|An Astra SPX (later called the Gulfstream G100) in Düsseldorf, Germany|
|Primary user||United States Air Force|
|Developed from||IAI Astra|
The Gulfstream G100, formerly known as the Astra SPX, is an Israel Aircraft Industries-manufactured twin-engine business jet, now produced for Gulfstream Aerospace. The United States Air Force designation for the G100 is C-38 Courier.
Design and development
Astra evolved from the Rockwell Jet Commander aircraft, for which IAI had purchased the manufacturing license in 1968, and the IAI Westwind. The Astra wing design was modified and with a completely new fuselage created the Galaxy (later the Gulfstream G200) business jet during the 1990s.
Work on an improved Westwind began in the early 1980s, with the first prototype flight on 19 March 1984. The first production Astra flew in March 1985, FAA certification came in August 1985 and customer deliveries started in 1986.
The original 1125 Astra was replaced by the Astra SP, announced in 1989 of which 37 were built. The third variant, Astra SPX, flew in August 1994. This variant was renamed G100 from September 2002 following Gulfstream's acquisition of Galaxy Aerospace, which held the Astra certifications, in May 2001. IAI builds G100s in Israel and then flies the completed airframes to the United States for interior outfitting.
The C-38 Courier is currently in use by the United States Air Force with the 201st Airlift Squadron at Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland. The C-38 has replaced the earlier C-21 Learjet. The C-38 differs from the standard Gulfstream G100, featuring US military-grade GPS, Tactical Air Navigation, UHF and VHF secure command radio, and Identification friend or foe system.
The C-38 will additionally serve with the United States Navy, replacing North American T-2 Buckeye aircraft at Naval Air Station Patuxent River that were retired in September 2015. The C-38 will act as a chase aircraft, radar test target, and pilot proficiency aircraft for the VX-20 test and evaluation squadron.
Specifications (Astra SPX)
Data from AOPA
- Crew: 2
- Capacity: 6-9 passengers
- Length: 16.94 m (55 ft 7 in)
- Wingspan: 16.05 m (52 ft 8 in)
- Height: 5.54 m (18 ft 2 in)
- Max takeoff weight: 11,181 kg (24,650 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Honeywell TFE-731-40R Turbine, 18.9 kN (4,250 lbf) thrust each
- Cruise speed: 861 km/h; 535 mph (465 kn)
- Range: 4,661 km; 2,897 mi (2,517 nmi)
Collins Pro Line 4
- Related development
- "Astra SPX". AOPA Pilot: T-2. November 2014.
- "The Israel IAI-1126 Galaxy/Gulfstream G200"
- G150 Steep Approach to London City approaches reach 5.5 degrees Aviation Week. Accessed: 9 January 2011.
- T-2C Buckeye ends 56-year Navy career Naval Air Systems Command
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