Günther Radusch

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Günther Radusch
Günther Radusch.jpg
Günther Radusch
Nickname(s) "Fips"
Born (1912-11-11)11 November 1912
Schwetz
Died 29 July 1988(1988-07-29) (aged 75)
Nordstrand
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
 West Germany
Service/branch Balkenkreuz (Iron Cross) Luftwaffe
German Air Force
Years of service 1934–45
1958–71
Rank Oberst
Unit J/88, ZG 1, NJG 1, NJG 3, NJG 2, NJG 5
Commands held NJG 5
Battles/wars

Spanish Civil War


World War II

Awards Spanish Cross in Gold with Swords
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Günther Radusch (11 November 1912 – 29 July 1988) was a German pilot in the Luftwaffe pilot during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves of Nazi Germany. Radusch is credited with 65 aerial victories. He claimed one victory during the Spanish Civil War, the remaining 64 victories were all claimed at night in over 140 combat missions, including the destruction of 57 four-engine bombers.

Radusch, an glider pilot as a student, joined the military service of the Heer before transferring to the Luftwaffe.[1] Radusch and nine others, among them Günther Lützow, Wolfgang Falck and Hannes Trautloft, were recommended for training at the Lipetsk fighter-pilot school in the Soviet Russia.[2] He was sent to Spain as part of the Condor Legion in October 1936.[3] He claimed his only aerial victory in the Spanish Civil War on 22 April 1937. Together with fellow pilot Franz Heilmayer of 2./Jagdgruppe 88 they each claimed one Polikarpov I-15 shot down, one of which was flown by Felipe del Río Crespo, a seven victory flying ace.[4] Radusch also tested the Heinkel He 112 5-1 under combat conditions in Spain.[5] For his services in Spain he received the Spanish Cross in Gold with Swords.[1]

Aerial victory claims[edit]

Radusch was credited with 65 aerial victories claimed in over 140 combat missions. He claimed one victory during the Spanish Civil War, the remaining 64 victories were all claimed at night and includes the destruction of 57 four-engine bombers.

Chronicle of aerial victories
Victory
(total)
Victory
(nocturnal)
Date Time Type Location Serial No./Squadron No.
– 2./Jagdgruppe 88 –
1 22 April 1937
I-15 Spain
Stab I./Nachtjagdgeschwader 3 –
2 1 10 April 1941 03:00 Wellington[6] 2 km (1.2 mi) southwest Papenburg
Stab II./Nachtjagdgeschwader 3 –
3 2 27 February 1942 00:55 Wellington[7] west Westerland[disambiguation needed]
4 3 26 April 1942 02:08 Stirling[8] south Scheldt Estuary
5 4 28 April 1942 01:05 Stirling[9] Rømø
6 5 29 April 1942 02:18 Wellington[9]
7 6 17 August 1942 02:42 Halifax[10] Sønderborg
8 7 17 August 1942 02:52 Halifax[10]
9 8 22 September 1942 01:01 Wellington[11] 18 km (11 mi) west Blidsel
10 9 2 October 1942 01:04 Stirling[11]
11 10 2 October 1942 01:22 Stirling[11]
12 11 17 December 1942 19:53 Lancaster[12] southeast Ribe
13 12 8 January 1943 20:00 Lancaster[13] west Sylt
14 13 17 January 1943 22:14 Lancaster[14] 5 km (3.1 mi) west Eiderstedt
15 14 21 April 1943 03:07 Stirling[15] in sea
16 15 21 April 1943 03:32 Stirling[15] in sea
17 16 15 June 1943 01:15 Lancaster[16] 10 km (6.2 mi) south Venlo
18 17 15 June 1943 01:20 Lancaster[16] 20 km (12 mi) west-southwest Venlo
– 3./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 –
19 18 17 June 1943 01:45 Lancaster[17] northeast Neerpelt
20 19 22 June 1943 01:34 Halifax[17] 16 km (9.9 mi) north-northwest Venlo
Stab I./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 –
21 20 25 June 1943 00:57 Wellington[18] Wellen
22 21 25 June 1943 01:15 Wellington[18] Jasmund
23 22 25 June 1943 01:24 Lancaster[18] northwest Venlo
24 23 26 June 1943 01:58 Halifax[19] 20 km (12 mi) south Nijmegen
25 24 29 June 1943 02:15 Halifax[20] Waalre
26 25 29 June 1943 02:24 Halifax[20] 7 km (4.3 mi) south Eindhoven
27 26 29 June 1943 02:34 Halifax[20] 5 km (3.1 mi) north Helmond
28 27 29 June 1943 02:56 Lancaster[20] 5 km (3.1 mi) northwest Eindhoven
Stab II./Nachtjagdgeschwader 3 –
29 28 28 July 1943 00:26 Lancaster[21] south Vollerwiek
30 29 28 July 1943 00:43 Lancaster[21] Wöhrden
31 30 30 July 1943 00:25 Lancaster 1 km (0.62 mi) north Hemminger
32 31 3 August 1943 01:22 Lancaster[22] 40 km (25 mi) east-southeast Helgoland
33 32 3 August 1943 02:14 Halifax[22] 20 km (12 mi) north-northwest Helgoland
Stab Nachtjagdgeschwader 5 –
34 33 18 August 1943 01:46 four-engined bomber[23] Peenemünde
35 34 18 August 1943 01:55 four-engined bomber[24] Peenemünde
36 35 18 August 1943 02:00 four-engined bomber[24] Peenemünde
Stab II./Nachtjagdgeschwader 3 –
37 36 22 September 1943 01:01 Wellington[25]
Stab Nachtjagdgeschwader 5 –
38 37 27 September 1943 23:24 Lancaster[26] southwest Hanover
39 38 9 October 1943 01:51 Lancaster[27] 20 km (12 mi) west Hanover
40 39 22 October 1943 20:57 Halifax[28] 5–10 km (3.1–6.2 mi) west-northwest Kassel
41 40 22 October 1943 21:04 Halifax[28] 10 km (6.2 mi) northeast Kassel
42 41 22 October 1943 22:13 Lancaster[28] 20 km (12 mi) north Kassel
43 42 14 January 1944 19:29 Lancaster[29]
44 43 20 January 1944 19:30 Lancaster[30]
45 44 20 January 1944 19:39 Lancaster[31]
46 45 21 January 1944 23:15 Halifax[32]
47 46 29 January 1944 03:12 Halifax[33]
48 47 30 January 1944 20:24 Lancaster[34]
49 48 30 January 1944 20:27 Lancaster[34]
50 49 30 January 1944 20:30 Lancaster[34]
Stab Nachtjagdgeschwader 2 –
51 50 20 February 1944 05:39 four-engined bomber[35] KH-9
52 51 25 February 1944 24:00 Halifax[36] Schnee-Eifel
53 52 26 February 1944 00:30 Halifax[36] south Rottweil
54 53 31 March 1944 00:36 four-engined bomber[37] Adenau
55 54 31 March 1944 00:41 Lancaster[37] southwest Koblenz
– 8./Nachtjagdgeschwader 2 –
56 55 22 May 1944 01:44 four-engined bomber[38] LK-LL-KL-KK
57 56 22 May 1944 01:56 four-engined bomber[38] LK-LI-KI-KK
58 57 22 May 1944 02:00 four-engined bomber[38] IK-KK-KI-II
Stab Nachtjagdgeschwader 2 –
59 58 28 May 1944 02:07 four-engined bomber[39] Meerle
60 59 13 June 1944 01:48 four-engined bomber[40] Amiens
61 60 29 June 1944 00:37 Halifax[41] Compiègne
62 61 29 June 1944 00:44 Halifax[41] Soissons
63 62 1 July 1944 01:12 four-engined bomber[42] Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
64 63 1 July 1944 01:14 four-engined bomber[42] Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
65 64 8 July 1944 01:05 Lancaster[43] TB-89

Awards[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ According to Scherzer as Major and not Oberstleutnant.[46]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Obermaier 1989, p. 63.
  2. ^ Braatz 2005, pp. 28–51.
  3. ^ Forsyth 2011, p. 25.
  4. ^ Forsyth 2011, p. 58.
  5. ^ Forsyth 2011, p. 33.
  6. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 18.
  7. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 35.
  8. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 38.
  9. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 39.
  10. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 55.
  11. ^ a b c Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 60.
  12. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 62.
  13. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 64.
  14. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 65.
  15. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 76.
  16. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 86.
  17. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 87.
  18. ^ a b c Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 89.
  19. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 90.
  20. ^ a b c d Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 91.
  21. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 98.
  22. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 100.
  23. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 103.
  24. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 104.
  25. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 114.
  26. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 117.
  27. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 121.
  28. ^ a b c Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 124.
  29. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 140.
  30. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 141.
  31. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 142.
  32. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 143.
  33. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 144.
  34. ^ a b c Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 146.
  35. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 150.
  36. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 152.
  37. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 161.
  38. ^ a b c Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 178.
  39. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 180.
  40. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 187.
  41. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 194.
  42. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 195.
  43. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 198.
  44. ^ Patzwall 2008, p. 166.
  45. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 364.
  46. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 610.
  47. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 348.
  48. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 81.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Braatz, Kurt (2005). Gott oder ein Flugzeug – Leben und Sterben des Jagdfliegers Günther Lützow [God or an Airplane – Life and Death of Fighter Pilot Günther Lützow] (in German). Moosburg, Germany: NeunundzwanzigSechs Verlag. ISBN 978-3-9807935-6-8. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Foreman, John; Matthews, Johannes; Parry, Simon (2004). Luftwaffe Night Fighter Claims 1939–1945. Walton on Thames: Red Kite. ISBN 978-0-9538061-4-0. 
  • Forsyth, Robert (2011). Aces of the Legion Condor. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84908-347-8. 
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1939 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D. (2008). Der Ehrenpokal für besondere Leistung im Luftkrieg [The Honor Goblet for Outstanding Achievement in the Air War] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-08-3. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Major Fritz Schäffer
Commander of Nachtjagdgeschwader 5
2 August 1943 – 3 February 1944
Succeeded by
Major Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld
Preceded by
Major Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein
Commander of Nachtjagdgeschwader 2
4 February 1944 – 8 February 1945
Succeeded by
Major Paul Semrau