Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

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Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg
Flag of the Russian SFSR (1954–1991)
Use Historical
Proportion 1:2
Adopted 9 January 1954
Design A red flag with a light-blue stripe at the pole, with golden red star and hammer and sickle.
Designed by Valentin Petrovich Viktorov

Last Soviet-era (before 1991) flag was adopted by the Russian SFSR in 1954. The flag of RSFSR is a defacement of the flag of the Soviet Union. The constitution stipulated:

The state flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic presents itself as a red, rectangular sheet with a light-blue stripe at the pole extending all the width [read height] which constitutes one eighth length of the flag.

Like the flag of the Soviet Union, the hammer and sickle represents the working class and more specifically, the hammer represents the urban industrial workers and the sickle represents the rural and agricultural peasants. The red star represents the CPSU and communism. The red in the flag represents the Russian revolution and revolution in general. The blue stripe symbolizes the wide Russian skies and the waters of its seas and rivers.

History[edit]

The first flag of the Russian SFSR (14 April—17 June 1918) is a flag showing the full name of the recently born Soviet republic before the then imminent Russian spelling reform. Its ratio was unspecified.

Since 1918, the flag was red with the gold Cyrillic characters РСФСР (RSFSR) in the top-left corner, in a traditional Vyaz' style of ornamental Cyrillic calligraphy.

Since 1920, the characters was redesigned as described in the Russian Constitution of 1925. However this flag was oftentimes not used, with the 1918 flag being used until 1937.

Flag of the Russian SFSR (14 April 1918)
Flag of the Russian SFSR (14 April 1918)
Flag of the Russian SFSR (17 June 1918-1920)
Flag of the Russian SFSR (17 June 1918-1920)
Flag of the Russian SFSR (1920–21 January 1937)
Flag of the Russian SFSR (1920–21 January 1937)
Flag of the Russian SFSR (21 January 1937-9 January 1954)
Flag of the Russian SFSR (21 January 1937-9 January 1954)
Detailed construction sheet for the Russian SFSR flag issued on 22 January 1981.

In February 1947, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR issued a resolution suggesting the Soviet republics to adopt their new flags. The design was suggested to be based on the state flag of the USSR, as to indicate the idea of the republic within the union, and to include colors and national ornaments to express the geographical, national, historical and cultural characteristics of each republic.

On January 9, 1954, the new national flag of the RSFSR was approved by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR.[1] The flag was designed by artist Valentin Petrovich Viktorov. On June 2, 1954, the description of the flag was included in the Constitution of the RSFSR.[2]

After the events of the attempted coup in Moscow, Boris Yeltsin, the president of the Russian SFSR adopted a resolution that the imperial tricolor flag based on the Russian Empire as the flag of RSFSR. On August 22, 1991 the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR decided:[3]

Prior to the establishment of the new state symbol of the Russian Federation, the historical flag of Russia -the flag with equal horizontal white, azure, scarlet stripes should be regarded as the official national flag of the Russian Federation.

It was first hoisted at 12:00 pm on August 22, 1991 at the White House. A tricolor with the hammer and sickle on the centre was also later proposed.[4]

On November 1, 1991, the Constitution of the RSFSR was amended to adopt the white-azure-scarlet flag as the official national flag.[5][6]

Flag of the Russian SFSR (9 January 1954-22 August 1991)
Flag of the Russian SFSR (9 January 1954-22 August 1991)
Dark blue variant of the flag of the Russian SFSR (9 January 1954-22 August 1991)
Dark blue variant of the flag of the Russian SFSR (9 January 1954-22 August 1991)
Flag of the Russian SFSR (22 August 1991-26 December 1991)
Flag of the Russian SFSR (22 August 1991-26 December 1991)

Other RSFSR flags[edit]

The banner of the republic is a 1:1 ratio red flag with gold fringe, commonly used on ceremonies. The banner was also used on the first inauguration of Boris Yeltsin as President of RSFSR on July 10, 1991.[7]

The Banner of the republic of RSFSR
The Banner of the republic of RSFSR
Naval Ensign of RSFSR (1920-1923)
Naval Ensign of RSFSR (1920-1923)
Civil ensign of the Russian SFSR (1920-1924)
Civil ensign of the Russian SFSR (1920-1924)

Regional flags based on the flag of RSFSR[edit]

Flags of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics of RSFSR are the defacement of the 1954 flag of RSFSR, with texts or acronyms of the name of the republic in official languages.

Flag of the Chechen-Ingush ASSR since 1978
Flag of the Chechen-Ingush ASSR since 1978
Flag of Kemerovo Oblast
Flag of Kemerovo Oblast
Flag of Altai Krai
Flag of Altai Krai
Flag of Vladimir Oblast
Flag of Vladimir Oblast
Flag of Oryol
Flag of Oryol

See also[edit]

Pro-Russia protesters occupied the Security Service of Ukraine building in Luhansk with the flag of the Russian SFSR, seen from the left.

References[edit]