akhmetshahovich Validov (1890-1970). The flag consisted of three horizontal stripes of equal size, which is blue, green and white. The flag was approved by the Order of the Government of Bashkurdistan No. 4547 on 20 August 1918. The order was published on June 19, 1918 in the Bashkort newspaper and on August 20, 1918 in the newspaper "Bashkortostan hokumetenen tele". This flag was also originally used as a common flag of the Bashkir army.
The blue color on the flag symbolized the union of the Bashkirs with the Turks, the green colour symbolizes Islam, and the white colour symbolizes the desire for peace, happiness and prosperity.
As the Bashkir ASSR
After the formation of the Bashkir ASSR, the first flag of the Bashkir ASSR was adopted in 1920. The flag was a red flag, with the abbreviation of the name of the republic inscribed in the flag. The flag was used until 11 October 1924, when the decree "On the change of the State flag of the Bashkir ASSR", changed the design of the flag of the Bashkir ASSR. The inscription in the flag was replaced with the hammer and sickle.
After the promulgation of the new constitution of the Bashkir ASSR, a new state flag of the Bashkir ASSR was approved on 23 July 1937 at the 10th All-Bashkir Congress of Soviets. The flag was the same with the flag of the Russian SFSR. The only difference was some additional inscriptions. The inscriptions underwent a minor change on 9 February 1938, after the transition of the writing system of the Bashkir language by the decree of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the Bashkir ASSR.
A new state flag of the Yakut ASSR was adopted on March 31, 1954, by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Bashkir ASSR "On the State Flag of the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic". The details of the flag design was specified with the adoption of the "Provision on the State Flag of the Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic" on 16 January 1956 by the Supreme Soviet of the Bashkir ASSR. The new state flag was identical with the state flag of the Russian SFSR, but with additional inscriptions of the abbreviation of the Bashkir ASSR in Bashkir and Russian languages.
As the Republic of Bashkortostan
After the adoption of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Bashkir SSR on October 11, 1990, the communist symbols of the republic ceased to reflect the current situations of Bashkortostan and the need to adopt new state symbols arose, including the new flag. Prior to the creation of the new flag, the leaders of the Bashkir nationalist movement decided to adopt the flag of Bashkurdistan as its official flag.
To address this need, by the Decree Number 211 of 26 November 1990, the Council of Ministers of the Bashkir SSR declared a countrywide competition for the best draft of state symbols of the republic which was to be submitted prior to 15 February 1991. Later, the Order of the Council of Ministers of the Bashkir SSR of December 30, 1990, approved the Regulations on the procedure for holding a competition, which extended the deadline for presenting sketches of the flag and coat of arms by March 1, 1991. The sketches were to be made in color on a thick paper with a minimum size of 30 × 20 cm. The sketches were to be attached with a note indicating the dimensions and a detailed explanation of the meaning of the symbols. The winners of the competition for the best design of state symbols were scheduled to be awarded four awards with 3,000 rubles each.
Several prominent Bashkir artists submitted their projects. About 40 draft flags were submitted to the competition commission under the chairmanship of M. A. Ayupov. The competition was won by the project submitted by the art editor of the Kitap publishing house, Ural Masalimov, and Olga Asabina, a student from the Ufa School of Arts. The kurai flower was designed by Nil Khabibullin in the 1960s as a television screensaver for the Day of Bashkir Culture in Leningrad.
Adoption as the state flag
On February 25, 1992, the Bashkir SSR was renamed as the Republic of Bashkortostan by the Supreme Council of the Bashkir SSR. The flag of the Republic of Bashkortostan was adopted on the same day.
- Law of the Supreme Soviet of the Bashkir ASSR of 25.02.1992 № VS-10/17.
- Law of the Republic of Bashkortostan оn 12.02.2003 № 466-Z "On Amendments to the Law of the Republic of Bashkortostan "On State Symbols of the Republic of Bashkortostan"".
- Kutushev & Baykov 2011, p. 26
- Bugangulova, Galeeva & Sayranov 2005, pp. 142–143
- Aznagulov & Khamitova 2005, pp. 23
- "Флаг Башкирской АССР 1924 г." proher.ru. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
- Central Executive Committee of the Baskhir ASSR 1937, pp. 2–3
- Central Executive Committee of the Baskhir ASSR 1937, p. 45
- Kutushev & Baykov 2011, p. 29
- Supreme Soviet of the Baskhir ASSR 1961, pp. 1–2
- Kutushev & Baykov 2011, pp. 29–30
- Supreme Soviet of the Baskhir ASSR 1961, p. 27
- Kutushev & Baykov 2011, p. 36
- Russian Centre of Vexillology and Heraldry 2015.
- Kutushev & Baykov 2011, p. 36
- Kutushev & Baykov 2011, pp. 36, 38
- Kutushev & Baykov 2011, pp. 36, 38
- Kutushev, Rais Raximʹjanovic; Baykov, Ilgiz Fathullovich (2011), "1", А. А. Валидов — организатор автономии Башкортостана. У истоков федерализма в России (1917—1920). Документы и материалы. [A. A. Validov - the organizer of the autonomy of Bashkortostan. At the origins of federalism in Russia (1917-1920). Documents and materials.] (in Russian), Ufa: Kitap, ISBN 5-295-03702-9
- Bugangulova, Y.; Galeeva, A.M.; Sayranov, Y.R. (2005), К истории государственной символики Башкортостана [On the history of the state symbols of Bashkortostan] (in Russian), Ufa: Kitap
- Aznagulov, B.G.; Khamitova, Z.G. (2005), "Парламентаризм в башкортостане" [Parliamentarism in Bashkortostan] (PDF), gsrb.ru (in Russian), Ufa: Baskhortostan Publishing House, ISBN 5-8258-0204-5, retrieved October 30, 2018
- Central Executive Committee of the Baskhir ASSR (1937), Lyuterskiy, K. (ed.), "Конституция (Основной Закон) Башкирской Автономной Советской Социалистической Республики" [Constitution of the Baskhir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic], naukaprava.ru (in Russian), Ufa: Oktyabr'skiy Natisk, retrieved November 1, 2018
- Supreme Soviet of the Baskhir ASSR (1961), "Конституция (Основной Закон) Башкирской Автономной Советской Социалистической Республики" [Constitution of the Baskhir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic], naukaprava.ru (in Russian), Ufa: Bashkirgosizdat, retrieved November 1, 2018