Guarinus of Palestrina
Guarinus of Palestrina
|Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Term ended||6 February 1158|
|Created cardinal||December 1114|
by Pope Lucius II
|Birth name||Guarino Foscari|
|Died||6 February 1158 (aged 78)|
Palestrina, Papal States
|Feast day||6 February|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
by Pope Alexander III
Saint Guarino Foscari (c. 1080 - 6 February 1158) was an Italian Roman Catholic Augustinian canon regular and also the Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina from December 1144 after his relative Pope Lucius II elevated him into the cardinalate. He is better known as "Guarinus of Palestrina" and is noted for his charitable compassion for the poor of Palestrina.
Pope Alexander III canonized him as a saint of the Roman Catholic of Church in 1159.
Guarino Foscari was born in Bologna around 1080; he was a member of the noble Guarini household while his mother was a Foscari.
Foscari was well educated and was quite fond of literature. Despite opposition from his parents he was ordained to the priesthood at the age of 24. He was later named as the Canon of the Cathedral of Bologna. He was still a priest when around 1104 he joined the Santa Croce Congregation of canons at Mortara. Prior to his departure he donated all of his goods for the building of a hospital.
At the age of 59 he was elected to fill an opening that the death of the bishop of Pavia created but evaded his episcopal consecration when he climbed out of a window. He went into hiding until another election was held.
During the Advent season of 1144, Pope Lucius II sent for him and he again attempted to avoid higher office. Lucius II had Guarino arrested, but he escaped for a brief period of time. But soon after Lucius II had him appointed in December 1144 as the Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina. He also bestowed on him a number of gifts suitable to a person of his new standing, including some fine horses, which Guarino sold and distributing the funds to the poor.
Feeling unworthy of the position, he left his post twice. The first time, he was recalled from Subiaco due to the orders of Pope Eugene III. The second time he went to Ostia, but finding Saracens there, he fled to Rome. He was bishop for thirteen years and remained out of the troublesome Roman politics that so defined the time and temperament of Rome. As a cardinal he participated in three conclaves that saw the elections of Eugene III, Pope Anastasius IV, and Pope Adrian IV.
Guarino was buried in the crypt of the Cathedral of Sant'Agapito. In 1473 Palestrina was looted and his remains were hidden for fear of desecration. Although a search was made in 1754, they were not located.
- "The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Biographical Dictionary - Consistory of December 1144". Fiu.edu. Retrieved 2013-12-07.
- Bolognini, Daniele. "San Guarino Bishop of Palestrina", Santi Beati
- Walsh, Michael J., A New Dictionary of Saints: East and West, Liturgical Press, 2007 ISBN 9780814631867
- Butler, Alban and Burns, Paul. Butler's Lives of the Saints: February, p.66, A&C Black, 1998 ISBN 9780860122517
- Biography (in Italian)