Pakistani passport

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Pakistani passport
پاکستانی پاسپورٹ
Pakistan Passport.jpg
The front cover of a contemporary Pakistani passport.
Pakistan Passport Biodata Page.jpg
Current Pakistani passport. (Areas containing personal information are grayed out.)
Issued by Pakistan
Type of documentPassport
PurposeIdentification
Eligibility requirementsPakistani citizenship
Expiration5 and 10 Years
Cost3000 (US$28) - 5 Years Validity
5400 (US$51)- 10 Years Validity

Pakistani passports (Urdu: پاکستانی پاسپورٹ‎) are issued to Pakistani citizens for the purpose of international travel. They are issued by the Directorate General of Immigration & Passports (DGIP) of the Ministry of Interior[1] from regional passport offices and Pakistani embassies. Since January 2014, Pakistani passports have been valid for 5 or 10 years.[2] Under Pakistani law, Pakistani passports are not valid for travel to Israel. Pakistani passport holders are eligible to visit 36 countries without a visa, or with visa on arrival.

Pakistani passports are machine-readable and biometric. Until 2004, Pakistani passports had the bearers particulars written by hand, with the passport picture glued to the cover page. These passports looked very unsophisticated. Since 2004, passports have identity information printed on both front and back cover ends. Both of these pages are laminated to prevent modification. In 2004, Pakistan began issuing biometric passports[3] which, however, were not compliant with ICAO standards because they did not carry the "chip inside" symbol (EPassport logo.svg).[4] In 2012, Pakistan adopted ICAO-compliant multi-biometric e-passport.[5] According to the Interior Minister, biometric passports were to be introduced in 2017.[6] Pakistani passports are printed in DGIP headquarters in Islamabad.[7]

History[edit]

Under British Raj[edit]

British Indian passport issued during the colonial days when Pakistan was not formed but constituted a part of India (and for some years after partition)
Muhammad Ali Jinnah's passport issued by the British Indian Empire.

British Indian passports were issued to British subjects of the British Indian Empire, as well as to British subjects from other parts of the British Empire, and subjects of the British protected states in India (ie., British protected persons of the 'princely states').[8] These passports were introduced in British India after the First World War.[9] The Indian Passport Act of 1920 required the use of passports, established controls on the foreign travel of Indians, and foreigners travelling to and within India.[10] The passport was based on the format agreed upon by the 1920 League of Nations International Conference on Passports.[11] However, the British Indian passport had very limited usage, being valid for travel only within the British Empire, Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, France, Spain, Norway, Sweden and Holland.[12]

The use of the passport was discontinued after the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, and its bearers were entitled to opt for Indian, Pakistani or British nationality. Passport regime only started between the two countries in 1952. Citizens of both India and Pakistan did not need a visa or were issued one on arrival till the Second Kashmir War. Before the war, citizens of both countries could freely travel to each other's countries, despite the fact that both had gone to war in 1947 over Kashmir.[13]

Joint India-Pakistan passport issued to migrants to enable them to visit family, friends and ancestral homes located on the other side of the Radcliffe line
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Types[edit]

The Passport Act, 1974 and Passport and Visa Manual 1974 regulate the issuance of passports. Pakistan issues three types of passports:[15]

  • Diplomatic passports - issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to diplomats and other entitled categories.[16]
  • Official passports - issued to senators, members of the National Assembly, provincial ministers, judges of the supreme/high courts, officers serving with the governments when abroad on official assignments etc. The outer cover color is blue.[17]
  • Ordinary passports - the outer cover color is green.

A special Hajj passport was formerly issued to those making a hajj pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. These are no longer issued, and ordinary passports may now be used for the hajj.

Security features[edit]

The key features of Pakistan passport are:

  • PKI – public key infrastructure
  • RFID chip
  • Biometric features namely facial and fingerprint
  • IPI- invisible personal ID
  • 2D bar code
  • Machine-readable zone (MRZ)
  • Security substrate and laminate
  • Ultra-violet features micro printing
  • Holograms
  • Watermark paper
  • Security ink
  • 3 colour intaglio printing
  • Guilloche patterns

Physical appearance[edit]

Pakistani passports contain a note that the passport cannot be used for travel to Israel

Ordinary Pakistani passports have a deep green cover with golden colored content. The Emblem of Pakistan is emblazoned in the center of the front cover. The words 'Islamic Republic of Pakistan' (English) are inscribed above the emblem and 'Urdu: اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان‎', 'Urdu: پاسپورٹ‎' and 'Passport' (English) are inscribed below the emblem. The standard passport contains 36 pages, but frequent travelers can apply for a passport containing 72 or 100 pages.

Passport holder identity[edit]

  • The opening cover end contains the following information:
    • Photo of passport holder
    • Type 'P'- stands for "Personal", 'D'- stands for "Diplomat", - S'- stands for "Service"
    • Country Code
    • Passport number
    • Surname
    • Given name
    • Nationality
    • Date of birth
    • Citizenship number
    • Gender
    • Place of birth
    • Father name
    • Date of issue
    • Date of expiry
    • Issuing authority
    • Tracking number
    • Booklet number
  • 1st page of regular booklet contains the note from President of Pakistan (mentioned later).
  • 2nd page mentions ANNOTATION on the top and contains the following
    • Religion
    • Previous passport number (if any)
    • Signature of passport holder
  • 3rd page declares that the passport is valid to travel to all countries of the world except Israel.

Passport note[edit]

The passports contain a note from the President of Pakistan addressing the authorities of all states, identifying the bearer as a citizen of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and requesting and requiring that the bearer be allowed to pass freely without any hindrance and be assisted and protected in any need. The note inside of Pakistani passports states:

Visa requirements[edit]

In 2019, Pakistani citizens have visa-free or visa on arrival access to 36 countries and territories.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directorate General of Immigration & Passports, Ministry of Interior, Government of Pakistan". Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  2. ^ Directorate General of Immigration & Passports Website Archived 2013-01-06 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Administrator. "Multi-Biometric e-Passport". Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  4. ^ ICAO website Machine-Readable travel documents, specifications for electronically enabled MRtds with biometric identification capacity (doc 9303 part 3 vol 2) Archived 2010-11-22 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un-dpadm/unpan048580.pdf
  6. ^ Tribune - Biometric passports to be introduced in 2017
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-01. Retrieved 2013-07-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Dominions 1931-1947". Historical Atlas of the British Empire. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  9. ^ MumbaiSpace Indian Passport History Archived October 6, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 (No. 34 of 1920)
  11. ^ History of Passports
  12. ^ Vazira Fazila-Yacoobali Zamindar (2007). The Long Partition and the Making of Modern South Asia. Columbia University Press. p. 162. ISBN 0-231-13846-6.
  13. ^ https://www.dawn.com/news/1283918
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Paracha, Nadeem F. (15 September 2016). "History of the Pakistani passport". DAWN. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
  15. ^ Types of Passport Archived 2009-12-09 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Para-45 of the Passport & Visa Manual, 2006
  17. ^ Para-9 of the Passport & Visa Manual, 2006