|This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (June 2016)|
|Papacy began||c. 99|
|Papacy ended||c. 107|
|Birth name||Evaristus or Aristus|
|Born||17 April 44
Rome, Roman Empire
|Feast day||26 October|
Pope Evaristus (died c. 107 AD) is accounted as the fifth Bishop of Rome, holding office from c. 99 to his death c. 107. He was also known as Aristus. He is venerated as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church.
Little is known about St. Evaristus. According to the Liber Pontificalis, he came from a family of Greek Ioudaioi living in Bethlehem. He was elected during the reign of the Roman emperor Domitian, the time of the second general persecution, and succeeded Clement I in the See of Rome.
Eusebius, in his Church History IV, I, stated that Evaristus died in the 12th year of the reign of Emperor Trajan after holding the office of bishop of the Romans for eight years. He is said by the Liber Pontificalis to have divided Rome into several titles, assigning a priest to each, and appointed seven deacons for the city.
He is usually accorded the title of martyr; however, there is no confirmation of this, as Pope Evaristus is listed without that title in the Roman Martyrology, with a feast day on 26 October. It is probable that Evaristus was buried near Saint Peter's tomb in the Vatican. It is also probable that John the Apostle died during the beginning of Evaristus' reign.
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope St. Evaristus". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- According to Annuario Pontificio, he died in 108.
- Orthodox England - The Holy Orthodox Popes of Rome
- Anastasius (bibliothecarius) (1602). Bibliothecarii Historia, de vitis romanorvm pontificvm a b.Petro apostolo vsqve ad Nicolavm I. nunquam hactenus typis excusa. Deinde Vita Hadriani II. et Stephani VI. auctore Gvilielmo Bibliothecario. Ex bibliotheca Marci Velseri ... Accessere variae lectiones, partim ex codie. mss. Biblioth. vaticanae, partim ex conciliorum tomis, Annalibus ecclesiast. Caes. Baronij ... exceptae. in typographeio I. Albini. p. 3.
1 Euaristus, natione Grecus, ex patre Iudaeo nomine Iuda, de ciuitate Bethleem, sedit ann. VIIII m. X d. II. Fuit autem temporibus Domitiani et Neruae Traiani, a consulatu Valentis et Veteris (96) usque ad Gallo et Bradua consulibus (108). Martyrio coronatur. 2 Hic titulos in urbe Roma diuidit presbiteris et VII diaconos ordinauit qui custodirent episcopum praedicantem, propter stilum ueritatis. 3 Hic fecit ordinationes III per mens. Decemb., presbiteros XVII, diaconos II ; episcopos per diuersa loca XV. Qui etiam sepultus est iuxta corpus beati Petri, in Vaticanum, VI kal. Nouemb. Et cessauit episcopatus dies XVIIII.
- "Martyrologium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2001 ISBN 88-209-7210-7)
- Catholic Online. "St. Evaristus".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Evaristus I.|
- Writings attributed to Pope St Evaristus
- Patron Saints Index: Pope Saint Evaristus
- Catholic Online – Saints & Angels: St. Evaristus
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Evaristus". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
|Titles of the Great Christian Church|
|Bishop of Rome