1884 German federal election

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1884 German federal election

← 1881 28 October 1884 (1884-10-28) 1887 →

All 397 seats in the Reichstag
199 seats needed for a majority
Turnout60.5%
  First party Second party Third party
  Ludwig Windthorst JS (cropped).jpg Otto von Helldorff.jpg Rudolf Virchow NLM4 (cropped).jpg
Leader Ludwig Windthorst Otto von Helldorff Rudolf Virchow
Party Centre KP DFP
Leader since 26 May 1874 7 June 1876 5 March 1884
Last election 100 seats 50 seats 106 seats[1]
Seats won 99 78 67
Seat change Decrease1 Increase28 Decrease39
Popular vote 1,282,000 861,100 997,000
Percentage 22.6% 15.2% 17.6%
Swing Decrease0.6% Decrease1.1% Decrease3.5%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Die Gartenlaube (1874) b 093 (cropped).jpg
DRP
SPD
Leader Rudolf von Bennigsen Banned
Party NLP DRP SPD
Leader since 1867
Last election 47 seats 28 seats 12 seats
Seats won 51 28 24
Seat change Increase4 Steady0 Increase12
Popular vote 997,000 387,700 550,000
Percentage 17.6% 6.8% 9.7%
Swing Increase3.0% Decrease0.6% Increase3.6%

Karte der Reichstagswahlen 1884.svg
Map of results (by constituencies)

President of the Reichstag before election

Albert von Levetzow
KP

Elected President of the Reichstag

Wilhelm von Wedell-Piesdorf
KP

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Federal elections were held in Germany on 28 October 1884.[2] The Centre Party remained the largest party in the Reichstag, with 99 of the 397 seats.[3] Voter turnout was 60.5%.[4]

Results[edit]

Party Votes[a] % Seats +/–
Centre Party 1,282,000 22.6 99 −1
German Free-minded Party 997,000 17.6 67 −39
National Liberal Party 997,000 17.6 51 +4
German Conservative Party 861,100 15.2 78 +28
Social Democratic Party 550,000 9.7 24 +12
German Reich Party 387,700 6.8 28 0
Polish Party 203,200 3.6 16 −2
Alsace-Lorraine Party 165,600 2.9 15 0
German-Hanoverian Party 96,400 1.7 11 +1
German People's Party 95,900 1.7 7 −2
Danish Party 14,000 0.3 1 −1
Others 12,700 0.2 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 18,700
Total 5,681,700 100 397 0
Registered voters/turnout 9,383,100 60.5
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, DGDB

a Figures for votes are rounded.[2]

Popular Vote
Zentrum
22.61%
DFP
17.44%
NLP
17.42%
DKP
15.15%
SAP
9.70%
DRP
6.84%
PP
3.58%
Other
7.26%
Reichstag seats
Zentrum
24.94%
DKP
19.65%
DFP
16.88%
NLP
12.85%
DRP
7.05%
SAP
6.05%
PP
4.03%
Other
8.56%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Merger of the German Progress Party (60 seats) and Liberal Union (46).
  2. ^ a b Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p789
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p773