Final Cut Pro X

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Final Cut Pro X
2015 Final Cut Pro Logo.png
Main editing window
Main editing window
Developer(s) Apple Inc.
Stable release
10.3.4 / May 25, 2017; 3 months ago (2017-05-25)
Written in Cocoa
Operating system OS X v10.11, macOS 10.12
Type Video editing software
License Commercial proprietary software
Website www.apple.com/finalcutpro/

Final Cut Pro X (pronounced "Final Cut Pro Ten") is a professional non-linear video editing application published by Apple Inc. as part of their Pro Apps family of software programs. It was released on June 21, 2011 for sale in the Mac App Store and is the controversial successor to Final Cut Pro[1][2] (both editors are incompatible and have quite different approaches to editing).

Features[edit]

Final Cut Pro X shares some of both its code and interface design philosophy with Apple’s consumer video editing software, iMovie.[3][4]

Interface[edit]

  • Event Browser: Replacing “bins” in other NLEs, the Event Browser is where the original media is found and can be searched and sorted by various forms of metadata. Keyword Ranges, Favorite and Rejected Ranges, and Smart Collections allow for faster sorting of a large number of clips.
  • Magnetic Timeline: Inventing an alternative to track-based timelines found in traditional NLEs, Final Cut's Magnetic Timeline uses Clip Connections to keep Connected Clips and Secondary Storylines in sync with clips located on the Primary Storyline. By default clips move around each other “magnetically” filling in any gaps and avoiding Clip Collisions by automatically bumping clips out of the way vertically. The magnetic connections are also user definable.
  • Roles: In order to separate and organize different audio types on the magnetic timeline, editors can designate what "role' each clip plays. Introduced in version 10.0.1, Roles can be assigned to clips as an alternate way of creating organizational functionality. A Role (or Sub-Role) gets assigned to clips to identify what it is (for example: Video, Titles, Dialogue, Effects, Music). Upon Sharing a Master File of the Project the various Roles can be split out as stems or in a multitrack file for broadcast delivery or other distribution needs.
  • Content Auto-Analysis: Found in the Import Window and Event Browser is the option to analyze media for shot type and facial recognition or fix potential problems like audio loudness, audio hum, channel grouping, background noise, color balance, pulldown removal, and stabilization. This process generates metadata that can automatically be organized as Keywords and can grouped into Smart Collections.
  • Synchronized Clips: Video and audio clips recorded on separate devices can be synched automatically by timecode, audio waveforms, and markers together as a single clip.
  • Compound Clips: Nested Sequences from the original Final Cut Pro have been replaced by Compound Clips. A selection of video and audio clips can be nested into a single Compound Clip. This Compound Clip can be opened in its own timeline or broken apart for further editing. It can also be reused in different Projects.
  • Multicam Editing: Introduced in version 10.0.3, multiple camera angles can be synchronized automatically and combined into a Multicam Clip. Once in the timeline a Multicam Clip can be cut up into different angles by using the Angle Viewer. A Multicam Clip can be opened in the Angle Editor where new angles can be added, synched, relabeled, and rearranged at any time.
  • Auditions: Clips can be grouped together in the Event Browser or on the Timeline as Auditions. Once in the timeline an Audition allows the user to choose between different clips in their edit while the timeline ripples automatically in order to preview two or more different versions of a cut.
  • 3D Titles: Introduced in version 10.2.0, text can be extruded, textured, lit, and shaded with materials and environments in 3D. This allows users to create titles like those found in Hollywood blockbuster movies directly in the application.[5]

Technical features[edit]

While inheriting the name from its predecessor, Final Cut Pro, Final Cut Pro X is a completely re-written application. As a native 64-bit application it takes advantage of more than 4GB of RAM. It utilizes all CPU cores with Grand Central Dispatch. Open CL support allows GPU accelerated processing for improved performance for playback, rendering, and transcoding. It is resolution independent supporting images sizes from SD to beyond 4K. Final Cut Pro X supports playback of many native camera and audio formats.[6] It can also transcode video clips to the Apple ProRes codec for improved performance.[7][8] Many tasks are performed in the background such as auto-saving, rendering, transcoding, and media management allowing the user an uninterrupted experience.[9] Final Cut Pro X was developed for macOS and is not supported on the Windows Platform.[10][11] Training and Certification is available by Apple for Final Cut Pro X.

Development[edit]

Final Cut Pro X was made available for purchase and download on the Mac App Store on June 21, 2011 along with new versions of Motion and Compressor.[2][12] Since then the application has been updated a few times each year with new features, bug fixes, native codec support, and overall improvements with stability.[13]

Many features found in Final Cut Pro 7 that were missing in Final Cut Pro X on its initial release[14] have subsequently been added such as: XML import and export, server support, multicam editing, chapter markers, and broadcast monitor support.[15]

Because Final Cut Pro X abandoned a track-based timeline in favor of the Magnetic Timeline initially there were limitations in exporting audio stems for Broadcast and Distribution needs. On September 9, 2011 version 10.0.1 was released with a new solution to this problem, the introduction of Video and Audio Roles. Clips are assigned Roles and upon Sharing a Project the user could export Multitrack Quicktime Files or Stems.[16][17]

With version 10.0.6 released on October 23, 2012 Apple introduced native Redcode Raw support as well as MXF support through a third party plugin. MXF was eventually natively supported by version 10.1.4.[18]

Prior to the introduction of version 10.1.0 Project and Event Libraries were separate folders. Events contained all the original media and Project Libraries contained the actual edited Projects on timelines. The Project and Event Libraries were stored in a user’s Movie folder or on the root level of an external hard drive. These Libraries automatically opened in Final Cut Pro X depending on which hard drives were mounted. That all changed on December 19, 2013 when Project and Event Libraries were merged into a new Library model. Libraries contained Events which in turn contained Projects. And unlike before Libraries could be opened and closed by the user. Media could be stored internally in the Library or kept outside the Library. On June 27, 2014 media management was further refined with the release of version 10.1.2.[19]

During the NAB Show 2015 Apple released version 10.2.0. 3D Titles were introduced directly in Final Cut Pro X as well as its companion application, Motion. The Color Board merged with a new Color Correction effect to allow for more flexibility in stacking layers of effects. The ability to apply a Keying or Shape Mask directly to any effect was also introduced.[20]

Release history[edit]

Version Date Significant Changes
10.0.0[2] June 21, 2011
  • All new application with redesigned GUI
  • 64 Bit Support
  • An advanced searchable database called the Event Browser that uses Keyword Ranges and Smart Collections for clip sorting.
  • New Magnetic Timeline that abandoned traditional track based NLE paradigms
  • Live Skimmer
  • Filmstrip Thumbnail View
  • Advanced Metadata Views in Clip Info Inspector
  • New Color Board Interface for Color Correction
  • ColorSync with the AV Foundation for accurate color monitoring[21]
10.0.1 September 9, 2011
  • Audio Roles for audio and video stem exports
  • XML import and export
  • Xsan support
  • Custom start Timecode for Projects
  • Performance Enhancements and Bug Fixes
10.0.2 November 16, 2011
  • Bug Fixes.
10.0.3[22] January 31, 2012
  • Multicam Clips, automatic sync, mixed formats and frame rates, up to 64 angles, and new Angle Editor interface
  • Media Relinking
  • Layered Photoshop Documents support
  • Beta Broadcast Monitor Support
  • XML 1.1
  • Performance Enhancements and Bug Fixes
10.0.4 April 10, 2012
  • Performance Enhancements
10.0.5 June 11, 2012
  • Bug Fixes
10.0.6 October 23, 2012
  • Multichannel Audio Editing in the Timeline
  • Unified Import Window. Export Selected Ranges
  • Native Redcode Raw Support
  • MFX support through 3rd party plugin
  • Dual Viewers with Scopes
  • Chapter Markers for video file, DVD, and Blu-ray disc exports
  • Range selections preserved with clips in the Event Browser
  • Paste Attributes option for choosing specific effects to copy between clips
  • Drop shadow effect
  • Compound Clips saved in the timeline save in the Event Browser to be reused in other Projects
  • XML 1.2
  • Blade All Command
  • Performance Enhancements
10.0.7 December 6, 2012
  • Bug Fixes
10.0.8 March 26, 2013
  • Sony XAVC codec support
  • Arri Alexa Log C to Rec 709 LUT
  • Bug Fixes and Performance Enhancements.
10.0.9 July 30, 2013
  • Bug Fixes
10.1.0 December 19, 2013
  • Event and Project Libraries now merged into new Library model
  • Support for Dual GPUs in Mac Pro
  • New 4K title, transition, and generators content
  • External or Internal Media Management options for Libraries
  • Project Snapshots for versioning. Custom Project Frame Sizes
  • Native support for .MTS and .MT2S AVCHD files
  • Used media indicators
  • API for third parties to create custom Share options
  • 4K video Sharing to YouTube
  • Performance Enhancements
10.1.1 January 16, 2014
  • Bug Fixes and Performance Enhancements
10.1.2 June 27, 2014
  • Improved Media Management for Libraries
  • Used Media ranges apply to Compound, Multicam, and Synched Clips
  • Apply LUT corrections to view Log footage from Arri, Blackmagic, Canon and Sony Cameras in Rec. 709 colorspace
  • XML Library Export
  • Automatically create Keywords on Import from Finder Tags
  • 4K video sharing to Vimeo
10.1.3 August 19, 2014
  • Bug Fixes
10.1.4 November 25, 2014
  • Native support for MXF
  • Panasonic AVC-LongG codec support
  • Bug Fixes
10.2.0[5] April 13, 2015
  • 3D Titles
  • Simultaneously display up to 4 Video Scopes
  • Keying and Shape Masks can be applied to any effect
  • Color Board now merged with new Color Correction effect
  • Support for Panasonic AVC-Ultra, Sony XAVC S, JVC Long GOP codecs
  • GPU-accelerated RED RAW Processing
  • Smart Collections at the Library Level
  • XML 1.5
10.2.1 May 14, 2015
  • Bug Fixes
10.2.2 September 4, 2015
  • Sony XAVC-L, Canon XF-AVC 8-bit, and Panasonic AVC-Intra 4:4:4 codec support
  • Export Interlaced H.264
  • Library Backup on Asset Management Systems
  • Bug Fixes
10.2.3 February 4, 2016
  • Customizable Default Effect
  • 4K Export Preset for Apple Devices
  • Performance Enhancement for SANs
  • Support for XF-AVC codecs
  • Sharing to Multiple YouTube Accounts
  • Bug Fixes
10.3 October 27, 2016
  • Interface Improvements
  • Magnetic Timeline 2
  • Wide Color
  • Support for the Touch Bar on MacBook Pro
  • More Video Formats
10.3.1 November 29, 2016
  • Fixes an issue with cropped images in the Viewer when the Language & Region System Preference is set to Spanish
  • Fixes issues with updating libraries
  • Fixes an issue when using Paste Attributes to copy color correction between clips
10.3.2 January 19, 2017
  • Ability to add custom folders of audio files to the Sound Effects browser
  • Using ripple delete on audio-only clips no longer disables the selected range
  • Audio meters retain custom width after relaunch
  • Improves responsiveness when editing very long projects
  • Improves performance when exporting H.264 files and changing frame rate
  • Exporting ProRes 4444 files with transparency using Compressor creates a correct alpha channel
  • Fixes an issue in which adjusting the line spacing of multi-line titles only applied to the first line
  • Fixes an issue in which secondary storylines with mixed roles could overlap in the timeline
  • Fixes an issue that could prevent burning Final Cut Pro projects to DVD via Apple USB SuperDrive
10.3.3 April 13, 2017
  • Ability to expand the width of the Inspector to view and adjust effect parameters
  • Fixes issues with updating older libraries
  • Faster redraw of audio waveforms when using clips that are being imported while recorded to disk
  • Diamond icon in the Timeline Index to show when the user has modified display of roles in the timeline
  • More color options in the Role Editor
  • Reveal in Browser correctly displays the location of the original clip in the browser
  • Support for Canon Log 3 and Sony S-Log3/S-Gamut3 log processing
  • Resolves an issue in which the viewer could occasionally disappear when exiting full screen
  • Resolves issues in which Share to DVD could become unresponsive
  • Improves font quality of DVD menu and chapter titles
  • Improves image quality when creating a DVD
  • Enhanced DVD User dialog messages with embedded links to documentation
10.3.4 May 25, 2017
  • Resolves a stability issue when using keyboard shortcuts to trim in Secondary Storylines
  • Fixes an issue in which certain editing operations could create an extra audio fade in
  • Fixes an issue in which the Share dialog could incorrectly display a codec warning

For a complete overview of the changes made, see Apple's release notes.

Initial reception[edit]

Final Cut Pro X was announced in April 2011 simultaneously at the Los Angeles Final Cut Pro Users Group held at Bally's Las Vegas and at the NAB Show in the Las Vegas Convention Center and released in June 2011.[12][23]

The reaction was extremely mixed, with veteran filmmaker Walter Murch initially saying, "I can't use this," citing a lack of features compared to Final Cut Pro 7. In a 2015 interview, Murch was much less critical of the tool and suggested that he was interested in using it.[24]

Missing features and issues noted as essential to professional video production in FCPX included lack of edit decision list (EDL), XML and Open Media Framework Interchange (OMF) support, inability to import projects created in previous releases of Final Cut Pro, a lack of a multicam editing tool, third-party I/O hardware output, and videotape capture being limited to Firewire video devices only, including capture with third-party hardware,[14] were addressed within the first six months of the product's life. EDL export, a product of the early days of videotape editing, is now supported through third-party software[25] and creating an AAF (a newer version of OMF)[26] for passing projects to ProTools through X2Pro.

Today, in some people's opinion, some of Final Cut Pro X's initial shortcomings have been fixed. With a few extra third-party apps/plugins, Final Cut Pro X is now more stable and useful.[27][28]

However, the main issue between Final Cut Pro X and former Final Cut Studio users has never been resolved: Final Cut Pro X never opens Final Cut Studio projects and that disruptures Final Cut workflows in production houses.

Apple has never disclosed numbers on professional market share of Final Cut Pro X compared to previous Final Cut Studio. However they have repeatedly stated that whole sales of Pro X are larger than Studio (but the former costs a third of the latter).

Ecosystem[edit]

Since its release, FCP X has supported the construction of Effect, Title, Transition and Title plugins by publishing custom built effects from Apple Motion. This has led to a third-party ecosystem of developers building effects from simple color corrections to complex templates.[29] Third-party plug-ins can also be created through Apple's FxPlug SDK.[30] As Projects, Events and Libraries are stored in a database format, this has allowed many third party developers to build workflow tools by utilizing FCPXML.[31]

Feature films and television shows edited with Final Cut Pro X[edit]

Film[edit]

Television[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Final Cut Pro X - Overview". Apple. Retrieved 2016-07-12. 
  2. ^ a b c "Apple - Press Info - Apple Revolutionizes Video Editing With Final Cut Pro X". www.apple.com. Retrieved 2016-07-12. 
  3. ^ Alex. "Future Final Cut Pro X hidden in iMovie 10.0.3". alex4d.com. Retrieved 2016-07-12. 
  4. ^ Alex. "Final Cut Pro X 10.1 revealed?". alex4d.com. Retrieved 2016-07-12. 
  5. ^ a b "Apple - Press Info - Apple Updates Final Cut Pro X, Motion and Compressor". www.apple.com. Retrieved 2016-07-12. 
  6. ^ "Final Cut Pro X: Supported media formats". support.apple.com. Retrieved 2016-07-12. 
  7. ^ "Learn about media formats and how to create optimized media in Final Cut Pro X - Apple Support". support.apple.com. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  8. ^ "Optimize, Transcode, Render, Share in FCPX". fcpx.tv. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  9. ^ "Quick Tip: Control Rendering and Background Tasks In Final Cut Pro X - The Beat: A Blog by PremiumBeat". 2011-08-13. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  10. ^ "Final Cut Pro X - Tech Specs". Apple. Retrieved 2016-07-12. 
  11. ^ "Final Cut Pro X - What Is - Apple". www.apple.com. Retrieved 2016-07-12. 
  12. ^ a b "Apple Demos Final Cut Pro X at NAB 2011". Mac Rumors. 12 April 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  13. ^ "Final Cut Pro X release notes - Apple Support". support.apple.com. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  14. ^ a b "Final Cut Pro X: The Missing Features - The Beat: A Blog by PremiumBeat". 2011-06-21. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  15. ^ "Future Features in Final Cut Pro X | Larry Jordan". larryjordan.com. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  16. ^ "Export Stems out of your Final Cut Pro X Timeline Using Roles - The Beat: A Blog by PremiumBeat". 2011-11-11. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  17. ^ Wiggins, Peter. "Using Roles in FCPX with Media Stems Export - How does it work and can it replace OMF?". Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  18. ^ "FCPX 10.1.4 - Why It's a Good Thing - FCPWORKSFCPWORKS". www.fcpworks.com. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  19. ^ "Update your Final Cut Pro X libraries to Final Cut Pro X 10.1 and later - Apple Support". support.apple.com. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  20. ^ "Final Cut Pro X updates to 10.2 by Scott Simmons - ProVideo Coalition". 2015-04-13. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  21. ^ Philip, Hodgetts (September 1, 2011). "What is the secret to Final Cut Pro X’s color management?". Philip Hodgetts Blog. 
  22. ^ "Apple - Press Info - Apple Updates Final Cut Pro X". www.apple.com. Retrieved 2016-07-12. 
  23. ^ Coldewey, Devin. "Apple Announces Final Cut Pro X At NAB: $299 In June". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2016-07-12. 
  24. ^ Young, Rick (2015-10-12), Walter Murch 2015: FCPX, Avid, Premiere Pro, retrieved 2017-07-05 
  25. ^ "FCP X: Create EDL Files | Larry Jordan". larryjordan.com. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  26. ^ "What is the difference between the OMF and AAF formats? Why do I want to use one vs. the other?". avid.force.com. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  27. ^ "7 professional editors share their FCPX experiences". 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  28. ^ "Why Should Final Cut Pro 7 Editors Consider Final Cut Pro X? | Larry Jordan". larryjordan.com. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  29. ^ "Final Cut Pro X - Resources - Ecosystem". Apple. Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  30. ^ "About the FxPlug SDK". developer.apple.com. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  31. ^ "What to do with Final Cut Pro XML". www.kenstone.net. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  32. ^ "Final Cut Pro X - In Action - Detective Dee - Apple". www.apple.com. Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  33. ^ Wiggins, Peter. "Loreak, Spain’s official submission in the 2016 Oscars’ best foreign language film category was edited on Final Cut Pro X". Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  34. ^ "Final Cut Pro X - In Action - Focus". Apple. Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  35. ^ "Final Cut Pro X resurrected: Focus’ advanced workflow | postPerspective - Randi Altman's postPerspective". postperspective.com. Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  36. ^ SAG-AFTRA Foundation (2016-05-13), The Business: Q&A with WELL WISHES, retrieved 2016-07-11 
  37. ^ Wiggins, Peter. "Post Production on "What Happened, Miss Simone?" An Oscar Nominated Documentary Edited on Final Cut Pro X". Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  38. ^ Courtens, Ronny. "Hollywood veteran Lance Bachelder explains why he has chosen to use Final Cut Pro X on his latest feature film "Saved By Grace"". Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  39. ^ "ART OF THE CUT: JAN KOVAC CUTS "WHISKEY TANGO FOXTROT" ON FCP-X by Steve Hullfish - ProVideo Coalition". 2016-03-09. Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  40. ^ Wiggins, Peter. "Post producing the budget feature Saturday's Warrior on Final Cut Pro X". Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  41. ^ Steve, Hullfish (2016-05-30). "ART OF THE CUT – CLAYTON CONDIT CUTS "VOICE FROM THE STONE" ON FCP-X". ProVideo Coalition. 
  42. ^ "X2Pro Audio Convert - Zealous Pictures is Enthusiastic about Marquis’ X2Pro for First Feature Film: Bokeh". Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  43. ^ "Bella Ciao! on IMDb". Retrieved 2017-07-26. 
  44. ^ "X2Pro Audio Convert - Marquis’ X2Pro is Big Hit with Trailer Park Boys". Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  45. ^ "Final Cut Pro X - In Action - Electric Entertainment - Apple". www.apple.com. Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  46. ^ Wiggins, Peter. "How Emmy winning George to the Rescue gets cut on Final Cut Pro X for NBC". Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  47. ^ Southern, Patrick. "Final Cut Pro X cuts the major A&E documentary O.J. Speaks: The Hidden tapes". Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  48. ^ Wiggins, Peter. "How I learned to stop worrying and love Final Cut Pro X". Retrieved 2016-07-11.