Galeries Lafayette

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Galeries Lafayette
Galeries Lafayette logo
Galerie Lafayette Haussmann Dome.jpg
LocationParis, France
Coordinates48°52′24″N 2°19′55″E / 48.87333°N 2.33194°E / 48.87333; 2.33194Coordinates: 48°52′24″N 2°19′55″E / 48.87333°N 2.33194°E / 48.87333; 2.33194
AddressBoulevard Haussmann
Opening date1912[1]
OwnerGaleries Lafayette Group
No. of floorsFive (home store),
four (men's store),
ten (main store)
Websitegalerieslafayette.com

The Galeries Lafayette (French pronunciation: ​[ɡalʁi lafajɛt]) is an upmarket French department store chain. Its flagship store is on Boulevard Haussmann in the 9th arrondissement of Paris but it now operates in a number of other locations in France and other countries. In 2009, Galeries Lafayette recorded earnings of over one billion euros.[2] It is a part of the company Groupe Galeries Lafayette.[3]

View from the 4th level at Galeries Lafayette in Paris

History[edit]

In 1895, Théophile Bader and his cousin Alphonse Kahn opened a fashion store in a small haberdasher's shop at the corner of rue La Fayette and the Chaussée d'Antin, in Paris.[1] In 1896, their company purchased the entire building at 1 rue La Fayette; in 1905 they acquired the buildings at 38, 40 and 42 boulevard Haussmann and 15 rue de la Chaussée d'Antin. Bader commissioned the architect Georges Chedanne and his pupil Ferdinand Chanut to design the store at the Haussmann location, where a glass and steel dome and Art Nouveau staircases were finished in 1912.

From 1921 Maurice Dufrêne directed the Maîtrise workshop of the Galeries Lafayette. This workshop for decorative art and furniture followed the Primavera of the Printemps store founded in 1912 by René Guilleré, Paul Follot's Pomone of Le Bon Marché, and the Studium of the Grands Magasins du Louvre.[4]

Paris Haussmann[edit]

Galeries Lafayette Haussmann, the flagship store, is located on Boulevard Haussmann in the 9th arrondissement of Paris, near Opera Garnier, at the corner of Rue La Fayette, close to Chaussée d'Antin – La Fayette Paris Métro station. It is a 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) fashion flagship store.[5] A wide range of brands are available at the store to suit all budgets, from ready to wear to haute couture. The architecture of the store is art nouveau, with a remarkable dome and a panoramic view of Paris that has made it a tourist attraction of the French capital city.[6] Galeries Lafayette in Paris hosts a popular weekly fashion show for visitors.[7]

History[edit]

In 1893,Théophile Bader and Alphonse Kahn opened a 70-square-metre (750 sq ft) store in Paris, on the corner of rue La Fayette and rue de la Chaussée d’Antin, selling novelty gifts. In 1896, the company purchased the entire building at number 1, rue La Fayette followed in 1903 by numbers 38, 40, and 42 on Boulevard Haussmann, as well as number 15, rue de la Chaussée d’Antin.[8]

Architecture[edit]

Théophile Bader appointed the architect Georges Chedanne to head up the first major renovations which were completed in 1907. Ferdinand Chanut, Georges Chedanne's apprentice, designed the store's 43-metre (141 ft) high Neo Byzantine dome.[9] This store's inauguration ceremony took place in October 1912.

In 1932, the store was renovated with an Art Déco style by an architect named Pierre Patou.

Fashion and events[edit]

Théophile Bader acquired production facilities in order to make clothing exclusively for Galeries Lafayette under its own private label. He also manufactured affordable versions of designer wear.[8]

This store then expanded to include menswear, furniture, toys and tableware departments and get involved in organizing events such as the rooftop landing by French pilot Jules Védrines in 1919.[10]

In 1922, it opened arts workshops under the artistic direction of Maurice Dufrêne in order to produce affordable furniture, fabric, carpets, wallpaper, pottery, and other household goods.[11]

Following the Second World War, the store underwent a complete makeover.

During the 1950s it hosted large international exhibitions, such as “The Best of Italian Manufacturing” in 1953.

In the 1960s, young designers began launching their ready-to-wear lines at the store. The first designer to become famous was Laura, in 1962. A little while later she went on to become known as Sonia Rykiel.[12]

From 1980 to 1999 “Fashion Festivals”, were organized, in order to select designs for the store. In 1984, the store opened a designer department including designs from, Jean-Paul Gaultier and Thierry Mugler.

From 2001 to 2015, Jean-Paul Goude collaborated with the brand on advertising campaigns in order to give the store a modern identity.[13]

Offer[edit]

Galerie Lafayette Paris Haussmann is a 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) store. Mostly dedicated to fashion, it also has other offers and services.

Food[edit]

Galeries Lafayette Paris Haussmann's food tasting bars offer French food together with produce from around the world.

Restaurants and bars[edit]

Cafés, bars and restaurants are located in the store for drinks and meals.

The rooftop has a bar, restaurant and terrace with a panoramic view of Paris and its monuments including the Eiffel Tower, the Montparnasse Tower, Invalides, and Opera Garnier.

Cultural space

Galeries Lafayette Paris Haussmann's cultural space “Galerie des Galeries” holds three to four exhibitions a year, showcasing both French and international design.

Events

Every Friday visitors can attend the store's free fashion show at 3 pm. These events can only be attended if reservations have been made in advance.

Galeries Lafayette Paris Haussmann has a suspended Christmas tree every year, the first of which was hung from the dome in 1976. The store also organizes a range of exhibitions and shows and during the festive period.

Services[edit]

English-speaking staff in the concierge area help with Wi-Fi access, tourist information, or restaurant and taxi reservations.[14]

The tourist information desk provides information and tickets for transport, museums, attraction parks, guided tours, cruises on the Seine River, cabaret performances, shows and concerts, hotels, and currency exchange.

The store's geolocation app helps shoppers find brands and access restaurants, customer service, and shop locations.

The tax refund service enables non-European residents to claim back their tax refund, based on the 12% tax they have paid on their purchases worth over €175.01 made on the day of purchase at Galeries Lafayette.[15]

A personal shopper is also available and VIP services include the ordering of limousines or package deliveries to hotels.[16]

The information office, located on the ground floor, provides information related to all the services offered by the store.

Other stores[edit]

Overseas stores opened[edit]

The Berlin store designed by Jean Nouvel
  • Berlin, Germany - The store in Berlin in Germany was designed by Jean Nouvel and constructed between 1991 and 1995. It is located on Friedrichstraße two blocks south of Unter den Linden at the Französische Straße U-Bahn station and opened in 1996.[17]
  • Jakarta, Indonesia - Galeries Lafayette opened their first store in South East Asia after 21 years in the summer of 2013 at the Pacific Place Mall. The store, occupies four floors, operated in partnership with PT. Mitra Adiperkasa Tbk., who also operated Japanese department stores Sogo and Seibu.
  • Dubai, UAE - A Galeries Lafayette store opened in Dubai Mall on 18 May 2009.[18] In February 2011, the store unveiled Dubai's first gold ATM. Shoppers can insert cash and receive a corresponding amount of gold nuggets or coins.[19]
  • Beijing, China - Galeries Lafayette open its first location in Beijing, China in fall 2013 covers a total area of over 47,000 square meters spreading over 6 floors. The store operated as a 50-50 joint venture between the French company and the Hong Kong-based fashion retailer I.T.[20]
  • Istanbul, Turkey - Galeries Lafayette opened its first location in Istanbul's Emaar Square Mall in May 2017, in partnership with DEMSA Group.
  • Shanghai, China - Galeries Lafayette and its partner I.T opened Galeries Lafayette's second flagship store in Shanghai's L+Mall in Lujiazui, Pudong on 25 October 2019.
  • Luxembourg - On January 30, 2018, Galeries Lafayette opened its Luxembourg store on November 30, 2019 in partnership with CODIC, located within the Royal-Hamilius urban planning project built by Norman Foster.[21]
  • Doha, Qatar - On April 15, 2019 Galeries Lafayette Open its store in 21 High Street, the store covers a total area of over 14,500 square meters, operating in partnership with Ali Bin Ali Group.[22]

Overseas Stores planned[edit]

  • Istanbul, Turkey - Galeries Lafayette will open its second location in Istanbul's Vadistanbul in 2019, in partnership with DEMSA Group.
  • Kuwait City, Kuwait - Galeries Lafayette will anchor Assima Mall, opening in 2019. The store operates in partnership with Doha's Ali Bin Ali Group.
  • Milan, Italy - In June 2014, Galeries Lafayette has announced that it will open its first location in Italy. The group have reached an agreement with Westfield and Gruppo Stilo - two leading international mall specialists - to open their first and wholly owned 18,000 m2 store in Milan within Westfield Milano, the expected largest mall in Italy.[23]

Closed stores[edit]

  • New York City - A Galleries Lafayette location opened in the building adjacent to Trump Tower in New York City in September 1991. It was unsuccessful, and closed after three years.[24][25]
  • Singapore - A Lafayette location also opened at Singapore at Orchard Road below the Le Méridien Hotel, moved to the Liat Towers, and closed in 1992.
  • Casablanca - In 2008, the store announced a licensing agreement to open a store in Morocco Mall in 2010, before closing its doors in 2016. The Casablanca store in Morocco Mall was designed by Davide Padoa of Design International. The project site coordination was led by Miguel Fernandes and Catia Zizzi. Galeries Lafayette previously operated a store in Casablanca from the 1920s through the early 1970s.[26]

Galeries Lafayette Group[edit]

The Galeries Lafayette on Boulevard Haussmann in Paris, Christmas 2004

The Galeries Lafayette Group has its head office in Paris.[27]

The Group owns the following subsidiaries:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "History". Groupe Galeries Lafayette. Archived from the original on 2012-01-14. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  2. ^ « Galeries Lafayette. Dans les coulisses d'une machine à vendre », Le Monde Magazine, 19 December 2009, p. 29
  3. ^ "Galeries Lafayette" (in French). Groupe Galeries Lafayette. Archived from the original on 2012-11-12. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
  4. ^ Samoyault-Verlet, Colombe (2015). "DUFRÊNE MAURICE - (1876-1955)". Encyclopædia Universalis [en ligne] (in French). Retrieved 2015-06-23.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  5. ^ http://www.parisinfo.com/shopping/73634/Galeries-Lafayette-Paris-Haussmann
  6. ^ http://www.lefigaro.fr/actualite-france/2012/10/14/01016-20121014ARTFIG00171-la-coupole-des-galeries-lafayette-fete-ses-100-ans.php
  7. ^ "How to Attend A Fashion Show in Paris at Galeries Lafayette". Retrieved 2013-12-04.
  8. ^ a b Marzel, Shoshana-Rose (2006-11-01). "Théophile Bader, co-fondateur des Galeries Lafayette". Archives Juives (in French). 37 (2): 135–138. ISSN 0003-9837.
  9. ^ filhol, Anne-Laure (2012-10-14). "La coupole des Galeries Lafayette fête ses 100 ans". Le Figaro (in French). ISSN 0182-5852. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  10. ^ "Le 19 janvier 1919 dans le ciel : Jules Védrines se pose sur les Galeries Lafayette". Air Journal (in French). Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  11. ^ "La Maîtrise des Galeries Lafayette (Catalogue 1925) - Librairie des Archives : livres d'art épuisés, catalogues raisonnés, catalogues d'expositions rares, beaux livres, xx siècle". www.librairiedesarchives.com (in French). Archived from the original on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  12. ^ "Sonia Rykiel (1930-2016), A Fashion Revolutionary, by Maude Bass-Krueger". Histoire de Mode (in French). Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  13. ^ "Les Galeries Lafayette arrêtent leur collaboration avec Jean-Paul Goude". LExpress.fr (in French). 2014-09-24. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  14. ^ Paris, Office du Tourisme et des Congrès de. "Galeries Lafayette Paris Haussmann - Office de tourisme Paris". www.parisinfo.com (in French). Retrieved 2017-06-14.
  15. ^ "About Galeries Lafayette". Official website for tourism in France. Retrieved 2017-06-14.
  16. ^ "Le shopping VIP du Printemps et des Galeries Lafayette". lesechos.fr. 2011-04-18. Retrieved 2017-06-14.
  17. ^ Jay Berman (1999). "Galeries Lafayette, Berlin". Galinsky. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  18. ^ "Galeries Lafayette". The Dubai Mall. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  19. ^ "Dubai's first gold ATM unveiled at Galeries Lafayette". Al Arabiya News. 18 February 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  20. ^ http://roashina.wordpress.com/2010/11/25/galeries-lafayette-in-beijing/
  21. ^ https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5c9b3eafd74562d4deb03335/t/5ddfb2612104bb5045766cac/1574941282892/Press+release+-+Galeries+Lafayette+inaugurates+a+department+store+at+the+heart+of+the+city+centre+of+Luxembourg_november+2019.pdf
  22. ^ https://www.gulf-times.com/story/628729/Galeries-Lafayette-makes-Qatar-debut
  23. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-12-22. Retrieved 2014-12-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ "Galeries Lafayette to Close Its Doors". The New York Times. August 31, 1994. Retrieved 2017-12-26.
  25. ^ "Galeries Lafayette to Close New York Store" (Press release). The Free Library. August 30, 1994. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  26. ^ Stewart Todd (1 December 2008). "Morocco: Galeries Lafayette set to return to Casablanca". Just-Style. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  27. ^ "Privacy Policy Archived 2010-02-10 at the Wayback Machine." Groipe Galeries Lafayette. Retrieved on 5 February 2010.

External links[edit]