Pope Adrian III

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Pope Saint
Adrian III
Papa Hardianus III.jpg
Papacy began 17 May 884
Papacy ended 8 July 885
Predecessor Marinus I
Successor Stephen V
Personal details
Birth name Adrian or Agapitus
Born Rome, Papal States
Died 8 July 885
Modena, Carolingian Empire
Sainthood
Feast day 8 July
Venerated in
Canonized 2 June 1891
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
by Pope Leo XIII
Attributes Papal vestments
Other popes named Adrian

Saint Adrian III or Hadrian III (Latin: Adrianus or Hadrianus; died July 885) was Pope from 17 May 884 to his death.[1] According to Jean Mabillon, his birth name was Agapitus.[2]

He was born at Rome. He died in July 885 at San Cesario sul Panaro (Modena) not long after embarking on a trip to Worms, in modern Germany. The purpose the journey was to attend an Imperial Diet after being summoned by the Frankish King Charles III, the Fat, to settle the succession to the Holy Roman Empire[3] and discuss the rising power of the Saracens. He is also known to have written a letter condemning the Christians of both Muslim-ruled and Christian-ruled parts of Spain for being too friendly with the Jews in these lands.[4]

His death and subsequent burial in the church of San Silvestro Nonantola Abbey near Modena[5] is commemorated in the sculpted reliefs (c. 1122) that frame the doorway of this church. His relics are found near the high altar here. His cult was confirmed in 1891, and his feast day is 8 July.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope St. Adrian III". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
  2. ^ According to Reginald L. Poole (1917), "The Names and Numbers of Medieval Popes", The English Historical Review, 32 (128), 465–78, at 467, Mabillon has probably confused Adrian III, who succeeded Marinus I, with Agapetus II, who succeeded Marinus II a century later.
  3. ^ Richard P. McBrien, Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St. Peter to John Paul II, (HarperCollins, 2000), 143.
  4. ^ Bernard S. Bachrach (1977). Early Medieval Jewish Policy in Western Europe (reprint ed.). University of Minnesota Press. p. 190. ISBN 9780816608140. 
  5. ^ a b François Bougard (2002), "Hadrian III", in Philippe Levillain, ed., The Papacy: An Encyclopedia, vol. 2 (New York and London: Routledge), 682.

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Marinus I
Pope
884–885
Succeeded by
Stephen V