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Greenway Plaza is a master-planned mixed-use development off Interstate 69/U.S. Highway 59 in Houston, Texas, United States, five miles (8 kilometers) west of Downtown Houston and three miles (5 kilometers) east of Uptown Houston. Greenway Plaza is Houston's first totally planned business-commercial-residential complex developed by Kenneth Schnitzer. Greenway Plaza is owned and operated by Parkway Inc. Most buildings within the Greenway Plaza campus are interconnected by environmentally-controlled bridges, and/or tunnels and covered walkways. Civil engineer Jack Boyd Buckley also worked on the Greenway Plaza design.
The complex, composed of 10 commercial buildings, has more than 4,200,000 sq ft (390,000 m2) of space. Within the complex is the Doubletree Hotel, the Houston City Club, and Tony's – one of Houston's premiere restaurants. The commercial buildings in the complex range from 11 to 31 stories.
Greenway Plaza is located next to Lakewood Church. This facility was formerly called "The Summit" and later "Compaq Center" and hosted the Houston Rockets, a professional basketball team, as well as other sporting teams, concerts, and events. Privately owned residential condominiums are also located near Greenway Plaza, just west of Timmons Lane. The Greenway condominiums consist of two 30-story buildings (14 & 15 Greenway Plaza) located at the southwest periphery of the development.
Century took realtors from outlying towns around Houston and had them buy individual parcels for very inexpensive prices while trying not to attract attention. One homeowner found out about the plan and asked to have the house sold for $350,000. At the time it was a lot of money for a house that was small. The company paid the money so it could secure the tract the house sat on. The grand opening took place in 1973. Schnitzer said that Greenway Plaza would become a "second downtown". Bill Schadewald of the Houston Press said that Greenway Plaza, which housed office towers, retail operations, a basketball arena, a movie theater, and a hotel, "defined the multiuse concept in an original "Edge City"".
In 1970 the M. W. Kellogg company had moved its headquarters from New York to Houston. After Kellogg moved its operations into Greenway Plaza, initially Kellogg occupied half of 3 Greenway Plaza and staffed the half with fewer than 600 employees. When the energy industry expanded worldwide, Kellogg occupied all of 3 Greenway Plaza and space in an adjacent building. Kellogg's lease on July 1, 1991 was up for renewal; if Kellogg had renewed the lease, its rent payment would have increased. Instead Kellogg decided to swap office space with its parent company, Dresser Industries. Dresser took over a part of Kellogg's lease and renamed 3 Greenway Plaza to the Dresser Tower. After the swap Dresser occupied 163,000 sq ft (15,100 m2) of space on eight floors, while Kellogg continued to lease six floors in the building. In exchange Kellogg took space formerly held by Dresser at the M. W. Kellogg Tower in the Cullen Center in Downtown Houston. The swap satisfied Dresser's need for less space.
Circa 2003 the Houston Rockets moved out of what was the Compaq Center, and that building became the Lakewood Church Central Campus. Nancy Sarnoff of the Houston Chronicle wrote that the adjacent Greenway Plaza became "sleepy" as a result of this change, and that in 2017 Greenway Plaza had a lack of activity during nighttime periods despite its heavy activity during the day; therefore, according to Sarnoff, Greenway Plaza "feels like downtown Houston did 10 or 20 years ago".
In 2004 Crescent attempted to sell a 50% equity position in both Greenway Plaza and Houston Center. During that year, El Paso Corp., a major tenant with 912,000 sq ft (84,700 m2) in Greenway Plaza, announced that it was vacating the property and moving its personnel to its Downtown Houston headquarters. A Houston Business Journal article stated that El Paso was expected to sublease the space until 2014, when its lease will expire.
During the afternoon of Monday July 29, 2013, Cousins Properties, a company based in Atlanta, announced that it was buying the entire Greenway Plaza complex and a Downtown Fort Worth office tower. Nancy Sarnoff of the Houston Chronicle stated that Cousins was expected to pay $1.1 billion in cash. By 2017 the owner was Parkway Inc., which planned to renovate Greenway Plaza.
It occupies 52-acre (21 ha) of land.
Commercial office buildings
- One Greenway Plaza – Previous name: Eastern Airlines Building
- Two Greenway Plaza – Previous name: Union Carbide Building
- Three Greenway Plaza – Previous names: Dresser Tower and Kellogg Tower
- Four Greenway Plaza – Previous names: Travelers Insurance Building and Sonat Building
- The building opened in 1975.
- Transocean's Houston offices are in this building. At one time Transocean's headquarters were considered to be in this complex. In 2008 the company leased 95,000 square feet (8,800 m2) of additional space in buildings 4 and 5. Occidental Petroleum, as well as Parker Drilling, have their Houston offices within Four Greenway Plaza.
- Five Greenway Plaza – previous name: Conoco Building
- Eight Greenway Plaza – former names: Cashco Tower and Summit Plaza East
- The building opened in 1980
- FlightAware world headquarters is located in Suite 1300. Previously it was in Suite 1150.
- Previously China Airlines maintained an office in 8 Greenway Plaza. It served as the Dallas Mini Office for the Dallas/Fort Worth region. The China Airlines Houston Mini Office (Chinese: 休士頓營業所 Xiūshìdùn Yíngyèsuǒ) was formerly located in Suite 824. In 2007 Crescent honored China Airlines as a tenant that had occupied a suite in Greenway Plaza for 20–29 years. As of 2010 the Greater Houston functions had moved to the Arena Place complex in Greater Sharpstown. The Dallas office is now on the property of Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport.
- Nine Greenway Plaza – former name: Coastal Tower
- Eleven Greenway Plaza – formerly the Summit Tower
- It opened in 1979.
- Camden Property Trust
- PBK Architects
- Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Houston, an office of the Republic of China, is in Suite 2006. In 2007 Crescent honored the consulate's information division as a tenant that had occupied a suite in Greenway Plaza for 20–29 years.
- China Airlines previously had its office, then the Houston Sales Office, at Suite 2714 in 11 Greenway, before moving it to 8 Greenway Plaza.
- Twelve Greenway Plaza – formerly Summit Plaza West
- 3800 Buffalo Speedway – formerly the Commonwealth United Mortgage Building and the Lifemark Building
- 12 Greenway Plaza
- The Hub at Greenway Plaza (formerly The Shops at Greenway) which first opened in 1973
- Greenway Coffee
- Roman Delight
- Nestlé Toll House Cafe
- Bango Burgers
- Alonti Cafe
- Texas Chicken
- Good Eats
- Village BBQ
- Village Wraps
- Plaza Jewelers
- River Oaks Flower House
- Greenway Newsstand & Convenience Store
- Energy One Credit Union
Prior to January 1, 2008, Landmark Theatres operated the Landmark Greenway, an "arthouse" theater inside 5 Greenway. Landmark's lease expired and the Greenway Plaza did not renew the lease. December 31, 2007 was the final day of operation for the theater. As of 2016 it will be replaced by a fitness area.
At one time the building housed Rao's Maremma Ristorante.
- Doubletree Hotel (6 Greenway) – Previously the Stouffer Hotel and the Renaissance Hotel – Opened 1972
- The Central Plant (7 Greenway)
- Tony's Restaurant (13 Greenway) – Established by Tony Vallone, in 2006 it moved from Uptown Houston to Greenway and renewed its lease around 2016, staying for another 10-year period
- 14 Greenway and 15 Greenway – formerly the Plaza Condominiums – Opened 1980 (14 Greenway) and 1981 (15 Greenway)
- Lakewood Church Central Campus – formerly the Summit and the Compaq Center – Opened 1975
- Dawson, Jennifer. "Crescent trophies on sales block." Houston Business Journal. Friday May 21, 2004. Retrieved on May 10, 2009.
- Schadewald, Bill. "Looking back ‘Then and Now’ at 40 years of Houston business." Houston Business Journal. Friday December 24, 2010. 1. Retrieved on September 13, 2011.
- "Crescent Celebrates Greenway Plaza's 40th Anniversary by Honoring Customer Loyalty." Business Wire. June 9, 2007. Retrieved on January 21, 2009.
- Stuart, Lettice. "REAL ESTATE; A Big Swap Of Offices In Houston." The New York Times. Wednesday May 15, 1991.
- Sarnoff, Nancy (2017-05-12). "Greenway Plaza sees upgrades essential in competitive market". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
- Azevedo, Mary Ann. "Internet America's Dallas presence dwindles." Dallas Business Journal. Friday October 28, 2005. Retrieved on September 25, 2009.
- Sarnoff, Nancy. "Greenway Plaza selling to Atlanta company." Houston Chronicle. Monday July 29, 2013. Retrieved on July 31, 2013.
- Sarnoff, Nancy. "Greenway Plaza ahead of its time while being timeless." Houston Chronicle. Thursday May 26, 2016. Retrieved on May 31, 2016.
- "Contact Us." Buckeye Partners. Retrieved on November 8, 2013. "One Greenway Plaza • Suite 600 • Houston, Texas 77046"
- "CompuBank Home Page." CompuBank. Retrieved on July 25, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - GREENWAY PLAZA." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 26, 2009.
- "Contact Info." Transocean. Retrieved on June 21, 2010. "U.S. - Texas - Houston 4 Greenway Plaza Houston, TX 77046 USA"
- Home page." Transocean. June 12, 1998. Retrieved on June 21, 2010. "4 Greenway Plaza (77046) P.O. Box 2765 Houston Texas 77252-2765"
- "Company Overview." Transocean. June 3, 2004. "Principal U.S. executive offices of Transocean are at 4 Greenway Plaza, Houston, Texas 77046,[...]"
- "Long-term Greenway Plaza tenant takes over 95,000 more square feet." Houston Business Journal. August 71, 2008. Updated August 15, 2008. Retrieved on November 8, 2013.
- "Contact." FlightAware. Retrieved on December 4, 2009.
- "FlightAware > About FlightAware > Contact Information." FlightAware. July 6, 2008. Retrieved on August 23, 2010.
- "North America Archived 2011-11-28 at the Wayback Machine.." China Airlines. Retrieved on February 24, 2011.
- "北美洲地區 Archived 2014-12-17 at the Wayback Machine.." China Airlines. Retrieved on April 24, 2010
- "Branch Offices North America Archived 2011-11-28 at the Wayback Machine.." China Airlines. Accessed September 4, 2008.
- "Branch Offices North America Archived 2011-11-28 at the Wayback Machine.." China Airlines. Retrieved on April 24, 2010.
- "Districts Archived 2009-01-06 at the Wayback Machine.." Greater Sharpstown Management District. Retrieved on August 15, 2009.
- "North America Archived 2011-11-28 at the Wayback Machine.." China Airlines. Retrieved on November 17, 2011. "1639 W. 23rd street, Suite 300 P.O. Box 610065 Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas 75261"
- Real estate transactions
- "Company Information." Mitsui Oil Exploration Co. Retrieved on August 23, 2010. "MOEX USA Corporation 9 Greenway Plaza, Suite 1220, Houston, Texas 77046, USA" and "MOEX Offshore 2007 LLC 9 Greenway Plaza, Suite 1220, Houston, Texas 77046, USA"
- Lipton, Martin and Erica H. Steinberger. Takeovers and Freezeouts, Volume 2. Law Journal Press, 1978. "C-71." Retrieved from Google Books on August 23, 2010. ISBN 1-58852-005-6, ISBN 978-1-58852-005-0
- "Invesco downsizes at Greenway Plaza." Houston Business Journal. November 22, 2010. Retrieved on May 31, 2016.
- PBK - Contact Us
- Home page. Taipei Economic & Cultural Office in Houston.
- "Branch Offices North America." China Airlines. January 28, 1999. Retrieved on June 14, 2009.
- Additional Expansions & Relocations
- "Houston Chamber Re-Invents Itself after 61 years with a New Image" (Archive). Houston Metropolitan Chamber. January 7, 2011. Retrieved on April 23, 2014.
- "Contact Us." Houston Metropolitan Chamber. Retrieved on April 23, 2014. " Houston Metropolitan Chamber 12 Greenway Plaza Suite 1100 Houston, Texas 77046 "
- Amerigroup Inks Deal at Greenway Plaza
- "Retail Directory." Greenway Plaza. Retrieved on April 24, 2010.
- Leahy, Jennifer and Lisa Gray. "Houston's landmark Greenway Theatre to close." (Archive) Houston Chronicle. December 25, 2007. Retrieved on April 23, 2010.
- Staff. "Around Houston" (). Houston Chronicle. Thursday March 26, 1992. Houston 7. Retrieved on February 4, 2012.
- "Poe Elementary School Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on December 13, 2016.
- "Lanier Middle School Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on December 13, 2016.
- "Lamar High School Attendance Zone Archived 2015-05-13 at the Wayback Machine.." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on December 13, 2016.
- "Will Rogers Elementary Attendance Zone Archived March 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on December 16, 2010.
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