Government of Gilgit-Baltistan

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Government of Gilgit-Baltistan
Gilgit Baltistan Government Logo.svg
Provincial Government Seal
Seat of Government Gilgit
Speaker Fida Muhammad Nashad
Members in Assembly 33
Governor Mir Ghazanfar Ali Khan
Chief Minister Hafiz Hafeezur Rehman
High Court Gilgit-Baltistan Supreme Appellate Court
Chief Justice Muhammad Arshad Khan

The Government of Gilgit-Baltistan (Urdu: حکومتِ گلگت بلتستان‎) is system of government based in Gilgit, Pakistan which stands as its capital.The Gilgit-Baltistan is one of the Five Provincial Governments of Pakistan.[citation needed]


The territory of present-day Gilgit-Baltistan became a separate administrative unit in 1970 under the name "Northern Areas." It was formed by the amalgamation of the former Gilgit Agency, the Baltistan District of the Ladakh Wazarat, and the hill states of Hunza and Nagar. It presently consists of ten districts, has a population approaching one million, an area of approximately 28,000 square miles (73,000 km2), and shares borders with rest of Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, and India.

Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self-Governance Order 2009[edit]

While administratively controlled by Pakistan since the first Kashmir war, Gilgit-Baltistan has not yet been formally integrated into the Pakistani state and does not participate in Pakistan's constitutional political affairs.[1][2] On August 29, 2009, the Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self-Governance Order 2009, was passed by the Pakistani cabinet and later signed by the President of Pakistan. The order granted self-rule to the people of Gilgit-Baltistan, by creating, among other things, an elected Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative Assembly and Gilgit-Baltistan Council. Gilgit-Baltistan thus gained de facto province-like status without constitutionally becoming part of Pakistan.[1][3]


The government of Gilgit Baltistan consists of democratically elected body with the Governor of Gilgit-Baltistan as the constitutional head.

The Chief Minister of Gilgit-Baltistan (CM) is elected by the Provincial Assembly of the Gilgit-Baltistan to serve as the head of the provincial government in Gilgit-Baltistan.


The Executive Consists of following department:[4]

  • Home & Prisons Department
  • Finance Department
  • Law and Prosecution Department
  • Services and General Administration, Information and Cabinet Department
  • Revenue, Usher and Zakat, Excise and Taxation and Cooperative Department
  • Food and Agriculture, Fisheries and Animal Husbandry Department
  • Forest, Wildlife and Environment Department
  • Education, Social Welfare and Women Development
  • Health and Population Welfare Department
  • Works Department
  • Local Government, Rural Development and Census Department
  • Water and Power Department
  • Tourism, Sports, Culture and Youth Department
  • Mineral Development, Industries, Commerce & Labour Department
  • Planning and Development Department


The Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative Assembly is a 33-seat unicameral legislative body. It has 24 directly elected members, 6 reserved seats are for women plus 3 seats are reserved for technocrats.[5]

Gilgit-Baltistan Council[edit]

The Gilgit-Baltistan Council has been established as per Article 33 of Gilgit-Baltistan (Empowerment & Self Governance) Order, 2009. Its Chairman is the Prime Minister of Pakistan and Governor of Gilgit-Baltistan is the Vice-Chairman. It can legislate on 53 subjects as provided in Schedule III of the Order. Other members include Chief Minister of Gilgit-Baltistan, 6 members are nominated by Prime Minister of Pakistan and 6 members are elected by Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative Assembly.[6]


In light of a verdict by Supreme Court of Pakistan in the case filed by Wahab Al Kahiri,Late Justice Shehbaz Khan and others through Al-Jehad Trust Versus Federation of Pakistan ,as per orders of Supreme Court of Pakistan, Government of Pakistan established Northern Areas Court of Appeals at Gilgit vide Gazette of Pakistan, extraordinary, part II dated 8 November 1999 with Appellate Jurisdiction, The Court started function on 27 September 2005, when the Chairman and members were appointed. on 15 December 2007 by virtue of amendments in the Northern Areas Governance order 1994, the nomenclature of the Court was re-designated as Northern Areas Supreme Appellate Court and its jurisdiction was also enlarged by conferring Original and Appellate jurisdiction, It was also given the Status equal to the Supreme Court of Azad Jammu and Kashmir.[citation needed]

On 9 September 2009, the Supreme Appellate Court was conferred the similar jurisdiction equal to the Supreme Court of Pakistan by promulgating Gilgit-Baltistan (Empowerment and Self Governance Order) 2009. The Supreme Appellate Court is consisting of a Chief Judge and two Judges. The Permanent Seat of the Court is at Gilgit, but the Court also sits from time to time at Skardu Branch Registry.[citation needed]

Under Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self-Governance Order 2009 Gilgit-Baltistan Supreme Appellate Court was established with a Chief Justice and two other Judges. The chief judge and judges are appointed for a period of three years by the prime minister of Pakistan.[7]

Rana Shamim is the current Chief justice of Appellate Court, since August 2015, while Justice Shehbaz Khan and Justice Javed Iqbal took oath of office on 17th March 2016. Justice Shehbaz Khan died of cardiac arrest on 19th September 2016. Now Supreme Appellate[8] has only two judges. The third slot is vacant.

Former Chief Judges were:

  • Justice Qazi Ehsanullah Qureshi (2005-2008)
  • Justice Muhammad Nawaz Abbasi (2009-2012)
  • Justice Rana Muhammad Arshad (2012-2015)

Former Judges were[9]

  • Justice Altaf Hussain (2005-2008)
  • Justice Syed Tahir Ali Shah (2005-2008)
  • Justice Syed Jaffar Shah (2009-2012)
  • Justice Muhammad Yaqoob Khan (2009-2012)
  • Justice Raja Jalal-ud-Din (2013-2016)
  • Justice Muzaffar ALi (2013-2016)
  • Justice Shehbaz Khan(late) (15-3-16 to 20-9-2016)[10][11][12][13][14][15][16]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Gilgit-Baltistan: A question of autonomy". Indian Express. September 21, 2009. Retrieved 2013-02-23. 
  2. ^ Shigri, Manzar. "Pakistan's disputed Northern Areas go to polls". Retrieved 2013-02-23. 
  3. ^ "DAWN: Gilgit-Baltistan autonomy". 2009-09-09. Archived from the original on 2012-06-01. Retrieved 2013-02-23. 
  4. ^ Government of Gilgit Baltistan
  5. ^ Government of Gilgit Baltistan
  6. ^ "Gilgit-Baltistan Council". Gilgit-Baltistan Council. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  7. ^ Fresh appointment: Gilgit-Baltistan judicial crisis ends – The Express Tribune
  8. ^ "PAMIR TIMES | Voices of the Mountain Communities – Glowing tributes paid to late Justice Shehbaz Khan". Retrieved 2017-04-16. 
  9. ^
  10. ^ OUTPOST. "Outpost - Connecting the disconnected". Retrieved 2017-04-16. 
  11. ^ OUTPOST. "Outpost - Connecting the disconnected". Retrieved 2017-04-16. 
  12. ^ "PAMIR TIMES | Voices of the Mountain Communities – Glowing tributes paid to late Justice Shehbaz Khan". Retrieved 2017-04-16. 
  13. ^ "shehbaz khan justice - Google Search". Retrieved 2017-04-16. 
  14. ^ "PAMIR TIMES | Voices of the Mountain Communities – Indian claim over Gilgit-Baltistan baseless and contrary to historical facts, Shehbaz Khan Advocate Vice Chairman GB Bar Council". Retrieved 2017-04-16. 
  15. ^ "PAMIR TIMES | Voices of the Mountain Communities – Life Imprisonment: Supreme Appellate Court upholds ATC verdict against Baba Jan and companions". Retrieved 2017-04-16. 
  16. ^ "Court in G-B upholds Baba Jan’s life term - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2016-06-09. Retrieved 2017-04-16. 

External links[edit]