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The Gokak agitation (Kannada: ಗೋಕಾಕ್ ಚಳುವಳಿ) was a successful language rights agitation in the 1980s that fought for the first-language status of the Kannada language in the South Indian state of Karnataka.
Karnataka had adopted the [three language formula] for education in schools since the linguistic reorganization of states in 1956. Strong opposition to Hindi was witnessed in the 1960s and '70s, leading to Kannada speakers leaning towards English. It also felt that Kannada faced threat from Sanskrit, which was the dominant language in schools, leading to a situation where students could complete their high school education without having to study Kannada. This created a wide incompatibility between languages used for state administration and education in Karnataka 
- "Language in India". Retrieved 2007-02-20.
- B. Mallikarjun, "Language policy for education in Indian states: Karnataka", in Language in India, Vol.2: 9 December 2002 accessed at  Feb 20, 2007
- Harikumar, K. N. "Language and Democracy". Deccan Herald. kannadasaahithya.com. Archived from the original on 15 March 2006.