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|Developer(s)||Forbidden Technologies plc.|
Forscene / 25 January 2007
|Type||Video editing software|
Designed by Forbidden Technologies plc to allow collaborative editing of video, it is capable of video logging, reviewing, publishing and hosting to HD quality. The system is implemented as a mobile app for Android and IOS devices and as a web application with a Java applet as part of its user interface. The latter runs on platforms without application installation, codec installation, or machine configuration and has Web 2.0 features.
Forscene won the Royal Television Society's award for Technology in the post-production process in December 2005, and is now used internationally. The underlying compression technology and the user interface are covered by separate patents.
- 1 Usage
- 2 Services
- 3 Licensing
- 4 Components
- 4.1 Codecs
- 4.2 Upload
- 4.3 Java interface
- 4.4 Account management interface
- 4.5 Mobile interfaces
- 4.6 Forscene cloud servers
- 4.7 Forscene Server
- 4.8 Forscene HD
- 4.9 Web player
- 4.10 Mobile player
- 4.11 Video podcast
- 4.12 Timecode export
- 4.13 Additional exports
- 4.14 Systems integration
- 5 History
- 6 Competition and marketing
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Forscene's functionality makes it suitable for multiple uses in the video editing workflow.
For editors and producers wanting to produce broadcast-quality output, Forscene provides an environment for the early stages of post-production to happen remotely and cheaply (logging, shot selection, collaborative reviewing, rough cutting and offline editing, for example) and more recently fine cut editing. Forscene then outputs instructions in standard formats which can be applied to the high-quality master-footage for detailed and high-quality editing prior to broadcast.
Other users want to prepare footage for publishing to lower-quality media - the small screens of mobile phones and video iPods, and to the web where bandwidth restricts the quality of video it is currently practical to output. For these users, all editing can be carried out in FORscene, before publishing using Forscene's web, mobile phone, Flash, and/or podcasting services. Video can also be saved in MPEG and Ogg formats.
The video platform is broadly referred to as Forscene. It is offered as two distinct web based services, built on a common core of code: Forscene for professional and semi-professional use and Clesh for consumers. Both exploit the web for delivery.
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Upload: compression machines can be bought or rented. The charge for upload to the Internet covers the storage cost.
Logging, shot selection, assembly editing, offline editing, review, EDL export: the software is provided as a service which is charged by usage. Typical productions will agree a fixed price in advance which depends on expected usage.
Publishing: there is a charge for each video published for web, mobile or podcasting based on the length of the material in minutes.
Viewing: watching a published video is free for the viewer (with respect to FORscene) but the publisher is charged for bandwidth each time a web video is viewed or a mobile video downloaded (and the event captured so activity against published videos may be monitored).
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The Forscene system is made up of various components, discussed here.
Osprey supports loss-free video compression. FORscene users can see broadcast quality video during editing (as well as proxy quality as has been the case with Forscene's other codecs) and broadcasters can use the video output from Forscene directly for transmission.
The Forscene video codec is called Blackbird. It is designed for both editing and video streaming over variable speed broadband Internet connections. By varying the frame rate, it can provide consistent picture quality even on slow connections.
Like its predecessor Firebird (used in the FORlive system), the Blackbird codec allows real time compression and playback of video. This is important for handling the quantity of video in modern productions, as well as the reviewing, logging, editing and publishing features of Forscene.
Blackbird is designed for both editing and video streaming over variable speed internet connections. Blackbird can provide consistent picture quality on slow connections by varying the frame rate through the use of tokens. The tokens represent each source image which are scaled versions of each source image.
The Blackbird video codec facilitates a content-aware dynamic framerate. The codec can create a lightweight proxy, which can be used to deliver a live stream from an event.
On 6 March 2018, MSG Networks received a New York chapter Emmy nomination for "Technical Achievement" as follows "MSG Networks Digital Video Editing & Digital Distribution via Blackbird Technology".
The Forscene audio codec is called Impala. Datarate and quality can be varied depending on the use: 10 kbit/s for modem web video and mobile playback, 30 kbit/s for audio only modem playback or broadband playback with video, and 80 kbit/s per channel for editing.
Forscene videos are served from the Internet backbone and accepts video, audio, and graphics input in a variety of ways. Forbidden's upload software, running on a suitable computer, compresses and uploads the videos. As Java does not allow access to a computer's hardware, and so cannot control tape machines or video cameras directly, the compress/upload programs run as native applications. Four options are provided for this purpose:
- Windows XP software
- OS X software
- Linux hardware and software
- Symbian mobile phone software (over-the-air)
Logging, editing and reviewing of uploaded material can start as soon as the upload process starts.
Files containing video, audio and still may also be uploaded using a web browser from a wired or mobile device. Uploads can run concurrently and many formats are supported (e.g. AVI, MOV, ASF, 3GP).
The Java interface works with the default configuration on most machines, though allocating more memory to the JVM improves performance. It enables the following functionality:
- Video logging
- Non-linear editing (including Multicam support)
- Web publishing
- Mobile publishing
- Video podcasting
Each standard user account has its own password-protected web page containing the FORscene applet. Once logged on, the users have access to their own videos, library videos, and any functionality their account supports.
Video is not stored on the local computer's hard disc, so when the user closes their web browser, their video is not accessible to subsequent users of the same computer.
The Forscene web interface operates through Internet standards such as HTTP and Java, so can be used even in companies with severe firewalls. If web browsing works, then Forscene almost always will too.
Account management interface
The account management interface separates accounts and users. Many individuals may use the same Forscene account and each user is assigned a role (manager, commenter, reviewer, logger, editor, storyboard). The interface provides single sign-on authentication of users and central point of access to core admin / operational features on the web:
- Usage Report
- Account Display
- User Settings
Forscene cloud servers
The server infrastructure on the Forscene backbone network (referred to as the cloud) dedicated to Forbidden's customers are distributed over numerous locations and handle around 10,000 hours of new video content each week. These act as one system, increasing both effective capacity and redundancy. As the Java front end does most of the work during editing, and the upload software does the compression work, the server is lightly loaded and can support many users at the same time. Sites may also attach a server to their own LAN (FORscene Server) to multiply the numbers of users on their existing internet connections.
Each client site may elect to utilise a single physical Forscene server per fixed or remote location to scale up operations and improve overall performance (e.g. the time taken to retrieve video for review). Features include:
- Local caching of video downloads
- Immediate access of video over a Local Area Network (LAN) during upload
- Seamless transfer of video as required between a Forscene Server and the Server Infrastructure
The product exploits high speed LAN access whilst preserving the principal of access from anywhere.
Videos which have been edited within Forscene can be conformed automatically at anything up to 1080p - full High Definition (HD). After editing Forscene uploads the full HD quality frames used in the finished programme into the Cloud. The special effects, colour correction and titles are combined at full resolution on a Forscene Cloud Server for download to a broadcaster, ready for transmission. Material can be reviewed and edited from anywhere on the web, not just one local source.
Each web video which is published is packaged with the Java player. The video size can be chosen by the publisher from a range of sizes from 160x120 to 384x288. The frame rate depends on the available bandwidth and speed of the playback machine, with full frame rate available for fast machines and connections.
Forbidden Technologies supplies its Blackbird decoder in the form of a Java player. This can be locked to a particular server, making it hard to pirate videos published in Forscene.
Forscene can publish mobile content for its Symbian mobile player, Formobile. Customers can also have their own branding. The publisher chooses whether videos published from Forscene for mobile appear in the standard Formobile menu or are available to only selected people. Forscene can automatically notify people by text message that a video has just been published.
The mobile player can be sent from handset to handset for free via Bluetooth, and videos can also be distributed virally via Bluetooth once the Forscene mobile player has been installed. Forbidden has coined the term Viewtooth to describe this process.
Each frame of professionally shot video is tagged with a timecode which identifies it. Combining the timecode information of video handled within Forscene at browse quality with the original broadcast quality video allows information in FORscene to be transferred to a broadcast quality version. Videos logged or edited in Forscene can be exported in the form of a simple EDL or more complex XML for autoconform and offline or online on an Avid or Final Cut Pro system.
A number of export formats are supported in addition to those mentioned above:
Final programmes can be made, even in High-definition, and sent in broadcast quality efficiently to the broadcaster for transmission without using any third party editing systems. However FORscene supports integration with third party systems, both in broadcast and elsewhere.
Forscene supports Edit decision list/XML export to industry editing systems such as or Avid / Final Cut Pro. For example, creation of rough cuts in Forscene can then be reliably conformed on Avid, even when they include clips which the Avid would not normally be able to ingest because of time code breaks and gaps.
Serial Digital Interface improves Forscene’s integration into the high end broadcast environment. SDI support allows Forscene to ingest source material in both Standard Definition (SD) and High Definition (HD) resolutions from any professional video source in real time. The SDI video input meets both Phase Alternating Line (PAL) and National Television System Committee (NTSC) standards.
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FORscene is a development from an editing system made by Eidos Interactive in the 1990s. This history starts from the first public showing of this product, at the International Broadcasting Convention in Europe in 1990.
|1990-1999||Edit 1, Edit 2, Optima||
|Feb 2001||Java video streaming on website||Java||
|May 2002||Live video streaming to mobile phone||Java / GPRS||Picture quality poor e.g. monochrome|
|Dec 2002||Broadband web streaming||Java||384x288 pixels, 25 frame/s|
|Sep 2003||FORlive launched||Linux compression / Java player||
|Nov 2003||FORmobile launched||Symbian Series 60||
|Sep 2004||Forscene launched||Java||
|Sep 2004||IBC TV news use FORscene/FORmobile||Symbian||Branded player|
|Feb 2005||GMTV first broadcaster to sign up||Java||International access to GMTV|
|May 2005||Logging added to Forscene||Java||Java logging, editing and publishing tool|
|Sep 2005||Upload over-the-air from mobile phones||Symbian||
|Sep 2005||IBC TV news use FORscene/FORmobile||Symbian||Branded player|
|Sep 2005||First broadcast TV series uses Forscene||Channel 5 (UK)||Trust Me - I'm a Holiday Rep|
|Jan 2006||New video codec designed for editing||Blackbird 1 codec|
|Jan/Feb 2006||First prime time TV series uses Forscene||BBC1 (UK)||Super Vets|
|Apr 2006||Podcasting released||Video iPod, iTunes|
|Apr/May 2006||British Army uses Forscene mobile player||Symbian mobile phones||Ascent of Everest published on mobiles|
|June 2006||Forscene review||BBC Breakfast, This Morning, Sky News||Broadcasters select Save the Children footage|
|August 2006||Forscene Ogg support added||Java||Ogg format is supported by Wikipedia for upload of suitable video content|
|September 2006||Forscene online chat feature added||Java||
|November 2006||Citizen Journalism||Java / Symbian mobile phones||Third project completed at the World Congress of Science and Factual Producers (WCSFP). Citizen journalism began at the IBC in 2006.|
|January 2007||Account Management||Web||Interface provides for management of accounts by customers.|
|February 2007||Forscene Flash support added||Java||Export of video to the Flash format for use with the Adobe Flash Player.|
|March 2007||Forscene Speed Control||Java||Video and/or audio clips can be edited for slow motion/fast motion style effects.|
|April 2007||Forscene Fades||Java||Fade up and fade to black with a single drag on the video track.|
|May 2007||File names / playback||Java||Multi-line file names and three-speed playback control.|
|June 2007||Security||Java||Log on now supports the secure HTTPS protocol.|
|August 2007||Images / playback||Java||Images can be integrated directly into the video track and playback can now be viewed at 150% (as well as 100% and 200%).|
|September 2007||DV||Java||Broadcast quality DV can be output directly from the web interface and effective transfer of DV from the field over standard internet links.|
|October 2007||Webstart / codec||Java||Webstart can be used to run FORscene, providing access to more memory available, and better performance. The Blackbird codecs deliver better picture quality and lower memory requirements.|
|December 2007||Audio / graphics / codec / account management||Java||Simpler stereo audio editing by linking the two audio tracks. Add anti-aliased graphic overlays with transparency levels and fades. Accounts distinguish between departmental and inter-departmental (programme-wide) levels of access.|
|January 2008||Codec||Java||Blackbird codec upgraded to version 5.|
|February 2008||Saturation / recompress / 1GB / audio||Java||Right dragging in the video window adjust saturation levels. Recompress videos to benefit from the latest codec. Modern machines may set a new memory limit to 1GB (reducing network traffic). Improved audio quality.|
|March 2008||Proxy box / AAF||Java||Boost internet performance for videos captured locally or viewed recently. Support for Avid's AAF files is available, complementing existing support for EDL and FCP (XML).|
|June 2008||Thumbnails / storyboard||Java||Web published videos have click-through thumbnails. Storyboard offers a simpler editing process with fewer clicks required to use it.|
|July 2008||AAF / white balance / JPEG export||Java||Additional data added to AAF output to carry more information through to Avid from FORscene. Adjust for colour differences between artificial / daylight conditions. Export a video frame to a JPEG image.|
|August 2008||Colourful fades||Java||Colour wheel controls fades to/from colours other than the default (black) can pick from colours on the video window.|
|October 2008||Titles||Java||In addition to imported graphics Forscene's subtitle functions are enhanced with background and font colour, transparency, and size controls.|
|September 2009||Forscene Server||Server||Sites can multiply the number of users on their existing internet connections - whilst preserving all the advantages of internet access from anywhere.|
|September 2009||Forscene HD||HD||Forscene can now output HD directly providing remote access to video for editing from anywhere in the world, only uploading the fraction of HD that is actually used in the final programme, and ability to use existing computers and internet links.|
|September 2009||Osprey||Codec||With Osprey codec Forscene enables video editing at broadcast quality locally through a web browser interface and wide-area over the public Internet.|
|April 2010||Multicam||Java||Multicam can support up to eight concurrent synchronised video streams for logging and editing.|
|February 2011||Android||Mobile||Client available on the Android platform (consumer edition) including integration with YouTube and Facebook.|
|February 2014||iOS||Mobile||Forscene client demonstrated on the iOS platform (iPad).|
Competition and marketing
Forscene was the first post-production system to offer access entirely within a web browser for the broadcast industry and other professional use.
Forscene was launched in Beta during 2004. In 2012, a supplier of desktop-based video editors Avid Technology announced the release of a web-based editor, The technology had been previously shown.
Other online tools (e.g. Jumpcut) were developed primarily with consumers in mind. Forscene's user-base includes professional broadcasters, charities, Universities, consumers and resellers, other organisations. The technology is marketed to consumers in the form of a tailored service called Clesh.
Other Online Editing Technologies
- Awards, UK: Royal Television Society, archived from the original (MS Word .doc) on 27 February 2006
- Royal Television Society award ceremony (Video), FORscene[dead link]
- Pennington, Adrian. "Forbidden Technologies Brings Cloud Editing To Brightcove Users". Retrieved 21 January 2017.
- Lyall, Ian (17 July 2012). "Forbidden Technologies' Olympic breakthrough puts it ahead of the field". Proactiveinvestors.com.au. Archived from the original on 20 July 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Tobin, Lucy (3 July 2012). "Forbidden in YouTube deal". The Independent. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- Streater, Stephen. "Compressor". Google. Google Patents. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
- Streater, Stephen. "Method for enabling efficient navigation of video". Google. Google Patents. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
- Niedermeier, Florian. "Quality assessment of the MPEG-4 scalable video CODEC. Lecture Notes in Computer Science". researchgate. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
- Garland, David. "The Evolution Of Online Video With Special Guest "THE BRITISH BILL GATES" Stephen Streater". therisetothetop. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
- Stewart-Smith, Hana. "Forbidden Technologies details new video codec Blackbird 9". morningstar. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
- Sanders-Hewett, Rebecca (23 January 2017). "Next generation of Blackbird video codec". Financial Times. Redleaf Communications. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
- "THE 61st ANNUAL NEW YORK EMMY® AWARD NOMINATIONS ANNOUNCED THIS MORNING!" (PDF). www.nyemmys.org.
- e-consultancy report on Misys
- Digital-Lifestyles.info IBC TV News uses Forscene and Formobile
- Army on Everest Archived 22 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Mobile page
- e-consultancy report on Bluetooth
- IBC 1990 programme guide
- Acorn Cybervillage Optima
- "Live demonstration". Forbidden. 2003-11-10. Retrieved 2017-01-21.
- Highbeam Research Forscene launch
- "hoeksteen.dds.nl". Archived from the original on 6 March 2006. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
- Hardware depot online article about GMTV signing up to Forscene
- Regulatory News Service Over-the-air upload
- Cellular news article on British Army use of Forscene for mobile
- Regional Film and Video article on Save the Children use of Forscene for review
- Avid’s web-based editing demo at NAB 2010
- Professor Steve Keeler