Super Neighborhood of Houston, Texas
|• Total||10.75 sq mi (27.8 km2)|
|• Density||4,131/sq mi (1,595/km2)|
|Time zone||Central Time Zone (CT)|
|Area code(s)||281, 832, 713, 346|
The Memorial area of Houston, Texas is located west of Downtown, northwest of Uptown, and south of Spring Branch. The Memorial Super Neighborhood, as defined by the City of Houston, is bounded by Buffalo Bayou to the south, Barker Reservoir to the west, the Katy Freeway (Interstate 10) to the north, and the Memorial Villages (Spring Valley Village, Piney Point Village, Bunker Hill Village, Hedwig Village, Hilshire Village and Hunters Creek Village), a contiguous group of independent municipalities, to the east.
A rich variety of residential architectural styles, particularly mid-century modern, can be found in the affluent forested neighborhoods of Memorial along Buffalo Bayou. The area is also home to a number of major office and retail developments, including Memorial City, Town & Country Village, and CityCentre. A large portion of the Energy Corridor, a large business district heavily populated by energy-related firms, overlaps west Memorial along Eldridge Parkway and the Katy Freeway. Memorial takes its name from Memorial Drive, an east-west arterial road which bisects the area.
- 1 History
- 2 Government and infrastructure
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Education
- 5 Parks
- 6 Media
- 7 Neighborhoods
- 8 Notable residents
- 9 References
Prior to annexation by Houston, the Memorial area consisted of large country estates and farmland. In the mid-1940s, the town of Addicks relocated to the western edge of the area after the construction of Addicks Reservoir by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers inundated the original townsite. This same flood control project, completed in the 1950s, created Barker Reservoir to the west of the area and channelized Buffalo Bayou from State Highway 6 to Beltway 8.
Houston gradually annexed Memorial between the 1950s and 1980s.
Rapid growth of the Houston metropolitan area in the 1960s led to the development of a number of subdivisions in the Memorial area, including Nottingham Forest, Westchester, and Fonn Villas. The Memorial Bend subdivision, first developed in 1955, is particularly notable for its large collection of mid-century modern houses. This development was accompanied by the reconstruction of U.S. Route 90 into Interstate 10. Retail development paralleled residential growth; Memorial City Mall was established in 1962, followed by Town & Country Village in 1965.
Residents of Memorial Bend opposed the construction of Texas State Highway Beltway 8 through their neighborhood during the project's planning stages in the early 1960s, but an alternative western route along Dairy Ashford Road was deemed too costly. Funding issues delayed the construction of Beltway 8 through Memorial until the late 1980s.
Memorial continued to gain population between 1980 and 1990.
From 1999 to 2003, Memorial City Mall underwent a $600 million renovation. The mall and neighboring Memorial Hermann Memorial City Medical Center now anchor a large mixed-use district featuring multiple office towers, hotels, and apartments. Nearby Town and Country Mall, constructed in the 1980s, was razed in 2005 and replaced with CityCentre, a walkable mixed-use district.
In August and September 2017, portions of Memorial adjacent to Buffalo Bayou and its tributaries experienced severe flooding from record rainfall associated with Hurricane Harvey. Critical water levels in Addicks Reservoir to the north and Barker Reservoir to the west of the district forced the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to amplify the release of floodwaters downstream into Buffalo Bayou well beyond normal levels, inundating low-lying neighborhoods near Terry Hershey Park and in the Memorial Villages. Controlled reservoir releases and associated flooding were expected to last for up to two weeks after the passage of the storm.
Buffalo Bayou's record-high level throughout Memorial rendered multiple major thoroughfares impassable, including Texas State Highway 6 and portions of Interstate 10; the sunken stretch of the Sam Houston Tollway near CityCentre was submerged for a week, causing significant damage to the roadway. Inundated homes in Memorial were subject to a mandatory evacuation, and the entire area was subject to an emergency curfew even after the expiration of the citywide curfew.
Government and infrastructure
In the 1990s, Memorial, along with River Oaks and Tanglewood, was described as one of Houston's "richest, most Republican neighborhoods." In the first 1991 Mayor of Houston election, Bob Lanier received more votes than any other candidate in Memorial.
County, state, and federal representation
In 2015, the City of Houston-defined Memorial Super Neighborhood had 47,604 residents. 67% were non-Hispanic white, 14% were Hispanic, 11% were non-Hispanic Asian, 5% were non-Hispanic black, and 3% were non-Hispanic other. In 2000 the super neighborhood had 44,957 residents. 78% were non-Hispanic white, 10% were non-Hispanic Asians, 9% were Hispanics, and 2% each were non-Hispanic blacks and others.
Primary and secondary schools
Most of Memorial is zoned to Spring Branch Independent School District (SBISD). The Houston Independent School District does not serve residents in Memorial. Students in the western end of the Memorial area attend Katy Independent School District schools. The area is generally known for the high quality of its public schools.
In 2015, residents of the Katy ISD segments of Thornwood, in the Memorial area, attempted to leave Katy ISD and join Spring Branch ISD, citing long commutes to Katy schools. The Spring Branch ISD board denied their request.
For pre-kindergarten all residents in Spring Branch ISD are assigned to the Wildcat Way School in Memorial. Zoned elementary schools in the Memorial area in Houston include Meadow Wood, Nottingham, Rummel Creek, Thornwood, Wilchester. In addition, sections are, in separate attendance zones, served by Bunker Hill Elementary School and Frostwood Elementary School in the City of Bunker Hill Village, as well as Memorial Drive Elementary School in City of Piney Point Village. The district also operates Bendwood Elementary School, serving gifted/talented students in the SPIRAL program in grades 3 through 5 as well as utilizing the Preschool Program for Children with Disabilities for special needs students.
Major middle schools in Memorial include Memorial Middle School and Spring Forest Middle School. In addition, Spring Branch Middle School, in the City of Hedwig Village, serves sections of Memorial.
Memorial High School in Hedwig Village serves the eastern portion of the Memorial area, while Stratford High School in Memorial serves the western portion of the Memorial area. Westchester Academy for International Studies is a Spring Branch ISD district-wide charter magnet school serving grades 6-12.
Private schools in the surrounding area:
- Saint John XXIII High School (formerly Pope John XXIII High School) in western Harris County, within Greater Katy, is in proximity to Memorial.
- As of 2019[update] The Village School in the Energy Corridor area has a bus service to Memorial.
- As of 2017[update] Awty International School in Spring Branch, which has the Houston area's French international school, maintains a bus service to Memorial.
Of all HPL branches the Kendall Library received the most severe damage during Hurricane Harvey in 2017; the damage, which affected the electronic system and elevator, but not most of the books as the majority were on the library's second floor, included mold and was so severe that HPL employees re-entered the branch several days after the flood. The total level of water ranged from 4.5 feet (1.4 m) to 5 feet (1.5 m). The library afterward enacted a $4 million project post-Harvey renovation program with a tentative 2019 opening.
The western two-thirds of Memorial is bordered to the south by Terry Hershey Park, a linear park which straddles the Buffalo Bayou between Barker Reservoir and Beltway 8. The park is named for local conservationist Terry Hershey, who founded the Bayou Preservation Association to prevent the Memorial section of the bayou from being lined with concrete. Today, the park is a popular destination for running and bicycling.
Another park near Memorial, Houston is Memorial Park. It's near I-10 West and the 610 South Loop. It is named one of the largest urban parks in Texas and in the United States. The park offers a 3 mile running track, tennis courts, a golf course, Smoothie King, and playgrounds. There are also various other trails to take you to lakes, ponds, and other peaceful settings.
- The Memorial Buzz is a monthly magazine mailed free of charge to all residents.
- The Houston Chronicle is Houston's primary newspaper.
The Energy Corridor is an energy industry-oriented business district which overlaps with western Memorial. Within Memorial, the district generally runs parallel to Interstate 10 between Highway 6 and Kirkwood Road, and extends south of Buffalo Bayou along Eldridge Parkway.
The entire district, which extends westward into Greater Katy, contains over 300 companies which employ 94,000 people. One of the Energy Corridor's largest employers, BP America, is headquartered in the Memorial area at Westlake Park.
As of 2004[update] Memorial Bend had about 350 houses, with the majority being Mid-Century Modern and ranch houses; many were built in the late 1950s and early 1960s. That year five were recently built and therefore had different designs. The community is near Town & Country Village.
Nottingham Forest (subdivisions bordered by Memorial Drive to the north and the Buffalo Bayou to the south and west. The neighborhood was one of the first areas of far west Memorial to be developed in the 1960s.and ) is a group of
- Jeff Bagwell, retired first baseman for the Houston Astros
- Michael Glyn Brown, former hand surgeon
- Jose Camarena and Judy Camarena, founder of Taqueria Arandas and his daughter, now manager of the entire company
- Roger Clemens, retired MLB pitcher who played for the Houston Astros (Memorial Buzz Magazine)[page needed]
- Darryl Hamilton, former MLB outfielder
- Bill Hicks, standup comedian - Spent his childhood in Memorial
- Andy Pettitte, retired MLB pitcher who played for the Houston Astros
- J. J. Watt, NFL defensive end for the Houston Texans
- Andrew Luck, NFL QB for the Indianapolis Colts, attended Stratford High School
- "Super Neighborhood Resource Assessment: Memorial" (PDF). City of Houston Planning and Development Department. August 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- "Super Neighborhoods Map" (PDF). City of Houston. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- "The Memorial Villages". www.bunkerhilltx.gov. City of Bunker Hill Village. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
- "Super Neighborhood 16 - Memorial". www.houstontx.gov. City of Houston. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
- Chang, Yushan. Newcomer's Handbook Neighborhood Guide: Dallas-Fort Worth, Houston, and Austin. First Books, 2006. ISBN 0912301708, 9780912301709. p. 145.
- "Energy Corridor a hotbed of car-free transportation planning". Houston Chronicle. October 3, 2014. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
- Edwards, Margaret Hopkins (2010-06-09). "Addicks, TX". tshaonline.org. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
- "Terry Hershey Park Surveying Contract" (PDF). Harris County Flood Control District. Harris County Flood Control District. December 2013.
- "Annexations in Houston" (PDF). City of Houston Planning and Development Department.
- "Welcome to Nottingham Forest". www.nottinghamforesthouston.org. Nottingham Forest Civic Association. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
- "Deed Restrictions". Westchester Homeowners Association. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
- "Fonn Villas". fonnvillas.org. Fonn Villas Civic Association. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
- Brichford, Michael (2003). "Where the '50s Were Fabulous: A Driving Tour of Memorial Bend" (PDF). Cite Magazine. 57: 10–11.
- Slotboom, Erik (2003). "Chapter 4: The Spokes". Houston Freeways. Oscar F. Slotboom. pp. 205–206. ISBN 0-9741605-3-9.
- "Memorial City". www.memorialcity.com. MetroNational. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
- Gonzales, J.R. (December 15, 2009). "Town & Country in Pictures". Houston Chronicle.
- Slotboom, Eric (2003). "Chapter 5: The Loops". Houston Freeways. Oscar F. Slotboom. pp. 296–300. ISBN 0-9741605-3-9.
- Rodriguez, Lori. "Census tracks rapid growth of suburbia." Houston Chronicle. Sunday March 10, 1991. Section A, Page 1.
- Dodson, Doug (June 12, 2003). "Renovations near completion on Memorial City Mall project". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
- Mulvihill, Jim (September 10, 2006). "Memorial City projects in the works". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
- "CityCentre | ULI Case Studies". Urban Land Institute. 2015-01-30. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
- Shilcutt, Katharine (2017-09-02). "Flood Waters Could Continue to Cover Memorial for Weeks". Houstonia. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- Schuppe, Jon (2017-08-31). "Hurricane Harvey dropped so much rain on Houston that some parts are still flooding". NBC News. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- Paulsen, Stephen (2017-09-05). "Traffic Jams Cause Delays As Houston Returns to Work After Harvey". Houston Press. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- Begley, Dug (2017-09-07). "Tollway took severe hit from Harvey, buckling pavement". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- Flynn, Meagan (2017-09-05). "Mayor Turner Partially Lifts Curfew in Houston". Houston Press. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- Penzenstadler, Nick (2017-09-03). "Power being cut in flooded west Houston area under evacuation order". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- Mayer, Cynthia. "In Houston, Where Bush Still Drops In." Philadelphia Inquirer. August 18, 1992. 2
- Rodriguez, Lori. "Saying goodbye, with no regrets." Houston Chronicle. Saturday November 9, 1991. A31.
- Bernstein, Alan and Jim Simmon. "Black vote went solidly for Turner/Whitmire failed to produce split." Houston Chronicle. Thursday November 7, 1991. A21.
- Harden, John (November 8, 2016). "Results: How Houston voted in the 2016 presidential race". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- "Precinct Maps : Precinct 3 Archived 2012-02-16 at the Wayback Machine." Harris County. Accessed October 13, 2008.
- "About the District." Memorial City District. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
- "Post Office Location - MEMORIAL PARK." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 11, 2009.
- "Super Neighborhood Resource Assessment No. 16 Memorial" (PDF). City of Houston. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
- "District Maps". Houston Independent School District. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
- "Spring Branch ISD denies subdivision petition to join district, leave Katy ISD". Houston Chronicle. 2015-07-29. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "Early Childhood Archived 2006-06-05 at the Wayback Machine." Spring Branch Independent School District. Retrieved on January 13, 2009.
- "Elementary School Boundaries Archived 2008-04-11 at the Wayback Machine." Spring Branch Independent School District. Retrieved on January 13, 2009.
- "Bendwood Elementary > Home". bwe.springbranchisd.com. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
- "Middle School Boundaries Archived 2007-10-05 at the Wayback Machine." Spring Branch Independent School District. Retrieved on January 13, 2009.
- "High School Boundaries Archived 2007-10-05 at the Wayback Machine." Spring Branch Independent School District. Retrieved on January 13, 2009.
- "Memorial Private High School". Memorial Private High School. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- "Pope John XXIII High golfers take second place". The Katy Rancher at the Houston Chronicle. 2013-11-04. Retrieved 2017-03-25.
Pope John XXIII High School, [...] serves Houston's far west side, including areas of [...] Memorial [...]
- "Bus Services". The Village School. Retrieved 2019-03-30. - Village Bus Routes 2018-2019 and Memorial Bus Routes
- "Bus Schedule 2017-2018" (PDF). Awty International School. Retrieved 2019-04-05.
- Ward, Alyson (2018-07-19). "Nearly a year after Harvey's floods, six Houston libraries remain shuttered — some indefinitely". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
- McGuire, Kim (August 23, 2016). "Terry Hershey: 'A force of nature for nature'". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
- Shilcutt, Katharine. "Get Out: Biking the Anthills in Terry Hershey Park". Houstonia. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
- "Bendwood Park". Houston Parks Board.
- "Nottingham Park". Visit Houston.
- "About us". The Buzz Magazines. 2011-08-26. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
- "The Energy Corridor District: Land Use and Demographics" (PDF). The Energy Corridor District. 2016. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- "Business Development". Energy Corridor District. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
- Pugh, Clifford (2004-04-11). "Will Houston find its true past in the '50s and '60s?". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2019-11-09.
- Richard West (April 1975). "Texas Monthly Reporter". Texas Monthly. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
- "Bill Hicks Biography, Bio, Tour Dates". Comedy Central. Archived from the original on 2010-12-22. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
- Paul Outhwaite, author of One Consciousness – an Analysis of Bill Hicks’ Comedy. "Bill Hicks Biography". Archived from the original on 2018-06-26. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
- Cynthia True. American Scream: The Bill Hicks Story. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
- Leitereg, Neal (January 2, 2015). "Astros great Jeff Bagwell sells Texas mansion for $11.98 million". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 25, 2016.
- Rogers, Brian. "Jurors hear details of accused former doctor's wealth." Houston Chronicle. Thursday September 15, 2011. Retrieved on November 20, 2011.
- Moreno, Jenalia. "Taqueria Arandas founder's daughter, 24, is boss." Houston Chronicle. December 3, 2006. Retrieved on March 31, 2014.
- "Harris County Appraisal District". www.hcad.org. Retrieved 2016-02-13.[permanent dead link]