Fremont County, Idaho

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Fremont County, Idaho
Fremont County Courthouse, St. Anthony.jpg
Seal of Fremont County, Idaho
Seal
Map of Idaho highlighting Fremont County
Location in the U.S. state of Idaho
Map of the United States highlighting Idaho
Idaho's location in the U.S.
Founded March 4, 1893
Named for John C. Frémont
Seat St. Anthony
Largest city St. Anthony
Area
 • Total 1,896 sq mi (4,911 km2)
 • Land 1,864 sq mi (4,828 km2)
 • Water 32 sq mi (83 km2), 1.7%
Population
 • (2010) 13,242
 • Density 7.1/sq mi (3/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.co.fremont.id.us

Fremont County is a county located in the U.S. state of Idaho. As of the 2010 census the county had a population of 13,242.[1] The county seat and largest city is St. Anthony.[2] The county was established in 1893, and was named for the explorer John C. Frémont.[3]

Fremont County is part of the Rexburg, ID Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Idaho Falls-Rexburg-Blackfoot, ID Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Fremont County was established in 1893.[3] It is named for John C. Frémont.[4]

The county initially contained all of the northern portion of eastern Idaho north of Bonneville County. The counties of Jefferson and Madison were created from Fremont in 1913. Teton County was later created from Madison in 1915 and a portion of Butte was created from Jefferson in 1917. Clark County was also created from Fremont in 1919.[5]

The first fur trapping operation by a United States fur company west of the Rocky Mountains occurred in 1810 when Andrew Henry established a fort in the fall of 1810 on Conant Creek in southern Fremont County. Henry later moved the fort to the south bank of the Henry's Fork of the Snake River between present-day settlements of Salem and Parker. The fort was abandoned some time after 1811.[6][7]

At the time of early settlement, Fremont County was located on the northern edge of Oneida County. Mining, timber, and ranching operations commenced in the Island Park area prior to 1870. The establishment of Yellowstone National Park in 1872 also contributed to the eventual development of the Island Park area as a popular recreation area.[8] Construction of the Egin Canal commenced in 1879 and farming settlement of the Egin area followed. In 1883, Parker was established and settlement commenced at Teton. These settlements became part of Bingham County when it was created in 1885. Settlement at St. Anthony started in 1888 while the Ashton area settlement of Marysville commenced settlement in 1889. At the 1890 Census, Bingham County enumerated 301 residents in the precincts of Teton and Henry's Lake.[9][10]

Additional settlement occurred at Warm River in 1896, the Drummond area in 1900, and Newdale in 1914.[11][12]

The Fremont County Courthouse in St. Anthony is on the National Register of Historic Places.[13]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,896 square miles (4,910 km2), of which 1,864 square miles (4,830 km2) is land and 32 square miles (83 km2) (1.7%) is water.[14] The southern part of the county cover the northeast tip of the Snake River Basin, with the mountains of the continental divide forming its northern boundary. Montana lies to the north, and Wyoming to the east. A portion of Yellowstone National Park reaches into the county.

Adjacent Counties[edit]

Fremont County is one of the few US counties to border two counties of the same name in different states. Fremont County borders two such pairs of counties-- Madison County, Idaho and Madison County, Montana and Teton County, Idaho and Teton County, Wyoming.

Major highways[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 12,821
1910 24,606 91.9%
1920 10,380 −57.8%
1930 9,924 −4.4%
1940 10,304 3.8%
1950 9,351 −9.2%
1960 8,679 −7.2%
1970 8,710 0.4%
1980 10,813 24.1%
1990 10,937 1.1%
2000 11,819 8.1%
2010 13,242 12.0%
Est. 2016 12,943 [15] −2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
1790-1960[17] 1900-1990[18]
1990-2000[19] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[20] of 2000, there were 11,819 people, 3,885 households, and 3,030 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 6,890 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.41% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 5.94% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. 10.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.1% were of English, 15.1% German and 14.8% American ancestry according to Census 2000. Those citing "American" ancestry in Fremont County are of overwhelmingly English extraction, however most English Americans identify simply as having American ancestry because their roots have been in North America for so long, in some cases since the 1600s.[21][22][23][24][25]

There were 3,885 households out of which 39.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.90% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.00% were non-families. 19.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.43.

In the county, the population was spread out with 33.10% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 20.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 105.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,424, and the median income for a family was $36,715. Males had a median income of $26,490 versus $19,670 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,965. About 10.30% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 13.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,242 people, 4,436 households, and 3,436 families residing in the county.[26] The population density was 7.1 inhabitants per square mile (2.7/km2). There were 8,531 housing units at an average density of 4.6 per square mile (1.8/km2).[27] The racial makeup of the county was 89.5% white, 0.7% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 7.6% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12.8% of the population.[26] In terms of ancestry, 29.9% were English, 22.7% were German, 7.6% were Irish, 6.1% were American, 5.7% were Scottish, and 5.1% were Danish.[28]

Of the 4,436 households, 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.9% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.5% were non-families, and 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.32. The median age was 33.5 years.[26]

The median income for a household in the county was $42,523 and the median income for a family was $52,510. Males had a median income of $35,907 versus $24,450 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,616. About 6.8% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.[29]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Previous Presidential Elections Results[30]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 71.6% 4,090 11.4% 651 17.0% 974
2012 84.6% 4,907 14.0% 810 1.5% 85
2008 79.9% 4,700 18.1% 1,065 2.0% 116
2004 86.1% 4,965 12.8% 741 1.1% 63
2000 83.4% 4,242 13.7% 699 2.9% 147
1996 62.9% 3,042 23.0% 1,114 14.0% 679
1992 47.1% 2,333 18.2% 903 34.7% 1,718
1988 73.1% 3,401 25.3% 1,178 1.6% 73
1984 82.6% 4,006 16.9% 818 0.6% 29
1980 79.3% 4,167 17.6% 926 3.1% 160
1976 61.9% 2,581 34.7% 1,445 3.4% 141
1972 61.4% 2,621 19.2% 819 19.4% 830
1968 58.5% 2,297 24.5% 961 17.0% 667
1964 49.7% 1,945 50.3% 1,970 0.0% 0
1960 54.2% 2,230 45.8% 1,887 0.0% 0
1956 62.1% 2,513 37.9% 1,535 0.0% 0
1952 64.3% 2,710 35.6% 1,500 0.1% 3
1948 46.6% 1,777 52.9% 2,014 0.5% 20
1944 45.3% 1,755 54.7% 2,116 0.0% 0
1940 43.8% 1,996 56.1% 2,556 0.0% 2
1936 32.6% 1,423 66.5% 2,904 0.9% 39
1932 34.6% 1,498 65.4% 2,830 0.0% 1
1928 46.3% 1,674 53.4% 1,933 0.3% 12
1924 45.3% 1,662 40.3% 1,477 14.5% 530
1920 65.3% 1,994 34.7% 1,061 0.0% 0
1916 36.4% 1,654 59.2% 2,695 4.4% 201
1912 44.7% 3,071 27.8% 1,911 27.5% 1,889
1908 54.4% 3,920 39.6% 2,854 5.9% 426
1904 70.6% 3,869 23.3% 1,278 6.1% 335
1900 50.2% 2,174 49.8% 2,153 0.0% 0

The Idaho Department of Correction operates the St. Anthony Work Camp in St. Anthony. [31][32]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • Earl W. Bascom, rodeo champion, cowboy artist, inventor, Hollywood actor, Idaho Rodeo Hall of Fame inductee, PRCA Hall of Fame Pioneer Awardee, "father of modern rodeo"
  • Brad Harris, television and movie actor
  • Sherman P. Lloyd, Utah State Senator and Member of the United States House of Representatives from Utah

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b Idaho.gov - Fremont County - accessed 2009-05-31
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 132. 
  5. ^ Idaho Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. Chicago: The Newberry Library. 2010. pp. 27, 63, 74, 87–91, 115, 139, 188. 
  6. ^ "Fort Henry Monument". idahoheritage.org. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  7. ^ "Fur Trade Posts in Idaho" (PDF). Idaho State Historical Society. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  8. ^ "Island Park and Its People". Fremont County, Idaho. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  9. ^ Report on the Population of the United States at the Eleventh Census: 1890 (PDF). 1895: Government Printing Office. p. 99. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "History of Warm River Idaho". Snake River 4 x 4. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  11. ^ Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Salt Lake City: Deseret News. 1941. pp. 482, 582, 639, 868. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "Full text of "History of the uplands, Farnum, Drummond, Squirrel, Lamont, and communities faded into the past, 1896-1990 : history of homesteading and pionering, histories of families by contribution, and special permissionof articles from the "Snake River Echoes". archive.org. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  13. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  15. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  16. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  20. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  21. ^ "Ancestry of the Population by State: 1980 - Table 3" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  22. ^ Sharing the Dream: White Males in a Multicultural America By Dominic J. Pulera.
  23. ^ Reynolds Farley, 'The New Census Question about Ancestry: What Did It Tell Us?', Demography, Vol. 28, No. 3 (August 1991), pp. 414, 421.
  24. ^ Stanley Lieberson and Lawrence Santi, 'The Use of Nativity Data to Estimate Ethnic Characteristics and Patterns', Social Science Research, Vol. 14, No. 1 (1985), pp. 44-6.
  25. ^ Stanley Lieberson and Mary C. Waters, 'Ethnic Groups in Flux: The Changing Ethnic Responses of American Whites', Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 487, No. 79 (September 1986), pp. 82-86.
  26. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  27. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  28. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  29. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  30. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  31. ^ "Locations." Idaho Department of Correction. Retrieved on June 4, 2011. "St. Anthony Work Camp (SAWC) 125 N. 8th West St. Anthony ID 83445 "
  32. ^ "St. Anthony city, Idaho." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 3, 2011.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°13′N 111°29′W / 44.22°N 111.48°W / 44.22; -111.48