November 1932 German federal election

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November 1932 German federal election

← July 1932 6 November 1932 March 1933 →

All 584 seats in the Reichstag
293 seats needed for a majority
Registered44,374,085 Increase 0.4%
Turnout35,758,259 (80.58%) Decrease 3.52 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Hitler portrait crop.jpg Ottowelsportait.jpgArthur Crispien on the street.jpg
WP Hans Vogel.jpg
Ernst Thälmann 1932.jpg
Leader Adolf Hitler Otto Wels
Arthur Crispien
Hans Vogel
Ernst Thälmann
Party NSDAP SPD KPD
Leader since 28 July 1921 1919 October 1925
Last election 230 seats, 37.27% 133 seats, 21.58% 89 seats, 14.32%
Seats won 196 121 100
Seat change Decrease34 Decrease12 Increase11
Popular vote 11,737,395 7,251,690 5,980,614
Percentage 33.09% 20.43% 16.86%
Swing Decrease4.18% Decrease1.15% Increase2.54%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Ludwig Kaas Konkordatsunterzeichnung mini.jpg AlfredHugenberg1933 (cropped).jpeg Heinrich held 102 01176crop.png
Leader Ludwig Kaas Alfred Hugenberg Heinrich Held
Party Centre DNVP BVP
Leader since September 1928 1928 27 June 1924
Last election 75 seats, 12.44% 37 seats, 5.91% 22 seats, 3.23%
Seats won 70 52 20
Seat change Decrease5 Increase15 Decrease2
Popular vote 4,230,545 3,792,563 1,206,247
Percentage 11.93% 8.34% 3.09%
Swing Decrease0.51% Increase2.43% Decrease0.14%

Reichstagswahl November 1932.svg
Results map

Chancellor before election

Franz von Papen
Non-partisan

Elected Chancellor

None (Schleicher appointed shortly afterward)

Federal elections were held in Germany on 6 November 1932.[1] The Nazi Party saw its vote share fall by four percentage points, while there were slight increases for the Communist Party of Germany and the national conservative German National People's Party. The results were a great disappointment for the Nazis, who lost 34 seats and failed to form a coalition government in the Reichstag.

Previously Chancellor Franz von Papen, a former member of the Catholic Centre Party, had governed without parliamentary support by relying on legislative decrees promulgated by President Paul von Hindenburg under Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution. However, on 12 September 1932 Papen had to ask Hindenburg to dissolve parliament in order to pre-empt a motion of no confidence introduced by the Communist Party, which was expected to pass since the Nazis were also expected to support it due to their desire for fresh elections.

After the election, Papen urged Hindenburg to continue to govern by emergency decree. However, on 3 December, he was replaced by Defence Minister Kurt von Schleicher, who held talks with the left wing of the Nazi Party led by Gregor Strasser in an attempt at a Third Position (Querfront) strategy. The plans failed when Hitler disempowered Strasser and approached Papen for coalition talks. Papen obtained Hindenburg's consent to form the Hitler cabinet on 30 January 1933.

The elections were the last free and fair all-German election before the Nazi seizure of power on 30 January 1933 since the elections in March 1933 saw massive suppression, especially against Communist and Social Democratic Party politicians. The next free elections were not held until 1949 in West Germany and 1946 in East Germany. The next free all-German elections took place in December 1990, after reunification.

Results[edit]

Reichstag composition after election of November 1932.svg
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Nazi Party11,737,02133.09196–34
Social Democratic Party7,247,90120.43121–12
Communist Party of Germany5,980,23916.86100+11
Centre Party4,230,54511.9370–5
German National People's Party2,959,0538.3451+14
Bavarian People's Party1,094,5973.0920–2
German People's Party660,8891.8611+4
Christian Social People's Service403,6661.145+2
German State Party336,4470.952–2
German Farmers' Party149,0260.423+1
Agricultural League105,2200.3020
Reich Party of the German Middle Class110,3090.311–1
German-Hanoverian Party63,9660.181+1
Radical Middle Class60,2460.1700
Thuringian Agricultural League60,0620.171New
Christian-National Peasants' and Farmers' Party46,3820.130–1
People's Justice Party46,2020.130–1
Socialist Workers' Party of Germany45,2010.1300
Poland List32,9880.0900
For Hindenberg and Pope27,7520.080New
Kleinrentner, Inflationsgeschädigte und Vorkriegsgeldbesitzer15,7270.0400
Free Economy Party of Germany11,0020.0300
Schicksalsgemeinschaft deutscher Erwerbslosen, Kleinhandel und Gewerbe9,2500.030New
Social Republican Party of Germany8,3950.020New
Handwerker, Handel- und Gewerbetreibende5,1890.0100
Radical Democratic Party3,7890.010New
Kampfgemeinschaft der Arbeiter und Bauern3,3080.0100
National Social Party of the Middle Class3,0520.010New
Enteigneter Mittelstand2,7370.0100
National Freedom Party of Germany1,8100.0100
Schleswig Home1,6940.0000
Greater Germany People's Party1,3110.0000
Interessengemeinschaft der Kleinrentner und Inflationsgeschädigten1,0860.0000
Nationalist Party5880.000New
People's Socialists5180.000New
Haus- und Landwirtepartei4610.000New
National Communist Party of Germany3810.000New
German Social Monarchist Party3550.0000
German Reform Party3520.0000
German Workers Party3080.0000
Unitarianist Union of Germany2900.0000
Greater German Middle Class Party for Middle Class Dictatorship2860.000New
Gerechtigkeits-Bewegung-Meißner2800.000New
German National Citizen Bloc1920.000New
Party for the Unemployed for Work and Bread1400.0000
National German Catholic Reich Party1370.000New
German Socialist Struggle Movement1010.0000
German Reich against Interest Rate Movement970.000New
Freiheitsbewegung Schwarz-Weiß-Rot920.000New
Middle Class Party850.000New
Kampfbund der Lohn- und Gehaltsabgebauten630.000New
Total35,470,788100.00584–24
Valid votes35,470,78899.20
Invalid/blank votes287,4710.80
Total votes35,758,259100.00
Registered voters/turnout44,374,08580.58
Source: Gonschior.de

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7