Schorpioen in Den Helder, Netherlands
|Builder:||Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée, La Seyne-sur-Mer, France|
|Laid down:||August 1867|
|Launched:||18 January 1868|
|Completed:||1 October 1868|
|Decommissioned:||1 April 1909|
|Reclassified:||As an accommodation hulk, 1 April 1909|
|Captured:||8 May 1945|
|Fate:||Returned to Netherlands|
|Acquired:||8 May 1945|
|Recommissioned:||18 May 1947|
|Status:||Museum ship, 1982|
|General characteristics (as completed)|
|Class and type:||Schorpioen-class monitor|
|Displacement:||2,175 metric tons (2,141 long tons)|
|Length:||195.7 ft (59.65 m) (p/p)|
|Beam:||39 ft (11.9 m)|
|Draught:||15 ft 10 in (4.8 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 shafts, 2 steam engines|
|Speed:||12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)|
|Range:||1,030 nmi (1,910 km; 1,190 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)|
|Armament:||2 × 1 − Armstrong 9-inch (229 mm) muzzle-loading rifles|
HNLMS Schorpioen is a Schorpioen-class monitor built in France for the Royal Netherlands Navy in the 1860s. These new ships were equipped with heavy rifled 23 cm guns, and a heavy armor. The hull had an armor plated belt of 15 cm (6 inches) and the gun turret, housing the two guns, had almost 30 cm (12 inches)of armor.
She came from the building yard with two tripod masts and able to employ about 600 m2 of sails, but she proved to be a difficult sailing ship and some years later the yards, masts and the sails were removed. As with the Buffel her huge steam engines gave her a max. speed of 13 knots (24 km/h). Her striking weapon was the pointed ram bow, slightly different from the Buffel's, but she never ever used this overestimated weapon.
As with the Buffel, her record is not very impressive. In 1886 the Schorpioen was hit in the stern quarter by a paddle steam tugboat in the harbor of Den Helder and sank in two hours. It was possible to raise and repaire her. In 1906 she completed her role as an operational warship and was transformed into an accommodation ship.
At the beginning of World War II, she fell into German hands, was towed to Germany, and served there as a lodging - and storage ship. After the war, in 1947 she was found in Hamburg (Germany) and towed back to Den Helder; again to become a lodging ship, first in Amsterdam and later in Den Helder where she became the barracks for the Dutch WRNS. In 1982, after decommissioning, she was bought by a private foundation that was established to transform her into a floating museum in Middelburg, in the southern part of the country. Seven years later, after a complete renovation, she opened her doors to visitors, as a museum.
In 1995, the Royal Netherlands Navy purchased her back and put her under the supervision of the Dutch Navy Museum in Den Helder where she is now the third, and largest, vessel on display. In May 2000, after a renovation period of eighteen months to restore her to her former glory, the ship was opened to visitors.
- Gardiner, Robert, ed. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Greenwich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4.
- Classen, Robert J.; van Djk, A. (1994). "Answer to Question 22/93". Warship International. XXXI (2): 203–206. ISSN 0043-0374.
- "Dutch Ironclad Rams". Warship International. Toledo, OH: Naval Records Club. IX (3): 302–304. 1972.
- Silverstone, Paul H. (1984). Directory of the World's Capital Ships. New York: Hippocrene Books. ISBN 0-88254-979-0.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hr.Ms. Schorpioen (ship, 1868).|
- Photo-collection on Dutch ironclads
- HMLMS Schorpioen at Dutch Naval Museum
- HNSA Ship Page: HMLMS Schorpioen